« ZurückWeiter »
Bible Press, the other to educational, classical, scientific, Oriental, and miscellaneous works, and is called the Learned Press. The Press, which possesses appliances for printing in 150 languages, makes its own paper,* inks, types, stereotype and electrotype plates, and maintains a complete engineering establishment for repairing its machinery, employing in all about 600 hands. In addition to these Mr. Frowde employs 300 in the London establishments.
On the 17th of May, 1881, the Revised New The Revised Testament was published, and by the close of mem. the day Mr. Frowde had sold over a million
"Oxford" copies. + 'The Revised Bible, com- The Revised
pleted after fifteen years' labour, was published on May 19th, 1886. The Revisers gave their services gratuitously. The Universities of
* The Oxford Bible paper is a speciality, made entirely from rag, principally old sail cloth. The thinnest paper that can possibly be made opaque is the desideratum.
+ The Revised New Testament was published in New York on the 20th of May, and the proprietors of the Chicago Times arranged to have the whole telegraphed to Chicago. After the four Gospels had been telegraphed, a copy of the work was received, and from this the rest was printed, and the entire Testament appeared in the Chicago Times of the 22nd of May. In telegraphing it was forgotten to give instructions as to the arrangement of the paragraphs, and the four Gospels are printed with the verse divisions.
Oxford and Cambridge jointly contributed 20,000/. towards the expenses of the two companies, and also found the capital for the subsequent expenses. The setting up of the work in type was divided, Cambridge taking two editions and Oxford two, and the Parallel Bible being divided between them.
Notwithstanding the very large sale of the The Revised Version, that of the Authorized Version
AVersioned nas not decreased. The Authorized Version can only be legally printed in England by the Queen's Printer, the University Press of Oxford, and the University Press of Cambridge. Up to 1859 this privilege was enjoyed as a right which could only be taken away by an Act of Parliament, but in that year an inquiry was held, and resulted in the privilege being continued to the Presses for the benefit of the public during Her Majesty's pleasure only.
The Clarendon Press is issuing more learned and classical books than at any previous period. The great English dictionary, which was projected in 1857 under the auspices of the Philological Society, is in course of publication, and the Athenwum
'The New on the 9th of February, 1884, in its first re
D^nary,' view of Part I ' States that the WOrk "haS nOW
edited by entered upon its final phase, through which Dr. Murray. 1 0
every one will cordially wish it good speed. The materials, as we told our readers in 1879 (April 26th and September 13th), have been in process of collection ever since 1857, but arrangements for publication in the present form were not completed by Dr. Murray until 1879. We mentioned with lively satisfaction the hearty co-operation of American scholars, and announced that within ten years if possible the work, comprised in 7,000 quarto pages of the size of M. Littre^s, would be complete, and that in 1882 the first part of 400 pages, containing the letter A, might be expected. As, however, it turns out that the letter A will cover about 600 pages, we are not altogether surprised at the first part being smaller than it was intended to be, nor at the delay in its production. If the work proceeds on the same scale the estimate of the entire bulk must be raised to about 12,000
pages, or six very thick quarto volumes The
main points in which this work is immensely superior to all English dictionaries, and better even than M. Littre's splendid dictionary of the Its excel
French language, are these. The history of living words is traced up from their earliest appearance by means of dated quotations, and all obsolete words which have died out since 1125 are similarly treated. The orthographic and phonetic development of words is indicated and illustrated in the quotations by the retention of old spelling. The definitions of the meanings, as we are told in the 'General Explanations' (p. xi), 'have been framed anew upon a study of all the quotations for each word collected for this work, of which those printed form only a small part'; so that in this, 'the most successfully cultivated department of English lexicography,' a notable advance has been made."
The Athenceum in its second notice on the 16th of February deals with the etymological portion of the new dictionary. On the 21st of May, 1887, Parts II. and III., Ant—Boz, are reviewed. The three parts contained over 26,000 words, and Dr. Murray estimated that the dictionary when completed would contain 250,000 words. In addition to this large undertaking, the University has in preparation (1887)
Concordance a concordance to the Septuagint, which will run
to the . . . Septuagint. into 2,500 large quarto pages.
Obituary, The obituary for the year includes Col. Burns, 1872 the last surviving son of the poet; Joseph Mazzini; Mr. Horace Mayhew; Mr. M. W. Savage; Mr. A. F. Forrester, better known under the nom de guerre of "Alfred Crowquill "; Dr. Norman Macleod, the editor of Good Words; Lord Dalling; Mr. S. W. Fullom; Mr. Thomas Keightley, author of the 'Mythology of Greece and Italy'; Mr. Albany W. Fonblanque, for several years proprietor and editor of the Examiner; Dr. Husenbeth, author of 'Emblems of the Saints,' "an ardent and accomplished archaeologist"; Sir John Bowring; Mrs. Somerville, at the age of ninety-two; and Dr. Edwin Norris, "one of our most eminent linguists, and one of the founders of Assyriology."