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MEMOIR OF MACREADY. insignificant pieces, the Slave was re-peared in Evadne, and was greeted with vived and re adapted to the stage, and increased applause. the part of Gambia was entrusted to On Charles Kemble's benefit he apMr. Macready. It was well suited to his peared as Glenalvon to Young's Old powers, and so completely did he con- Norval, Kemble's Norval, and Mrs. Sid. ceive and embody the character, that it dons's Lady Randolph ; this being Mrs. became entirely his own, and, like Siddons's last impersonation, it was the Kemble in Hamlet, Kean in Richard III., only time Macready had the honour of and Mrs. Siddons in Queen Katherine, acting with her. so Macready in Gambia reigned su- Soon after this Sheridan Knowles propreme.

duced his celebrated tragedy of “VirTo be in anything unequalled is an ginius," and the character was entrusted inöication of genius that with culture to Macready. The success of both actor and application might extend its do- and play were immense; and it has ever minion, so thought the rising tragedian, since been universally admitted that and when the managers, pleased with Macready only can fully delineate the his splendid triumph, cast him as pride, sorrow, and passion of Virginia's Othello to Young's Iago, he drew such a noble father. During the run of this vivid and powerful picture of Shak-piece, Covent Garden was nightly crowded spere's jealous Moor, that he shook the to the ceiling, and Drury-lane so deposition of the inimitable trio, and, with serted, that Kean was obliged to bring Kean, Kemble, and Young, stood an out an extravaganza, in which he was adequal competitor for fame.

vertised to dance, sing, and harlequinade, He followed this success with Iago to in order to entice a full house to his Young's Othello, Beverley in the Curfew, benefit. and Pescura in the Apostate, in quick Mr. Macready, who had hitherto been succession. Jealousies which had been generally seen in minor parts, now degathering for some time began now to termined to attempt the high Shakspedisplay thcir venom, and the career of rian walk, and he appeared for his benefit Macready was checked for a short time. in Macbeth ; and on the departure of One of those disgraceful acts, which in Edmund Kean for America, in 1820, he theatrical history have too often clouded was bold enough to impersonate Richard the reputation of great men was com- III. This had long been considered mitted, and Mr. Macready was shelved, Kean's unapproachable study ; and that is, paid to do nothing, lest his although Macready gave to it many nightly applause should injure the fame beauties, and a fine intellectual reading, of the Covent Garden favourites, Kemble yet it still remains Edmund Kean's own and Young. It is a poor spirit that unequalled. After running through the fears to compete with its equal.

line of Shaksperian heroes, Macready This ruinous system had long been took a trip to America, and his fame very common, and there is great reason having travelled before him, his reception to believe that the present dramatic de- was brilliant. On his return, he made a pression is attributable to its influence. tour through the provinces, and in 1832 To the lasting degradation of the ma- appeared as Iago to Kean's Othello, at nagers thus guilty, it is recorded that Drury-lane. This was the only time real talent has frequently been either these great rivals ever performed together, completely smothered, or allowel only a and strangely enough the very piece compartial display, in order that certain do- pelled them to be rivals still. minant stars might shine without far of In 1835, he joined the Drury-lane being eclipsed by greater luminaries. company under Bunn's management; Mrs. Siddons was thus ill used, by one and, after enduring a series of insults who perhaps atoned for his fault by the from Mr. Bunn, he at length took the benefits he afterwards conferred, but it law in his own hand, and thrashed the inwas a great wrong, and might have cost solent manager. For this Lynch justice our country the example of that noble he had to pay £150; but on his next ap

pearance in Ion, at Covent Garden, the The Covent Garden jealousy having public, with tremendous applause, testipartially subsided, Macready again ap- 'fied their approval of his conduct.


In October, 1836, Mr. Macready be- For his unparalleled services in dracame manager of Covent Garden, and at matic reform, the Duke of Cambridge, once made one of the grandest attempts as chairman of a large meeting held at for the restoration of t!:e national drama Almack's, presented Macready with a upon record. The saloons were cleared valuable piece of plate, representing the from the vicious hordes which had so restoration of Shakspere and the stage. long infested them ; a company em- The ex-manager of Drury Lane now bracing the chief talent of the time, viz., crossed the Atlantic for the second time, Vandenhoff

, Phelps, Elton, Anderson, and, after gathering fresh laurels from Warde, Mrs. Warner, Mrs. Nisbett, and the western world, visited Paris, where Miss Faucit, were engaged; and the he was received as a second Roscius. pencil of the famous Stanfield, R.A., em- He reappeared a short time in London, ployed upon the scenery. With this at the Princess's, and in 1849 took anopowerful support the Lady of Lyons was ther trip to show brother Jonathan his produced, and followed by Macbeth, stage studies ; but, in consequence of a Hamlet, Coriolanus, Richelieu, Werner, foolish jealousy on the part of the friends Tell, and other grand pieces. For two of Mr. Forrest, a riot ensued, in which seasons the drama thus flourished, when lives were lost, much to the disgrace of the sudden retirement of Macready from an American mob, and especially Mr. management again threw a cloud over Forrest's choleric patrons. Mr. Macits history. This effort of the tragedian ready, having issued a public address, was not allowed to pass without a public judiciously withdrew, and on his arrival mark of approbation, and a banquet was home, was received on the Haymarket given to him at Freemasons' Hall, the stage with torrents of applause which are Duke of Sussex presiding.

beyond description. For a short time Macready appeared Macready now determined to retire only at the Haymarket, but soon deter- from public life, and his farewell permined upon trying another dramatic formances were announced, but iliness revival. . Drury Lane was engaged. The prevented his concluding them until house was in a dilapidated state, and a 1850, when in November he commenced, considerable sum had to be laid out to fit at the Haymarket, his final delineations, it for the reception of the public. The which, it is expected, will conclude in company, pieces, and style of manage- February of the present year. ment were nearly the same as the Covent Mr. Macready has for many years reGarden campaign. Clara Novello, Phil- sided in the Regent's Park, but has lately lips, and Braham, were attached to the purchased an estate at Sherbourn, in staff, and the mask of Comus produced Dorsetshire, where he intends to close with great splendour.

his days with his wife and family in social At length, in 1843, in consequence, enjoyment. we believe, of the rent of the theatre being A few days ago we were told an anecexorbitantly raised, Mr. Macready re- dote of this great tragedian, which, never signed his office; and, with one or two having appeared in print before, we give trifling exceptions, Drury Lane remained to the reader. The Philanthropic Sovalueless property until taken by Mr. ciety, in the days of Charles Řemble, Anderson in 1849.

took Covent Garden theatre for one night, The managerial efforts of Macready to have a benefit, and agreed to pay £250 will ever stand forth as the brightest por- for the house and company. Hamlet was tions of his career ; and he who expended the piece chosen for representation, with £20,000 to elevate our people by an Kemble as the Prince of Denmark: the day acquaintance with the beautiful and drew near, when the sudden death of John sublime, and boldly braved the calumny Philip Kemble rendered it impossible for of the press, and the opposition of the his brother Charles to appear. In this diprofligate, by scouting from the temples lemma, a deputation of gentlemen was of our national poet ignorance and abo. appointed by the Society to wait upon mination, will rank not only as a nob.e vr. Macready, who was also attached to actor, but as a philanthropist of no com- the company, to solicit him to take the mon order.

part. They were introduced into his


ONE OF THE WORLD'S GREATEST WANTS. library, where he sat in his dressing-| beautiful, that he is quite unable to repregown reading the Times, and taking no sent entirely vicious characters. Iago, notice of the strangers present.

in his hands, reveals sparks of goodness The spokesman explained the object smouldering beneath his foulest deeds ; of their visit. Macready, looking at them and even the consummate demon, Rifor a moment, exclaimed, “ Gentlemen, chard the Third, displays points redeemyou first apply to the Colonel, and then able. come to the General. No, Sir, I shall This we consider a true reading of have nothing to do with it." Annoyed human character; for man, while he can at this proud reply, the deputation re- "ever be supremely good, can never beminded Mr. Macready that " as they had come instinctively bad ; the soul, God has purchased the conipany for the night, breathed into us, can never lose its divine they could, if they pleased, command his intensity. services, but did not wish to act so un- Macready is not an actor only, but also courteously.” The tragedian, now seeing a scholar and a man of letters. He has the position of affairs, replied, “Ah! alı! lately edited an edition of Pope's poems I see you can ; so, if you will allow me for the use of schools, and by its extensive to choose my own piece, I will perform." sale we anticipate it will become a stanThis was of course done, and the Society dard school-book. had a rich benefit, to which Macready In these days of dramatic decline, when added a handsome subscription, which he the opera, ballet, and farce, threaten to has since continued annually.

drive the legitimate drama entirely from There are many anecdotes recorded of the stage, when Drury is falling into this great actor, but their truth is so ruins, and the monuments of Garrick and doubtful, that we prefer omitting them. Kean, which guard the lofty portals, One, in which he is said to have rescued seem spectres of days gone by, we look a child from the flames in Birmingham, upon Macready's retirement with melanwe have excellent authority for stating to choly forebodings, and close this tribute be quite a romance.

to his memory in the earnest hope that his The genius of Macready is peculiarly mantle will descend, not upon one, but intellectual and refined; indeed, so closely upon the whole army of Thespian is his mind associated with the good and heroes.

ONE OF THE WORLD'S GREATEST WANTS. " And what is that?we think we hear course of mankind, and consequently to our readers say. Well, without any cir- the amelioration the condition of the cumlocution, we at once reply-"a uni- human family, is duly considered in all versal language, and we confidently an- its various bearings, and the numerous ticipate a universal assent to our desig- and vast advarstages which would result nation of the desideratum. Before from a uniformity of speech, it cannot entering upon this interesting question fail to be a matter of surprise and regret we are desirous of avowing our belief in that an adequate effort has not long the Mosaic account of the confusion of since been made to realize among citongues, as recorded in the Holy Scrip. vilized nations a consummation so detures; while, at the same time, we con- voutly to be wished. That such an fess we see nothing inconsistent with effort has not been made must, we apthis belief, in expecting there will be a prehend, be set down in a great meaperiod in the future history of our sure to the account of the insane interrace, when the whole world shall again national antipathies, and international be of "one language and of one speech, wars, and warlike preparations upon there being no warranty in the pages of which professedly civilized nations have inspiration which, we consider, can hitherto so wantonly lavished their best fairly be construed to indicate that the energies. When nations wake up to curse of a diversity of tongues was to be the obvious common-sense fact that perpetual.

their interests are identical with peace When the impediment which the and amity--and thank God there is a manifold difference of language has gleam of hope that the process of this proved, and still proves to the free inter- awakening is row going on-then there will be some chance of concerted action more and more felt, from the increased for promoting mutual international ad- | intercourse of nations. The coming vantages, and among others this of a Great Industrial International Exhibiuniversal language, when many shall tion, which must be ranked among the run to and fro without let or hindrance, wonders of the world, and as one of the and when knowledge shall be universally blessed fruits of international peace, will increased.

prove an occasion when the want of a Look, now, only at the civilized por- common language will be more intensely tion of the human race, in what an ab- felt than it ever has been since the normal, unnatural position they stand in time of the abortive attempt to build with regard to each other; all springing Babel ; and it occurs to us that this from the same origin and inheriting a golden opportunity ought by no means common nature, possessing the same to be allowed to slip without making an affections, aspirations and wants, phy- energetic effort to give a world-wide cursical and spiritual—fellow-travellers on rency to the project, as might then be the same mysterious journey, and all done-setting forth its practicability, the alike bound to an interminable hereafter, vast attendant moral and social advanand each needing the friendship and co- tages, and soliciting the co-operation of operation of others. Notwithstanding the many individuals who will then be this identity of nature and interests, yet assembled in London, and who will be so are they divided into innumerable sec- well qualified by their position in society, tions, separated from each other by dif- mental grasp, and literary and scientific ference of language, as it were by im- attainments to give it effect. With this mense walls—Chinese fashion-which view we conceive that a concise but comnot more than one here and there can prehensive paper should be published in scale, and then only after having con- different languages—say three, English, sumed no small portion of the best of French, and German, and distributed in his life in perplexing his mind, and risk- properly selected circles of those who ing the damaging of his health by poring may visit the metropolis at the approachover the declensions of nouns ; conjuga- ing event; such paper bearing the names tions of verbs ; ascertaining whether the and addresses of reputable parties. names of things are male or female, We are happy to know that this proand which things have really no gender at ject, the thoughts of which has warmed all ; variations of adjectives ; idiomatic us many a time since it first presented peculiarities, &c., &c., and when all this itself to our mind, is by no means new, it is done, which, by-the-by, is compara- having engaged the serious attention of tively but rarely done perfectly, he then persons eminent for learning and science manages to stammer out, probably in a at various intervals, and in different councrippled manner, and through much ridi- tries since the year 1653, among whom culous blundering, one of the scores of may be mentioned Wilkins, bishop_of foreign languages, and to read its litera- Chester; Leibnitz and Descartes. The ture. Looking at this great question in latest author on the subject we all its aspects—the incalculable advan- aware of is the Rev. Edward Groves, tages which would result to the civilized whose treatise appeared in 1846, entitled world, and then to the whole world, from “ Pasilogia,'' * an able essay, in which an openness of speech, and among other he has, in our opinion, successfully combenefits the large amount of additional bated every opponent, and brought the time which studious men could then give scheme, both for a vocal and written to the advancement of physical and language near, if not quite, to working moral science, upon which human pro- order. We cordially recommend this gress and happiness so intimately depend work to our readers. Our hope and --we say, when all these things are duly desire is, that this great project, perhaps considered, we cannot bring ourselves to the greatest yet propounded, may find a believe that this world of ours will always place in the good]y list of reforms so ably be the Babel it is at present. If we can advocated in the · Public Good.” but continue to ward off the voluntary

H. M. curse of international war, the inconvenience of the confusion of tongues will be

Orr and Co., Paternoster-Icw.


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PAUL VAUBAN was born in the Rue des " And where was he born ?” GrandBornes, Faubourg St. Martin. It is mere Vauban would exclaim, pointing to truly a miserable enough Rue, and Fau- the little stucco image of Napoleon on bourg, too, to be born in, or brought up the chimney-piece; "was it not a barn

and the fate of Paul seemed as more coldly furnished than even this miserable as that of any of his compeers ; chamber is ? and where did he sit before yet he, and his mother and grandmother his sun went down ! was it not on the had for many years looked at the future proudest throne in the world ?

He is a through the medium of a prediction, and man and a Frenchman,” the old dame sunbeams and gladness glorified the horo. would add with pride, as she patted the scope of the poor blouse-clad youth. curly-haired boy on the head, and

Philosophers smile at the credulity of smoothed back his locks from his brow, ignorance, and deplore the illusions of " and nothing is impossible for him and superstition ; but if philosophers gene- fortune" rally were condemned to live in Faubourg Paul Vauban, albeit he was born and St. Martin, and to eat brown bread and reared in one of the darkest purlieus of melon broth from day to day, even they Paris, was, in truth, as sunny-faced a might be fain to exchange their wisdom gamin as ever pushed his feet into for superstitions, and might rejoice in the wooden shoes, reckoned a long blue possession of dreams that could some blouse as the whole stock of his ward. times dispel the too real coldness and robe, or sailed corks in the Canal St. darkness of poverty's estate. Whether it Martin. His slight handsome form was to his advantage or not, Paul and his would not have disgraced a royal robe ; grandmother lived and breathed in a his fair curling locks would not have dis. world of dramatic illusions.

honoured a velvet cap and plume ; and When Paul Vauban was born, the more stupid boys than he have sat upon most approved sibyls of St. Maur sur- thrones before this time : nevertheless, rounded bis couch; and Madame Rou- fate never seemed to have chosen a mor ette, the wisest of them, declared that he unlikely subject to make a king of than would be a lucky boy. He was not born poor Paul Vauban. with a golden spoon in his mouth, like If Paul Vauban's father had not died some favoured infants, it is true ; neither when Paul was a little child, he might did silver form any of the paraphernalia have been an honest and skilful workman of his nursing service; but he was born as his father had been, and then there under a lucky star, nevertheless, Ma- would have been no romance in his life ; dame Rouette said, and was destined yet but bis mother being constrained to fill to sit upon a throne. He was born on his father's place as provider for the the day, and at the hour that Napoleon family, he was transferred to the care of was born, and was not that a sign of his grandmother, to be tended according something?

to the most approved modes known to In nations where events are subject to that most excellent woman, and to be the restrictions of prescription, this pro- taught the antiquated notions of the phecy would have been smiled at as soon same. as expressed, and when it would have Grandmere Vauban had two great been forgotten; but in France, where ideas filling her mind, and they seemed to events occur as if in mockery of all sys- exclude all other ideas ; one had refertem, the prophecy was remembered and ence to the capacity of Paul, the other to believed, and its fulfilment ardently her own ability. With that confiding hoped for.

spirit so common to woman, she be.

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