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temper; and was a mild promising boy., who live by begging and pilfering-to Another railway attender-an orphan turn aside their evil habits—to make 11 years of age a notoriously wild boy, them good and useful members of the and one who was considered totally commonwealth—and thusto puta stop to untameable by people who had inter- the perpetuation of a class, who swallow ested themselves in his welfare, was also up our charities, fill our prisons, and picked up. In a short time he took his threaten entirely to overwhelm the place as dux in the Bible class, a position peace and prosperity of the empire? he continued almost constantly to occu

W. W. py; besides being the most clever boy in the school, he is never absent a day,

GREAT MEN. and his conduct in every respect is “What a strange picture a university highly creditable. Thus we see that, by presents to the imagination. The lives a little care and attention, natural talents of scholars in their cloistered stillness ;can be turned aside from evil courses, literary men of retired habits, and profesand made to run in the proper channel sors who study sixteen hours a day, and -at once doing justice to the indivi never see the world but on a Sunday. dual operated upon and to society. The Nature has, no doubt, for some wise purcases we have given are cast into the

pose, placed in their hearts this love of shade by the story of a girl of 10 years literary labour and seclusion. Otherwise, and her brother of 7. Neither could who would feed the undying lamp of read. In the absence of a mother's fond thought? But for such men as these, a solicitude--for she was dead--their fa- blast of wind through the chinks and ther made but small amends. To the | crannies of this old world, or the flapping wants of his poor children he paid no of a conqueror's banner, would blow it attention. The wretched creatures went out for ever. The light of the soul is begging from place to place, glad when easily extinguished. And whenever I they were enabled to enjoy the luxury reflect upon these things I become aware of a shed or a stable in which to pass of the great importance, in a nation's the night. That such a mode of culture history, of the individual fame of scholars should promote their better feelings and literary men. I fear that it is far could hardly be anticipated. According- greater than the world is willing to acly, we find that the girl was chiefly knowledge; or, perhaps I should say, than characterised as being “a famous boxer.” | the world has thought of acknowledging. Introduced to the Industrial School, a Blot out from England's history the few months found the children good names of Chaucer, Shakspeare, Spenser, scholars—diligent, regular, and peace and Milton only, and how much of her able—the girl standing near the top of glory would you blot out with them! the Bible class, being most efficient at Take from Italy such names as Dante, household needlework, and her moral Petrarch, Boccaccio, Michael Angelo, and conduct being very superior.

Raphael, and how much would still be Abstaining from any lengthened de- wanting to the completeness of her glory. tails, we have brought forward a few facts How would the history of Spain look if illustrative of the necessity that exists the leaves were torn out, on which are for Industrial Schools—the good which written the names of Cervantes, Lope de they are calculated to confer--and the Vega, and Calderen? What would be workings and efficiency of the system. the fame of Portugal, without her CaEnough has been said, to show that moens; of France, without her Racine, they ought to be generally established and Rabelais, and Voltaire; or Ge many, throughout the country. Better is it to without her Martin Luther, her Goethe, check an evil in the bud-before it has and Schiller ? Nay, what were the nations burst into actual existence--than to

of old, without their philosophers, poets, attempt to check it afterwards. No and historians ? Tell me, do not these community is destitute of a jail for the men in all ages and in all places, emblazon punishment of criminals. Would it not with bright colours the armorial bearings be a better plan to erect a Ragged of their country? Yes, and far more than School-tobring togetherthose children, this; for in all ages and all places they give humanity assurance of its greatness ;

THE LEVER OF LIFE. and say-call not this time or people wholly barbarous, for this much, even

CHAPTER IV. then and there, could the human mind achieve! But the boisterous world has WHAT a mighty centre of the world's hardly thought of acknowledging all this. wealth is London. It is the great Therein it has shown itself somewhat un- heart of the social universe, and its grateful. Else, whence the great reproach, ceaseless pulsations throb through every the general scorn, the loud derision, with channel which has been opened by civiwhich, to take a familiar example, the lization, enterprize, and industry. In monks of the middle ages are regarded ? its docks, and upon its wharves—its That they slept their lives away is most crowded streets, and well-stored shops untrue. For in an age when books were -its river craft, and railway terminifew—so few, so precious, that they were its many steeples, and multitude of often chained to their oaken shelves with chimneys-in its dirty solid splendour, iron chains, like galley-slaves to their and in the inharmonious roar of its benches, these men, with their laborious restless energy, London is the most hands, copied upon parchment all the colossal representative of human power lore and wisdom of the past, and transmit that the world has yet realized. ted it to us. Perhaps it is not too much to Among the most substantial and sasay, that, but for these monks, not one line tisfactory evidences of the wealth and of the classics would have reached our day. prosperity of London, may be regarded Surely, then, we can pardon something to the outlying clusters of handsome and those superstitious ages, perhaps even the well-appointed mansions, villas, and mysticism of the scholastic philosophy, cottage residences, which occupy and since, after all, we can find no harm in it, adorn the entire suburbs of the me only the mistaking of the possible for the tropolis, and whiclı are every year enreal, and the high aspirings of the human croaching further and further upon the mind after a long-sought and unknown rural districts of Middlesex, Surrey, somewhat. I think the name of Martin Kent, and Essex. Luther, the monk of Wittenberg, alone In these homes of the wealthy citi. sufficient to redeem all monkhood from zens of London, may be found every the reproach of laziness. If this will not, i combination of comfort and elegance; perhaps the vast folios of Thomas Aquinas and it would, perhaps, have been diffiwill; or the countless manuscripts, still cult to select a better specimen of its treasured in old libraries, whose yellow class than Athol Lodge, the residence and wrinkled pages remind one of the of the prosperous descendant of old hands that wrote them, and the faces that Baillie Angus. The house was large once bent over them.”—Longfellow. l and commodious, built in the villa

style, and surrounded by spacious lawn TRUTH.

and garden grounds, and no expense Truth, truth in her severest as well as had been spared by Mr. Angus in car. mildest forms, inust be placed before the rying out the various plans which Heyoung. Do not, to attract them to duty, len's exquisite taste had suggested, in represent it as a smooth and flowery path. | furnishing and advancing both the Do not tell them that they can become house and the grounds. good, excellent, generous, holy, without Mr. Angus had been early left a wieffort and pain. Teach them that the dower, and in Heler, his only daughter, sacrifice of self-will, private interest, and he now centred all the affections of his pleasure, to others' rights and happiness, heart. Inheriting much of her father's to the dictates of conscience, to the will energy and shrewd intelligence, she of God, is the very essence of piety and had derived from her mother a sweetgoodness. But at the same time teach ness and gentleness of disposition, that them, that there is a pure, calm joy, an won its way to all hearts; and her inward peace, in surrendering every thing character, strengthened by the respon to duty, which can be found in no selfish sibilities which had been so early imsuccess.-CIIANNING.

posed upon, had matured cre yet she

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was twenty years of age, into that of a her eventful visit to the Millicents, had cultivated noble-hearted woman. The been a busy one in her father's counttest to which it had been exposed was ing house-a large contract having been of the most dangerous character; limit- concluded on advantageous terms with less indulgence, and unrestrained con- a foreign house, and these terms had fidence, too often engendering self-will been greatly in favour of Mr. Angus and pride; but in Helen's case the early and his partner, from the fact that they counsels of a mother had left an undy- had recently succeeded in reducing the ing impression, and she dwelt with in-charge for work upon nearly all the expressible tenderness and affection articles required, through the instruupon those lessons, in which she had mentality of the middle men and wobeen taught, as a child, to reverence men who grind the poor operatives to the Scriptures as the fountain of all the lowest possible scale of remunerawisdom; and He whom she had made tion. Mr. Angus went home in high the Guide of her youth, had shed upon spirits that evening; but the idea did her soul those softening and purifying not once occur to him, that an arrangeinfluences which can alone preserve the ment which added so largely to his own human heart amid the seductive influ- gains, had driven to the very verge of ences of worldly prosperity, and the despair, 500 poor creatures who, in garinjudicious flatteries to which youth ret, hovel, and cellar, were maintaining and beauty are ever exposed.

a hopeless struggle against starvation Helen's affection for her father was itself. unbounded. She had long been not As he entered his own luxurious merely the child of his love, but his com- drawing-room, and kissed the blooming panion and friend. She had been early re-cheek of his daughter, his mind was moved from school to occupy the void undisturbed by any painful contrasts both in his heart and home occasioned between the scene which conveyed so by the death of Mrs. Angus; and though much delight and pride to his own little versed himself in the more ele. mind, and the dismal mockeries of gant refinements of education which | home, amid which were the pining Helen pursued with enthusiastic ardour, | hundreds who toiled in such bitter he was admirably qualified to direct penury that he might be rich. and guide her in those studies which Not so, however, with Helen ; the comprehended the more solid and prac- recollection of the scenes through tical branches of knowledge. His suc- which she had passed, and the suffercesses in business were doubly valued ing she had witnessed remained with as the means of enabling him to gratify painful distinctness, nor could she every wish of his child, whether for avoid a sense of shame and sorrow, as her own improvement or the welfare of the figure of that pale careworn girl others; and though his own heart had rose in her remembrance, to think that been blunted and seared, as a member she was in her father's employ. of the great human family, by the ab- | Helen had resolved freely to comsorbing influence of his intense devotion municate to her father all that she had to business, yet he never grudged the seen and heard; and when she had money he had earned, when bestowed dismissed the tea-equipage, and drawn by Helen on the various objects of her herottoman to her father's side, she soon bounty and benevolence.

succeeded in enlisting his attention There are many men who, like Mr. and interest—without, however, at first Angus, will gladly see others relieve letting him know the name of her prothe suffering which society permits to tege, or the fact that she was one of accumulate in its midst, but who will his own workpeople. She described not deviate from the daily routine of the case as one that had been brouglıt the counting-house or the counter, to under her notice, and in which she was arrest the causes of that misery which deeply interested. She spoke of the it would be so much easier to prevent long and hopeless struggle of poor than to cure.

Millicent and his family with disease and The day on which Helen had paid | want, the wretched condition of their

miserable abode, and the unwearied with stentorian lungs in a court where devotion of poor Mary in her endeav- the silvery voice of humanity and jusours to support her sick father and lit- tice, would be drowned in the strife of tle brothers; and she suggested such estimates, contracts, and competimodes of relief as had occurred to her tion.” own mind, as most suitable under the

(To be continued.) exigencies of the case. “Very sad, very sad, Helen,” said

THE PEBBLE AND THE ACORN. Mr. Angus; "you must get that poor fellow down here in some lodging for a

BY H. F. GOULD. few weeks; he'll soon pick up, I dare “I am a Pebble! and yield to none." say, and if we can get him to his loom | Were the swelling words of a tiny stone. again, they'll all go right by-and-bye.

| “Nor time, nor seasons, can alter me;

I am abiding while ages flee. That daughter of his must be a jewel

The pelting hail and the drizzling rain

Have tried to soften me long, in vain: pod

And the tender dew has sought to melt of that I know.” A very short spasmo

Or touch my heart; but it was not felt.

There is none that can tell about my birth, dic attempt at a laugh accompanied

For I am as old as the big, ruined earth. the conclusion of this sentence. It was The children of men arise, and pass apologetic rather than expressive of any

Out of the world like blades of grass;

And many a foot on me has trod, pleasure suggested by the idea.

That's gone from sight, and under the sod! “By-the-bye who does she work for?" I am a Pebble! but who are thou, said he; “ I'm afraid we are a sad | Rattling along from the restless bough?" iscrewing lot; but competition obliges

The Acorn was shocked at the rude salute, us to cut very fine-too fine-too low

And lay for a moment abashed and mute; I know, but how can we help it ?" She never before had been so near “Do you think, papa, if I tell you

This gravelly ball, the modern spleer;

And she felt, for the time, at a loss to know who are poor Mary's employers, that

How to answer a thing so coarse and low: you should have any influence with But to give reproof of a nobler sort, them to give her better work, or to Than the angry look, or the keen retort, raise her wages?"

At length, she said, in a gentle tone,

“Since it has happened that I am thrown “Why, I should be sorry to guaran

From the lighter element, where I grew, tee that. We more frequently talk Down to another, so hard and new, about reducing wages than raising them;

And beside a personage so unjust, but then we don't compel the poor

Abased, I will cover my head with dust,

And quickly retire from the sight of one, things to take the work. It's their own Whom time, nor season, nor storm, nor sun, choice, and I assure you, Helen, we Nor the gentle dew, nor the grinding heel, have hundreds applying for work, and

Has ever subdued, or made to feel.”

And soon in the earth she sunk away, imploring us to take them on-more From the comfortless spot where the Pebble lay. than we can employ.“Well, dear papa, I can't argue about

But it was not long ere the soil was broke,

By the peering head of the infant oak! trade, and the rules of business; but

And, as it arose, and its branches spread, when I look round upon this lovely, The Pebble looked up, and wondering said, happy home, which I owe to your in “ A modest Acorn! never to tell dulgence, I can't bear to think that the

What was enclosed in its simple shell;

That the pride of the forest was folded up homes of those who toil to make us

In the narrow space of its little cup! rich, should present such a terrible And meekly to sink into the darksome earth, contrast. Surely, if all the gentlemen Which proves that nothing concealed her worth!

And oh! how many will tread on me, in your trade, papa, knew how these

To come and admire the beautiful tree, poor creatures lived, they would have Whose head is towering towards the sky, a meeting, and something might be Above such a worthless thing as I! done.”

Useless and vain a cumberer here,

I have been idling from year to year. “If the poor things could but have

But never from this shall a vauinting word you for an advocate, I should have | From the humble Pebble again be heard, some hope of such a meeting,” said Till something withont me or within,

Shall shew the purpose for which I've been." Mr. Angus ; " puu sellelen-seit, 15 | The Pebble its vow could not forget, Mr. Angus; "but self-Helen-self, is

| And it lies there wrapped in silence yet.

LETTER FROM LOO-FOU-YOU.

117

FROM Loo-Foo-YOU, ON BOARD THE CHI. | but given birth to a legion of dangerous NESE JUNK. AT BLACK WALL, TO His empirics, whose advertised announcements KINSMAN, LANG-FANG, IN China.

| of miraculous cures are to be found in LETTER II.

every cottage of the empire. These mediThe more I see of this country, Oh Lang

cal barbarians have pills which perform Fang ! the more I am astonished. I told

| prodigies, and wafers which supply the thee in my first letter that these barbarians

place of lungs, enabling you to breathe consider themselves the most enlightened

more pleasingly than if you inhaled the

a pure air of Fo-kien, and to sing more people in the world, and imagine that their political wisdom cannot be surpassed. But

sweetly than the sweetest bird that perches

on trees at Kan-tcheort. As for the barbavaunting assertions are no proofs of excellence, and I must tell thee there are many

rian ladies though so very beautiful, wellgrievous defects in certain parts of this

educated, obliging, witty, and sensible, yet

I are they the slaves of an exceedingly foolish grand political machinery, especially in

custom. It is true, Oh! Lang-Fang, that the that which is termed the Representative

proud beauties of Pekin think it necessary System. For instance, there are fine flour

to reduce the dimensions of their feet, but ishing towns as large as our own splendid

canst thou believe that they would suffer city of Tching-ton, which are only permit

their waists to be so tightly encircled by ted to have the same weight in the couneil

the bones of a large fish, as to produce of the Empire as the most paltry and obscure. The interests of two or three

fainting fits, and hysterics? Yet I can as

sure thee that such is the case in this thousand persons receive the same grave

country. We are called idolaters ; but consideration in the barbarian House of

these Barbarians are likewise worshippers Talk, (to which I have formerly alluded)

of idols, notwithstanding their Bouzes are as those of fifty, or even a hundred thou

continually preaching against them. There sand. The town which contains three thousand has two talkers in the House, and

is one idol perfectly adored by the highthe town which contains 300,000 thousand

born, and the rich, which is worshipped

under the name of Fashion. They do not has no more. This, Oh! Lang-Fang is

hesitate to make any sacrifice to this caneither wise nor just. But in this country

pricious monster ; what pleases him to-day, there have been still greater political defects,

vexes him to-morrow ; he is as variable as and there is a party styling themselves l'ro

the winds, and the ceremonies of his wortectionists, who are madly endeavouring to

ship are so expensive, that numbers of his revive them. Amongst this insane class

votaries are obliged to effect a loan, before of barbarians, are men so opulent, that

they can be admitted to his temple, or they could purchase all the gold and pearls

kneel before his shrine. in Yan-nan. Although they have not the virtuous fortitude to abandon a single luxu

Amongst other silly practises, these bar* ry, they have the unblushing effrontery to tax

barian ladies have adopted that ofheightenthe hard earned bread of the labouring poor.

ing the colour of their cheeks, by the appliThe sun shines, the rain descends, the fields cation of a red mixture, which, however, is smile with plenty, the harvest is ripe, and

but a sorry substitute for the bloom of Heaven says to man in a language under

Nature. In imitation of a neighbouring stood by all-Come, eat and enjoy-but

barbarian nation, they perform a variety of these barbarian Protectionists step forward

amazing tricks with their heels and toes; and impudently tell us to close our mouths

many of them are continually on the hop; unless we open our pockets—thus setting |

others again are so addicted to external dis& price on Providence.

play, that they would look with disdain Many of the customs of these barbarians upon the finest silks of Yung-tchang. are wondrous strange, and even unaccount

Vanity, Oh! Lang-fang, is as powerful able, seeing that they profess to be so wise

amongst them, as it is with those untutored a people In China we are taught to be savages of whom you have read in the lieve that it is day when the sun rises, but

ainusing travels of Hum.sing-li, who dethousands of these learned and intelligent

corate their necks and arms with bits of barbarians reverse the order of nature ;

glass, fish-bones, and brass buttons. Still their day begins when the sun sets. Not

it is but justice to add, that under thcse withstanding they have several excellent

glittering gew.gaws, there often throb seniastronomers amongst them-tolerably ac

sitive and liberal hearts, tremblingly alive curate almanacks-observatories, and te.

to the common claims of humanity; firm in lescopes, they don't seem to know the

friendship; faithful in love; noble in prindifference between day and night. This ciple; and capable, under peculiar circumerroneous system of living has not only stances, of the greatest of all earthly sacriincreased the number of regular physicians, | fices, the sacrifice of self.

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