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dence afterward procured so much celebration, and re moved thither with his father and mother.
Soon after the appearance of the “ Iliad," resolving not to let the general kindness cool, he published proposals for a translation of the “ Odyssey,” in five volumes, for five guineas. He was willing, however, now to have associates in his labour, being either weary with toiling upon another's thoughts, or having heard, as Ruffhead relates, that Fenton and Broome had already begun the work, and liking better to have them confederates than rivals.
Of the “Odyssey” Pope translated only twelve books ; the rest were the work of Broome and Fenton; the notes were written wholly by Broome, who was not over-liberally rewarded. The public was carefully kept ignorant of the several shares; and an account was subjoined at the con clusion which is now known not to be true.
He soon afterward (1727) joined with Swift, who was then in England, to publish three volumes of Miscellanies, in which among other things he inserted the “ Memoirs of a Parish Clerk,” in ridicule of Burnet's importance in his own History, and a “Debate upon Black and White Horses," written in all the formalities of a legal process, by the as. sistance, as is said, of Mr. Fortescue, afterward Master of the Rolls.
In these Miscellanies was first publishcd the “ Art of Siuking in Poetry,” which, by such a train of consequences as usually passes in literary quarrels, gave in a short time, according to Pope's account, occasion to the “ Dunciad."
In the following year (1728) he began to put Atterbury's
advice in practice; and shewed his satirical powers by publishing the “ Dunciad," one of his greatest and most ela. borate performances, in which he endeavoured to sink into contempt all the writers by whom he had been attacked, and some others whom he thought unable to defend themselves.
After this general war upon dulness, he seems to have indulged himself awhile in tranquillity ; but his subsequent productions prove that he was not idle. He published (1731) a poem on “ Taste," in which he very particularly and se. verely criticises the house, the furniture, the gardens, and the entertainments of Timon, a man of great wealth and little taste. By Timon he was universally supposed, and by the Earl of Burlington, to whom the poem is addressed, was privately said, to mean the Duke of Chandos.
He published in 1733 the first part of what he persuaded himself to think a system of ethics, under the title of “ An Essay on Man;" which, if his letter to Swift (of Sept. 14, 1725) be rightly explained by the commentator, had been eight years under his consideration, and of which he seems to have desired the success with great solicitude.
Besides the general system of morality, supposed to be contained in the “ Essay on Man,” it was his intention to write distinct poems upon the different duties or conditions of life; one of which is the Epistle to Lord Bathurst (1733) “On the Use of Riches,” a piece on which he declared great labour to have been bestowed. He afterward (1734) inscribed to Lord Cobham his “Characters of Men,” written with close attention to the operations of the mind and madifications of life,
To the “Characters of Men," he added soon after, in an epistle supposed to have been addressed to Martha Blount, but which the last edition has taken from her, the “Cha. racters of Women."
He published from time to time (between 1730 and 1740) imitations of different poems of Horace, generally with his name, and once, as was suspected, without it. His last satires of the general kind were two dialogues, named, from the year in which they were published,“ Seventeen Hundred and Thirty-eight.” In these poems many are praised and many reproached.
In May, 1744, his death was approaching ; on the 6th, he was all day delirious, which he mentioned four days afterward as a sufficient humiliation of the vanity of man. In the morning after the priest had given him the last sacraments, he said, “There is nothing that is meritorious but virtue and friendship, and indeed friendship itself is only a part of virtue.”
He died in the evening of the 30th day of May, 1744, 50 placidly, that the attendants did not discern the exact time of his expiration. He was buried at Twickenham, near his father and mother, where a monument has been erected to him by his commentator, the Bishop of Gloucester.
Of his intellectual character, the constituent and fundamental principle was good sense, a prompt and intuitive perception of consonance and propriety. He saw immediately, of his own conceptions, what was to be chosen, and what to be rejected ; and, in the works of others, what was to be shunned, and what was to be copied.
Pope had likewise genius; a mind active, ambitious, and adventurous, always investigating, always aspiring ; in its widest searches still longing to go forward, in its highest flights still wishing to be higher ; always imagining something greater than it knows, always endeavouring more than it can do.
These benefits of nature he improved by incessant and unwearied diligence; he had recourse to every source of intelligence, and lost no opportunity of information; he consulted the living as well as the dead ; he read his composi. tions to his friends, and was never contented with mediocrity when excellence could be attained. He considered poetry as the business of his life; and, however he might seem to lament his occupation, he followed it with constancy; to make verses was his first labour, and to mend them was his last.