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fart equally important and extraordinary, historical works of Francesco Guicciar that one of his pupils is able to repeat, dini. In the 18th volume are given the in any order you please, and without the first two days of the Decamerone di Boca leati iniftake, a table of fitty cities in all cacio. parts of the world, with the degrees of M. NEERGARD, an able Danish minelungitude and latitude in which they are ralovitt, has arrived at Rome from Naktuated; whereas I, who have for fixty ples, where he has made many interestFiar devoted my attention to geograplıy, ing oblervations on the lavas, and on cannot repeat four of them. The fame minerals in general. From Naples he is the ease with chronology : in the An- sent off' to Paris eight cheris full of armuurire I have inserted 210 dates from ticles of that kind, where thirty-lix others ancient and modern history, and M. de will soon follow to the fune place. M, Feaaugle's scholars repeat them all. I Neergard himself will foon return to do not think that the ableft historiogra- Paris, and intends to publitla a narrative pler could tell ten of them. What an of his tour. acouiting aid in the study of geograplıy M. SINGER, a native of Germany, las and littory !*

obtained from the papal government the Italy.

exclusive privilege of a branch of comThe Abbate SESTINI has undertaken merce of his own contrivance. No pera complete System of Geographical Nu- fon at Rome ever conceived the idea of mifmatics, in twelre folio volumes, to carbonizing turf; and as the cooks cmcontain a description of the most inte. ployed scarcely any other fuel than charreiting coins and medals of antiquity, coal made from wood, the confumption and of all the cabinets of medals in Eur of that articic was eitimated at 3000 mye, tush public and private, of which sacks per day. Hence tome conception the author can obtain a description.

may be formed of the quantity of wood The fame Abbate is about to publith required for this purpoic. M. Singer the uioth volume hf his Lettere e Dileire having remarked that the Pontine marthes lezioni Numismatiche; to contain the were capable of fupplying an immense description of the Greek medals in the quantity of turf, he made from it a kind cahmet of Gotha.

of charcoal, which has no disagreeable CALAXDRELLA, an alironoiner at Rome, imell

, and which, when used for the has published Observations on the Paralforge, poslefies the important advantage lax of Lyra, which he describes to be of giving more heat than common chas five fecood This discovery would great- coal, without injuring iron. lv dircinish the supposed diitance of the

Portugal. tured ftars; ud ipftead of' seren billions À translation of Voltaire's Henriade of miles, it would reduce it to two or into Portugucse, is announced by the three.

Marquez de Bellas, formerly ainballador A Racco'la dei Clufjaci Italiani,or a Col- extraordinary at the court of Londou, lection of Italian Classics, has appeared and now at the head of the judicial de at Milan, in 18 volumes. The first eight partment in his own country. Fulares contain the Iforie fiorentine di

Gimunne Villani, vittudino fiorentino.
Volumes 9 to 13, contain a collection of

The following account of the very finthe Opere di mesler Angelo Firenzuolo, gular contequences of the hite of a ratforentino. The 14th volume contains tle-wake, is equally curious and intereita hitherto unpublished work, under the ing. In the former of 1801, Mrs. Alfred udle of Tratto del governo della famiglia, Beeman, of Luzerne county in Penndi Angelo Pendolfini, fiorentino. The fylvanin, was bitten by a rattle-lake. 15th, 16th, and 17th volumes, consist of She was then in the fourth or fifth month a complete and correct edition of the of her pregnacy. Notwithstanding the

alarining fymptoins coinmonly attending We have already stated, that the same the bite of that animal, Mis. Beeman power of artificial recollection hus for many accident at the usual line. The child

recovered, and was delivereil without years been pra&tised before panies by a gentleman in London, who has icemed healthy; but no funer did it setur mide any secret of his discovery, and begin to fuck, than it turned quite black vbo has promised to communicate its prin- like the snake, fuelled confiderably, and tiple to an early number of the Monthly Ma- foon died. A puppy was then procured giziec.

to draw the breat; the animal died in

two days, with the same symptoms. A child ; apprehensive of losing it like the lainb was next tried; then a dog, and former, the sent for Dr. Barliow, who, three other lambs fucceflively, which all in consequence of the long interval which thared the same fate as the child. A third had taken place fince the bite, and the dog was then procured: it was attacked recovery of the last dog which had sucked with fight fyınptoms of disease, but sur- her, prevailed upon her to suckle her vived. The mother continued in good child, which was attended with no ill bealth.

Two years afterwards, Mrs. confequence whatever. Beeran brought into the world another


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NICHOLSON'S (SOHO- (i) for agitating, or for impregoating, os SQUARE,) for various Improvements in fur driving over in duttiliation waits or the Application of Steum to ujeful Pur- other fluids, or (2) for oxidating, conforta poses, und in the Apparatus required to ing, ruiting, or altering the natue and

the fame. Granted November 22, 1806. state of lead or other metals, or T" HIS invention, and the manner in ores, or mineral bodies, mure or je-1s

which it is to be carried into effect beated or ignited by the action onre's and practice, are described as follows: tubes, or mutiles, or tests, or bodies, or Mr. Nicholson converts water into steam veilels, or upon hearths, grates, or viderby the application of heat in any of the wife fo placed, fituated, or expoted, as ulunl methods, and permits the said steam may be bett adapted for the changes into ruth out through one or more aper- tended to be produced in the faid metals, tures, of such magnitudes refpectively as metallic ores, or mineral bodies, by inay be best adapted to the leveral pur- means of the said current herein before poses. He then permits the current or mentioned and described; or (3) he currents of seam to pass through a por- caules the faid current of fean, and attion of the atınosphere, or of air com- mof-feric air to pats through the tube or municating with the atmosphere, or of pipe herein before described, or in fome such other gas, or elastic fluid, or vapour, cafes imply through an aperture or hole, or smoke, as it may be detirable thould into a receptacie or ar veffel, wherein come into contact with the said steam. the steam is fubjećied to condensation, Further, he disposes a tube or pipe (of a and from which veel the atmospheric circular bore in preference) in luch a air, thos deprived of its steam, is conveyposition, with regard to the said current ed in a furnace or any other place conor currents of lieam and air, or of tieam taining fire or burning materials, in order and gas, elattic iluid, or vapour, or smoke, that the faid current or blait of air hall as that the said current or currents Mall and may excite aud increase the firengih, pals through the laid tube or pipe, and rapidity, and efiect of the combustion. be carried to its place of dettination. He also gives unto the said tube or pipe MR. WILLIAM HYDE WOLLASTON'S, (st. a greater diameter, or dize of perforation, MARY-LE-BONE,) for an Instrument than he allows for the first escape of the whereby any Perfon may draw in Perficam from the place where the fame was Jpective, or may copy or reluce any produced; and he makes the said tuhe or Print or Drawing. Granted December channel either cylindrical or of such 4, 1806. other figure internally as may be best This inftrument confifts principally of füited to produce that effect which is two reflecting surfaces, to placed with rewell known to men of science by the gard to each other, as that the first of name of the lateral action of Nuids, the the said surfaces thall be wholly or in effect of which said lateral action of part interposed between the eye of the fluids is particularly to be observed in artist and the paper, or other inaterial on the ancient and well-known machine which the delineation of any object or for producing a blaft by the fall of a view, or the copy or reduciion of any fhower of water through an upright pipe; sketch, print, or drawing, thall be inand in this invention the lateral action tended to be made; and the faid reflectof the.current of fteam takes place with ing furface Niall be fu iuclined toward regard to the furrounding air, or gas, or the second reflecting surface, that objects eluttir fluid, or vapour, which is carried reflected by that fecond reflection thay along with it, so that the fteain is inade also be again reflected by the firtt, and to ponduce an effect of the fame nature way by that ineaus be rendered vifille tu as, but more powerful and advantageous the eye afier two reflections, when the than, is produced by the water in the light is directed towards the said paper mid ancient mnchine; and Mr. N. ap- or other material. And, in order that plies the said current of steam and air, the said paper or other material may be or of fieam and gas, elastic fluid or va- seen with the fame eye, as well as the pour, or finoke, to such purposes of ma- doubly-reflected object the firii-mentioned jutacturing or philofophical cbeinitiry as reflector is made of such materials ns may be uletal according to the nature of thall perinit the faid paper or other 012the several cases respectively, wawely, terial to be lech through the fame; or the Garit reflector is made of materials not taeight of feren inches perpendicular capable of trantinitting the light; and in above the centre of the plane of the top this cate the fame is interpoted in part ot the measure, the lower part of the only betweca thic eye and the faid paper guage is equal to the height of the leap, or other material. In the former cub and the lower part of the guages comes frunt in the tirti reflector may be a piece in contact with the straight tide of the or print untilvered glass, which is capable heap at a mcan dittance froin the top of of exarbiting the urnage of a confiderably the heap to the outlide of the measure; lua. In ulls object by retection, at the faine which hcap is as nearly in the turn of * tinue that a piece of white paper or other cone as the nature of the coals will pero furice may be seen through the glass, mit, the outside of the measure being the and the image of that object inay be extreinity of the base ibereut. The bow placed "pou the fald paper or other for and the gauges are turned down by face; but in cate the object, be less means of liinges, and lię on the outside of bright, it may not be thus teen by reflec- the measure at the time of filling it. twn from clear white glats dittinctly Measures thus acjuited way be ufefully enough to be delineated, and in this case applied to the adineafurement of coals glais that is blue, or of any other dark for household use, and the other purposes colour, sill be preterable. But it is in for which coals are used; and also for general better to use for the firtè reflector the measuring of grain, fruit, roots, and & glass partly filvered, and to allow the such other articles as are usually difposed paper to be seen through an opening in of by adineasurement. the livering, or pati the edges of the To raise the water to be used in temfame by oue portion of the eye, while pering and preparing clay, or other mitthe doubig-retiected object is teen in the terials, for making bricks and earthenblvering by tise ouber portion of the fame warc, in preference to a pump with one eve. These glasses, or other suitable re- pitton or bucket, there may be applied a ticaring Turtuces, when properly mounted, pump with two or more piltows or buckets, and fupported at a convenient distance in the following manner :-Upon a bar of from the paper or other material upon wood or iron, called a fpear or rod, wliere which the veltueation is to be inade, du, is to be fixed the uppermott piston, upon togeiter with the neceffary framing, the underlide of the faid pilton is ty

be (which every competent workinan may placed au eye of iron, or other metal, and eally make of a variety of forms without by means of a book, at the upper end of farther inflruction, contitute the inftru- a feparate bar of wood or iron (upon ment, adapted to the use of persons who which har the undermoli pilton is w be can with facility see both near and dif- fixed) the different piflous are connected tant objects; but for pertons who are together. The dittance between the faid thort-lighted, a suitable concave glass is piltons is to be two feet; and for every placed before the distant object, to as to thirty feet the water is to be railed, apo receive and tranfimit the incident rays; ply two pittons thus connected together, and for long-lighted persons a suitable which nie and fall at one and the faine convex glats may be placed between the time by means of a lever, or other inaeye and the taid paper, or other material. chinery usually applied for that purpose.

Pistons, thus connected together, inay be

also applied ufetully in a pump to raise VR. ROBERT VAZIE, (ST. MARY, ROTHER- water from a mine, thaft, pit or quarry,

HITLE, CIVIL ENGINEER), for Improve or the hold of a Nip, or reservoir for gements in the Measures of Coals in the neral purposes, or for comprelling or 0x Machinery, for working Pistons ; and haufting air or fumam; and the cock may for Signals for unhired Curriages. also be usefully applied to retain or draw Granted November 1806,

off liquid inatter from a pipe, cald, or reTu adjust the quantity of coals to be fervoir, or a builer or val. ufed in burning bricks and in baking The lignal for unhiired carringes is earthen-war, upon the outlide of the placed perpendicularly; and when the coul-bullel mealure, with which the coals carriage is hired the faid bignal is turord nre meafured is placed a moveable femi- down by means of a joint (lunilar to the circular metal bow, upon which is lur joint of a claip knife,) und lies loritonie pended three inoweable bobs or pins of tally. In the night-time a lanthurn is inetal, or other fuaterial, fu 113 to form placed containing a lamp or other light.

three guuges of such length, and at such a When the carringe is undirect, the light 1 distance from each other, as that when appears through certain characicrs cut in the mealurc is filled with coals to the athutter; and when the carriage is bired,



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