Applied Mathematical DemographyThe third edition of this classic text maintains its focus on applications of demographic models, while extending its scope to matrix models for stageclassified populations. The authors first introduce the life table to describe agespecific mortality, and then use it to develop theory for stable populations and the rate of population increase. This theory is then revisited in the context of matrix models, for stageclassified as well as ageclassified populations. Reproductive value and the stable equivalent population are introduced in both contexts, and Markov chain methods are presented to describe the movement of individuals through the life cycle. Applications of mathematical demography to population projection and forecasting, kinship, microdemography, heterogeneity, and multistate models are considered. The new edition maintains and extends the book’s focus on the consequences of changes in the vital rates. Methods are presented for calculating the sensitivity and elasticity of population growth rate, life expectancy, stable stage distribution, and reproductive value, and for applying those results in comparative studies. Stageclassified models are important in both human demography and population ecology, and this edition features examples from both human and nonhuman populations. In short, this third edition enlarges considerably the scope and power of demography. It will be an essential resource for students and researchers in demography and in animal and plant population ecology. Nathan Keyfitz is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Harvard University. After holding positions at Canada’s Dominion Bureau of Statistics, the University of Chicago, and the University of California at Berkeley, he became Andelot Professor of Sociology and Demography at Harvard in 1972. After retiring from Harvard, he became Director of the Population Program at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Vienna from 1983 to 1993. Keyfitz is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of Canada, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has received the Mindel Sheps Award of the Population Association of America and the Lazarsfeld Award of the American Sociological Association, and was the 1997 Laureate of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. He has written 12 books, including Introduction to the Mathematics of Population (1968) and, with Fr. Wilhelm Flieger, SVD, World Population Growth and Aging: Demographic Trends in the Late Twentieth Century (1990). Hal Caswell is a Senior Scientist in the Biology Department of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, where he holds the Robert W. Morse Chair for Excellence in Oceanography. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has held a Maclaurin Fellowship from the New Zealand Institute of Mathematics and its Applications and a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship. His research focuses on mathematical population ecology with applications in conservation biology. He is the author of Matrix Population Models: Construction, Analysis, and Interpretation (2001).

Was andere dazu sagen  Rezension schreiben
Inhalt
11  
1  18 
9  25 
The Life Table  29 
Doubling Time and HalfLife  48 
Mortality Comparisons The MaleFemale Ratio  71 
Fixed Regime of Mortality and Fertility  93 
A Mixture of Populations Having Different Rates  127 
Markov Chains for Individual Life Histories  245 
Projection and Forecasting  268 
13  303 
Some Types of Instability  335 
The Demographic Theory of Kinship  370 
Microdemography  399 
The MultiState Model  444 
18  461 
Differential Fertility Due to the Demographic  143 
Birth and Population Increase from Matrix Population  148 
xi  149 
Reproductive Value from the Life Table  183 
Reproductive Value from Matrix Models  208 
Understanding Population Characteristics  216 
Heterogeneity and Selection in Population Analysis  477 
20  494 
23  503 
513  
551  