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ham is, in fact, Rochester. However this may he, we have only further to say of the book before us that it is, after all, not such a fragment as it looks. In itself it is really complete. If it pauses in mid-story, it is exactly at the point where the stop, if inevitable, could best occur. Speculation may weary itself with conjectures as to how the Mystery was to be unravelled; incipient novelists may lawfully try their mettle at developing it, if they only commit the results of their labour to the flames when they have done; the public will be at once sad and satisfied to take the story of ' Edwin Drood ' as it is, —grateful to the author and his memory for what he achieved, and with implicit faith in him as to what he intended."

'The Life of Charles Dickens,' by John Foster's Forster, Vol. I., 1812-1842, is reviewed on De- Dk-kens.' cember 9th and 16th, 1871 ; Vol. II., 1842-1852, on the 16th of November, 1872; Vol. III., 18521870, on the 7th of February, 1874.

HENRY FOTIIERCILL CHORLEY. Henry Fothergill Chorley was born on the Henry 15th of December, 1808, at Ashton-le-Willows. Chorley.' His parents were members of the Society of Friends. The sudden death of his father, who dropped down dead in his counting-house on

the 15th of April, 1816* left the family in narrow circumstances. John Rutter, of Liverpool, his mother's half-brother, stood between them and Early life at want. Chorley at an early age was taken from Liverpool. g^oo^ and placed in the office of Messrs.

Cropper, Benson & Co., of Liverpool; but the occupation was not to his liking, and he was transferred to Messrs. Woodhouse with the same result, all his heart and soul being given to music. Herr Hermann was his friend and instructor, besides which he was encouraged by the sympathy of Mr. Benson Rathbonc. In 1827 he and his elder brother John set on foot an annual 'The called 'The Winter's Wreath.' This brought Wreath.' them into communication with several of the literary personages of the time, among them being Mrs.Hemans. This friendship continued until her death. Chorley's memorials of Mrs. Hemanswas First his first published book. It was towards the close

contributions of 1830 that Chorley first contributed to the to the .

Athenamm occasional musical criticisms. Among

* He was buried in the graveyard of a meeting house belonging to the Society of Friends at Penketh, "a small still resting-place, in which the separate tenements were distinguished only by turfed mounds. Time has softened the usages of the Society of Friends in this respect. They have now tombstones in their graveyards, simply inscribed with name, age, and date of decease" (' Henry Fothergill Chorley: Autobiography,Memoir,and Letters' compiled by Henry G. Hewlett).

these was a letter he wrote from Liverpool, which appeared on the 5th of May, 1832: "Music in the Provinces—The Chevalier Neukomm's Oratorio at Manchester." The opening paragraph shows the position he sought for music, and to promote this end it may be said that he devoted his life :—

"The circumstance of a great musical work having been brought out with credit in a provincial town, and that too without the instrumental assistance usually derived from London, argues such an advance in the art amongst us, that it has seemed to me not altogether unworthy of a notice in your columns; and I furnish this, in the pleasant conviction, that that same delightful art has passed through one stage of its transformation from the state of a costly exotic, nourished and possessed as a luxury by the few, to that of a household delight and public recreation of the many who compose the middle class."

Chorley left Liverpool for London on the last day of the year 1833, Mr. Dilkc having invited him to his house till he could establish himself in London. He shortly afterwards became the musical critic of the Athenceum, and so continued until June, 1868, when he retired owing to ill health. On giving his last proofs to Mr. Edward Francis he took the pin from the scarf he was wearing, and presented it to him; and on the 1st of August he gave a farewell dinner at Wembley Hill to the employes of the printing and pub

Music to become n household delight.

Becomes musical critic.

His retirement.

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