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The mania was so great that as many as 1,021 companies had been registered during the previous twelve months: "Of these how many are wise undertakings; how many will just manage to struggle on for a series of years; and how many are pure commercial frauds, established for the spoliation of simpletons by plausible swindlers, who ought to be working in gangs at Portland?" Eight weeks from the date of this warning, Friday, the nth of May,

"Black was to be ever memorable as " Black Friday,"

Friday. ^ ^ great commercial panic. Overend, Gurney & Co. stopped payment, the Bank Act was suspended, and on the following day the rate of discount was raised to ten per cent. On the 20th of January the formation of the Aeronautical Aeronautical Society is announced, with the

founded. Duke of Argyll as president, James Glaisher treasurer, and F. W. Brearey honorary secretary. On the same date an obituary notice appears

William of William Harvey, the engraver. He was born


at Newcastle in 1796, and apprenticed to Bewick at the age of fourteen. In 1817 he came to London, placing himself as a pupil under Haydon, and in 1821 produced his large cut from Haydon's picture of the 'Death of Dentatus.' After 1824 Mr. Harvey devoted himself exclusively to designing for copperplate and wood engravers, and the Athenceum states: "During forty-one years, his name has become familiar to every reader of illustrated books, to an extent which has been said to exhibit one of the most remarkable instances of industry in the history of Art." Harvey died at Prospect Lodge, Richmond, on the 13th of January. "When his old master, Bewick, on the 1st of January, 1815, sent him 'The History of British Birds,' the present was accompanied with the solemn exhortation—' Look at them, as long as they last, on every New Year's Day, and at the same time resolve, with the help of the all-wise but unknowable God, to conduct yourself on every occasion as becomes a good man.' Those who had the happiness of William Harvey's acquaintance can testify how well he carried out, during a long career of labour and struggle, this advice of his early friend. A more conscientious or more amiable man has rarely discharged the duties of every relation of life."

Samuel Roffey Maitland, D.D., the writer on Samuel theological history, died on the 19th of January, Maitland. aged seventy-four. He was appointed librarian at Lambeth by Archbishop Howley. The Athenoeum of January 27th says: "Of his long list of works probably that on the Dark Ages will be that by which he is to be known. Over and above learning and

research, all his works are characterized by a peculiar humour, sly, dry, and shy, but never high."

On the same date the death on January 18th Dr. Petrie. of Dr. Petrie, "the well-known writer on Irish archaeology," is noticed. In 1832 he received The Round for his essay on the Round Towers of Ireland Ireland. the prize offered by the Irish Society, in all 900/. "He directed the historical and antiquarian departments of the Irish Ordnance Survey. His principal work is 'The Ecclesiastical Architecture of Ireland anterior to the Anglo-Norman Invasion'; his collections of Irish antiquities are of considerable value." Dr. Whewell. William Whewell, Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, died on the 6th of March, of the effects of a fall from his horse. He was born in the north of England in 1795. The Atlietueum of March 10th states that "in 1814, when an undergraduate of two years' standing, the young man won the Chancellor's medal for an English poem Whewell had great rapidity of acquisition, and a tremendous memory. He took his degree in 1816, and was second on the Tripos.

Mr. Whewell (who became a Fellow of his

College, and one of the Tutors) threw himself into the reform of the University mathematics, with Peacock, and Herschel, and Babbage. He wrote works on mechanics, the first of their kind in the University, and which aided the cause powerfully. But his exertions in this field are almost forgotten: his later writings have a wider interest . Dr. Whewell was appointed to the Mastership of his College by the Crown, on the resignation of Dr. Wordsworth, in 1841."

On the death of Dr. Whewell the Rev. W. H. Thompson, D.D., succeeded as Master of Trinity, Dr. Thompand remained so until his death on the 1st of sonOctober, 1886. On the 9th an obituary notice of him appears in the Athenaum.

The death of John Keble, "the Laureate of J°hn Keble.

our national Church—author of 'The Christian

Year,'" "full of honours as of years," is recorded

on the 7th of April, 1886: "The profits of that *Th.e 'r r Christian

little book of sacred verse have repaired—almost Year.' rebuilt—his church at Hursley; a fact which is

probably without parallel in literature.*

John Keble was born, it is said, in 1789; he went to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and

* John Henry Parker, who published 'The Christian John Henry Year,' appears to have been astonished at its success, and Parker, is reported to have said that he might have purchased the copyright for 20/., but did not consider the book worth the money. "Of this most successful book there were sold, from its first publication in 1827 to the expiry of the copyright in 1873, no fewer than 379,000 copies. The selling price of these was 56,000/., and the sum paid to Mr. Keble 14,000/., being one-fourth of the retail price, a division of profits, we believe, quite unexampled in the VOL. II. O

took his Bachelor's degree in 1810. Going to

Oriel as a Fellow, occupying himself as a tutor,

he made such way in the University as to be

appointed first Public Examiner and afterwards

Professor of Poetry. From Oxford he went to

Hursley, near Winchester; a village with which

his name will be for ever associated in the

recollections of his readers. It was there that

he prepared his 'Praelectiones Academicae,' his

'Lyra Innocentium,' his 'Psalms of David in

English Verse,' and his 'Sermons on Primitive

Keble's Tradition.' In policy, Mr. Keble was a High Christian .

character. Churchman, being associated with Dr. JSewman and Dr. Pusey in the discussion which disturbed Oxford and England in our early days; but his tenderness and piety made men forget that he was a partisan of unpopular ideas. The strongest of Evangelicals was bound to admit that the author of 'The Christian Year' was a good Christian and a true gentleman." Origin of the On August nth the following note is made Whitebait as to the origin of the Ministerial Whitebait Dinner. Dinner. "In t^e fjays, when the close of the

Sir Robert session was near, Sir Robert Preston (M.P. for Preston. j_)over^ used to invite George Rose, Secretary of

publishing trade. It speaks well for both publisher and author that all the books written by Keble in the fortyeight years were published by Parker" (Obituary notice of John Henry Parker in the Bookseller, March 5th, 1884).

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