LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1860.
The preceding account of Aristotle is repeated
in an abridged form in Pseud-Aristot. de Mirab. 1.,
where the name of the mountain is corrupted into
NOTES:--The Bonasus, the Bison, and the Bubalus, 1- "Hoauos, that of the animal into Bóaudos, and the
-Aldine Aratus, Tb. -- Bankrupts during the Reign of Pæonian name into Móvainos ; and in Antig. Caryst.,
Elizabeth, 6- The King's Scutcheon, Ib. - Alexander of Hist. Mir., 53., where the name of the mountain
Abonoteichos and Joseph Smith -- Peele’s “ Edward I." is corrupted into Mopoavos, and the Pæonian name
of the animal into μόνωτος.
MINOR NOTES:- Sir Isaac Newton on the Longitude
There is a short
Relics of Archbishop Leighton - Longevity of Clerical In- notice of the same animal in Ælian, Nat. An., vii.
cumbents -- Carthaginian Building Materials — Swift's 3., where its Pæonian name is said to be uóvart.
Cottage at Moor Park, 8.
QUERIES :-- Rev. Thomas Bayes, &c., 9. The Throne for Pliny, N. H., viii. 16.
The account of Aristotle is briefly reproduced by
Life or Death, 10 - An Excellent Example : Portrait of
Richard II. - Peppercomb-Oliver Goldsmith - Memo- Messapius is known as the name of a mountain
Four Fools of the Mumbles- Cleaning a Watch on the in Bcotia (Æsch. Ag., 284. ; Strab. ix. 2. § 13.),
Summit of Salisbury Spire -- Accident on the Medway - and as the ethnic appellative of tribes in Locris
Temple Bar Queries - Translations mentioned by Moore and Iapygia (Thuc., "lii. 101.) ; but the mountain
demy of Compliments - Ballad of the Gunpowder Treason of that name on the borders of Pæonia is only
- Dispossessed Priors and Prioresses-Supervisor - Ame- mentioned in the passage of Aristotle just cited.
rica known to the Chinese, &c., 11.
Pæonia is the country lying between Macedonia
QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:-A Case for the Spectacles and the territory inhabited by the Thracian tribe
bottes”. " The Ragman’s Roll" -Claude, Pictures by, 13. of the Mædi. (See Dr. Smith's Dict. of Anc.
Watson, Horne, and Jones, 14- George Gas- Geogr., art. MÆDI.)
coigne the Poet, 15 - Barony of Broughton: Remarkable Pausanias, writing about 170 A.D., and there-
Heraldic Drawings and Engravings ---Three Church- fore at an interval of about 500 years from Aris-
wardens -- Notes on Regiments - Rev. William Dunkin, totle, states that he had seen Pæonian bulls in
D.D. - Sir Peter Gleane - Spoon Inscription. Mrs. Mydthe Roman amphitheatre, which he describes as
dleton's PortraitLingard’s“ England :” Edinburgh and shaggy over the whole body, but particularly on
Notes on Books, &c.
the breast and neck (ix. 21. 2.). He likewise re-
cords a brazen head of a bison, or Pæonian bull,
dedicated at Delphi by Dropion, son of Deon,
king of Pæonia; and he proceeds to give a de-
THE BOYASUS, THE BISON, AND THE
tailed account of the manner in which these savage
animals were hunted. He speaks of them as an
Herodotus, in the passage in which he describes extant species, and says that they are the most
the camels of Xerxes as attacked by lions on their difficult of all animals to take alive (x. 13.).
march across the upper part of the Chalcidic pe. Oppian, the author of the Cynegetica, a poem
ninsula, through the Pæonian and Crestonian ter- composed about 200 A.D., describes the bison
ritories, mentions incidentally that there were, in (Biowy), and states that its name was derived from
bis own time, wild oxen in this region, whose horns, its being an inbabitant of Bistonian Thrace. It
of immense size, were imported into Greece (vii. has (he says) a tawny mane, like a lion. Its
126. ; see “ N. & Q.," 2nd S. viii. 81.).
horns are pointed, and turned upwards, not out-
Aristotle adverts to the bonasus in several pas- wards; hence it throws men and animals upright
sages of his works on natural history; and in one into the air. The tongue of the bison is narrow
he gives a detailed description of the animal and rough, and with it he licks off the flesh of his
(Hist. An., ii. 1. and 16.; ix. 45.; De Part. An., prey (Cyn. ii. 159–175.).
iïi. 2.). The following is a summary of bis ac- Athenæus, xi. c. 51., illustrates at length the
count:- The bonasus, in appearance, size, and ancient custom of drinking from horns; and he
voice, resembles an ox. It has a mane ; its colour cites Theopompus as stating, in the 2nd book of
is tawny; and it is hunted for the sake of its his Philippica, that the kings of Pæonia, in whose
flesh, which is eatable. 'Its horns are curved, and dominions there were oxen with horns so large as
turned towards one another, so as to be useless to hold 3 and 4 choes (9 and 12 quarts), used
for attack. Their length is somewhat more than a them as drinking cups, with silver and gold rims.
onedaun, or palm (=9 inches); their thickness is round the mouth.
such that each contains nearly half a chous (= An epigram in the Anthology, attributed to the
nearly 3 pints), and their colour is a shining poet Antipater (who lived about 100 B.c.), de-
black. It is a native of Pæonia, and is found on scribes the head of a wild bull, dedicated by
Mount Messapius, which forms the boundary of Philip of Macedon, which he had killed in the
Pæonia and Mædica. The Pæonians call it by chase, upon the ridges of Orbelus. This mountain
the name of monapus. (H. A., ix. 45.; compare was situated on the Pæonian frontier of his king.
Camus, Notes, vol. ii. p. 135.)
dom (Anth. Pal., vi. 115.). An extant epigram of