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mingled with the rest, as in the Roman Catholic
version; or relegated to a separate division, as
in the Lutheran; but afterwards they limited
their grants to the exclusive circulation of Bibles
without the Apocrypha
"Since its commencement in 1804, the Bible 1
Society has issued 27,938,631 copies of the Number of J "yj ' J r copies issued.
Scriptures, either as Old or New Testaments,
whole or in parts It has expended over four
millions of money, rising from 691/. 10s. 2d. in
the first year to 119,257/. i^s. 1d. in the fiftieth.
Such a society as this must needs be recognized
as a great fact and a great power—an instance
of English energy and Protestant zeal, of which
we may well be proud, and from which we may
hope much good."
On the 3rd of May, 1854, the fiftieth annual jubilee meeting was held at Exeter Hall, the Earl of meetinEShaftesbury in the chair, when it was announced that the total nett receipts for the year had been 222,659/. 5s- I0d, which included the Jubilee Fund of 66,507/. ys. gd., and the Chinese New Testament Fund of 30,485/. igs. id.
The Eighty-second Annual Report, ending March 31st, 1886, is a volume of nearly six hundred pages, containing sixteen maps, and giving a very detailed account of the work of the Society in all parts of the globe. It states that the amount received for the year was 238,391/. 18s. 6d., while 4,123,904 copies of the
Scriptures were issued, these being printed in
277 different languages or dialects. The total
number of copies issued by the Society since its
foundation amounts to 108,320,869,* the sum
expended being 10,083,551/. $s. id. There have
The Society's been only four Presidents. The first Lord Presidents.
Teignmouth was President for thirty years; Nicholas Vansittart, Lord Bexley, for seventeen years, followed by Lord Shaftesbury for thirty-four years, from 1851 to 1885 inclusive, when the Earl of Harrowby accepted the vacant chair.
Prof. Robertson Smith, in his article on Bible Societies which appears in the third volume of the ninth edition of the 'Encyclopasdia Britannica,' states: "It is believed that there are altogether about 70 Bible societies in the world
Right to print The monopoly of the right to print the Bible in England is still possessed by the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge and her Majesty's
printer for England In Scotland, on the
expiry of the monopoly in 1839, Parliament refused to renew the patent, and appointed a Bible Board for Scotland, with power to grant licences to print the Authorized Version of the Scriptures."
* The issue of kindred societies during the same period amounts to 74,256,299 copies.
In the same number for November 19th the Flogging in abolishment of flogging in the army is thus tlieA^jtls'1 announced: "Leigh Hunt and Douglas Jerrold abolished. should have lived to read the instructions this week issued by the Duke of Cambridge, which virtually abolish flogging in the British army. For many years these humorists fought against the lash in squib, and tale, and verse, on the ground of outraged sentiment and humanity; just as Mr. Erasmus Wilson, on a memorable occasion, still fresh in popular recollection, fought against it on medical and physiological grounds. The men of letters are gone to their rest without seeing the end of their toil. Mr. Wilson still lives to rejoice in the victory of his correct and generous principles. Abused by Government prints, a dozen years ago, as a mere scientific sentimentalist, it must be a proud satisfaction to him to find that the Commanderin-Chief has at length been constrained by the growth of public feeling to admit in practice that his theories were right."
An obituary notice of Thomas De Quincey Thomas De
is given on the 17th of December. He had reached his seventy-fifth year, having been born on the 15th of August, 1785. His father died at the early age of thirty-nine, leaving his widow and six young children a fortune of 30,000/. and a pleasant seat in the outskirts of Manchester:
His "De Quincey, unable to brook the control of ^controL °fthe guardians appointed him under his father's will, and indignant at not being allowed forthwith to enter himself at Oxford, ran away from the Manchester Grammar-School with 12/. in his pocket; and, after making a brief excursion in Wales, found himself in London, penniless and without a friend. Though only seventeen years of age he might, without any difficulty, have earned subsistence by his scholarship, for his classical attainments were so great and accurate, that his master had more than a year before with pride pointed him out to a stranger, and said :—' That boy could harangue an Athenian mob better than you or I could address an English one.' But it never even occurred to him to get bread by work. The only attempts he made to keep off starvation were fruitless ones to raise money on the property to which he would be entitled on coming of age. What reader of 'The Confessions' has not, when pacing the silent thoroughfares of town after midnight, thought of the boy who wandered In London up and down Oxford Street, looking at the "friend* long vistas of lamps, and conversing with the unfortunate creatures who still moved over the cold, hard stones? Who does not remember how, overpowered by the pangs of inanition, he fainted away in Soho Square, and was restored to consciousness by a poor girl, who administered to him a tumbler of spiced wine, bought with the money which destitution had compelled her to earn by sin? When his folly had been amply punished by suffering, the wayward lad was restored to his family; and in the Christmas of 1803, being then only eighteen years of age, he matriculated at Oxford. His University career extended over five years. In 1804 he was introduced to Charles Lamb. Coleridge he did not know till 1807, when he made the poet's acquaintance at Bridgewater, in Somersetshire, and contrived to convey to him, through Mr. Cottle's hand, a present of 300/. colefidg'e This act of generosity on the part of De Quincey should not be forgotten. It is true that the time came when, reduced in health and circumstances by his pernicious habit of opium-eating, he condescended to accept the charity of others; and it is also true that he had the indelicacy to allude in his writings to the service he conferred on his friend; but his conduct on this occasion was noble, though unwise. The gift was a considerable part of his small patrimony, which had already been much reduced by the expenses of his Oxford life. From 1808 to 1829 De Quincey passed nine out of every twelve months in Westmoreland. He took a lease of Wordsworth's cottage, wedded a gentle and affectionate wife,— Marriage.