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On April 15th, 1882, also appears an affectionate

Dante tribute to Dante Gabriel Rossetti, from his friend Gabriel .., ,

Rossetti. Mr. Theodore Watts: "A life more devoted

to literature and art than his it is impossible to imagine. Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti was born at 38, Charlotte Street, Portland Place, London, on the 12th of May, 1828. He was father. the first son and second child of Gabriele Rossetti, the patriotic poet, who, born at Vasto in the Abruzzi, settled in Naples, and took an active part in extorting from the Neapolitan king Ferdinand I. the constitution granted in 1820, which constitution being traitorously cancelled by the king in 1821, Rossetti had to escape for his life to Malta with various other persecuted constitutionalists. From Malta Gabriele Rossetti went to England about 1823' where he married in 1826 Frances Polidori, daughter of Alfieri's secretary and sister of Byron's Dr. Polidori. He became Professor of Italian in King's College, London, became also prominent as a commentator on Dante, and died in April, 1854. His children, four in number—Maria Francesca, Dante Gabriel, William Michael, and Christina Georgina — all turned to literature or to art, or to both, and all became famous. There can, indeed, be no doubt that the Rossetti family will hold a position quite unique in the literary and artistic annals of our time In the spring of 1860 he HU marriage.

married Elizabeth Eleanor Siddall, who being very beautiful was constantly painted and drawn by him. She had one still-born child in 1861, and died in February, 1862." Rossetti died on Easter day, 1882/ at Birchington-on-Sea, supported on one side by his closest friend, Mr. Theodore Watts, on the other by Mr. T. Hall Caine.

In addition to Mr. Watts's memoir, an account of Rossetti's career as a painter is given. On the 29th of April Miss Christina G. Rossetti contributes a poem,' Birchington Churchyard'; and on the 4th of November ' Recollections of Dante Hall Caine's

'Recol

Gabriel Rossetti,' by T. Hall Caine, is noticed. lections.'

On the 12th of March, 1887, a review appears

of 'The Collected Works of Dante Gabriel His collected

Rossetti,' edited, with preface and notes, by edited'by

William M. Rossetti. "Not the least inter- William M.

Rossetti.

esting portion of these volumes is the preface, in which the outline of the poet's life is sketched

by his brother To tell biographers to take

it as a model would be idle, for the quality in question, being the natural and inevitable outcome of individual character, can no more be acquired than the ' marsh mallow can steal the breath of the violet.' To appreciate it fully one must contrast it with Forster's writings upon Dickens and Landor."

On the 1st of October, 1887, "Dante Gabriel Rossetti.—La Maison de Vie: Sonnets Traduits Litteralement et Litterairement. Par Clemence Couve. Introduction de Josephin Peladan," Life by and < Life of Dante Gabriel Rossetti,' by Joseph

Joseph

Knight. Knight, are noticed. Of the latter the

Aiherusum says: "Mr. Knight's monograph

will carry into thousands of homes where the very name of Rossetti was unknown before an image, and a very winsome image, of the painter-poet as conceived by a cherished friend Bibliography of his." At the end of Mr. Knight's volume °by Mrf is an admirable bibliography compiled by Mr. Anderson. Anderson.

CHAPTER XI.

,STRAY NOTES—DANIEL MACMILLAN, MACAU-
LAY, DICKENS, H. F. CHORLEY.

DANIEL MACMILLAN.
Dan1el Macmillan, the founder of the present

Daniel

well-known firm of Macmillan & Co., died on Macmillan the 27th of June, 1857. In 1882 his memoir by Thomas Hughes was published, and reviewed on the 19th of August. "Daniel Mac- Early years. millan was the tenth child of a poor peasant in Arran. He lost his father when he was only ten years of age, and the education he received was of the most limited description. But he seems to have early shown a taste for reading, and instead of being trained to a handicraft he was apprenticed to a bookseller. The energy which distinguished him through life brought him at the age of twenty to London, eager to Comes to find employment in some of the great houses Londonin the Row. This he was not able to obtain, but he was engaged by Mr. Johnson, the wellknown bookseller in Trinity Street, Cambridge. Much of his attention was given to theo

Friendship
with the

Hares and
Maurice.

logy. He was naturally religious, and the Calvinism he had learnt in his boyhood long adhered to him; but gradually his opinions altered, and when he came under the influence of Archdeacon Hare and Maurice he adopted the tenets of the Broad Church school. Hare's attention he attracted by a letter regarding the 'Guesses at Truth'—a letter which procured him an invitation to Hurstmonceaux." At that time Macmillan was a shopman in the employment of Messrs. Seeley,* in Fleet Street. "To the Hares was due Macmillan's success in life. A loan from Julius Hare and Marcus of 500/.

Mr. Seeley. * Mr. Seeley was born in Ave Maria Lane on the 7th of January, 1798. His death is recorded in the Athenceum of the 5th of June, 1886. In addition to his publishing, he found time for contributing largely to newspapers and magazines as well as for independent authorship. He also took an active part in political matters, and was in the thick of the civic contest when Alderman Harmer was excluded from the Mayoralty. He had not Mr. Sampson long survived his old friend Mr. Sampson Low, founder of the firm of Sampson Low, Marston & Co., who died on the 16th of the previous April. The Athenceum of the 24th contains an obituary notice of Mr. Low. It was in 1837 that he, in connexion with a committee of fourteen of the leading publishers, founded the Publisher? Circular, and on the issue of the thousandth number, May 16th, 1879, he gave a short account of its origin and history. Mr. Low died at his house in Mecklenburgh Square close to the site of his first shop.

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