Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

to use them. Mention has already been made of one man using a stone for breaking up a frozen cartridge of gelignite; in another case, a newly appointed agent when asked to show the warming pan for thawing explosives containing nitro-glycerine, produced a ladle for melting lead ; while another foreman having a warming pan admitted that he did not know how to use it.

Those having to handle or use explosives would do well to take to heart some of the words of caution issued by the late Major J. P. Cundill, R.A., formerly one of His Majesty's Inspectors of Explosives :

1. The function of an explosive is to explode. Remember this in dealing with them.

2. If an explosive is described as safe under all circumstances, do not treat it as some people treat a big dog and try how much it will stand. Under these circumstances both explosive and dog are apt to bite. Prefer to see the truth of such assertions tested by the manufacturer or his agent rather than by yourself.

3. There is no explosive within my knowledge in practical use which when exploded in a confined space does not give off noxious or deleterious gases.

4. Do not expect the same class of explosive to do every variety of work. Different classes have their different functions, just as a chisel and a gimlet are both useful tools but will not do each other's work.

5. In using an explosive with which special instructions, e.g. (as to thawing dynamite), are issued, it is wiser to read them before an accident happens than to have to refer to them after the accident to see if they are not, after all, issued for some good reason and meant to be studied.*

Steam Boilers.— Very frequent complaints of neglect to examine and report the condition of boilers have had to be made, and in two cases prosecutions were instituted and convictions obtained. It is a very serious matter to neglect the statutory obligations which are certainly not onerous. One thorough examination inside and out, once every 14 months, the report to be preserved for inspection at any time, is all the law requires. Boilers, as they are sometimes placed without cover or protection from the weather, are liable to rapid deterioration and to become a danger to those who have to attend to them; the best course is to insure them with a good Insurance Company, who will undertake to put them through a thorough examination by an expert at least once during the statutory period.

Guard for Slate-dressing Machines.-Mr. Morris Llewelyn Williams, who is a fitter at the Penyrorsedd slate quarry, has invented a neat and effective guard for the Greaves' slatedressing machine. One of the guards has been on trial at the quarry for some time, and is said not to hinder the work, while it certainly adds to the safety of the persons using the machine. The guard, which is shown in Figs. 2 and 3, can be adjusted to any height.

Notice of Accidents Act, 1906.-- See page 17.

Fossil Remains.—On account of a remarkable find of Reptilian footprints, the Higher Bebington sandstone quarry, at Storeton, Cheshire, has been the resort of a great number of geologists and others interested in science during the year. From time to time, what are known to geologists as Cheirotheroid, Rhynchosauroid, and Chelonoid footprints had been discovered at this quarry, but since the present owner introduced a stone channelling machine, much more work is being done, and the slabs are got out with less breakage. The quarry, which is worked in the Keuper sandstore, has a vertical face of about 130 feet, and at two horizons about half way down the face occur two thin beds of marl on which the interesting footprints are found, and casts of them occur on the · layer of sandstone immediately overlying the marl. Photographs of the face of the quarry and of some of the footprints are reproduced in Figs. 4 and 5.

I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient Servant,

HENRY HALL
The Right Honourable Herbert J. Gladstone, M.P.,
His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State,

Home Department.

* A Dictionary of Explosives, 1889, page 103.

[graphic]

APPENDIX I.-LIST OF FATAL ACCIDENTS.

List of Fatal ACCIDENTS in Mines under the Coal MINES REGULATION Acts, in the LIVERPOOL and North Wales District, during the year 1906.

[blocks in formation]

1906.
Oct. 18

53

Lingard Lane,

Cheshire.

Bredbury Colliery

Co.

John Hadfield,

29,
Collier,

[nquiry made and inquest attended. He was engaged barring a shunt with the fireman ; when a portion of the side fell

striking him just above the left ankle. It was not considered serious at the time, but he succumbed to the effects of blood poisoning, October 28th, 1906.

[blocks in formation]

face

(Lancashire.)
Bye pit,
Pemberton Colliery

Thomas Peet, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was in the act of holing the coal when a piece of coal came off the face capping a
Lancashire. Co.

20,

sprag, and fatally crushing him.

Collier,
No. 2 Parr,

Richard Evans & Peter Ashcroft, Inspection made and inquest attended. Whilst wedging the top coal down, more came thau he expected, coming away from a
Lancashire.
Co.

27,

slip running with the face. He succumbed to the injuries received (through being crushed by the coal) on May 14th, 1906.

Collier.
No. 2 Bamfurlong, Cross, Tetley & Co. James Phillips, Inspection made and inquest attended. He attempted to go down the coal face, after shots had been fired in the coal, when some

coal rolled off the face capping a sprag, and fatally injuring deceased. The men had been warned by the fireman not to
Lancashire,

16, Dataller..

pass the place until the coal had been drawn down, Douglas Bank, Rosebridge

Inspection made and inquest attended. Deceased was in the act of clearing some dirt away at the coal face when a portion of
and

William
Lancashire. Douglas Bank Woodward,

the dirt between the two coals broke over a sprag set against it, which fatally injured him.
Colleries Co.

22,

Drawer.
White Moss Coal Thomas Chisnall, Inquiry made. While he was in the act of holing the coal, he got his head cut by a small piece of dirt or coal falling ; he kept
No. 9 Holland,
Lancashire. Co.

48,

on working and it was not considered serious at the time. He died November 15th, 1906, from erysipelas set up by the Collier.

injury received. No. 1 Banfurlong, Cross, Tetley & Co.

Jos. Wheelan, Inspection made and inquest attended. While he was engaged clearing dirt, in a roadway near the face, a large fall of dirt and Lancashire.

50,

coal came away from a step, side of roadway, knocking out the timber, and fatally injuring deceased. Dataller.

[blocks in formation]

57

Inspection made and inquest attended. When in the act of pushing his tub along the level, a portion of top coal rolled off from

the upper side of roadway, capping three props, and fatally injuring deceased.

18,

[blocks in formation]

(Wales.) Feb. 2 Wynnstay,

Wynnstay Collieries Arthur Thompson,
Lancashire. Co.

Hutcher.
Feb. 3 Plas Power,

Broughton & Plas Robert Davies,
Denbighshire. Power Coal Co.

45,

Collier.
Feb. 20 Brinkinalt,

W. Y. Craig & Sons William Jones,
Denbighshire.

28,

Hutcher.
Vauxhall,
Vaaxhall Colliery

Robert T. Parry,
Denbighshire. Co.

25,

Collier,
June 12 Wynnstay,

Wynnstay Collieries

Griffith Owen,
Denbighshire. Co.

40,
Collier.

Inspection made and inquest attended. While he was holing under the coal, a triangular piece of coal rolled upon him off the

face from a slip, between the two sprags, set about 4 feet apart. He succumbed to the injuries received August 8, 1906.
Inspection made and inquest attended. When he was engaged pushing a tub of coal, a piece of clod rolled off from the side,

above a wooden chock, upon him, at the junction of two roads, caused by a sudden weighting of the roof. He expired

shortly after reaching the surface.
Inspection made and inquest attended. While he was passing along the coal face, which had not been advanced for some days,

and where there was no holing done, suddenly a piece of coal rolled off the face, which fatally crushed him against

a prop supporting the roof. Inquiry made and inquest attended. When he was engaged at the face, getting coal down, more came than he expected,

crushing him against a prop supporting the roof. He succumbed to the injuries received June 20, 1906.

66

May. 31

69

[blocks in formation]

27,

[blocks in formation]

John W. Hilton, Inspection made and inquest attended. When they were about finishing clearing away some coal at the face after a shot. a large

stone fell upon the deceased, from between two slips in the roof. The nearest bar being 4 feet 6 inches from the face.
Collier,
William Okell, Inspection made and inquest attended. While getting coal under a portion of the roof, which had been weighting and broken
31,

on pack and over face of coal ; he appeared not to have put up sufficient supports, when a fall of roof occurred upon him.
Collier.
Richard Moss, Inspection made and inquest attended. He had brought his full tub to the landing, in the haulage brow, when a large fall of
30,

roof occurred, knocking out several large bars and burying the deceased. Owing to the great height that it fell, they were
Collier.

unable to recover the body until the following day. After the fall it was found the roof gave way from a large slip, or

break, running up on one side of the brow.
A. O'Brien, Inspection made. He appears to have been loosening some props at the foot, with a hammer, in order to blow the roof down,
40,

when a fall of ley roof occurred upon him, causing fatal injuries. This accident might have been prevented by the use of
Dataller.

the gablock or pulling jack.
Thomas Whalley, Inspection made. He was said to have been chipping preparatory to setting additional props, nearer the face (which the fireman
59,

had ordered to be set), when the roof gave way and he was fatally injured.
Collier.
William Healey, Inquiry made and inquest attended. Deceased and another person were engaged in drawing props out from the waste, with the
32,

gablock and chain, when the mooring-prop slipped out, with two others, and he was fatally crushed by a fall of roof.
Timber-drawer.
Michael Hannon, Inspection made and inquest attended. The Contractors were about to do some ripping of roof, in a roadway; and went under

to take up the rails, when the roof fell from a slip, upon the deceased, the props having been set on the other side of the
Contractor's-man. slip.
Martin Griffin, Inspection made and inquest attended. A ripping shot had been fired, and deceased was clearing it, and filling it into a tub, when
28,

a stone fell from the roof upon him. The Contractor stated he had previously plucked, and examined the particular part,
Dayu
nan,

and thought he had made it safe. Cause, roof not been closely timbered. He expired March 5th, 1806.
Joseph Ridyard, Inspection made and inquest attended. Deceased went into the waste at the back of the chocks, for a certain purpose, where the

props had been withdrawn, when a fall of roof occurred upon him killing him.
Collier.
Henry Pattison, Inspection made and inquest attended. He went to assist the drawers to lift a tub on the rails, when the tub caught against a
35,

bar prop, which caused the top coal and ley to cap the props, and bars, and deceased was found under the fall. Cause, prop
Collier

set too near the rail. Henry Gorstrey, Inspection made. While they were engaged clearing a fall in the main road, another fall occurred fatally injuring the 36,

deceased. That portion of the road was not timbered, but from the nature of the strata, it ought to have been timbered. Dataller,

Cause, want of bars, and props, for supports.

[graphic]

13

Feb. 22

Princess,

Lancashire.

32,

[blocks in formation]

48,

[blocks in formation]

LIST of FATAL ACCIDENTS, &c.continued.

Cause of Accident and Remarks.

Richard Evans & Co. James Redhead, Inspection made and inquest attended. When setting a jack prop under a running bar, he appeared to have disturbed the other
Lancashire.

supports ; as the running bar, and three other bars fell, with some dirt upon the deceased.

Daywageman.
26 April 28 Leyland Green, Winstanley Col. H. Fairclough, Inspection made and inquest attended. When engaged packing on the lower side of roadway, a fall of roof occurred from some
Lanc ishire. lieries Co.

slips, knocking out three props, and fatally injuring deceased.

Drawer.
29 May 18 Orrell, No. 3, Orrell Colliery Co. Robert Downham, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was engaged taking out old bars at the junction of two roadways, in order to get
Lancashire.

the road higher, when a fall of roof occurred upon him. If the gablock and chain had been used, this accident might have
Dataller.

Richard Evans & William Gorman, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was engaged packing when a stone fell from the roof, between the props,
Lincashire. Co.

injuring him. He expired the following day, after undergoing an operation.

Pemberton Colliery Stephen Owen, Inspection made and inquest attended. When ripping roof a large stone iell upon him, as he was getting dirt from under it.
Lancashire. Co.

The stone fell in advance of the last shot, to a slip, capping some props, and fatally injuring deceased.

Richard Evans & W. Dearden, Inspection made. He was engaged drawing a prop from under the roof, after having set a chock, when a stone fell and caught
Lancashire. Co.

him. If he had used the gablock and chain, his life would most probably have been saved.

Pearson & Knowles J. McAlliston, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was about to fill a tub of coal at the face, when a stone fell from a put hole in the
Lancashire. Coal and Iron Co.

roof crushing deceased against the tub. The road was propped on each side, and at the inquiry it was recommended that it
Drawer.

should be barred.
43 Oct. 25 Bickershaw, No. 4, Ackers, Whitley, & Thomas Peers, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was about to put a new prop under a bar, in the main haulage road, and had been
Lancasbire. Co,

advised by the contractor to set a middle leg ; but when removing a little dirt away, the bar fell with the roof above, and

Moss Hall Coal Richard Johnson, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was knocking a prop under a bar, in the main haulage road, when the roof came
Lancashire. Co.

down upon him, capping the bar and three other props.

Coal and Thomas Smith, Inspection made and inquest attended. When in the act of packing up the mouth of an old roadway leading off one of the main
Iron Co.

brows, a stone fell upon the deceased from between two slips in the roof. The place was propped, but not barred, as the
Dataller.

Brynn Hall No. 3, Brynn Hall Col. Thomas Bailey, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was engaged working a pillar back, with the loose end against an old road, when
Lancashire. liery Co.

the roof collapsed, and deceased was crushed under the fall. Not sufficient props set to support the roof in safety.

Richard Evans & John Laybourne, Inspection made and inquest attended. While he was working at the face, a sudden weighting of the roof took place, capping
Lancashire, Co.

the props and fatally injuring deceased, What was wanted was a pack or chock to steady the roof. Collier.

Registered No. of Accident.

Date

of Accident.

Name and Description of Mine

and County.

Name of Owner

or Company.

Names of Persons

Killed, Age, and Occupation.

FALLS IN MINE-continued,

Falls of Roof-continued.

(Lancashire)-continued. 25 Apr. 27 Newton,

38,

31,

57,

been prevented. 31 May 26 Yo. * Parr,

44,

Dataller. 34 June 2: Pemberton,

29,

Datoller. 33 July 2 Pewfall,

41,

Daywageman. 37 Aug. 3 Moss, No. 2,

32,

Contractor's man. he was fatally injured.
44 Oct. 26 Maypole,

Contractor's man.
49 Nov. 30 Taylor, Lancashire.

Wigan

roof appeared to be strong rock. 50 Deo. 4

53,

Collier. 51 Dec. 14 Golborne.

43,

22,

64,

54,

[blocks in formation]

John Jones, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was engaged at the long wall face when a stone fell upon him from a slip in the 30,

roof running with the coal face.
Collier.
W. J. Roberts, Inspection made and inquest attended. While he was engaged packing at the face, a fall of top coal occurre , capping two
45,

props and fatally injuring deceased. The props were set about four feet apart.
Collier,
Edward Smith, Inspection made and inquest attended He was wedging a piece of coal off the face when some clod and roof fell from a slip

running with the face, between the last row of props and the face. He succumbed to the injuries on the 8th instant.
36,
Contractor,
Richard Price, Inspection made and inquest attended When his partner was getting some roof down with an iron bar in the brow, deceased
38,

appeared to have stood too near him, as more roof came down than they expected to a slippery parting. He expired June 10,
Collier.

1906.
Walter Hughes, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was engaged at the face getting coal, when a fall of roof occurred from between
29,

two slips, capping three props, and fatally injuring deceased.
Collier,
John Roberts, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was pushing an empty tub along the level, when a portion of roof coal fell upon him
21,

from a slip. This portion of the road had only been propped on the side, and not barred.
Loader.
Charles Wynne, Inspection made and inquest attended. They were engaged ripping the roof down to the rock, and after knocking out a bar

supporting the roof, they examined the roof and considered it would have to be blown down with a shot : and deceased
30,
Ripper.

proceeded to go under it, when the roof fell upon him to a slip.
Charles Mathews, Inspection made and inquest attended. He was assisting the repairer to clear a fall of roof in the airway (where two bars had
20,

fallen) without protecting the roof, when some more roof fell upon the deceased, fatally injuring him.
Miner.
Richard W. Inspection made and inquest attended. He was engaged clearing a small fall of dirt in a roadway, when some more roof gave
Griffith,

way upon him. The roadway was propped on each side, but not barred.
17,
Labourer.
Edward Taylor. Inspection made and inquest attended. A fall of roof occurred upon the deceased, coming from between two slips in a roadway,
68,

capping a bar and two other props. The fireman stated he had examined the place twice that shift, and had considered
Collier,

it safe.

Co.

[blocks in formation]

James Riley,

21,
Sinker.

Inspection made and inquest attended. A new winder when learning how to use the engine (when the regular man was present

with him), in lowering the empty hoppit let it run past the holding up place, and it ran fast into the bottom alighting on the deceased, who was fatally injured. The sinkers should have been withdrawn whilst these lessons were being given.

[blocks in formation]

Inspection made and inquest attended. Deceased when descending the (Fau) upcast shaft, which was boarded on each sido near

the top of pit, appeared to have had his elbow outside the cage when it got severely crushed against the sheeting boards of the air-lock. He expired after undergoing an operation, August 27th, 1906,

F

Falling into Shaft from Surface.

None,

« ZurückWeiter »