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MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. NEWS the most unpleasing to the merchants and underwriters have been at last received

in regard to the fate of Buenos Ayres. It was retaken by the Spaniards, on the 12th of August lait; consequently, even the first of the merchant-thips freighted from this counfry for that port could not arrive before it had returned into the enemy's poñellion. Point ; Valdorado, however, on the opposite side of the river, and confiderably to the south-east, of Monte Video, has been occupied by the troops from the Cape of Good Hope. Not one, therefore, of the British merchantmen can have failed, unwittingly, into the harbour of Buenos Ayres, while it was again an enemy's port. They would all go into Portuguese ports, or stop at Point Muldonado; but the Lales of their cargoes are, in a great measure, prevented. A part may be disposed of to the Portuguese ; part, allo, may be Imuggled in among the Spaniards along the coult. Some of the this may return with their cargoes to Janaica, or others of the free ports in the West'Indies; others may send goods into the Spanish market, by the intervention of American traders ; others may await the re-conqueft of Buenos Aytes by a new British force. But, after all, the loss upon so many hundred thoufand pounds' worth of goods must be very large. It will be suffered rather by the mere chant: than by the under-writers. 'Much of it falls upon the manufacturers and petty dualers; Shefield and Birmingham, in particular, suster very confiderably. We fear that Manchester has allo its part, and that not a small one, in the loss

The homeward West India fieet has arrived, without mistortune by storm or capture ; but there is no brisk sale for West India produce: Raw cottons fcarcely fetch a price equi-, valent to the freight. Sugars continue too low to afford any thing like an adequate return to the proprietors of Muscovado lugar of middling or inferior quality. The case is the same with rum and coffee. The attempt to exclude British commodities from the Continent, cannot but be ultimately frustrated ; in the mean time, it fails not of infliding some part of that mischief upon British commerce which içs author interded. The price of sugar, computed from the returns for the week ending January 21, is only il. 17s. O d. per cwt.

The manufacturers of linens in Scotland and Ireland, derive advantage from the present fate of Germany. The German linen manufactures are ruined. The demand continues scarly the same in those staples, in which was the principal competition between German and British linens. Our manu acturers have the advantage of supplying that whole demand ; but there is a scarcity of flax and hemp. • The conditions of the new commercial treaty with the United States of America will not be made public till they shall have been finally ratified by the Anglo-American govern

But doubts have been expressed, that, to the exceeding detriment of our own West India trade, the Anglo-Aniericans may be permitted, under that treaty, to introduce into the ports of France the produce of St. Domingo, of St. Thomas's, of their own South Carolina ; and, under snuggling deceits, that allo of Martinique and Guadaloupe: by which France will retain an advantage toward procuring the supplies, he wants from the West, Indies, of which the láte edict of blockade against the British ifles should have deprived her.

The ship-owners continue to complain, that the spirit of the navigation-laws is not rigor.. ously adhered to in their fayour; that ship-building declines in the port of London; and that, withont the speedy adoption of a very different policy from that upon which government has for some time acted in relation to the shipping interest, both the ship-building manufacture, and the carrying trade by sea, are in danger of being, within no long time, utterly lost to this country

The just and equitable measure of the immediate abolition of the Nave-trade is again under the confideration of Parliament. It is certain that the terchants and planters have been providing against that meafure, and have this year sent out more thips to the coast of Africa than have, for several years previous, been employed in the same traffic, for the use of the British plantations foiely. It is ftated, that 4 or 5000 landinen have, for some time, entered every year on board the ships fitted out on the African trade; that in the voyage from Britain to Africa, from Africa to the West Indies, thóle landmen have acquired the skill and expertness of tailors ; that, un their arrival in the Welt Indies, a great part of them have been always imprefied into the thips of war upon that station; and that, with. out such an annual supply of freth feamen, thus feasoned in hot climates for the service, it is impollible for us to maintain an adequate naval force in the West Indies.

The British trade to Portugal survives the consequences of the French edia of blockade; but that to the coasts of Itaty, and to the Mediterranean in general, fuliers already great injury from the edi&t. Mercantile correspondence is interrupted by ie; and even the trade from Malta, as an emporium or depôt, to Loghorn, by neutrals, cannot be continued as before. The trade of export and import with Sicily and Sardinia, however, proceeds as before.

The presence of Admiral Louis at the Dardanelles happily prevents any interruption of our trade to the Levant or the Black Sea, and cult off all potiole communication between the French and India.


It is a certained, that if the carrying trade between this country and India were free and open to all, the freight beëween the two would be reduced from 151. per ton, which it now cols, to 51. or 6l. per ton. Should this reduction of freight be accomplihed, not only indigo, but also folk, sugar, starch, hides, and fruits of several species, might be imported with peculiar advantage.

The Anglo. Americans are preparing to pursue the fur-trade from Louisiana, in a manner in which they may greatly ontrival our Canadian and Hudson's Bay companies.

The 3 per cents. have Auctuated, all this month, from 59 to 61. Others in proportion.

The average Prices of Navigable Canal Shares and Dock Stock, for January 1807, at the office of Mr. Scott, 25, New Bridge-ftreet, London :--The Coventry Canal, 4201. to 4331. per fare ; the last half-yearly divideird was 191 per share net-hton and Oldhan, 100l. per shire.-Grand Junction, 861. to 871. ex. dividend.---Rochdale, 451., including the lak call of 51. per fare.- Worcester and Birmingham, at 391. per thare, all calls paid. -Lancaster, at 191.-Monmouthshire Navigation, at 971. ex dividend -West India Dock Steck, at 1441 ex. dividend of 51 per cent. net for the half year to Christmas.-Eat India Dock, 1901. to 1921. per cent -Londo. Dock, 1001. to 1051. ex. dividend of 21. 155. per cent. net half-yearly dividend to Christmas..Globe Insurance, 102. per cent. ex. divis dend of 31. 10s. per cent. half-year to Christmas.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE mild weather which we have experienced in the preceding month has been farourable

to the wheat and tare crops, which in general look better than could be expected from the general humidity of the winter, which has been untriendly to theep-leeding on turnips, aal coleseed, although those crops at this season were never morc luxuriant and abundant.

From the general good condition of the pastures, much fodder has been faved, and the outlying ftock thrive well.

lo the country markets, the prices of grain (oats excepted, from the great purchases maxle by government) are much lower. Wheat averages, throughout England and Wales, 77s; Barley, 403. 34. ; and Oats, 273. 24. The weekly markets are well supplied with fat cattle and sheep at reduced prices. Cors and calves are now brought there fin plenty, and fell well; but at present there is little or no demand for lean cactlc or store sheep. Much business is done in the pig markets, which are well supplied, and meet with quick and ready fales. In Smithfield, Beef fetches from 4. 4d. to 55. ; Mutton, from 4$. 8d. to 65.; and Pork, from 18. 8d, to 55. 8d.

In the fen counties, where the practice of breeding cattle has become pretty general, it is now the cuftot, and has been for a winter or two part, to feed their yearling calyes witha raw potatoes and some hay, on which they are found to do well.

But the writer of this Report recommends, from experience, the improved method of Henning them as food fur horses and cattle, making them more autritious and less laxative.

And now; behold the joyous winter days,
Froity, succeed; and through the blue serene,
For fight too fina, tb'ethereal nitre fies;
Killing infectious damps, and the spent air

Storing afresh with elemental life.
WE bave had some frosty days, and on the 11th of January a full of snow of a few hours

contimance; but hitherto ( January the 19th)" the weather has been unusually, and nafafanably, mild.

Christmas-day was cold and rainy; but, on the day before and the day after, the fun fone bright and warun, and the bees were flying about as at the commencement of spring:

On Christmas-day I observed the following plants in Hower: winter aconite; belckerus belis of Lianzys; greater pariwinkle, vinca major i oxip primula elatisr ; primerufes ; virles; the drop-warf, jpreafilipendula; suell flowers, jocks, marigolds, ane nenes, beparicas. The china rojet (roja finenfis), were likewise in great beauty in the open ground.

In the bottoms of lune of the sheltered hedges, exposed to the southern fun, I remarked, about the same day, tha red.flowered campion (Lychnis dioce), and the pude-tors (ranunculus fraria)the former a relic of the autumn, and the latter a harbinger of spring.

January 1, 1907. The young leaves of the elder and woodbine begin to appear. The br. leares of the milk liftle (carduus marianus) are also seen,

At an eltate belanging to the Earl of Malmíbury, in Wiltshire, there was a roik's moff costrineg young ones so early as the 10 of January. Tke ewes begin to produce their lumbs in the open fields.


The moles fill continue to throw up hillocks. After a few days of heavy rain the docks, of gulls that came inland were very numerous. They feenied bufily employed on the flat grounds that had been overflowed by the rivers, in picking up irefl water ihell animals, and other substances which the fury of the current had cast ashore. Persons who are curious in collecting fells would find it worth their while to examine the wreck thrown up by fresh water floods.' It often contains small shells in myriads, as well as some of the larger species which are not otherwife easily to be obtained.

At the commencement of the rainy weather the fieldfares retired to the more elevated parts of the county. They are fince returned.

January 6. Gecje begin to lay their eggs.

Salmon fishing has recommenced, but hitherto (January 19th) only one limon has been caught in the neighbourhood of the place from which I write.

A jurbelow or beraid motb (pbaldua libatrix of Linnæus), was caught in Aight, on the 6th of January:

After a heavy gale of wind a piece of wood was picked up on the sea beach, containing three or four of the barnacle fhells (lepas sn.tifera of Linnæus, anatifs læris of Bofc). This shell, which was believed by naturalitis of former times to contain the embryo of that large bird, the barnacle gooje, is not often found upon the southern coasts of England.

January 19. Mezarcon and fnowdrops are in Hower. Hampshire.

jan. 15.


an inch.

Observations on the State of the Weather, , from the 24th of December, to the 241h

of Junuary 1807, inclusive, To Miles N.K. of St. Paul's.

Highest 30.55. Jan. 2. Wind S. E. Higheit 53'. Dec. 26. Wind S.W.
Lowest 28.90. Jan. 21.
Wind West Lowest 16".

Wind N.W.

Between cight and Between the

nine in the morning of Greatest 6 tenths evenings of the Greatest

the 15th instant, the variation in of 211t and 29d inst. variacion in

Thermometer was no 24 hours. the mercury rose | 24 hours.

higher than 16°, at the fronn 29.3 to 29.9.

fame time on the next

day it Quod 5 44o. The quantity of rain fallen during this month is equal to between one and two inches in depth.

This has been the coldest month that we have experienced, but the average height of the thermometer is rather more than 40°; we have scarcely at any time had a continued froft for 48 bours. The mean height of the barometer, for the whole month, is 28.68.

About the 27th ult. the tides were higher in the Thames than have been known very many years; the overflowing of the water did confiderabl: damage. The same, we happen to know, was experienced at Margate ; and also in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. The wind blew from the W. S.W.

In the neighbourhood of Perth, North Britain, many of the spring-flowers were in full blow on Christmas-day.

To CORRESPONDENTS. Our Correspondent at Sligo is informed, that the best means of securing a regular supply of the Monthly Magazine is the General Post Office. Confiderable numbers of all the lone don periodical publications are circulated through that 'medium and we are happy to be able to nate, that the Monthly Magazine, which has always maintained the enviable distinction of being at the head of the loft O-fice lifts, incrcafes in that as well as every other mode of circulation, with a degree of rapidity of which no periodical work evet perhaps utforded fimilar instance,

Several friends, the value of whose communications we gratefully acknowledge, must indulge us till our bureau is cleared of various interesting papers on temporary and practical subječts. We have added to the bulk of the Magazine, without any addition to ttie price, in the hope of being able to comply with the prefing solicitations of all our currespondents, to oblige whom as fait as posible is our obvious duty and interest. The superior circulation of our Miicellany naturally occafions this fuperabundance of valuable comniunications, and the only preference we give to those wlich we deem admillible, arises from their temporary ins: portance of their practical utility.



No. 154.]

MARCH ), 1807.

[2 of Vol. 23.

* As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converis, and of giving to their Opinions a Maximum of

* Latiuence sed Celebrity, the mod extenfively circulated Mirceliany will repay with the greatest Effee the ** Cuncity of Ibofe who read either for amusement or Intruction.' JOHNSON

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ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. Tothe Editor of the Monthly Magazinc.* refreshed with agreeable and cooling SIR,

showers. The featon of most rain is from form you, that, foon after iny arrival of December, after the setting in of the at Madras, I had the good fortune to north-east monsoon : then alio is the meet with a friend who commands a greateli heat, but during the fouth-wett cuintry slip belonging to one of the ports montoons, the violence of which does not on the Coromandel coati. He immedin extend so far into the straits of Malacca, Alely gave me a birth, and I have accom- the air is cooled by a delightful alternapanied lia hither to take in a cargo of tion of land and sea-breezes. While, from pepper. The last evening I had the plea- Quida to Junk Ceylon, the countries lure of spending in your company in Eng- only one degree forther to the northward kund, you made me promise to fend you are under the influence of the violent * copy at my Journal: but the places we gales and deluges of rain, which mark the tourbid at during our voyage outward, letting-in and clearing up of the fouthlate been fo ufion and fo ininutely de- wett inoutoons; Prince of Wales' Itiand

oled, that there remained nothing new is blefied with a serene sky, and only now 10 communicate.

and then a day of vooderate and light I hope, however, that, the following rain, no inore than is necessay to invigo.20cont of this lettlement will be found rate and quicken vegetation. These adlo contain fome particulars that are not vantages render it a place equally suited generally known in Europe. It is founded to European and Afiatic conititutions. enthuer ou actual obfervation, or on faćts. During a late excursion into the country, mod details for which I am indebted to a a few hours ride from Fort-Cornwallis, gentleman of dittinguilhed abilities and brought our party to an clevation where Ligh rank here.

the air is cooler hy fixteen tv twenty dePale-Pinang, to which the English grees. On these falubrious heights, Euhave given the sanse of Prince of Wales' ropean convalescents, find their health fund, i ftunted at the entrance of the perfectly settored in a few weeks; and acdraits of 31:lacca, about a inile and a cordingly they are much soforted to by inlauf frys the coait of Quida, between validls troin the other English settlements 5.7 aud 5.25 of northern latitude. Its in India. greatest exteat froin tuorth to fouth is Almost the whole of the northern part about eighteen ules: at the north end it is mountainous, and covered with fine is about fiteeti miles in brcadth; but it. timberdown to high-waterinark. Through

decreales towards the south to about the centre run three ranges of hills and -eleren miles,

fine rallies between them; fome of which The clinate is rery mild and healthy: are cultivated with pepper and a variety for, notwithlanding its vicinity to the of fruit-trees. About one half on the equatir, it is acter linble to the extremes Iland is either level ground, or of to sf leat and cold; seldom to violent and gentle ar inclination, as easily to admit never to continued rains as are common of cultivation. Into the large wetteta on the coasts of Coromandel and Mala- bay run (to very fine rivnicts of remarkbar. Oa the uther band it is frequeolly ably good crater; one of which is navi

gable for thips' long-boats, two miles ine The public annot fail to be gratified land, and empties itself into the barbour, with the new and important information con about a mile to the fouthward of FortSained in this valuable communicatien, and Cornwallis, Water is also found in all

bale reason to believe we shall be fassured the low parts by digging to the depth of vite shann from the fame intelligent course, only a few feet. fantas

The upcoltivated parts are thickly co1. Maxguur Mac, No. 151


vered with wood; the lills and dry but as we have heard nothing of their grounds, with trees of an immense fize produce, it is probable that they have mixed with canes, rattans, and a great failed. variety of creeping plants; the fiamps, The illand produces a great variety of with large trees of a more slimiy texture, foreti-irees, many of which are tit for and with the necboon or cabbage and livip-building. The Chinga is in much beetle-nut-tree; ind the ground over- etice among the Malays, for the purtowed by the tid, with the mangrove, poses of house and thuip-building. A tree from the bark of libicbo a rich red dye is at its full growth will yield troom 10 t) prepared, and other trees that grow in tv 90 by 2 to 3 fuet diameter of clear halt water.

umber. The Penager, which provis The foil is generally light, and in found only on the tea-shore and rocky ground, parts fandy, and mixed with a black vere- furnithes knees and crooked tinber for table mould. For the muli part it is too thips. The Bentanghoor, or red pood, rich for grain; fo that from its luxuriancy, aftoris the bell timber for matis ant alie crop talls down and rots before it is yards, of any that is producer! in Indiin, ripe. The most proper objects of cultira- and is eiieemed nest in quality to fir. tion are supposed to be pepper and other It grows to a very great lize and per{pices, and the fruits comioon on the pe- terily tiraight. sunfula of Valacca.

The forctis abound with yum and woodIt is well known that the Dutch derived oil trees. One of the numerous species itumense adiantage from the faie of of creepers, is about five inches in diaCixxason, NUTMEG, Mace, and CLoves. meter, and grows continually twisting Tue true cinnamon tree is peculiar to like a cork-ferew, thooting up itill in a Ceylon, which is now in our poilellion. spiral forin even wien it has nothing to The monopoly of the other three fpices Tupport it: the bark of this paratite plant, the Dutch Eari India Company had for whieli is remarkably thick, cmits, wlien more than a century secured to theni- cut, a white vifcous juice, which, on crselves, liy extirpating the trees that posire to the air, takes in a very few nije produce ihein wherever they could be mutes the colour and conliliency of jound, except in Banda and Amboyna; elaltic guin, of the same appearance and with which no other nation was allon ed antivering the fane purpoles as the Cato have any intercourse. When the outchouc of South' Aunerica. Illands were captured last war, the Direc- The indigenous wild quadrupeds were tors of the East India Company, and the fome deer and wild hors. The latter are Indian Governinent, foreseeing, I suppose, very large and numerous, and coinnit that'on the restoration of peace they great ravages on the lands cultivated would probably be given up again to our with sugar-cane and yams. Sheep, yoats, rivals, icnt thither an intelligent botanif, bullocks, and other animals, that lave under whose superintendunce the Nutmeg been introduced by the settlers, thrive and Clove trees in various stages of growth, well and inultiply fast ; and haply are nos were transported to the confe of Sumatra, expofed to the fury of the byena or other (near Bencoolen,) and to Prince of Wales' rapacious beasts of prey, wliichi abound land, where the climate and foil have on the Malay coast, buc none of wbich proved fo congeniul to them, that we may are found liere. hope, ere long, to see thoje valuable There are very few birds on the illand, Jpices become us plentiful us pepper; doves excepted, of which there is great especially as they will not be exposed abundance, as well as variety of species; here to the burricanes, which fome years geese, ducks, and other domefiic fouis, ago hlew down in one night, alınot all thrive furprising well; and game and the nutmeg-trees in Banda.

poultry niny be furnished from the Jlalay At any rate, the monopoly, which the coali." At Quida in particular they are Dutch had eftablished by fraurl, cruelty, fu cheap, that it hundreut good fowls may and usurpation, and cemented with the be purchased for tince dollars: from blood of our countrvinon facrificed to twee to fixteen ducks, for one dullar; their ararice, in the infamous inatizere and the price ni a túll-grown bulloek of Amboýna, is wrefied from them tur tekiom cacerds six dollars. pver.

The whole coaft Iwarins with every I have been told, that the French hun kind of Gil, knowu in other parts of Inbefore ticceeded in carrying plants of the via. The unrket is likewite plentifully clove-tree *o the Mauritius and the Welt dupplied with others, cochles; mufces, Rudies, with what fuccuss I Low out; ud lurtle.


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