An American Missionary in China: John Leighton Stuart and Chinese-American Relations

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Harvard Univ Asia Center, 1992 - 381 Seiten
This work traced the career of a seminal figure in twentieth-century Chinese-American relations. John Leighton Stuart began his work in China as a missionary in 1904. He moved on to head Yenching University, the leading Christian institution of higher leaning in China. During the Pacific War, Stuart was imprisoned by the Japanese.
When General George C. Marshall was sent to China by President Truman in 1945 to mediate peace between the Chinese Nationalists and the Chinese Communists, Marshall chose Stuart as Ambassador to help with that mediation and to look after American interests in China. Stuart was the last to hold that post before the Chiang Kai-shek government's move to Taiwan.
Shaw's research among materials in English, Chinese, and Japanese has produced a richly detailed examination of each phase of Stuart's life. Shaw presents Stuart as a Wilsonian idealist whose combination of liberal, situational values and nationalistic vision put him square in the middle, unable fully to support a Nationalist-led China and positing instead a Nationalist-Communist coalition that would favor the Nationalists and open the door to American influence.
Shaw concludes with a thoroughgoing analysis of Stuart's diverse roles as a missionary worker, a political activist, and a China watcher. His assessment of the factions at work in China and of the Marshall Mission is evenhanded, his treatment of Stuart both sympathetic and critical. This work will interest students of Chinese-American relations, the missionary effort in pre-Communist China, and the history of Chinese higher education.
 

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Inhalt

The Making of a Missionary 18761908
11
Religious and Secular Work at Nanking Theological
27
Education Aims and Emphases
47
Developing Yenching Into a Chinese Institution
59
Infusing Christianity into Yenchincs Students
71
Stuart and Chinese Politics 19251937
93
Stuart and the SinoJapanese War 19371941
109
From Detention Cell to Ambassadorial Chancellery
145
The Diplomacy of Hope 1947
199
The Diplomacy of Perseverance 1948
215
The Tortuous Road of a Missionary Diplomat 1949
243
The Last Years 19501962
275
Conclusion
293
a bbreviations used in the notes
315
Select Bibliography
355
Glossary
369

Stuart and the Marshall Mission 1946
161

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