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family vault at Kensal Green on the 31st of May.
Sir Wentworth Dilke was a man of goodly presence, with a frank and kindly face. He was His personal most warm-hearted, with a smile and kind word characterfor all, while in his home life he was well described as "the best of sons, the best of husbands, and the best of fathers."
The first and second volumes of the Ballad ^ ?allad
Society's publications are noticed on the 22nd
to England in 1874 he wrote a large part of a work on 'The Russian Power,' which was intended to fill two stout volumes, but which he abandoned in consequence of the appearance, while he was still arranging his notes, of Mr. Mackenzie Wallace's book. The only portions of these notes which have been published are interesting accounts of his visit to the Caucasus in the summer of 1872, and of his experiences in Siberia during the early months of 1873, which were printed in the Fortnightly Review." He became proprietor of the Weekly Dispatch, which he also edited. In 1876 his health began to fail, and he had to spend two winters in Algiers, one of his pastimes during the second enforced holiday being the translation of Tourguenief's novel 'Virgin Soil.' Mr. Dilke was member for Newcastle-on-Tyne from 1880 until within a few weeks of his death. Mr. Dilke's personal qualities endeared him to all who knew him. "A sentence in one letter, which has been printed in the Daily News, however, reveals something of his character: 'Life must not be measured by years, and I have lived a great deal and very happily, and I have many good friends who will keep a nook in their memories for me.'"
The Chaucer of May, as well as the first issue of the Chaucer °Clety' Society. The review states: "The Chaucer Society have turned out work as good of its kind as the Ballad Society. The kind, however, is different. The work of the Ballad Society will be mainly historical; that of the Chaucer Society literary. The best of our old ballads, considered as songs and works of art, are in type; and what remain in manuscript are chiefly valuable as illustrating manners and modes of thought. The best of our Chaucer versions are not yet all in type; and the main purpose of the new Society is to collect from these unprinted sources the means of deciding on a more perfect text. What is now done is earnest of the work which remains behind." Diary of The ' Diary, Reminiscences, and Correspond
HKobTnsoribb ence of Henry Crabb Robinson, Barrister-atLaw,' selected and edited by Thomas Sadler, is reviewed on the 26th of June: "The volumes which treat of him are, like himself when he was among us,—irresistible, to be attended to whether you will or no; and worth the attention, because brimful of anecdote, incident, learning, quaint talk, profound thought, sublime philosophy, childlike fun, bold speculation, and religious feeling, lovely in its conception and practice."
On the 17th of July it is stated that the Postmaster-General asks Parliament to grant Proposed six and three quarter million pounds sterling the electric for the purchase of the electric telegraphs of the teb^rth^hs United Kingdom: "The profit is to come as Government. surplus revenue, of which, at the end of the first year, there will remain 77,000/., after paying interest on the purchase-money."
The Pacific Railway is thus referred to on the The Pacific same date: "Twenty days from San Francisco £ influence to London may be looked upon as quick tra- on migration velling, yet it has been accomplished by sending emigration. gold direct from California to the Bank of England. Of course it crossed America by railway and the Atlantic by mail steamer; so that now within three weeks a man may dine in Liverpool and in 'Frisco,' as the Californians call it. Migration and emigration will both be facilitated by the railway, and before many years are past there will be a succession of cities, towns and villages along the line with a surprising intermixture of inhabitants. Among them will be a large proportion of Orientals. In 1866, 2,300 Chinese and Japanese transferred themselves to California; in 1868 the number rose to 10,000, and this, as is expected, will be greatly exceeded in the present year, for the yellow men are in request as labourers. There has been some talk of introducing them into the Southern States from Tennessee to Texas,
where they would supplement or supersede the negroes. American labourers are described as less trustworthy than the Chinese; hence there seems no reason why the Celestials should cease swarming across the Pacific to California. Will they eventually absorb or be absorbed by their neighbours? And it is worthy of remark that the reluctance of Chinese women to cross the sea appears to be overcome, for 1,250 were landed at San Francisco one day in June last."
The death of Mr. Behan, the editor of the London Gazette, called forth an article from Dr. Doran on the 18th of September entitled
Ni^p"?.'8 'The King's Newspaper.' Charles and the Court were at Oxford, "whither fear of the plague had driven them from London. They were dull, and could invent no new pleasure to relieve their dulness. It was then that the bright idea presented itself of publishing an exclusively Royal News-Letter. There was something to do or talk about, and they were all the happier for it. Especially proud and joyous were they when in November, 1665, the
The Oxford Oxford Gazette issued its first number But
the Court went to London, when the plague had been driven back into holes and corners, and the Gazette went with it. Change of locality led to change of name; and in February, 1666, instead of the Oxford, men read the London Gazette at The London
the head of the sheet, and from that day the
sovereign's newspaper has existed down to the
present The most famous incident connected
with the paper during the last century was the
forgery of one number, issued in May, 1787. No Extraordinary
police acuteness was acute enough to lay hand
on the inimitable rogue who played that perilous
joke Thirty years ago it made above 15,000/. Large profit
* a derived from
a year by advertisements, and the whole of its its advertise
working expenses did not amount to half that. meDtsIts busiest time was during the railway mania, when all railway projects had to be advertised in the Gazette by a certain day, for otherwise Parliament would not recognize them. The ferment this caused is now inconceivable. As the limit of time approached, the advertisements increased, till, on one November day, the paper was enlarged to 583 pages! It required nearly 150 newspaper stamps, and was sold at something more than half-a-crown; but as it was making thousands of pounds daily by advertisements, it might, as has been remarked, have been given away at a large profit."
On the 9th of October it is announced that
Mr. Walker, of the Daily News, has been ap- Mr. Walker
pointed editor. editor.
The completion by the Japanese novelist Kiong te Bakin of a novel which he began