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entered the births, marriages, and deaths of lected the fngitive poenis of Lady Mary all his friends. He played, at least 4852 Wortley Montague into a small volume. In arues, besides walking in proceflion An ac- 1782 he edited the enlarged edition of the cidental fall down ftairs January 31, 1806, Biographia Dramatica ; and was a great concontratasted to haften his death, which took tributor to the Biographical Dictionary in place September 16, in the 70th year of his 12 vols. octavo, published in 1784. In 1785 age. Those who saw Mr. P. perform in his be edited an edition of Shakespear in 10 vois. decline, will be surprised to find, that forty octavo, a talk for which he was peculiarly years ago, Churchill, in bis Rofciud, charać qualified, from his thorough knowledge of terized by thus,
old English authors, from the poffeffion of ** Who cao, like Packer, chiarm with library abundantly stored with the earliest fprightly ease ?"
dramatic productions, and from his being on But whatever might have been his merits, terms of particular intimacy with Dr. Faro' kis latter days were embutered by inatten- ner, Mr. Stevens, and other eminent comtron! Unable to derive from bis falary, by mentators and admirers of the great drama. reason of stoppages, those comforts which his tic bard. In 1793 he very materially uflitto tatue of life required, le funk under grief, ed Mr. Stevens in his celebrated edition of and added another to those fatal instances of Shakespear, all the proof theets of which dutress in their latter days, which are al. were corrected at has chambers. He was ready too numerous among the devotees of many years editor of the Earopean Magathe tage.
zine, of which he was also a proprietor with The Bifbep of St. Pol de Leon, 80. This his friends, Mr. D. Brathwaite, and the lute Worthy prelate was venerable not only from John Sewell, in equal tbird thares. On en. age, but from his public and private charac. iering upon this undertaking, an agreement Iet. He was born in the compté of Cor. was made, that in case of the death of either nouailles, in Bas Bretagne, July, 1722, and of the parties, the other two should have the originally entered into the profeflion of option of purchasing his thare on payment of arms; but lett that service to devote himleli a certain sum: accordingly on the death of to the facred once. He was named in 1772, Mr. Sewell, the accounts respecting the Ma. to the fee of St. Pol de Leon, and came into gazine, were settied with his executors, and Eagland in 1791 to shelter himself from the the whole concern became the property of plerenzy of the revolution. Never will luis the l'urvivors, who in 1806 fold it to J. Afcountrymen forget that he was the means of perne, the fticceffor of Mr. Sewell, couveying to tbem the bounty of the Britifli Some account of the late James Simmons, og. astron; and he had the fatisfaction of seeing one of ibe M. P.'s for Canterbury in obe prejent this bogaty prolonged, and effectually eltab. parliament. Mankind are but too fond of liked. The prisons of England, the East- contemplating heroes and launching their ladics, Botany-Bay itfelf, thared in his dif- admiration on exploits, which they can never trobation, and his compaflion was confpicu- hope, either to initate, or excel. On the eas on the desolate ihores of Cayeime. Sina- other hand, the biography of the middle tary, and of Conamana. A state of debi- ranks of life, abounds with practical instruc Lty gradually conducted him to the tomb, tion. Mr. Simmons was born in that city, mub little previous suffering.
which he was afterwards destined to repreMr. Ifaac Reed, wobase deasb is mentioned in the seat, about ibe year 1740, in a little obscure Lansber), was the son of a tradelioan near house, in the immediate vicinity of the ca-" Temps-bar, and lost his parents at an early thedral; his parents were poor but honeft, agr. He waseducated at Streatbam, in Surry, and he was educated at the king's school, ia and being intended for the protection of the Canterbury, origiually founded by Hen-' law, articled to an attorney of confiderable ry Vill. Having been sent to London, practice. Soon after the expiration of this en- while a boy, he became an apprentice to gagement be took chambers in Grays-inn, the late Mr. Thomas Greenhill, an eminenti and practised for some time as a conveytrudeliuan, nearly oppofite to the Mandion.' acer, but the attractions of the Mutes le. house; whole house has since been convertstacing his mind from the ftudy of legal dir. ed into a banker's thop; thus fill keeping tackroas, he gradually relinquithed the protefima for purloits more congenial to his
The writer of this article has always untate, and at length wholly devoted his time derstood that his father was a barber, and he tv Enghih literature. He was chiefly knowll the more readily mentions tais circumstances in the public in the character of an editor, in order to prevent the minds of induftrious in wbich capacity he prepared and materi- young men in that rank of life, from relax-' atly altered an edition of Dodiley's collect ing in their exertions, or despairing of their toa of Old Plays, 12 vols. Gall octavo, an fature elevationi The constitution of this improved edition of Prior's works, 2 vols. country, happily enables every man to ale Savall octavo, and an edition of Goldimith's pire to the airit honours of the ftate, and it Fay, with a prelace. lle made a collec- is only the low bocu prejudices of rank and
o uf Puerns, in + vols., as a continuation weath, that can ridicule any ftute that does a collcétiou publidhed by Dudley, and col. not depend on the volition of an individual
op, although not its ancient firm, at least its power, in 1783, he was appointed, during ancient employment, stationers and bankers their fuort administration, Distributor of being hotli dealers in paper. Mr. Simmons Stamps for the county of Kent, the emoleat length, entered into buitiness for himself, ment of which office, have always been entiand, having become a liveryman, was aíter. maled at a very conûderable im. From wards put in nomination for Sheriff. This this moment, however, the services of Mr. occurred twice, firit m 1802, and then we S. (at least in a political point of view) were believe in 1805, when it was repreiented loft to his country, as he was precluded by that his state of health would prevent him bis fituation, from opposing the first French from undergoing the fatigues of office. war, and all the alterations introduced in Notwithstanding ihe advantages held out by confequence of it, (hy Mr. Pitt) into the a residence in the capital, yet ile iubject of constitution, with the same 'ardour, that he this brief memoir Aill languished to reiurn to bad combated the American contest, and his native city; he accordingly repaired the malversations of Lord North. This, thither, about the year 1768, and imme- however, did not prevent him from diftindiately established a printing ottice, with the guidwg himielf, by what may be termed the nianagement of which, he had before made Civic Virtues. The first public act of this himself acquainted. The reader, perhaps, kind, in which his zeal became inanifested, will smile to learn, that lie was, at this period, was the offer of his services to regulate the the only printer in Kent! The firft effort wew improvements introduced into Cantermade by hiin towards prosperity, was the bury, in confequence of an act of parliament. publication of a newspaper, called “ The It was be, in particular, who superintended Kentish Gazette :" before that period, the the paving of that city; and such was the Kentin Poit, or Canterbury News, was the attention and ability displayed, by hini, on only paper belonging to that extensive and this occalion, that lie received the thanks of opulent county*. It consisted of four fools- the corporation, which were accompanied by cap folio pages, contained but two or three a piece of plate of the value of 501. The advertisements, and was adorned with a next public work engaged in, by bim, was wood cat that occupied full one third of the erection of a mill on a magnificent scale, the first leaf. Having introduced a new for the regular supply of the Canterbury lype, and a new talie, this undertaking luc- market with flour. In 1791, Meffrs. Simceeded to admiration, and Mr. S. foon bie- mons and Rosle gave a premium of 24501. came the first stationer, bookseller, &c in for a thirty years' Jeale of Abbot's and King's the city that gave him birth. He was also mill, and they expended on the building chosen a member of the corporation, and and other improvements to the amount of became a commoner, alderman, and mayor, 80001. more. Mr. Smeaton, the late celein rolation. But the rise of the subject of brated engineer, while engaged at Ramí. this memoir is chiefly to be attributed to his gate barbour, undertook the erechon of a politics, to liig whiggirm ! Having taken new mill, with tuch a power as to be able to part, with Mr. Iloneywood, in the contests turn lix, and even eight pair of stones. When for the county, &c he was of courte pa: ron- spoken to by Mr Simmons, and alked if he ized by that party; and, when at the con- would undertake it, he replied in the ar. clufion of the Ainerican war, the Marquis firmative, adding at the fame time with a ot' Rockingham, Mr. Fox, &c. came into thuile, “ Yes, "I consent to your request, and
I am the only man in England, who can * As the Kentith Post of December 19, complete your project; for I have been oc1794, now lies before me, I thall subjoin a cupied all my lite about water, and think I theatrical advertisement, by way of speci- can make a drop of it go further than any men :- " This is to acquaint the Curious, other man in the kingdom.” Instead of That at the Theatre in High ftreet, Canter- converting this project, which was finithed bury, is to be seen the most Noblest Piece by Mr. Abbot, of Canterbury, in a very of Work that ever was performed upon a masterly inamner, into a mooopoly for the Britich Stage; consisting of large . Artificial opprefiion of the inhabitants, and the crea. Actors, five Feet high ; and by them will be tion of an immense fortune, Mr. Simraons Acted, on Saturday next, a Play, callid, was enabled to realize those projects dearest The Unhappy Favourite, or the Earl of to his heart. It was cupacious enough for Ellex, with the Beheading the Earl upon the ambition of any man, or the execution a Mourning Scaffold, and his Head expusid of any scheme", as it torms a quadrangle to publick View by the Hands of the Executioner. Having inet with great Applaule * The following is an account of this jo. from both the Universities, and most of the genious contrivance : -" To the grinding Nobility and Gentry refurtiug to Bath and floor the walls are iubitantially burit of brick Tunbridge Wells, and most of the Judicious and stone; from thence to the eaves, the Places of the Kingdom.-Note, There is a building is continued with maliy timber. new pair of Stairs, and the Theatre is Ceild, covered with plain weather-hoardmg, tei. being now made very commodious for Gen- minating on the four sides, handsomely and Nemen, Ladies, &c.
uoitoruly (albed, with a bold block cor. of 72 feet, hg 52, 5 inches; the height the Poor. On this occasion he introduced a from the foundation to the vane is about weaving manufactory, and employed the 101 feet, and it contains fix working floors, children of distressed persons, within the betides the observatory on the top, in which liberties of the city, to the number of 150, M5, S. was accustomed, at times, to give who received the whole of their wages withentertainments to public bodies, such as ibe out deductions; some of the girls of only chief others of the district, &c. As the twelve years old, earned three thillings and returns have been computed at 40,0001. per fixpence a week by spinning alone. Durannam, he was enabled to keep down the ing his adminitration, the arrears were col. price of meal, and the atize » bread. To lected, the accounts settled, and a large achieve this, lie cheerfully aslifted the ma- debt liquidated. The next undertaking gittrales " adfiny !le value of the quar. we fall mention, is the project of a canal tem loat, and a 1000, publithed an adver- from Canterbury to the sea, by means of trtement, by which be invited the industrious which, and proper piers, wharis, &c that pour to come in person for a l.upply of their ancient city would have been enabled to zeceffities. In 1804, Mr. Alderman Sim- enjoy all the advantages of a port. To acnons acted as President of the Guardians of complish this, Mr. Whitworth, a celebrated
engineer repaired thithér, at the request nince, and the whole roof covered with lates. and at the fole expence of Mr Simmons ; The wheel thoroughs are accurately curved, and lined witte Jointed Portland ftone. The with as little inconvenience to you as pofli[*0 water wheels, which put the whole ble. I am lure you will excuse your being machunery a motion, are fixteen feet dia- lo long detained last week, when I tell you, meter, and seven feet wide. The (pur that eight hundred and twelve poor families wheels, whole nuts, arms, and thafts, are were served with two thousand four hundred iron, carry erglit pair of stones. From the and filty thrce gallons of neal; and if the fpur wheels, by a continuation of upright benefit which yourselves and your children iroo ihafts, motion is given to the complicit. received, was equal to your expectations, I am ed machinery furclearing the corn, dresling the amply rewarded by your grateful acceptance tour and lastly to the listing tackle upon the of it. The second distribution of meal, at upper floor. The mill-works, which are distinct one thilling and lixpence per gallon, at Ab. for each water wheel, are ot iron, where it bot's mill, will be as under : On Saturday would be properly fubftituted for wood, morning, May 21, 1900 ; -The pour families and the whole finished with a mechanical from the parishes of Northgate and St. accurasy, fo much to the credit of the leveral Alphage, from 6 ullo; from the parishes of arlits emplayed in their contruction, that St. Paul and St. Martin, from 9 till 11; from though the greatelt fall of wate: here never the parishes of St. Andrew and St. Mary exceeds five feet three inches, this mill is lo Bredman, from 11 till 12; from the precincts powerful, as to be capable of grinding and of Christ Church and Staplegate, froin 12 will dreifing into flour 500 quarters of corn 1--On Monday morning, May 26, 1800; wrckly.
- The poor families from the parishes of * There the vast mill-ftone with incbriate St. Mildred and All Saints, from 6 till 8; whirl,
from the parishes of St. George and Burgate, Oa trembling floors his forceful fingers twirl; from 8 till 9; froin the parishes of St. Nara Whose thiaty teeth the golden harvests grind, garet and St. Mary Bredin, from 9 till 10; beast without blood ! and nourish human from the parishes of St. Peter and Westgate, kind."
from 10 till 12; from the parıth of St. Dun. The bridge over the will stream, the ad- ftan, froin 12 till 1. joining Iwinery, (pacious lodges and tabling, Some unfavourable reports, I understand, and Ipacious iliop for retailing meal and have been propagated respecting the quality Hour in forall quantities, besides a number of the meal; butyou may believe que, good peo. of dwelliags in Brown's lane, and King's ple, that sooner than have offered you fo grois tireet, are additional and recent iinprove- an affront, or fo fhamefully have intulted your ments by Mt. Alderman Simmons, now the feelings, as to sell you bad meal, or dirty fole iefce of Abbot's mill”-Goftling's Walk, mixtures, under the pretence of relieving murt to p. 12.
your distress; I would have burnt the milito *** To the indufirious poor of ibe City and the water's edge. - From what quarter fuch Subarbs of Canterbury.-1 last week informed reports have ariten, I do not pretend to say, Juu, that on account ut the very high price but if the bakers of this city or suburbs, or of bread and med, I had directed, that any of them will bave the goodness to walk meal fiould be iold to you at Abbot's mill, down to the mill, during the distribution of at the redaced price of one thilling and fix the meal, it will be a very great satisfaction peace per pallon. I was extremely con- to me; and knowing your wiltreffus as they cerned, that you loft so much time at the do, there can be no doubt, but that they muli on Saturday laft, before you could be will molt readily give every allistance m served; but the plan I have now adopted, their power to render this charity as etfectual will, I truit, pre-est any such delay in tu. as they can,towards your reliet. tareI wish to make this relief to you as St. Grorge's.
JAMES SIMMONS. acerptul le, as I trust it is seasonable, and Miy 22, 1800,
and, during a fortnight's relidence, he was old watch towers, four of the areas of which, enabled to lurvey the whole line of the iu- are planted with trees and flowering thruby, tended cut, which was then estimated at enclosed with commodious seats, and defend only 20,000!.! 'The next beneficial alcera. ed by handsome palisades. From the lawa tion suggested and accomplithed by this are serpentine walks, boidered with quick public fpirited citizen, was the improvement thorn, and fenced by posts and chins, ef fome acres of land, on which till stand 480 feet in afcent on each side, to the funde the ruins of the Dungil, Dungeon, or Dane mit of the mount; which, by these improve. felen, all of which tuficiently express the nients, was beightened about 18 feet. On epoch, and the nation by whom it was its fide is a circular walk, having seats, erected. This ancient fartre's then stood which command uninterrupted views of the in a tract vi walte ground, enclosed on the city and adjacent country ; upon the top, a south by the city wall, extending beiween found gravelled plat, 26 feet in diameter, Riding gate and Wincheap-gap, and bound. a stone pillar, having in its bare four lemia ed on the east and wett, by the Dover and circular niches, froning the cardinal points Albford ioads. Until 1790 it remained an
of the compass, furmounted with a laait, oneven and rugged piece of pasture, when terminated with an ornamental örn, was Mr. S. comcuced his greal undertaking, erected by a subscription of the inhabitants, not for his owil advantage, but solely for the in 1803; at the fanie tinse a neat cottage recreation and amusement of the public. was built, for the coastant residence of a gor. Aner immer le labour, ou the part of a nu; denere at 601. per annum, voted in perpe merous body of workmen, and grea: personal tuity, by the corporation as his falary for exertions, is well as pecuniary sacrifices, it keeping the whole in repair. Ou two of the at leugth affumed a very diferent appear. four marble tablets of the pillar, are the ance from which it had betore exhibited, following infcriptions: The grounds were levelled, the walls were sopaired, the little bill, or iunulus, was ren- “ This field and hill were improved, and deres more unitori, and the whole was
thele terraces, walks, and plantations, made planned and land out with a coufiderable in the year 1790, for the use of the public, degree of taste. To support the expences of at the hole expence of Jawes Simmons, ele maintaining wallp and lences, and other ne- of this city, alderman and banker. To pese ceflary repairs, this generous citizen appro- potuate the mnenjory of which generous tranfpriated an annual salary ; and the corpora- action, and as a mark of gratitude for his tion being, by that time, tenüble of the inse other public services, this pillar was erected proved value of abeir citate, granted the by voluntary lublcription, in the year 1803," ground at a pepper curn reut, to Mr. S., for
WIST TABLET. the remainder of his lite. But the guardians " The mayor and comunioualty of this an. of the poor, aćłuated by a narrow policy, cient city, in confequence of the expentive having alleffed the dellee, for what proved a. improvemen's lately made in this field, unas great advantage to the public, without being nimuously relolved, in the year 1802, 10 sf of any service to the proprietor; this charm- propriate the fame, in perpetuity, to the uie ing spot fell rapidly to decay. At length, of the public, and to endow it with fixty the mayor and aldermen having expended pounds a year, for the maintenance and supe 2201, in repairs, under the judicious direc. port of the terrace, walks, and plantationsg, tion of Mr. Alderman Buoce, another public payable out of the chamber." spirited man, who, after arranging their From hence “continues the minor canon," Charters, undertook to recover ibis place of the prospects of the city, the surrounding public amylement from the dilapidated ftate villages, and the gently riding bills, forna into which it bad talleu, it was reitored by most beautiful and picturesque picture. kis exertions to its former beauty. Mr. Since this period, indeed fo lately as the Golling, in his Walk in and about the City fucumer of 1805, No. Alderman Simmons, of Canterbury, gives the following description in addition to his former munificence, added of it :--The walls througliout are gravelled, a beautiful orchestra, constructed with great and those round the lower part of the iuclo. tafe, in which fonetimes one, and sometimes fure, shaded with popar trees and detached, two, united bands of the regiments quartered pantations of furubs; a ftratyhat walk, thirteen in the city, are stationed, on purpdie to enfeet wide, and 1130 in Jength, extends be- tertain the intaliitants every evening during tween two rows of liiges, forming a commu- the fummer. "Oathe whole, he is i'upposed treation at caeli end, and in the centre, with to have expended about 2000 guineas, in bis The bill and the surrounding walks. The various improvements, and that toleis terrace 19 feet wide, and 18-40 long, is for the benefit ut the citizens of, and trange forined ou the top of the ralupart with the ers occafionally, repairing to, Canterbury. wall, wich has been repared, and raised. At length, at the general election, in 1806, into a parapet the whole lengib, and coms- his townímen were cuabled to eshibit a sued from within a few paces of St. George's proper sense of gratitude and respect, by gate, (orer the lolly und spacious arch ucross clecting him one of the two, representa ibe Lurer tour, on the spot whereon ttood tives; and, lie accordingly died, as he had Kidmg gate), to the upenng at the entrance lived in their service, February, 1007, intu Wincheap; patling ru its course de
while atteudwy his duty is parliament
WITH ALL THE MARRIAGES AND DEATHS; Artonged geographically, or in thu Order of the Counties, from North to Sonth.
Communications for this Department of the Monthly Magazine, properly axthenticated, and jent free of Pojjuge, are alrcays thankfully receired. Those ure more particulurly uco ptable which describe the Progress of Local. Improvements if any Kind, or achich contain Biogruphical vinecdotes or Fults relutite tv eminent or remarkable Characters recently decewed.
At Summerkoufe, near Darlington, Mr. NORTHUMBERLAND AND DURHAM.
Sanderlon. Married | At North Shields, Cant. Wm. Ac Berwick, Mrs Gladston, widow of Mr. Thompfon, of the faip Eagle, to Miss Cathe- Robert G.- John Clark, eiq. a cungderable rine Robintoa
West India planter. At Newcastle, the Rev. George Atkin, At Morpech, Miss M. P. Shute. younge to Miss Ann Grey.-Mr. Francis Ewart, daughter of the Rev. Thomas S-Mr. John merchant, co Mifs Eliz. Emerson, second Burn, 18. daughter of the Rev. George E.-Mr. James At Warkworth, John Watson, efq. major Alilor, merchant, of Leith, to Mils Bell, of the northern division of the Percy Ten daughcer of the late John B. esq. of Gallow. nantry Volunteer Riflemen, and formerly hill-house
major of the 65th regiment, 64. At Durham, Mr. Thomas Carr, of Wil. At Darlington, the Rev. Thos. Moriand, ton-Gilbert, to Miss Mary Carr.
more than 50 years, head master of the free At Eakingtos, Capt Sharpe of Sunderland, grammar school there. to Nils Wilkinson, of Hawthorn.
CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORELAND. A: Wearmouth, Mr. Stevenson, preacher The following agricultural fact is worthy in the Methodist Connexion, to Miss Eliz. of notice : On muss-land at Cattle Head, Puntbon, of Sunderland.
never before cultivated, were last year grows Dred.] At Newcastle, the Rev. John Elli- carrots, which in one square yard (tried in fun, 76 ; upwards of 50 years curate of the several parts of the field) weighed 4716. church of St. Nicholas.-Mr. Wm. Weland, Half an acre produced, on the average, 9 zborney.-Mrs. Fothergill, widow of Capt. tons, 4 cút. qrs. 1616. of carrots, which, F.-r Robert Bulman, eldest son of Mr. at 45. per cwt. would amount to :361. 18s 6d. B.-Mrs. Eliz. Hewitson, widow of Mr. The quantity of potatoes growing on four John H. 88.-Airs. Stamp, wife of Mr. ftatule acres of the lume field was 690 buckels. Thou. S - Mrs. Alice Ashworth, 46.-Mr. The rows were four feet afunder. Robert Wikinion --Mrs. Ilabella Simpson, Married.) At Whitehaven, Mr. James wife of Mr. Rob. $. 92.
Dowlon, to aliis Shepsterd. --Caprain Ainde, At Goswick, near Berwick, Thos. Alder, of the ship Fortune, to Miss Corkhill, daugha elo. deputy-lieutenant and commissioner of ter of Capt. C. of Padstow.– Mr. W. Bower, the Property-fax for Norham and 10andshire, jun. flip-isuilder, to šlifs Eiizabeth Barker, in the north part of the county of Durham second daughter of Mr Richard B.
Ar Sunderland, Mr. William Hunter, 62. Ac Kendal, Mr. Thomas Parrington, to -M, Cuthbert Symm, 79. He had not Mifs Nancy Hannah. been out of doors for upwards of 40 years. At Gretna-Green, Mr. Siffon, to Miss
At Croniwell, Durham, Mrs. Surtees, Todhunter, both of Penrith. wife of Rob. S. esq.
Died.) At Kickerby, near Carlisle, Wm. At Highfide near Hexham, where he had Richardion, efq. 85. been upwards of twenty years a diffenting Ai Hawkefdale, near Carlifle, John Pear? minister, the Rev. Mr Poole, 60.
fon, efq. 49. He was formerly a licatenant At Durham, Mr. Robert Bone, 55. He in the 32d regiment of foo:, and distinguished was fecretary to the provincial grand lodge of himself in several actions with that corus in Freemasons of the county of Darham, ever the Eat Indies. His focial Jifpofition, wit, fance its establiment in 1788. Mrs. Spen- and easy manners, endeared him to a numecer, mother of Mr. S. fchoolmafter 80.- rous circle of acquaintance, why lament the Mrs. Porter, wife of Ms. P. surgeon in the loss of a pleasant companion and an affectione fogal wavy,
ate friend At Black Hedley, Northumberland, Ni- At Carlisle, Mrs. Sarah Holmes, 75. chalas Hopper, efq aged 60, in consequence Mrs. Mary Acton, wife of Mr. Thos. A. 5%. a: 3 fall from his törle whilst looking over his-A few days after being delivered of twins, grounds. Of this gentleman, it may be truly Mrs. Fairbairn-Mrs. Stalker. -Mr. Richant fund, that the character of Pope's Man of Peat, 81.-Mr. Janies Irving, of the Crown Rols was completely ezemplited in his and Mitre tavern.--Mrs
. Jane Roundehl, 37. caduct.
-Mr. John Horaiby, $2.