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course, but the most splendid part of the day's ceremony was the bidding 'good night,' at the end of it, to the wedded pair, in their sleepingroom. There were assembled a very mob, from King and Queen downward to pages of the chamber, of the most gorgeously and extravagantly dressed lords and ladies, and aristocratic swains and nymphs, that ever met to wish happiness to a bride and bridegroom. The former sat up on her throne-like couch, halfhidden in clouds of muslin and of lace, while the Prince of Wales, in a dressing-gown of stiff costly gold brocade, slipped from group to group, and fantastically answered the greetings which saluted him by the way. And therewith the day came to an end.
"After altogether another fashion were the George IV. next Prince and Princess of Wales made man and wife. The eldest son of George the Third, born in 1762, was as precocious as Prince Henry. At eighteen he was transmitting ridiculous loveletters to Perdita Robinson. At three-andtwenty he turned from the feet of Mrs. Crouch to pay homage at those of Mrs. Fitzherbert, a lady hard upon thirty years of age, and already the widow of two husbands. Of this lady, after a sort of wooing which savours of the extravaganza, he became the third husband,—joined to her in holy matrimony, contrary to profane Act
of Parliament, by a venturous Protestant clergyman, in the Catholic lady's back drawing-room! How this rash couple looked at the time, and the very ring with which they were wedded, may now be seen in the Loan Exhibition at South Kensington. But here was a pseudo Princess of Wales who was not wanted; and ten years later another was found for the Prince, who was far less worthy, and perhaps far more cruelly wronged. When Caroline of Brunswick and her future husband met at the altar, they
had not seen one another before that day
There is this remarkable in the marriage of the heir apparent of George the Third, that he is the only one who, marrying when Prince of
Wales, subsequently ascended the throne
"In the House of Brunswick may this happier course, thus commenced, be henceforth the rule. The coming match has happy auspices. The The Princess Princess Alexandra, daughter of Prince ChrisAlexandra. tian of Denmark, in addition to external and intellectual qualities, has earned golden opinions The Prince at home, as a 'good daughter,' and the Prince of Wales. o£. ^YaleS, especially in circumstances of late of some difficulty, has shown himself a cheerfully dutiful son. His training, too, and his experiences have been such as none of his royal predecessors ever enjoyed, and he is known to have profited by both. He is the first Prince of Wales born at Windsor since the birth of that other Edward who, as the third of the name, carried the glory of England in war higher than any King who had previously drawn the sword in our country's cause. May the later (Albert) Edward, in due time, make her more glorious in peace; setting an example to all England, by following that which he received in his own paternal home; and hand-in-hand with the fair Dane—for whom there is already laid up in every English household a rich tribute of respectful affection—go on through a long life, happy, honoured and beloved: the love and the honour as great as ever were rendered to mortals, with as abundant happiness as it is good for mortals to enjoy!"
It is stated in the Atheiueum of January 3rd, 1863, that a chance reference to the number for l863January 5th, 1833, " suggested a brief compari- 1833 and son of the things which excited attention thirty cornpa?ed. years ago with the affairs which occupy us now. We found the process rather amusing. In the first week of January, 1833, the President of the United States communicated a warlike message to Congress, in answer to a conditional declaration of independence promulgated by the Legislature of South Carolina on the 24th of November, 1832 Scott, Crabbe, Mackintosh, Goethe,
Say, R^musat, Spurzheim, are reported among
the losses of the preceding year. We see mention of the names and writings of two who are still
among us, Dr. Boott and Miss Martineau
On one point this journal—in the best of company—made a great mistake. It speaks of the 'extinct Napoleon dynasty,' and makes nihil out of the initials of Napoleon, Joseph, Hieronimus (Jerome), Joachim and Louis. Political prophecy is like a journey to Corinth — non cuivis contingitr On January 5th, 1833, the Athenaum entered on its sixth year. The number of that day consisted of sixteen pages at fourpence. "Few serials had then beaten us in cheapness; but the journal of that day looks small, as to quantity of matter, compared with what it is to-day. Taking our issue (No. 1834) for December 20, 1862 (the day on which we are making these notes), we find 40 pages at threepence. To this it must be added that our large-type columns are now 4 lines longer and 4 letters broader. No. 271 gives 37 columns of reading and 11 columns of advertisements; No. 1834 gives 52 columns of reading and 68 columns of advertisements. Thirty years ago our readers got 12 columns for a penny; on the 20th of December last they got 40 columns for the same sum."
The obituary of the year 1863 includes that "friend of literature and of learned men" Lord The Marquis Lansdowne. Among his many generous acts Lansdowne was secretly placing 1,000/. in the hands of Mr. Longman to cover Moore's liabilities in the Bermuda accounts. On February 7th the Atlienceum says: "Of living men of letters, it would not be easy to name a single one of eminence who has not lost in him a personal friend."
The sudden death of Sir George Cornewall Sir George Lewis on the 13th of April took the world of CLewi». politics and society by surprise. The Athenceum of the 18th says that he "was something more than a statesman among scholars and a scholar among statesmen. As author, editor, Privy Councillor, and Cabinet Minister, he was
alike noticeable There would be no use in
saying that the late Editor of the Edinburgh Review was a popular author. His writings won the respect, even where they failed to conquer the conviction, of scholars and authors; but they were, at best, too dry and abstruse, too solid and consecutive, to please the subscribers of a library, and the reading public, who heard him spoken of as one of the literary men of the Cabinet, knew him chiefly by name."
On September 26th the death is recorded of Mr. William Tooke, "once Treasurer of the Mr. Tooke. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, of which Society he was one of the founders.