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on the evidence he produced, it may be said that both the writer and his father firmly believed in their case, and cannot be ranked amongst intentional impostors, although the decision should be unfavourable to their claim. The father, who claimed to be Louis XVII., had very much of the appearance of the unfortunate Louis XVI. He was a modest man, who, though fully believing himself to be Louis XVII., declined to press his claim. His two sons, however, took a different view of this matter, and published their claims in more than one volume. Both sons are now dead. I am not aware that they leave any issue."
Mary Car- 'The Life and Work of Mary Carpenter,' by penter. J Estlin Carpenter, M.A., is reviewed on February 7th :—" Mary Carpenter will long be remembered as one of that noble band of women who, like Mrs. Fry and Miss Nightingale, have helped, with equal judgment and success, to make the world in which they lived both happier
Her lifelong and better She first laboured at a mission
for the poor in Bristol, then she threw her whole energies into ragged schools, then into the reformatory movement. A few years more and the old fond memories of Rammohun Roy again stirred within her, and she was off to India to help to raise and educate the Hindoo women. She visited India no less than four times, and once she crossed the Atlantic to inspect the prisons of America and stay with her brother
Philip at Montreal Her work was always
thorough, for her whole heart was in it. Her courage was always high, for she trusted in a strength greater than her own. Whether rejoicing or sorrowing, she was always toiling, andshe lived to see task after task brought successfully to a close. She died in the early summer of 1877, having just completed her seventieth year."
Mr. Edward Chapman's death, in his seventy- Mr. Edward
. . Chapman. sixth year, is announced on the oth of March.
He " was for many years head of the publishing house of Messrs. Chapman & Hall, in which position it was his good fortune to establish business relations with several of the most eminent writers of his time, and to live on terms of friendly intimacy with them. Readers of Forster's ' Life of Charles Dickens ' will remember that Mr. Chapman had a certain modest part in the production of 'Pickwick.'" Among the distinguished authors publishing through the firm in Mr. Chapman's time may be mentioned Mr. Thomas Carlyle, Mr. Charles Dickens, Mr. Robert Browning and Mrs. Barrett Browning, John Forster, Mrs. Gaskell, Miss Mulock, the Trollopes (Anthony and T. Adolphus), Whyte Melville, Charles Lever, George Meredith, &c. Mr. Chapman retired from business some sixteen years before his death. The Prince The fifth and concluding volume of 'The
Life of His Royal Highness the Prince Consort,' by Theodore Martin, is reviewed on the 20th of March. "Nearly every public event of importance which occurred in 1860 and 1861
is touched upon in this volume Mr. Martin's
last chapter is very pathetic." He says:—
No fear of "It was characteristic of the Prince Consort that he death. contemplated the prospect of death with an equanimity by no means common in men of his years. This was owing to no indifference or distaste for life. He enjoyed it, and was happy and cheerful in his work, in his family circle, in loving thoughtfulness for others, and in the sweet returns of affection which this brought back to himself. But he had none of the strong yearning for life and fulness of years which is felt by those who shrink from looking beyond ' the warm precincts of the genial day' into a strange and uncertain future. He had no wish to die, but he did not care for living. Not long before his fatal illness, in speaking to the Queen, he said :' I do not cling to life. You do ; but I set no store by it. If I knew that those I love were well cared for, I should be quite ready to die to-morrow.' In the same conversation, he added: 'I am sure, if I had a severe illness, I should give up at once, I should not struggle for life. I have no tenacity of life.' This was said without a trace of sadness: he was content to stay, if such were Heaven s will; he was equally ready to go hence, should that will be otherwise. Death in his view was but the portal to a further life, in which he might hope for a continuance, under happier conditions, of all that was best in himself and in those he loved, unclogged by the weaknesses, and unsaddened by the failures, the misunderstandings, the sinfulness, and the sorrows of earthly existence."
Mr. John Morley, it is announced on the 15th The Pali Mall of May, has accepted the editorship of the Pall Gazd,eMall Gazette.
The death of one of the ablest of contemporary James Hamiljournalists, Mr. James Hamilton Fyfe, is noticed ton Fyfe' on the same date. He was born in 1837. "Two unpretending but popular works were given by him to the public in the years l860 and 1863, the one being entitled 'Triumphs of Invention and Discovery,' the other ' British Enterprise beyond the Seas; or, Our Colonies.' Mr. Fyfe soon drifted into the journalistic department of literature, and obtained an engagement on the reporting staff of the Times. He had previously been a contributor to the Scotsman
As a result of the good work which he did for
the Times, he was requested by the founders of
the Pall Mall Gazette to transfer his services to
them, and he acted as assistant-editor of their
paper from its beginning till 1871. In the latter
year the post of assistant-editor of the Saturday jhe Saturday
Review being vacant, Mr. Fyfe was asked to fill ^"vuw
it, which he did till two years ago, when a
severe and, as the event proved, an incurable
attack of illness disabled him from using his pen."
J. R. Planche. A long obituary notice of J. R. Planch^, "the veteran archaeologist, herald, and playwright," is given on the 5th of June. He was born on the 27th of February, 1796, and was articled at the age of fourteen to a bookbinder. In 1818 .Amoroso.' 'Amoroso' was produced at Drury Lane. The success of the piece is believed to have materially influenced his future career. "In 1821
His marriage. Planche married, but his gifted wife, who had been seized with paralysis in 1843, succumbed in 1846 to the attack of another disorder. Mrs. Planchd also wrote for the stage. Her biography, written by an able contributor to that journal, will be found in the columns of the Literary Gazette. Of her two daughters, the younger one, Mrs. Mackarness, writes with considerable ability. Her ' Trap to Catch a Sunbeam ' was received with universal approbation, and raised expectations which have since been
'King John': justified.* In 1823 ' King John' was played at an innovation. _ , . , ,
Covent Garden under the direction of the late
Mr. Kemble, with dresses and appointments arranged by Planche, whose knowledge of mediaeval costume and taste for the proprieties of stage details were even then conspicuous. The success of this venture was a severe blow to the conventional but incongruous mode of putting
* Mrs. Mackarness died in 1881, and an obituary notice of her appears in the Athenceiun on May 28th of that year.