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of tamarind seeds, and then polished by rubbing

with a conch shell No insect or worm of

any kind will attack arscnicized paper, and so The advanfar the MSS. are perfectly secure against its arsemcized

ravages The MSS. which were originally PaPer

copied on arsenicized paper for the College of Fort William in the first decade of the century, are now quite as fresh as they were when first written. I have seen many MSS. in private collections which are much older and still quite as fresh. This fact would suggest the propriety of Government records in Mofussil courts being written on arsenicized paper instead of the ordinary English foolscap, which is so rapidly destroyed both by the climate and also by white ants."

The second volume* of' Notes on Irish Archi- 'Notes on tecture,' by Edwin, third Earl of Dunraven, edited "are.' JJ^by Margaret Stokes, is also reviewed on July D„^v°^ 28th. "On the origin and uses of the Irish Round Towers there is in this work a very valuable Prish Round

Towers

chapter. Miss Stokes and Lord Dunraven agree with those who think that these buildings, which arc, every one knows, not peculiar to Ireland, were used for three purposes—as belfries, as watch-towers, as places for temporary refuge."

The death of Mr. William Longman is Mr. William noticed on the 18th of August. He was the Lonsman

* The first volume was reviewed April 15th, 1876.

third son of Mr. Thomas Norton Longman, "the third Thomas Longman who presided over the destinies of the celebrated publishing house in Paternoster Row. At an early age he entered his father's business, and in 1839 he

Enters the was made a partner in the firm, and after Mr. firm. j. Longman's death, in 1842, the chief direction of affairs passed into the hands of William Longman and his elder brother, the present Mr. Thomas Longman, who had been

a partner since 1832 The year in which

the two brothers succeeded to the control of the business was that of the production of the 'Lays of Ancient Rome,'* the first of the great

Macaulay's 'hits' which made Macaulay such a hero in the eyes of booksellers. His ' Essays' from the Edinburgh, the first two volumes of the History, and, above all, the second two issued on December 17th, 1855. which produced the celebrated cheque for 20,000/., were all of them events of

magnitude in the annals of the trade Many

other notable successes have attended the proceedings of the house in later times. Colenso's book on the Pentateuch, 'The Greville Memoirs,'

* Macaulay's 'Lays of Ancient Rome' was first published at 9s. 6^, and Macaulay, never anticipating that the work would sell, made a present of the copyright to Mr. Longman, who most generously gave Lord Macaulay the full benefit of its great success.

'Lothair,' and several other publications have achieved wide circulations; while ventures of a different sort, such as Ure's dictionary, have a steady and constant sale that makes them valuable properties. The acquisition of Mr. Purchase of

Mr s

Parker's stock and business connexion, in 1863, 'stoct. made the house publishers for many writers of note who had hitherto issued their books from the West Strand, such as Mr. Mill, Mr. Froude, and the late Sir Cornewall Lewis. To conclude this brief notice of the events of Mr. Longman's business career, we may mention 'The Travellers' Library,' one of the best collections of cheap literature we have had. Mr. Longman did not, however, confine himself to publishing for other people. He was himself an author, and we owe to him the excellent 'Lectures Mr. on the History of England' down to the reign ^Lecmres5

of Edward the Third, and afterwards an 0Vie "ist°7

of England.

elaborate life of that monarch, which would be a credit to a writer who could devote his whole time to historical research, and was, therefore, still more honourable to one who had such heavy calls on his time. Mr. Longman's historical and aesthetic tastes also led him to take an active interest in the proposed decoration of St. Paul's. He not only served on the' committee appointed for that purpose, but he. also wrote a monograph on 'The Three VOL. 11. 2 c

Cathedrals dedicated to St. Paul, in London.'

He leaves behind him a widow and eight

children."*

_ . ,Mr- 'A Note on Charlotte Bronte,' by Algernon

Swinburne on J °

Charlotte Charles Swinburne, is the subject of an article

Bronte. . ",

occupying eleven columns on the 1st of September.

Mr. H. M. Stanley has, it is stated on the 22nd H traces tl"eley of September, "solved one of the great problems Luaiaba to its of African geography. Starting from Nyangwe, °u' on the Luaiaba, he has traced that river to its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean, thus proving that the region of lakes explored by Livingstone and Cameron drains into the Congo or Zaire. Stanley's journey, to judge from the short letter published in the Daily Telegraph of Monday last, was perilous in the extreme, and he felt himself compelled to employ armed

force on no less than thirty-two occasions

The geographical result obtained by this explorer can hardly be over-estimated, and the promoters of his enterprise may feel justly The Zaire, proud of the success achieved. The Zaire has

* There are at the present time four partners of the name of Longman in the firm: Messrs. Thomas Norton and G. H. Longman (sons of Mr. T. Longman), Messrs. Charles J. and Hubert H. Longman (two of the sons of Mr. William Longman). Mr. W. E. Green and Mr Thomas Reader are also partners.

now been shown to drain an area of no less than 1,400,000 square miles. It is a worthy rival of the Nile in that respect, and surpassed only by the Amazonas, Ob, and Mississippi."

The Conference of Librarians was opened on Great Tuesday, the 2nd of October, at the London Cubrarians? Institution, Finsbury Circus. The Athenceum in its accounts of the proceedings states that Mr. Winter Jones's address as president was of an exhaustive character. During the Conference papers by Mr. W. H. K. Wright, Mr. W. E. A. Axon, Mr. C. H. Robarts, M. Depping (of the Bibliotheque Ste. Genevieve), Mr. Robert Harrison, Mr. James M. Anderson, Mr. J. D. Mullins, Mr. P. Cowell, Mr. Henry Stevens, Mr. Garnett, Sir Redmond Barry, Mr. Wheatley, Mr. Cornelius Walford, and Mr. Ashton Cross were discussed. Among those who took part were Baron O. de Watteville, of the Ministry of Public Instruction, Paris; Mr. Poole, of the Public Library, Chicago; and Dr. Acland and the Rev. H. O. Coxe, of Oxford. On the last day of the meeting, Friday, October 5th, a permanent society was formed, under the title of the Library Association of the The Library United Kingdom, and the Athenceum expresses Af^ndcd'" the hope that "it will justify itself in public estimation by assisting libraries to become what

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