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Glasgow University. Will the present Government follow their example, or leave the completion of the Owens College to another generation?"
Joseph Mr. Alderman Thompson, in his history of
history of the the College and its connexion with the Victoria 3' University, Manchester, states that John Owens, the founder, was born in 1790. He was an advanced Liberal, and "held very strong views about the injustice of the university tests, which shut out Nonconformists from the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge. He was thus prepared, when he made up his mind to found a college, to place it upon an absolutely unsectarian basis." He died on the 29th of July, 1846, and when the accounts of his estate were finally closed in May, 1857, the nett amount received for college purposes was 96,654/. 4s. 6d. The suggestion made by the Athenaum for a Government grant has never been realized, and the subscriptions and beneAmountof factions have all been voluntary. These, ■-onnXrnions. exclusive of Mr. Owens's legacy, amounted in August, 1886, to the grand total of 410,537/. 16s. id. In this amount is included Charles Frederick Beyer's legacy of 100,243/. 1gs. id. The liabilities of the College to the 3rd of August, 1886, amounted to 507,192/. os. 8d., less an overdraft at
the bank of 8,228/.* In addition to this
there are the annual grant of 1,000/. from
the Hulme trust estate, the subscriptions
to the new building and for the erection of
museums, as well as valuable gifts of books.
The present Principal of the College is Joseph Greentvoo.i.
Gouge Greenwood, B.A., LL.D., who was
appointed on the 14th of July, 1857, on the
resignation (through ill health) of Alexander
John Scott, M.A., who had been the Principal Prof- Scott
from the opening of the College.f The Rev.
* Mr. Alderman Thompson states, May nth, 1887: "An effort is being made to clear off the debt of 60,000/. on new buildings and fixtures, towards which 8,700/. has been promised; and since the report for 1886 certain legacies have fallen in, viz., Mrs. E. S. Heywood, 10.000/. ; Alderman Warburton, 1,000/. ; and an endowment, by gift, of Mr. Oliver Heywood, for classics, of 1,150/. to secure 50/ a year nett. Mrs. Heywood's endowment is for the teaching of women. Mr. Jones has left about 5,000/. for history prizes, and Sir Joseph Whitworth 5,000/. stock in his engineering company, and some of his personal friends are finding the capital, 6,000/., to build a Whitworth Laboratory."
t Mr. Scott died at Veytaux on the 12th of January, 1866, and was buried in the cemetery at Clarens. Mr. Thompson devotes a chapter in his book to a biographical notice of him. Scott exercised a strong personal influence upon his friends. Erskine says: "No man whom I have ever known has impressed me more than Scott, and I have always received unchanging love from him."
I tedications by Maurice and Baldwin Krown.
Press. Thomas Combe.
F. D. Maurice in 1856 dedicated to him his 'Mediaeval Philosophy'; and J. Baldwin Brown's dedication of his 'Home Life in the Light of the Divine Idea' (1866) is as follows: "To A. J. Scott, A.M., the wisest teacher of the truth, as the truth is in Jesus, whom I have ever known, I, with loving gratitude, inscribe these."
Mr. Thomas Combe, who had been for about thirty-five years the manager of the Clarendon Press, died very suddenly on the 30th of October, 1872. On the same day he had been walking through Oxford, and had exchanged many a kindly greeting with friends as he passed along. He was in his seventy-seventh year. The Clarendon Press was at the time of his appointment a considerable expense to the University; but under the new director all its operations were extended, and it became a source of revenue. About 1854 Mr. Combe took a mill at Wolvercott in his own name and at his own risk. After long and patient supervision, he succeeded in overcoming all difficulties, and in making the establishment profitable. The mill was subsequently purchased by the University, and is still carried on by it. The Athenaum of the 9th of November says: "Out of no excessive means he [Mr. Combe] found funds to build a graceful chapel to the Oxford Infirmary for the use of the convalescent
inmates. He built also a large church, St. Barnabas, in the poorer quarter of Oxford, which, like the previous edifice, was designed by Mr. Bloomfield. In the same city he erected one school-house, and paid half the cost of another: and to all works of charity he was a liberal contributor The honorary degree of M.A. was
conferred on him by the University, in recognition of his valuable business services to her."*
At the time of Mr. Combe's death the late Mr. E. Bensley
T~ j 1 T» i e- 1 , Gardner.
Edward Bensley Gardner was manager of the Bible and Prayer Book business at 7, Paternoster Row, and of the binding business at Garter Court, Barbican; and Messrs. Macmillan & Co. were publishers to the University and issued all the classical and learned books. Mr. Gardner retired from the management of the
* Mr. Combe was succeeded in the practical management of the Press by the late Mr. E. Pickard Hall, a son of Mr. John Vine Hall, compiler of' The Sinner's Friend,' / which has had a circulation exceeding three million copies; one of his brothers is the Rev. Newman Hall. Mr. E. P. Hall was succeeded in 1883 by Mr. Horace Hart. In the financial control Mr. Combe was succeeded by the Rev. Prof. Bartholomew Price, who was also secretary to the Delegates. Prof. Price resigned the secretaryship in June, 1885, but still (September, 1887) retains the financial control. The paper mill remained under the management of the late Mr. John Henry Stacy, who died at his post on December 18th, 1883, and was succeeded by Mr. Joseph Castle, jun.
Jirst book with the Oxford imprint.
London departments in 1873, when he was succeeded by the present manager, Mr. Henry Frowde, to whom also in June, 1880, the publication of the classical and learned books was transferred.
The first book which has been discovered bearing an Oxford imprint bears date A.D. 1481. Not till a century afterwards is there any certain indication of the practice of the art there, with the exception of two or three books in the Bodleian Library purporting to have been printed by one "John Scolar," in 1518-20. But in 1585 one Joseph Barnes, aided by a loan of 100/. from the University chest, set up a press, and on the title-page of his first book styles himself " Printer to the University." In the next year "Delegates of the Press" were appointed by Convocation "to watch over the interests of the University, and control the Press." In 1699 the business of the Press was removed to the Sheldonian Theatre, and in 1713 to the Clarendon Buildings, in Broad Street, expressly erected for the purpose, partly clarendon's out of funds derived from the sale of Clarendon's the Rebellion.'' History of the Rebellion'; and in 1830 it was finally removed to the present building. This building has two wings, each 300 feet in length; one of which is devoted to the printing of Bibles and Prayer Books, and is called the