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'The Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay,' Life, by by his nephew, George Otto Trevelyan, M.P., is Trerelyan!° reviewed in the Athenaum of the 8th of April, 1876.

CHARLES DICKENS. 'The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Charles Club,' edited by Boz * Nos. I. to IX., form the, TMtT'- ,

J' ''The Pickwick

subject of the first review on the 3rd of Decem- Papers.' ber, 1836. On the 31st, 'Sketches by Boz: Second Series,' is also noticed. The article closes with the remark: "Next week we shall have to welcome Boz as a brother editor—in which, and in all other characters and undertakings, we wish him success."

On the 7th of January, 1837, this promise is fulfilled, and the new comic periodical work edited by Boz and illustrated by George Cruikshank, Bent ley's Miscellany, receives kindly fiTM'^ notice. Dickens's contribution, ' The Public Life of Mr. Tulrumble,' "is Boz every line of it."

The following appears on the 3rd of March, 1838: "Among the literary announcements of the week the one which will spread the widest, Announccand the work which will, in all probability, fare * Nfcholas the best, is the proclamationf 'of the only true Nickleby.'

* The nickname of a pet child, his youngest brother Augustus.

t Proclamation on the eve of'Nickleby.' See Forster's 'Life of Dickens,' vol. ii. pp. 76 and 77.

and lawful Boz,' heralding the appearing of his new child 'Nicholas Nickleby.' This worthy's adventures, it is said, will be rich in the oddities to be gathered in the north of England." The first number was published on the 31st, and is reviewed on the same date: "The characters are drawn twice over,—to the eye as well as to the mind. Before they escape from the passport or hue-and-cry style in which 'Boz' takes them down, they are compelled to sit for their likenesses to ' Phiz.'"

'Oliver The completion of' Oliver Twist' is noticed Twist'

on the 17th of November.

On the 3rd of August, 1839, it is stated that the ' Pickwick Papers' have been translated into Russian.

'Master On the 7th of November, 1840, the first volume Hlclock?^S of'Master Humphrey's Clock' is reviewed. The

writer of the article was Thomas Hood. 'Farnaby In its review of' Barnaby Rudge,' on the 22nd


of January, 1842, the Athenceum says: "This story is now complete. The illuminated Clock of Master Humphrey has run down for ever, and with its last chime the works of its maker have come to a temporary stoppage. Availing himself of the pause for a little well-earned rest and recreation, the author, it appears, has sailed on a long-projected trip to America."

On the 16th of July a letter appears from Dickens on the subject of literary piracy, in Literary


which he advises authors "to treat on all occasions with some respectable American publishing house, and with such an establishment only."

On the 5th of November it is stated that Dickens has been elected a member of the general committee of the Metropolitan Improvement Society; that "Boz" will open the year with a new novel; and that the author's former works have been translated into Turkish.

On the 18th of November, 1843, in reviewing

'The Keepsake,' the Athenceum quotes a poem

by Dickens entitled 'A Word in Season,' which, 'A Word in


"we should think, will startle a round hundred at least of aristocratic readers in their country houses":—

They have a superstition in the East,

That ALLAH, written on a piece of paper, Is better unction than can come of priest,

Of rolling incense, and of lighted taper:
Holding that any scrap which bears that name,

In any characters, its front imprest on,
Shall help the finder through the purging flame,

And give his toasted feet a place to rest on.

Accordingly they make a mighty fuss

With every wretched tract and fierce oration, And hoard the leaves; for they are not like us,

A highly civilized and thinking nation;

And always stooping in the miry ways
To look for matter of this earthy leaven,

They seldom, in their dust-exploring days,
Have any leisure to look up to Heaven.

So I have known a country on the earth,

Where darkness sat upon the living waters,
And brutal ignorance, and toil, and dearth,

Were the hard portion of its sons and daughters;
And yet, where they who should have oped the door

Of charity and light, for all men's rinding,
Squabbled for words upon the altar-floor,

And rent The Book, in struggles for the binding.

The gentlest man among these pious Turks

God's living image ruthlessly defaces:
Their best high churchman, with no faith in works,

Bowstrings the Virtues in the market-places.
The Christian Pariah, whom both sects curse,

(They curse all other men, and curse each other,)
Walks thro' the world, not very much the worse—

Does all the good he can, and loves his brother.

"A tale to make the reader laugh and cry— open his hands, and open his heart to charity .' A Christmas even towards the uncharitable," 'A Christmas Carol. carol( in Prose; being a Ghost Story of Christmas,' is reviewed on the 23rd of December. "Evenings of In noticing 'Evenings of a Working Man: ^ Man!'"8 being the Occupation of his Scanty Leisure,' by John Overs, "with a preface relative to the author by Charles Dickens," on the 3rd of August, 1844, the Athenceum states: "Mr. Dickens disdains all those sickly appeals to sympathy and' gentle construction' on the score of circumstance; he claims no prodigious merit for the prose and verse of Mr. Overs, though it is superior to much of its class—but he simply states, that 'the Working Man,' who is a carpenter, became known to him at the moment when he was relinquishing the editorship of a periodical—that since that period neither hammer nor plane nor chisel has been laid aside, for the more enticing service of the pen— that literary compositions have neither seduced John Overs into dreams nor lamentations which have damaged his peace of mind: and that the present miscellany sees the light. in the hope of a small sum of money being thereby raised to meet the difficulties which ill-health has brought on the author."

'The Chimes: a Goblin Story of some Bells 'The


that Rang an Old Year out and a New Year in, is the first book reviewed on the 21st of December: "The Old World cannot be so hard, and cold, and homeless as some desolate ones may be disposed to fancy, when such a gift, warm from the human heart, is put forth for the Year of Grace 1845."

On the 27th of September, 1845, the Athenceum refers to the amateur performance, at Miss Kelly's Theatre on the previous Saturday, of 'Every Man Ben Jonson's ' Every Man in his Humour.' The Humour.'

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