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cf 1865 he became editor of the Contemporary Editor of the Review. "He continued editor until his death. C'Hj^^ry Care for the future of his family led him to undertake this quantity of work; but the mental labour was too much for him." He died on the 12th of January, 1871. Dr. Merivale, the Dean of Ely, his early and lifelong friend, in his contribution to these memoirs speaks of his "brave spirit anchored in domestic love and religious faith."
John Stuart Mill died very suddenly on May John Stuart 8th, 1873. The Athenceum of the 17th states that M'"' his grandfather "was a cottar, near the North Water Bridge, in the parish of Logie, in Forfarshire. Dr. Peters, the minister of the parish, observed the genius of the cottar's son [James Parentage. Mill], assisted him in his education, and gave him an introduction to his relative, Mr. Stuart, of Inchbreck (then Professor of Greek in the University of Aberdeen). By Mr. Stuart, James Mill was introduced, as a tutor, to Mr. Stuart's relative, Mr. Burnett, of Elrick; and afterwards, in the same capacity, to Sir John Stuart Forbes. Sir John was a helpful and constant friend, and after him John Stuart Mill was named His Hiseconomi
• • » 1 j cal opinions.
economical opinions Mr. Mill never altered. For instance, the ' Reciprocity ' views which he gave to the world in 1870 were thought to be new; but as long ago ;.s 1829 he had written V0L. II. X
the following passage in his 'Essays on some Unsettled Questions in Political Economy' (which were published in 1844):—' In regard to those duties on foreign commodities which . . . are maintained solely for revenue ... it is his (the author's) opinion that any relaxation of such duties, beyond what may be required by the interest of the revenue itself, should, in general, be made contingent upon the adoption of some corresponding degree of freedom of trade with this country, by the nation from which the commodities were imported.' The articles from the Edinburgh and Westminster, 'Dissertations to be found in his 'Dissertations and Discus
Discussions.' sions,' contained his last views on corporation property, and also on the question of woman's rights. On the other hand, in politics he passed from Whiggism in youth to extreme Radicalism
His politics. in his later years. His Radicalism was, indeed, of comparatively recent date. Even his ' Representative Government,' published in 1861, is Whiggish in tone."
John Stuart Mill's 'Autobiography'is reviewed on the 25th of October, and the following reference is made to "the wonderful impartiality and accuracy of Mr. Mill's estimate of himself.
estimate f jud&ment concerning his own writings and himself. speeches appears to us to be always sound: a startling contradiction of the well-known and generally true opinion, that writers value most highly their least efficient work. Mr. Mill thought the 'Essay on Liberty' his greatest book; his article on the duties of the State respecting Corporation property (standing first among those collected in 'Dissertations and Discussions ') his greatest paper; and his speech upon the Reform Bill his greatest speech. In these views we should be disposed to concur. The speech he calls 'a success' in two passages; on the other hand, he calls his articles in the Examiner 'lumbering in style' and 'ill-timed,' and he speaks of them as having 'missed fire' altogether. It is not every one who can judge himself so well."
Mr. James Holmes, for many years the printer and part proprietor of the Athenceum* died on Friday, the 4th of July, in his eighty-fourth
* The deed of assignment by which the Athenceum came into the hands of Mr. Holmes is dated the 7th of January, 1830. By this deed the entire copyright became his property for the sum of 200/. The document bears the signatures of Chas. C. Atkinson, John Sterling, J. S. Buckingham, Henry Hurry Goodeve, and others. In the same year Mr. Dilke became part proprietor with Mr. Holmes, Mr. J. Hamilton Reynolds, Mr. J. Martin. and Mr. Andrews; but on the 20th of September, 1831 (not 1832, as stated on.p. 49, vol. i.), Mr. Dilke and Mr. Holmes became sole proprietors, Mr. Dilke's share being three-fourths and Mr. Holmes's one-fourth.
year. He was apprenticed to Mr. Thomas Besley, of Exeter, on the 16th of September, 1806. The Athenantm of the 12th of July states: "He commenced business on his own account in March, 1825, at 4, Took's Court, Chancery Lane. He was the printer of the Law Journal and Law Advertiser, and the Literary Magnet. During 1827-8 he printed the London Weekly Review, of which Col. D. L. Richardson was the proprietor, and Mr. St. John the editor: this publication was discontinued early in 1829. The Court Journal was also originated at Mr. Holmes's office in 1829. In the same year, Mr. Silk Buckingham sold the Athenceum to Mr. John Sterling, and shortly afterwards the printing of the journal was transferred to Took's Court." In the year 1869 Mr. Holmes sold his share in the Athenceum and retired from business.
On July 19th, 1873, a letter from Mr. Lewtas says: "Mr. Cook, of St. Paul's Churchyard, who is known in Portugal as the Viscount de Monserrate, and who owns the beautiful villa formerly possessed by Beckford, has pur7;e convent chased of Count Penamacor the old Capuchin Convent on the Serra of Cintra. The English know the building as Cork Convent; the corridors and rooms having been lined by the monks with that material in order to counteract the damp of the misty mountain."
The death of Mrs. Archer Clive, the author of 'Paul Ferroll' and 'Why Paul Ferroll Killed his Wife,' is announced on the same date. "A week ago she was in her boudoir, surrounded by books, and having immediately about her a mass of manuscript, when an atom of live coal, flying from the grate to her dress, ignited not only the latter, but the manuscripts littered at her feet, enveloping the unfortunate lady in flames almost instantaneously." Her first work was published in 1840, 'IX. Poems by V.'; and in 1842, still as V., she brought out a new poem entitled 'I Watched the Heavens.' "Nine years afterwards, in 1851, she published yet another, called 'The Valley of the Rea'; and, yet later, in 1853, another, the name of which was 'The Morlas.'"
The death of Mr. Thomas Chisholm Anstey, at Bombay on the 13th of August, is noted on the 23rd. He "was one of the earlier contributors to the Dublin Review shortly after it was started, in 1836, under the triple guidance of Daniel O'Connell, Cardinal (then Dr.) Wiseman, and the late Mr. Henry Bagshawe."
An obituary notice of Mrs. Alfred Gatty appears on the 11th of October. She was the younger daughter of the Rev. Dr. Scott, Lord
Mrs. Archer Clive, author of
Thomas Chisholm Anstejr.