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Whenever the farce of 'Every Monarch his own Minister' is played in a country, either the irresponsibility of the king renders his rule arbitrary and despotic, or the attempt made to fix responsibility on him by his subjects perils the foundations of his throne." The third notice, on December 23rd, closes as follows: "We perceive with pleasure that the extracts from these volumes which have rather prematurely appeared in some of the American papers have been welcomed with more than ordinary favour by our brethren beyond the Atlantic. They feel as much interested as ourselves in that period of our history when England and the Union had yet a common ancestry:—and this may well inspire the hope that the kindred races will not forget that they have a common heritage of fame, of interest, and of duty." It is stated in the same number that the first edition of three thousand copies is out of print.

The clergy 'Mr. Macaulay's Character of the Clergy in in the

seventeenth the Latter Part of the Seventeenth Century concentury. sidled by Q Babington, M.A.,' is the subject of a review on the 25th of August, 1849. On the 29th of September it is stated that Mr. Macaulay has returned from a careful survey of the field of the battle of the Boyne. The Penn 'William Penn: an Historical Biography. controversy. an extra Chapter on "The Macaulay Charges,"' by William Hepworth Dixon, is noticed on the 22nd of March, 1851 ; and on the 26th of June, 1852,'The Life of William Penn: with Selections from his Correspondence and Autobiography,' by Samuel M. Janney, published in Philadelphia. 'Speeches of the Right Hon. T. B. Macaulay, M.P., corrected by Himself/ is reviewed on the 17th of December, 1853. The third and fourth volumes of the'History 'Historyof of England ' are reviewed at great length on the VoS'lli. 22nd and 29th of December, 1855, twenty-seven and Ivcolumns being devoted to the work.

Lord Macaulay died at Campden Hill on Death. Wednesday, the 28th of December, 1859, but, strangely enough, his death was not known in London until the Friday. The Athenceum contains an obituary notice on January 7th, 1860.

The following communication from Mr. J. C. Hotten, the publisher of Piccadilly, appears on the 4th of February, 1860: "But few persons are aware, indeed, many of his most intimate friends, I have no doubt, never before heard, that Macaulay composed verses while yet in a

pinafore, and at a preparatory school. When Early

r . . compositions,

ten years of age he wrote poems on every con

ceivable subject, and before he had entered his

twelfth year some verses, entitled ' An Epitaph

on Martyn ' (the celebrated missionary to Persia),

were inscribed in his sister's album, and copies

were sent off to Bristol and to the Babington family in Leicestershire. Macaulay's idolatry of Love for Milton is well known. His first and famous essay in the Edinburgh, and the numerous anecdotes narrated by Sydney Smith and Moore of his fondness for reciting whole books of the 'Paradise Lost' have long made his admirers acquainted with the fact, but few know that whilst yet a child he produced in excellent verse 'An Address to Milton.' When not quite fourteen he wrote 'The Vision.' Soon after, the memorable defeat of Napoleon engaged his youthful attention, and the family received from his pen a poem entitled ' Waterloo,' and another 'An Inscription for the Column of Waterloo,' on occasion of the obelisk being erected on the famous battle-field. Political subjects appear to have engaged his attention from an early period, for before he went to school at Shelford he indited some ' Lines to the Memory of Pitt,' 'A Radical Song,' and ' A New Ballad.' The poem called ' A Tory,' which has already been published, was written about this time. Macaulay's character is popularly believed to have been stern and his affections cold—perhaps from the fact of his never marrying;—but some of his schoolboy-pieces betray a sympathy with the tender passions that few of those who knew him in after life would have expected. He wrote a

little love-song called 'Venus crying after Cupid,'—some 'Verses on the Marriage of a Friend,'—others in 'Imitation of Lord Byron,' —' Tears of Sensibility,'—' A Translation of a French Song,'—and ' Lines written in a Lady's Album.' A much graver subject was treated of in a poem entitled 'A Sermon written in a Churchyard.' These particulars of Lord Macaulay's youthful compositions have been gleaned from an old album, recently discovered, which contains, besides Macaulay's pieces, some verses by Coleridge, and other poems by gentlemen and ladies not known to the literary world." This brought a letter in the following week Letter from from Lyon, Barnes & Ellis, solicitors to Macau- thets°1tihcetora lay's executors: "We think it right to inform trustees. you that what is called in Mr. Hotten's letter an album is, in fact, a manuscript belonging to a member of his Lordship's family; and that the manuscript had very recently got by mistake out of the hands of the owner, to whom it has been since restored, and who has no intention of publishing any of the contents of the MS. which have not yet been published. Should any such publication be attempted by others, it would be at once restrained."

"Biographies. By Lord Macaulay. Contri- ' Biographies.' buted to the ' Encyclopa:dia Britannica.' With Notes of his Connexion with Edinburgh, and

Extracts from his Letters and Speeches," is reviewed on the 17th of March. The A thenceum says: "Mr. Black supported his friend [Lord Macaulay] against powerful and watchful enemies; and when his friend had retired from the more active responsibilities of public life he repaid his staunch supporter with the copyright of five little biographical essays, on Francis Atterbury, on John Bunyan, on Oliver Goldsmith, on Samuel Johnson, and on William Pitt." In the same volume are included a Letters. number of Macaulay's private letters, "a perusal of which will probably warn the reader how very fallacious are the best of human judgments." The Athenceum then quotes one letter, dated February 22nd, 1843, in which Macaulay refers to the impossibility of obtaining a repeal of the Corn Laws, and consequently the uselessness of his voting for their repeal, though he believes the repeal to be good in principle and in policy. Letters of The letters of "the good old gossip" Hannah

[annah More., , , ,

to Zachary More to Zachary Macaulay are noticed on the Macaulay. ^ q{ May, lg6o The letters are, ^ is weU

known, full of references to "Tom." In one, dated June 28th, 1808, she sends her "particular love to Tom. I am glad to perceive that his classicality has not extinguished his piety. His hymns were really extraordinary for such a baby."

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