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Macaulay's critical and historical essays, 'Critical and

os Historical contributed to the Edinburgh Review, having Essays." been pirated in America, Messrs. Longman & Co., in order to protect their home market, caused the essays to be republished in three volumes. The Atheneum mentions this circumstance in its review on the ist of April, 1843. “Avery pretty quarrel’about nothing,” in which “A very

we pretty "very small facts are swelled into undue import- quarrel.” ance from the skill and reputation of the combatants," is dealt with by the Atheneum of the Ist of January, 1848, in its review of 'Boswell's Boswell's

Life of Life of Johnson: including their Tour to the Johnson.' Hebrides,' a new edition, by the Right Hon. J. Wilson Croker. The Athenæum states: “In the present edition, we have, for the first time, Mr. Croker's replies on the subject of the errors of the edition of 1831 which Mr. Macaulay exposed in the Edinburgh Review...... The edition of 1831, considering the multitude of minute facts which it contains, is really a well-edited book. So the public have thought it, for it is out of print-and whenever it occurs for sale, it sells for more than the publishing price. The article in the Edinburgh, since acknowledged by its writer and included in his “Collection of Critical and Historical Essays,' is written with great asperity of manner and something like a personal feeling—as if an old grudge were about

to be paid off. Mr. Croker's replies are much in the same style...... The Index affords us a ready clue to the points at issue. Under the head of ‘Blundering Criticism' we are referred to ‘Macaulay, T. B.'—and under 'Indecency and Indelicacy, to the same individual."

On November with it is stated that “Mr. Macaulay is busy with a history of the reign of

William III.” The same paragraph says that
Sale of “one hundred and forty unpublished letters
letters of
William III, addressed by King William III. to Henry de

Lorraine, Prince of Vaudemont, were recently
sold by Messrs. Puttick & Simpson, for some-
thing like 6s. 6d. apiece!" Forty-six pounds
one shilling was all that the letters realized.
Among the letters was one from Kensing-
ton in 1696, in which the king writes:-
“I see that you have the same intelligence that
we have here from France, that they have
formed a great design for a descent on this
kingdom, and the Jacobites (as they call them
here) speak quite publicly of it, and although the
thing is not too easy, it is only prudent to take
every possible precaution. This will prevent
me from sending to the Low Countries so
many troops as I had thought of doing at the
beginning of the campaign, which is a suffi-
ciently provoking contre-temps.' The letters are
entirely in the king's own handwriting : a cha-


racteristic hand-not unlike the Duke of Wellington's, but finer.” On the 18th of November it is stated that Macaulay

f Lord Rector Mr. Macaulay has been elected Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, “by a majority in University. all the nations." Three articles are devoted to the first two History of

w England,' volumes of “The History of England from the veshi: Accession of James II. The first article and II. appears on the gth of December. The Athenæum says: “Mr. Macaulay bids 'the dry bones live.' He renders us as familiar with the men of the Revolution as if they had been personal acquaintances. We estimate this quality highly, because the course and the consequences of the Revolution of 1688 were guided and moulded more by the character of the persons engaged in it, and less by the mere force of circumstances, than any event of equal magnitude recorded in history. In all probability that revolution would never have taken place if James II. had been either a better man or a worse :- had he been more scrupulous in his politics or less conscientious in his religion he need not have exchanged St. James's for St. Germain's. Still, the crisis would have only been adjourned. It had become necessary to fix with precision the place which the sovereign ought to hold in a constitutional kingdom.

Whenever the farce of Every Monarch his own Minister' is played in a country, either the irresponsibility of the king renders his rule arbitrary and despotic, or the attempt made to fix responsibility on him by his subjects perils the foundations of his throne.” The third notice, on December 23rd, closes as follows: “We perceive with pleasure that the extracts from these volumes which have rather prematurely appeared in some of the American papers have been welcomed with more than ordinary favour by our brethren beyond the Atlantic. They feel as much interested as ourselves in that period of our history when England and the Union had yet a common ancestry :-and this may well inspire the hope that the kindred races will not forget that they have a common heritage of fame, of interest, and of duty.” It is stated in the same number that the first

edition of three thousand copies is out of print. The clergy ‘Mr. Macaulay's Character of the Clergy in

in the seventeenth the Latter Part of the Seventeenth Century concentury.

sidered by C. Babington, M.A.,' is the subject of a review on the 25th of August, 1849. On the 29th of September it is stated that Mr. Macaulay has returned from a careful survey of the

field of the battle of the Boyne. The Penn William Penn: an Historical Biography.

ery. With an extra Chapter on “The Macaulay


Charges," by William Hepworth Dixon, is noticed on the 22nd of March, 1851; and on the 26th of June, 1852, ‘The Life of William Penn: with Selections from his Correspondence and Autobiography,' by Samuel M. Janney, published in Philadelphia. 'Speeches of the Right Hon. T. B. Macaulay, M.P., corrected by Himself,' is reviewed on the 17th of December, 1853. The third and fourth volumes of the ‘History History of of England’are reviewed at great length on the Polsana

England, 22nd and 29th of December, 1855, twenty-seven and IV. columns being devoted to the work.

Lord Macaulay died at Campden Hill on Death. Wednesday, the 28th of December, 1859, but, strangely enough, his death was not known in London until the Friday. The Atheneum contains an obituary notice on January 7th, 1860.

The following communication from Mr. J. C. Hotten, the publisher of Piccadilly, appears on the 4th of February, 1860 : “But few persons are aware, indeed, many of his most intimate friends, I have no doubt, never before heard, that Macaulay composed verses while yet in a pinafore, and at a preparatory school. When Early ten years of age he wrote poems on every conceivable subject, and before he had entered his twelfth year some verses, entitled 'An Epitaph on Martyn' (the celebrated missionary to Persia), were inscribed in his sister's album, and copies

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