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contributed to the rise of Pre-Raphaelitism in Pre; .

. Raphaehtism. Art, and which recently exercised a real but more

modified influence upon poetry; but few will deny that the mind from which these results sprang was in the highest sense an original one, or that its utterances were entitled to marked consideration. So much the more, because the tendency of the theories alluded to was to throw back the disciple upon his own individuality—to make him shun the mere conventions of beauty, to teach him to express nothing that he had not seen with his own eyes or felt in his own soul, and to shrink from expressing nothing that he had so felt and seen. It is the peculiarity of such a school that the pupil must be as original as the master."

Mr. Mark Lemon died on the 23rd of May, Mark Lemon. "peacefully, and in the midst of his family, of whom he was deservedly the idol." The notice of him which appears on the 28th states : " From the birthday of Punch till Monday last Mr. Mark Editor °f

. rr Punch.

Lemon was the chief of the staff of writers and artists who have been shooting folly on the wing, and wounding with 'the wasp's edge of the epigram ' every public abuse—or social error— during nearly thirty years To his nice discrimination and his instinctive abhorrence of extremes in opinion and expression, the famous journal of which he was editor from the beginning, owes the services of men much more brilliant than he ever pretended to be; owes very much of the popularity which has marked the thirty years of its existence. The qualities that enabled Mr. Mark Lemon to maintain his place at the head of the Punch table in the presence of Thackeray and Douglas Jerrold are to be found by a conscientious review of the varieties of literary work which he did, apart from Punch. It is said that Mr. Lemon wrote His writings sixty pieces. Undoubtedly he was a prolific or t e stage. writer {or ^ne stage, and the best of his sympathies were given to the boards. He was an excellent actor, as well as an artful and effective

dramatist The man was as genial as the

dramatist; so that when he turned from the stage, and wrote for children, or for the holidaymakers in the Illustrated London News, he was sure to please. There was a smile upon his page. He seldom made you laugh; but he put you on good terms with the world and the writer and yourself. The natural inclination of Mr. Mark Lemon was not towards comic literature. He had fun in him; his was a merry eye and a laughing lip; but there was a fine warm fibre underlying all, and holding the man together. It was by this element in him that he succeeded in holding satirists and humorists and caricaturists together. Appointed navigator in troubled waters, he poured out the oil of his gentle nature without stint. His approach His gentle brought sunny weather; his voice was balm to naturethe angry; he loved the quiet, orderly, becoming way."

On the 4th of June the Athenceum is " authorized to announce that Punch has been fortunate enough to find its second editor in Mr. Shirley Shirley Brooks, who, although he enters on office at a ceedshimL rather mature period of life, is in the fulness p£L£ of intellectual vigour, and in every respect worthy to occupy the place so long held by Mr. Mark Lemon."

The death of "an industrious and versatile

man of letters," Mr. Cyrus Redding, is recorded Cyrus , , ,x , T, . Redding.

on the same date. He was born at Penryn in

1785, and came to London in 1806, "when,

after some experience on the Pilot, he returned The Pilot.

to the West, and started the Plymouth Chronicle, The Plymouth

of which he was editor and proprietor for several

years. From 1815 to 1818 he resided in Paris,

as editor of GalignanVs Messenger, and in 1820 GaUgnani.

became co-editor with Thomas Campbell of Col- Colbum's

burn's New Monthly Magazine During the^""'Monthly.

ten years of his connexion with the New Monthly, he rarely had a holiday, his longest

absence extending to only nine days Under

the auspices of Sir William Molesworth the Bath The Bath Guardian was commenced, which Mr. Redding Cuardianedited for two years, and left in 1836 to preside VOL. II. S

over the Staffordshire Examiner. Mr. Redding was an ardent Whig, and his services to the party

were numerous and confidential His long and

multifarious life brought him into contact with many notabilities, and he turned his experience • Fifty Years'_ to account in 1858 in the publication of 'Fifty 'Years' Recollections, Literary and Personal,' followed by 'Yesterday and To-day,' in 1862, and ' Past Celebrities whom I have Known,' in 1865. Similarly his intimate acquaintance with Campbell supplied material for two volumes of 'Reminiscences and Memoirs' of the poet

in 1860 His 'History and Description of

Modern Wines,' first published in 1833, has i passed through several editions."

The impressed stamp on newspapers was abolished on the 1st of October, and an advertisement announces that "copies of the Athenceum from that date, if sent by post, will be subject to a charge of one halfpenny, instead of one penny as heretofore."

The King of Burmah, it is noted on the 8th of October, " has had an edition of 300 copies of a Burmese Grammar of Pali printed at his own press, in the palace. To the horror of learned men of the old school, he has determined to discard the making of palm-leaf books. For the future, no leaf will be taken out of such books, and a leaf will cease to have a literal

The impressed

stamp abolished.

Palm-leaf books discarded in Burmah.

meaning in such case. Thus will be suppressed

the painful process of cutting writing with an

iron stile, which is hurtful to the eyes. Besides

this, as the King has remarked, paper-books

can bear handling, and palm-leaf books will

stand no rough usage."

The obituary of 1870 includes Miss Louisa Obituary

of 1870.

Stuart Costello, who died at Boulogne on the
24th of April, at the age of seventy-one; Sir
James Y. Simpson; Mr. Murdo Young, for
many years proprietor of the Sun; Mr. Ben-
jamin Thorpe, the archaeologist and antiquary;
Mr. B. B. Orridge, the well-known author of
several works illustrative of the ancient history
of London and its citizens; Mr. Williams, for
nearly fifty years proprietor and editor of the
Cambrian, published at Swansea, and "the .
oldest newspaper in Wales, having been started
in 1804"; Mr. Joseph Lilly, the well-known
bookseller of Garrick Street, looked upon in
the trade as the apostle of " first folios," who
had probably possessed and sold more copies
of this prized edition of Shakspeare's works
than any other bookseller who ever lived, and
who when a lad was in the then great house
of Lackington & Co. in Finsbury Square; and
Capt. Chamier, the author of 'Tom Bowline.'

The siege of Paris and its bombardment by the
Germans formed the all-absorbing topic at the

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