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ARMY.-A collection of human måDICTIONARY OF TERMS. chines, often working as the blind in
struments of blind power. ABRIDGMENT.–Anything contracted
ASTROLOGY is to ASTRONOMY what into a small compass; such, for instance, as the Abridgment of the Sta- alchemy is to chemistry—the ignorant
parent of a learned offspring. tutes, in fifty volumos folio.
AVARICE.—The mistake of the old, Absurdity.—Anything advanced by who begin multiplying their attachments our opponents, contrary to
to the earth just as they are going to run practice, or above our comprehension. ACHIEVEMENT OR Hatchment-Is away from it
, and who are thereby in
creasing the bitterness without protractgenerally stuck up to commemorate the ing the date of their separation. decease of some of the illustrious ob
Ay.—A monosyllable occasionally pronever achieved anything ductive of great benefit to those who utterit
. worth notice until they died, and would
Babies.- Noisy lactivorous animalcula, be instantly forgotten if their memory much deside ted by those who never had did not secure an immortality of a twelve
any. month by being nailed to the front of
BAG.-A convenient receptacle for their houses. ADVICE.-Almost the only commo
anything wished to be secreted, and dity which the world refuses to receive, character, such as pettifoggers, old
usually carried by people of doubtful although it may be had gratis, with an
clothes-men, &c. allowance to those who take a quantity. Bait.—One animal impaled upon a
AIR.-In the country, an emanation hook in order to torture a second for the from the pure sky, perfumed by the
amusement of a third. flowery earth; in London, a noxious
BAKER.-One who gets his own bread compound of fog, smoke, putridity, and by adulterating that of others. villanous exhalations.
BALL.-An assembly for the ostensiAMBIGUITY.—A quality deemed es- ble purpose of dancing, where the old sentially necessary in diplomatic writings, ladies shuffle and cut against one anacts of parliament, and law proceedings. other for money, and the young ones do
ANCESTRY.-The boast of those who the same for husbands. have nothing else to boast of.
BARRISTER.-One who sometimes ANTIQUITY.-The youth, nonage, and makes his gown a cloak for browbeating inexperience of the world, invested, by a and putting down a witness, who but for strange blunder, with the reverence due this protection might occasionally knock to the present times, which are its true down the barrister. old age. Antiquity is the young mis- BEAUTY.—An ephemeral flower, the creant who massacred prisoners taken in charm of which is destroyed as soon as war, sacrificed human beings to idols, it is gathered : a common ingredient in burnt them in Smithfield, as heretics or matrimonial unhappiness. witches, believed in astrology, demono- BED.-An article in which we logy, witchcraft, and every exploded folly born, and pass the happiest portion of and enormity, although his example be our lives, and yet one which we never still gravely urged as rule of conduct, wish to keep. and a standing argument against any BLUSHING.-A practice least used by improvement upon the “wisdom of our those who have most occasion for it. ancestors !"
BONNET.-An article of dress much Appetite. A relish bestowed upon used by fashionable females for carrying the poorer classes that they may like a head in. what they eat, while it is seldom en- Book.–A thing formerly put aside to joyed by the rich, although they may eat be read, and now read to be put aside. what they like.
Box, Opera.—A small inclosure Argument.-With fools, passion, vo- wherein the upper classes assemble twice ciferation, or violence ; with ministers, a a week for the pleasure of hearing one majority ; with kings, the sword; with another, and seeing the music. men sf sense, a sound reason.
(To be continued.)
THE POETIC COMPANION. We are happy to inform our readers that the first Number of the Poetic Companion is now ready. Its nature and appearance is altogether different from the Supplementary Number of Poetry which we issued in June last; and as it is quite likely that a large number of our readers are interested in the little new monthly, perhaps we cannot do better than give in this place the following extract from its Introduction:
“ Every man should exhibit in his character, and the daily action of his life, an apology for his existence. Every word he utlers should proclairn his right to walk upon the world, and suggest happy relation to his fellows. In like manner, every book should bear upon its front, not merely the assertion, but the proof of its right to be printed, circulated, and read. We base our right to be printed and read upon the fact, that no Journal exists at the present time for the ostensible purpose of illustrating, diffusing, cherishing, and cultivating poetry. There is poetry everywhere-in the green fields, where the flowers watch the rising and setting of the sun, and where the blush of beauty and the breath of song are married in a communion of the spiritual in the blue sky, with its benedictions of sunlight, starlight, and moonlight, gilding us as it were, in its soft, dewy arms, and whispering the serenity of heaven; in the streets of the crowded city, where wealth and poverty, luxury and rags, vice and virtue, hold uninterrupted carnival, where the toiler's heart is shrunk and withered almost to dust, and the sorrowed sufferer seeks only for a grave:—there is poetry there, and no day ever passes than an “Iliad " is not written on its trampled stones. No less true it is, that the love of poetry is as universal as poetry itself. It is the talismanic chain which unlocks the door of every heart, aud lights up with beauty, and solace, and the radiance of a holy joy, the pathway on which its seraphsympathies troop forth into the world. It is the heart's repose-the soul's vision of delight—the bud and flower of its prim bloom--and the hierarch of its blessed destiny.
The love of poetry has no modern channel of expression; the object, mission, and career of the Poet no visible vindicator~no impartial record. The poetic thoughts, feelings, and aspirations of our daily life have no locus-no established home ; and can only find shelier in the last pages of popular Journals, or in the crevices between the columns of newspapers.
We believe that the land of Chaucer, Shakspere, and Milton should not tolerate this : and, in order to supply so great a deficiency in our literature, we have ventured on the publication of the present work. We wish to make poetry universal; to scatter its precious pearls and jewels on the household hearth, and on the pillow of the weary dreainer: we wish to surround life with sweet visions, and, while robbing it of no realities, infusing into it a nobler love for ideas, and an appreciation of the beautiful. Poetical Criticisms, Biographies, Essays, Fictions, Fancies, and Facts will be strung together with the thread of song, beautifled with the dews of Castaly, made lovely by fresh daisies from Donnington. We shall traverse all the realms of the Heroic, the Ideal, and the Beautiful, to gather golden gleams of Hyperion lustre, leaving the gioomy, the cloudy, and the sorrowful, and keeping for ourselves and our readers only the sunshine.
NOTICES OF BOOKS.
The Book of One undred Beverages. Wil
LIAM BERNHARD. London: Houlston and Clara Eversham: or, the Memoirs of a School Girl. HARRIET DUYLB Howe. London:
Stoneman; and Ramsay, Brompton. Darling & Company, Gracechurch Street. If any one wishes to know what a variety of Tue perusal of this interesting narrative has uncivilized compounds a civilized people can brought back the memory of our school days manufacture as a substitute for water, we fresh as our childhood. 'Miss Howe's lines would advise him to look at this book, It flow so naturally, that the reader feels early is really curious to know what a variety of fears and sympathies recalled to life. The artificial drinks can be made out of a variety book is intended as a present for little girls, of ingredients, and it is humiliating to think and we feel sure it can never be given or ac- what some people will sip and swallow in precepted with regret. While the incidents of ference to man's natural beverage—water. the story are highly interesting, it is told in Water can never be improved. It is not only that refined simplícity which cannot fail to the best, but the only drink nature has deelevate the little reader, A sweet religious signed for man, and he does best who con. spirit pervades the whole, unmixed with sec- sumes least of the spurious beverages which tarianisms or mystery. The characters of the are manufactured by man. school girls are well drawn, and the identites of Clara Eversham and Miss Clavering well The Literary and Scientific Lecturer, Vol. I, sustained. The illustrations by Ashley are in
London : Strange, Paternoster Row. his usual happy style. We think the Autho. A USEFUL and a cheap volume of interesting ress has been before the public before in the and instructive reading. “The Lecturer" is pages of the Youth's and Blackwood's Ma- a periodical issued monthly, and each number gazines. A small volume entitled " A Present contains the reports of several lectures delifor Servants,” published by the Religious vered by able and well-known lecturers, in Tract Society, we know was from her, and we different parts of the country. The members only hope her new book will have as wide a of Mechanics' Institutes and Literary Societies circulaton as this well-known volume.
cannot but be pleased with the work.
. Anti-State Church Tracts, No. 4, Crescent, control. And this is a subject on which no Bridge Street, Blackfriars.
man, in these days of Papal assumption and ADMIRABLB small shot for the enemies camp
Protestant agitation, should remain in ignoare these Tracts. Where the newspaper or
rance. the speech from the platform does not reach, these little fact-bound, truth-telling, fearless Woodley's Progressive Drawing Book. Lonmessengers may be sent, and they cannot be don: J. H. Woodley, 31, Fore Street. read without doing much to remove prejudice, and produce conviction. All members of the This is not only a cheap, but a useful book Anti-State Church Association should purchase for all who wish to become proficient in drawthem, read them, and circulate them. And all ing. It is in reality a progressive drawing who are not members should get them, and book, as it leads the learner from step to step ascertain for themselves what can be said in through the elementary stages in the acquisi. favour of emancipating religion from State 'tion of this beautiful art.
BY MARIE J. EWEN. I slept-no soul-reviving beam
Oh, queen-like moon, so cold and pale, Flashed on my sight with golden gleam Glancing serene through Night's dark veil To light the desert of my dream ;
With sister stars that round thee sail.
Oh star-crowned night with azure brow
This world so fair must fade and die,
A weight hath past from off my brow,
In glorious liberty I stand,
In days of yore, thou moaning sea,
Now tread I new discovered ground,
Nature hymns forth high harmony.
Oh, Truth sublime! still brightër shine,
MEMOIR OF MACREADY.
MEMOIR OF MA CREADY.
By T. H. REES. As the greatest living actor is about to taking alternately the Birmingham, Shef. take his farewell of the stage, we think field, Newcastle, Carlisle, Berwick, and this a proper time to give a short sketch Bristol theatres ; the last is still in the of his remarkable history.
possession of his second wife. Whatever may be the opinions our Mr. Charles Macready ranked also as readers entertain of the stage as a a respectable author, and produced sevemeans of national amusementandinstruc- ral clever plays, partly original and tion, be they favourable or unfavourable, partly translated and re-adapted from the they cannot but admit that some of Eng- French. land's greatest geniuses have displayed His reputation once or twice sustheir powers for the stage and on the stage. tained slight injury by his name apAnd as Macready is on all hands ad- pearing as author to borrowed materials. mitted to be a great man and the greatest At the period when Mr. Macready had living actor, we think we may with attained the summit of his fame, Wilpropriety, and especially at the present liam Charles Macready, the subject of time, give a memoir of him in our our memoir, entered the world, under pages.
prosperous skies, finding favour and forOn the 3d of March, 1793, in tune nurse to his infancy. Charles-street, Fitzroy-square, William His initiatory education was received Charles Macready was born. Boisterous under the classical Dr. Arnold, at Rugby March with its howling hurricanes and School, with the view of preparing him for storm-tost elements is well suited to the English bar, for successful as his herald a tragedian into life.
father had been in his dramatic enterTracing the stock from which he prises, he yet wished his son to pursue a sprung, we find the Macready family had different profession. Young Macready for two generations maintained a re- pursued his studies with such ability spectable commercial position as up and perseverance that he became an ac. holsterers in Dublin, supplying a large complished scholar, but when at length connection of the Irish nobility and in his seventeenth year it was expected gentry with silks and damasks.
that all his acquirements would be Charles Macready, the father of the brought to adorn the legal profession, he great actor, served a portion of his ap- suddenly evinced a dramatic bias so penticeship in the paternal business, strong that it seemed striving against fate but being occasionally permitted to spend to oppose the natural course of his genius. his hours of relaxation in the arenas of In 1810 he made his debut at the BirSmock-alley and Crow-street, he became mingham theatre, in the character of the smitten with the tinsel and tawdry of love-sick Romeo, and the curtain fell at the stage, and soon exchanged the the close of the tragedy before a crowded ledger for the prompter's book, and the house, amid a torrent of applause, that pen of business for the sock and buskin. while it flushed the cheek and hopes of Joining a strolling company as an ama- the histrionic aspirant, also convinced his teur star, he visited most of the Hiber- friends that the course he had taken wa 3 nian theatres, learning much, and no not likely to prove injurious to his fordoubt enduring much. On his return tune or reputation. to Dublin he had the good fortune to The extensive managerial control meet the veteran Charles Macklin, who possessed by the elder Macready in the was so much pleased with his talents, provinces enabled the young Macready that he used his interest to procure to take a position at once in first class Macready an appointment at Covent characters, without climbing through Garden, where he had the honour to those subordinate gradations which too make his debut in the character of often, although it may extend the stu. Flutter, before their Majesties.
dent's artistic knowledge, destroys with After a successful career in Irish cha. mortification and evil association the ori. racters, he speculated as a manager, / ginality and soul of the actor.
After creating a large circle of ad- | the power to perform them; and splendid mirers in Birn ingham, he started upon a as the array of talent then at the head country tour, and appeared as a star of the drama was, Macready boldly asupon the several stages then under his pired to the highest position, and entered father's direction, and everywhere the London with the full intention of reachtreasurer's fund and the provincial re- ing and maintaining it. views gave a good account of his per- On the night of the 16th of September, formances.
1816, the curtain of Covent Garden During the years 1813 and 1814 he theatre rose, to reveal to a crowded visited Liverpool, Dublin, Newcastle, and house the first scene in the “ Distressed Bath with similar success. Although Mother.” The cast was strong, conduring all this time he must have studied taining Charles Kemble, Abbott, Mrs. closely to have maintained his theatrical Egerton, and the late Mrs. Glover, but position, yet he had found leisure to em- the chief attention of the piece was ploy his pen in the manufacture of a Orestes impersonated by the new tragedrama, founded upon Scott's “Rokeby,” dian Mr. Macready. In the dress circle and it was just about this period that he were many of the wits and critics of the gave the last stroke to the last act. day, eagerly preparing to anatomize May 20, 1814; this, his first literary every action and conception of the de. work, was brought out in respectable butant. There sat the earnest and spirit style at Newcastle, the author performing stirring Hazlitt in quiet contemplation, the chief character himself. At the close and partially concealed in a private box of the piece the actor and writer were was Edmund Kean, the hero of the stage, loudly called for.
his head rested on his hand, and, as the For several years the fame of the play proceeded, the faults and merits of tragedian had been confined to the pro- the young tragedian passed over his vinces, but as it reverberated from town countenance like clouds and sun-rays to town, each time increasing in volume, reflected on a mirror. Now the lip its echo at length attracted the ears of curled in contempt at some slight misLondon managers.
The Drury Lane take, then the eye grew bright, and the committee made him an offer, but the cheek flushed as a difficult tactic was proposals were never acted upon, and performed with masterly power, and a the following summer Macready was en- close watcher might more than once have gaged upon very liberal terms at Covent seen that blank gaze of despair which Garden, to appear the next winter sea- individual genius gives when she sees son. How he passed the few months' in- her dominion outcircled. terval we do not know, but we are sure Although this piece has always been tha this naturally studious mind did notne- considered dull, and the part of Orestes glect preparation for the approaching trial. puny and difficult, yet Mr. Macready was
Since the bright days of Mrs. Siddons decidedly successful, and when at the and her majestic brother, the high walks fall of the curtain his appearence was of the metropolitan stage had been in announced for the following night, it the undisputed possession of Charles was reccived with three unanimous Kemble, Edmund Kean, and Young, and cheers, to attempt any innovation on this illus- The reviews of the next day comtrious trio was to stem the tide of popu- plained of the tragedian's voice being larity that with contempt and ridicule too weak for the size of the house, but bore down all but established favourites. passed the highest encomiums on his Indeed, at this time the only apparent delineation of the passions and feelings. chance for a young actor to obtain a Macready had now made a footing was to degrade his own genius position, and friends and enemies began by becoming an imitator of one of these to multiply. Edmund Kean, notoriously monopolizing idols.
tenacious of public applause, 1t required, therefore, more than com- reason to fear Macready's increasing pomon courage to enter the lists against pularity, and often remarked he consuch great odds, but wherever genius is sidered him his only dangerous rival. it attempts great things, because it feels After the representation of one or two