Shape of the Nation Report: Status of Physical Education in the USA : 2001
This report describes the current state of U.S. physical education (PE) to help determine the mandate and availability of PE programs by state; PE teacher qualifications; curricular standards; class size; and accountability for student achievement. Information comes from surveys of PE directors/consultants in all 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC). Surveys requested information about the PE mandate, state standards, student assessment, substitutions for PE, time allocations, teacher licensing, and current concerns. Only two states do not have PE mandates, though in many states, the mandate requires only that PE be provided and local districts provide content and format guidelines. Only one state requires daily PE for all students. In most states, certified PE specialists are recommended, but classroom teachers teach elementary PE. In nearly 40 states, certified PE specialists are required to teach middle and high school PE. Only six states do not require continuing education to maintain teacher licensure. Only four states have or are developing PE content standards. Most states allow a PE teacher student ratio of 1:30. PE is being assessed by state approved assessment in five states and DC. Physical fitness is being assessed in seven states and DC. Ten recommendations are presented. Summary information by each state is included. (SM)
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