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of a man is in his soul, and as soul is immortal, the question
whether the body dies at the age of ten or ninety years is comBY Z, D., NEWPORT, R. I.
paratively as nothing in the sight of the Creator. The first Where sleep'st thou now? The sunset tints are fading,
thing He demands of human souls is, that they shall suborAnd night is gathering o'er the azure sky.
dinate every consideration relating to the bodily life to those Faint curling mists are objects dim o'ershading,
impulses, instincts, or intuitions which come from their spiritual And winds are singing low their lullaby.
nature, and this demand urges some of the strongest souls—to
what?" You confidently answer, "to war," but I demur beWhere sleep'st thou now? The trump has ceas d its sounding, fore joining in your conclusion. The war-note deep, is hush'd the hills among,
This is a broad subject, to be looked at with no narrow or And purple vintage grounds are now resounding
partizan eye; peace-men have no wish to initiate a quixotic With festive glee, breath'd forth in many a song
crusade against anything truly good and great in past ages or
in our own; but they would thoughtfully and conscientiously When the young spring its odors sweet was lending,
ask whether, war being admitted to be such a terrible evil, To ev'y breeze that wooingly pass d by,
something may not be done to prevent it in future, without the When the bright summer, its green leaves was blending sacrifice of principles more valuable than life itself? In shadows deep with sunlight of the sky;
We know that wars have prevailed in all the past-wars for
the defense of liberty and religion, and wars for their suppresI saw thee, boy, with health upon thy brow,
sion ; religious wars and civil wars; wars for the extension of Swift as the chamois, on the mountain height,
territory, for the strengthening of nationalities and the gratificaClimb the high avalanche of spotless snow,
tion of the personal piques aud malice of despots; wars with And stand exulting in the glowing light.
reason and without, till scarce a page of history is unstained.
It would be a curious investigation that should show us how Thy spirit, free as eaglet of the mountain,
many of these wars have been fought for noble and how many Expanded with the glory of the sight.
for ignoble ends, and also precisely how much they have done As thou with voice, glad as the gush of fountain,
for the furtherance of freedom and religion, and whether civiliIn ecstacy pour'd forth thy wild delight.
zation has advanced through or in spite of them.
To us the mere fact that they have prevailed in the past does Conscription came: how fell thy fluttering pinion,
not prove their necessity in the future. One by one the world To soar no more thro' regions of the air;
outgrows and throws off its old barbarisms, as polygamy, trial Thou stood in marshal'd ranks of pow'r the minion,
by ordeal, the feudal system, duelling and slavery, all were Thou, my free hearted boy, my tenderest care.
verily believed to be in accordance with the will of God, but
which have now given place, at least in Christian nations, to Where sleep'st thou now? when evening softly closes,
more humane institutions. Whether war is another barbarism How sorrow presses with its shades on.me;
to thus yield its hold and gradually disappear, or whether it is And when in quiet deep the earth reposes,
so necessary to the progress of freedom that, however revoltMy soul goes forth in gloom in search of thee.
ing to all our better instincts, it must be perpetuated through
all the future, is the question to be considered. Perpetuated, 'Mid heaps of slain, my son, I see you lying
you say, and give us the following gloomy perspective; “ Our Unshrouded, on a far unhallow'd soil ;
impression is, that the people of the different nations of Europe Low, dirge-like notes the cold night wind is sighing ;
will never rest until their governments are democratic, and To glory, what are poverty and toil?
their governments will become democratic only by a series of
insurrections and wars. After the governments have become For them, the trump of Fame wakes not its breathing, democratic, then there will spring up wars arising from the reTo future time no clarion tells their name,
lations between capital and labor which promise to equal in For them, fair hands no laurel chaplet wreathing,
ferocity the old wars of religion.” Their deeds no chosen bard shall e'er proclaim.
What a fearful future! How one shudders to contemplate
it! Is there to be no progress, no enlightenment, no modificaThey stood, where fiercest rag'd the shock of battle,
tion of old opinions and practices? Is the dead past instead of They stood, where loudest volleying cannon roar'd,
burying its dead to go on forever repeating itself ? Heaven They stood less valu'd than are herded cattle,
forbid, yet so it would seem if we receive this statement. As round the hissing shot death dealing pour’d.
Here is presented the weightiest argument that can be
brought in support of war-namely, that no national change My son, thou liest on the battle ground
from a despotic to democratic government can be made without With those, who falling ne'er are nam'd again,
it. But this assertion in the nature of the case cannot be Vain unto such, of Fame the vaunted sound;
proved; and it is founded on another assumption—that war al-. There glory hides her heaps of buried slain.
ways secures victory to the democratic side. Now, if history teaches anything, it is that success in war depends on other con
tigencies. A certain moral power belongs to an army which THE BOSTON GLOBE AGAIN.
believes itself fighting for the right, but that alone has not been BY X. Y. z.
sufficient to ensure victory; and in how many cases is each
party confident its cause is the right one. Giving war all the As the question of war or peace is one of universal interest credit its most ardent friends claim, it must be admitted that its I venture to again reply to an article on the subject in the Bos- conquests have often, very often upheld wrong. Probably ton Globe.
more successful wars have been fought for the unjust acquisiI most fully accord with the writer of it when he says that tion of territory and power than for any or all ofher causes, human life is secondary to great principles, and is to be freely victory going with the strongest, not the most righteous side. sacrificed for them. In all ages great souls have believed this, Is there no other way to secure freer government? How and nobly laid down their lives for the truth on the scaffold or the noiselessly, steadily and yet effectually are the people of Engbattle-field with a heroism which has commanded the admiration land getting power into their hands at this very time, in fact, of all who came after them, and far be it from me to snatch one revolutionizing their government in reality, if not in name, Jaurel from their brows. My heart beats high at the recital of without shedding one drop of blood! And in a similar way, the brave deeds of our forefathers, and I rejoice to Jay, with we trust, by the enlightenment of both people and rulers, the tender tears and fervent benedictions, garlands on the graves of former learning how to peaceably aesert their rights, the latter our later heroes. Life-mortal life-is fleeting, and truth is how to yield them in the council chamber instead of on the everlasting. If what we call death were the going out of the battle-field, are revolutions in government to be effected in the soul, it would be different, but as you truly say, “ The real life future.
THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE.
And in regard to the adjustment of relations between capital of moral over material forces, and that our lower instincts be and labor, what better way of ruining the interests of both controlled by the higher and diviner, ones ; and surely no one could be desired than a succession of wars, sure to derange all can doubt that the whole spirit of the Gospel is that of peace, financial prosperity ? “ These can only be prevented," you not war; indeed, it is hard to see how any Christian man or say, “ by convincing laborers of the truth of certain principles woman should not feel more confidence in the moral power of of political economy which they at present utterly ignore." right than in the physical power of bullets to regenerate the Precisely so, and this is exactly what peace-men hope to do by world. Our amiable opponent himself prefers that method, and appealing to men's reason and not their brute instincts.
we only wish we could inspire him with a little more faith in They see that slowly but surely the laboring classes in one its practicability, and make him see that if a thing is right, it nation after another are getting enlightened, and each year cannot be impossible. We heartily hope he and Mr. Miles makes it more probable that they will learn to accept these may even in this world have that pleasant “ discourse on the truths. They are confident that when the talent, energy and nonsense and atrocity of war,” and both cordially unite in material resources which have been lavished on war and war striving to restrain the belligerent propensities of men. like preparations, are spent in educating the masses, and instill Ideas move the world, materialistic as the world seems; but ing into all minds the truth that rich and poor, high and low, all new ideas, especially those compelling to any visible and are brethren, children beloved of one common Father, there great outward results are slow to gain an audience; in their will come a better way of settling the difficulties which war beginnings, all reforms have been small and weak, often almost so rarely does settle justly.
ludicrously so, and been mercilessly ridiculed and despised. Is this too much to expect? That nations can arrange points Slowly, almost imperceptibly, a truth makes its way into the of difference without the sword, has been shown at Geneva. public mind, but when once it has reached the world's conIs it too dreamy and visionary a thing to expect that sooner or science and roused it, then by a mighty impetus it sweeps onlater all the nations of Christendom shall become willing to ward to a triumphant success which no material force can submit their difficulties to arbitration? I am sure the kind check. Let a movement only enshrine—as we believe this of heart of him who never destroyed but one worm and three peace does—an everlasting truth, an Almighty principle, and small fishes would glow with joy at such a consummation, sooner or later it is sure to march onward to success and though even it does seem to him so impracticable and quixotic. victory. Believing this, we cheerfully labor on with a courage Education, light, love—these are the mighty forces by which that even the scepticism of good men cannot destroy. we believe the world can be more effectually moved than by cannon-balls ; in these we have an abounding, undoubting faith,
WAR BECOMING IMPOSSIBLE. for that right must sooner or later overcome wrong, we believe to be as immutable a law in the moral, as gravitation is in the The one great evil of European civilization is its military natural world. We predict other and nobler victories for the system. Properly speaking, there is never peace on that con" fanatics" than they have ever won upon the battle-field. tinent. The best that can be obtained is an armed truce.
You refer to particular periods of history, and ask what was Enormous standing armies are kept ready for instant attack or then to be done but go to war? Take for example our late defence. Young men, the flower of each nation, are taken war, and asking what else could have been done in 1861? 1 from productive labor, and forced to serve in the ranks. To answer nothing. At that particular crisis, war was inevitable, maintain the armies, debts are created which eat up the subbut peace-men claim that this and similar junctures might stance of the people. War and increasing debts are the two have been prevented, and it is for the prevention of just such / most conspicuous facts in the life of the Old World. emergencies that they labor to instil what they regard as sound. At last there comes an unexpected solution. The young views, throughout this and every other land.' When fire and men of Germany will not stay in the Fatherland. To escape gun-powder are brought together an explosion must follow, their liability to military service, they are migrating in great but keep them apart and you are safe. “Now is the time to numbers to America. The government is alarmed, and has guard against another war, not when some crisis has been forced forbidden the granting of low fares to emigrants by the railupon us.
ways. We doubt if this will stop the exodus. It is evident Diffuse light, create an abhorence of war, make men see that the people are weary of perpetual fighting. They are their true relations to each other, and that the proper remedy anxious to improve their temporal omdition, and war keeps for wrongs is not in rousing the brutal instinct, and flying at them ground to the very earth. They solve the problem by each other's throats, but in being just, conciliatory and forbear. seeking a country where standing armies are unknown. ing, and choosing peaceable remedies as the most effectual, and we have not for a long time seen so hopefnl a sign. A they will be slow to bring about that condition of things that general pacification of Europe can only be enforced by the popmakes war inevitable.
ular will. Kings and emperors will never consent to disarm ; You tell us that “the most efficient peace. men are clear-1" the pomp and circumstance of war” are too dear to them to headed, hard-hearted statesmen and military men, who have be willingly given up. By emigration, the people, however, subdued the passions of their souls, and stand as representa- appear to be taking the question into their own hands. They tives of good sense. The folly of fighting is deeply impressed will quit the countries where war, perpetual war, depresses on their understandings, whether the cause of fighting be noble their condition. The French do not migrate, because France or mean. They believe the world should be governed by is substantially a democracy, and the common people are good sense. They are hardly capable of comprehending why owners of the soil. That the French peasantry are averse to nations should rush into war for theological dogmas, or politi- / war, they have repeatediy proved. In time they will, no doubt, cal principles, or patriotic instincts, or benevolent generalities, compel a policy of peace.—Methodist. or any motive whatever, which has its seat in the human soul, as distinguished from tbe human understanding. By their inal Death Of Sir John BowriNG.—Sir John Bowring, of sensibility they contrive to ward off attacks which moral en- whose death we are informed by ocean cable, has filled a very thusiasm is continually urging them to engage in.”
conspicuous part in the affairs of the British Empire for more Reason and good sense, you own, are opposed to war, and than half a century. He was a member of the House of Comso, we believe, is moral enthusiasm, also, when properly en-mons at various periods from 1835 to 1849, in which year he lightened. Indeed, we see no reason for any antagonism be- went to Canton, as British consul, only to be promoted to the tween reason and the moral impulse, believing as we do that in more important position as acting plenipotentiary. In 1854 he every well-balanced character the two harmonize : the reason was knighted and appointed Governor, commander-in-chiel, and discerning truth, and the moral impulse inciting to right vice-admiral of Hong Kong. He leaves behind him many action, each helping the other in the same and not opposing works, among which are a history of Siam and an essay on directions.
decimal coinage. As chairman of the Peace Society, and as We cannot assent to the idea that “the very God of peace," the ardent advocate of adjusting national disputes by arbitrathough he has often permitted war as well as other scourges to tion, Sir John Bowring was a man of the widest sympathies ravage the earth, delights in it, for surely it is in accordance and of value to all mankind, and his death, though it comes at with all we know of Him to suppose He desires the ascendency lan advanced age, will be generally lamented.
THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE. force. Our Saviour says, 'All they that take the sword shall
perish with the sword.' Institutions founded on force, shall be
overthrown by force. Institutions that are to be permanent, BOSTON, JANUARY, 1873.
must be founded on truth and right. Institutions resting on force must fall before superior force. Force moves in a different sphere from truth and love, and cannot destroy them. There is no real progress except so far as truth establishes itself in men's convictions, and love rules in their hearts."
The fallacy of those who imagine war and violence are good NEW YEAR'S GREETINGS.
things he exposes as follows : PROSPECTS OF THE GREAT CAUSE.
“ The violence incident to an epoch in Christ's kingdom is The name of the year 1872 is added to the roll of the dean evil. Because our own government was founded in a revoparted. A tribute to its memory is demanded. But what shall
lution, we are in danger of associating a revolution with glory that tribute be? Shall it be one of faint praise or of exalted eu
by thinking the overturn of what has been established is in itlogy? In its influence upon human progress, as related to
self progress to something better. But the American revolu
tion scarcely was a revolution in the proper sense of the term. whatever honors God, and promotes the welfare of our race, what place among all the years that are gone shall be assigned
| It perpetuated the principles, and with little change, the form to the year 1872?
of government to which the colonies had been accustomed; it Doubtless the very first place. And yet, we are aware, that
only accelerated an epoch which was coming as the inevitable
result of growth; only shaking the tree to hasten the fall of the to many minds this answer will seem surprising, perhaps even incorrect, for the last year has been one of Peace among the
ripened fruit. nations. Its events have not been of the class that are ordina
- The benefits accruing are not the result of the revolution, sily spoken of as exciting and entrancing like those of a period
but come in spite of the evils of revolutionary violence, be
cause the change effected was the natural result of healthy of war. The year 1872 has indeed won victories, great and grand victories. On the noble fields of discovery and inven
growth. The immense majority of revolutions attempied by tion, of the arts and sciences, of education and religion, what
violence have been failures, and have hindered, rather than illustrious triumphs it has achieved! What rich stores it has
helped the progress of society." added to the ever accumulating knowledge of the race! How
In language of rare beauty he demonstrates that the progress it has increased the resources for human happiness! How it
of Christian civilization is not necessarily attended by violence. has enlarged the boundaries of freedom and Christian civiliza-.
He says: “When an apple tree bursts into blossoms and covers tion !
itself with sweetness and beauty, that is an epoch in its growth. But then, such yictories as these are not with confusion and
When this beauty passes away and the fruit sets, that is an noise and garments rolled in blood. They are as noiseless as
epoch ; in this case, attended with the falling of the blossoms,
cast off because its work is done. they are benign. Hence, by multitudes they are unappreciated,
But these epochs are peaceeven unobserved. To many minds the sunbeam seems a tame
ful, because all the organic forces in the tree are subject to its affair and a thing utterly void of interest. But, the well in
| life and in harmony with each other, and the crises of its structed scientist pei ives in the sunbeam, in its influences and
growth come peacefully, as the natural expression of the life. operations, so noiseless, so gentle, so sweet, a power and a
So in the kingdom of God, if the spiritual life is full and unobsublimity, with which those of tempests and tornadoes, that
structed, its epochs come quietly as the blooming and fruiting rage, and roar and thunder, and strew their track with ruins,
of a tree. The old falls away because its work is done, and are not to be compared. Even so, to persons of the highest
peacefully gives place to the new. The change is not less, the culture and most perfect vision there appear a fascination and a
epoch not less glorious, because it is peaceful. Revolutions and sublimity in the peaceful and noiseless development and advance
convulsions are not essential, nor desirable, in the great epochs of ideas and principles that exalt and bless mankind in contrast of human progress. In general, the more completely Christian with which the much lauded romance and splendor of war are
ideas rule society, the more peaceful will be the successive inexpressibly disgusting and horrid. Those who see things as
epochs of advancing Christian civilization.” they are, discover a renown, a splendor and a glory in the victo
This is the crowning glory of the year 1872 that, during its ries Peace has achieved the last year, in comparison with which progress, has occurred an epoch quietly and peacefully like the the lustre of war's victories pales as the light of the star pales
blooming and fruiting of a tree. During the last twelve before the splendors of the noonday sun.
months a flower has opened which for a century has been maOne of the most prevalent and pestilent of errors is this, that
turing—a winged Psyche has burst from its chrysalis which war is somehow essential to the progress of civilization. What
long and silently has been preparing its birth of beauty. a contradiction! Barbarism promotes civilization! We must depend upon Anti-Christ to exalt Christ. The increased bene
THE COST OF STANDING ARMIES. fits that nations, in some instances, enjoy after war, are often Articles like the following which we copy from the Commermost improperly ascribed to war as their source.
cial and Financial Chronicle of New York, of the 5th of Oc. Upon this point, Prof. Samuel Harris, of the Yale Theologi- tober, are highly encouraging to the friends of peace, inasmuch cal Seminary, in an articie in a recent number of the Bibliothe- as they show that the public mind is being enlightened as 10 ca Sacra, has some observations so pertinent and forcible, that the absurdity and folly of the present bloated armaments o we gladly quote them. He says,
Europe. “ The progress of Christ's kingdom is not to be promoted by From a mass of interesting mili statistics published in
THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE.
the Berlin Post, of recent date, it appears that the various tion, and is treated as unworthy of notice. Long may she be European powers maintain under arms more than five millions counted out of this remarkable game. of men in constant readiness for war, besides the reserves and The whole Christian nation-Evangelicals, Broad Churchmilitia who are subject to more or less military duty. These men, High Churchmen, Baptists, Methodists, and Congregafive millions of men, in the prime of life, represent so much tionalists, with a powerful reserve of Humanitarians--are racklabor withdrawn from the useful industries, whose aggregate ing their brains for some new mode of tearing the bowels out production would amount to more than the total production of of Russians and Prussians, beating their skulls into small many important countries, as a few only of the European pieces, and stripping the flesh off their bones. States have a male working population of five millions between Nevertheless, if you were to go to London, St. Petersburg, the ages of eighteen and fifty. But this loss of production or Berlin at this moment, assemble all the leading men of the represents only a part of the aggregate loss involved. The non-country, and ask them whether they bore any ill-will to the productive soldier must be paid, and productive labor must be people of other countries, they would answer no. If you taxed for his wages. He is also a wasteful consumer, and to asked them whether it was not the true policy of all nations to feed and equip the standing armies employs the labor of at least live in peace with each other; whether their interests were not two millions, perhaps more-of farmers, carriers and artisans, really the same; whether the true road to national happiness who are thus prevented from contributing to the natural wel was not through trade, commerce, and manufactures, they fare and prosperity of the community. When all these con- would answer with emphasis that nothing was more certain. siderations are taken into account, some idea may be formed of If you asked them to explain, then, why England needed gups the enormous cost of maintaining exclusive military systems ; to punch Russian armor, or Russia guns to punch English and when it is remembered that these systems, nominally estab-armor, they would say that it was in order to be ready for a lished to insure internal peace and security from invasion, are a quarrel ; but if you asked them what the quarrel was to be constant temptation to war, with its inevitable accompaniments about, not one could give you the least information. In short, of waste, destruction of life and property, and increase of taxa- you would find that their theories were those of the leading tion, there is reason to hope that the peoples that have long sages and economists of modern times, while their practice is and patiently borne these increasing burdens, will soon demand that of Fiji Islanders, and their opinions of each other hardly that armies shall be disbanded, military establishments reduced, a whit higher than the Iroquois used to entertain of the Illiand international differences hereafter be setited by diplomacy. nois. About three millions of men in the flower of their age
are at this moment being elaborately trained, on the European
continent, in the art of stealing up to other men without being PROGRESS OF THE CAUSE.
seen, and dashing their brains out, or sticking long spikes into
their bellies, and this at enormous expense and to the complete The cause of peace never presented a brighter phase than at abandonment of all other business. the present moment. The results of the Geneva Arbitration and the settlement of the San Juan question are in the highest
PEACE MEETINGS. degree encouraging. The public press, in many of its utter
We have room to refer to only a few of those recently held. ances, is decidedly pacific, and the absurdity of the whole war :
Chelsea, Sunday evening, Sept. 29, at Rev. Dr. Eddy's system is being exposed to public gaze more effectively than
Church. Devotional exercises by Rev Dr. Hamilton of Mliever before.
| nois. Hon. Rufus S. Frost presided. Addresses by Mr. Frost, The following extract from the New York Nation, a publi
Rev. Dr. Eddy, and Rev. James B. Miles. cation of great influence, is a case in point :
South Boston, Oct. 6, at Rev. Dr. Alden's Church. Hon. THE PLATE-ARMOR AND BIG-GUN FARCE IN EUROPE. Edward S. Tobey presided. Devotional exercises by Rev. L. The contest which has been going on in Europe during the H. Angier. Addresses by Mr. Tobey, Rev L. H. Angier and last ten years between the constructors of armor-plated ships | Rev. James B. Miles. and manufacturers of rifled cannon is, we are glad to say, Keene, N. H., Oct. 13, at the first Congregational Church reaching the extreme of absurdity. It is a contest of which
| Rev. Mr. Karr, Pastor. Devotional exercises by Rev. Dr. the well-known New Zealand tourist will doubtless read, when be goes home to his hotel in the evening after sketching the
Eaton. Addresses by Rev. Mr. Karr and Rev. James B. ruins of St. Paul's, with both surprise and amusement. The Miles. French led the way in building cuirassed frigates ; cur war de- Newton, Oct, 20, at the Elliot Congregational Church monstrated the impossibility of meeting armor-plated ships Thomas Weston, Esq., presided. Devotional exercises by Rev. with wooden ones ; the British then went into the business, and a considerable portion of the best brains of England,
oland: | Mr. Jones. Addresses by Mr. Weston, Hon. John C. Park, France, Prussia and Russia has ever since been engaged just A. 1. Benjan, Esq., and Rev. James B. Miles. in trying how heavily ships might be plated without destroy Lynn, Oct. 27, at the first Methodist Church. Hon. J. N. ing their buoyancy and manageability, and in inventing guns Buffum. the Mayor, presided. Devotional exercises by Rev. that would smash the plating. They first produced in England a nine-inch, twelve-ton, two hundred and fifty pounder: Dr. Newhall. Addresses by Mr. Buffum, Rev. James B. Miles. then a ten-inch, eighteen ton, four hundred pounder ; then an Augustine Jones, Esq., Rev. Mr. Mitchell and Timothy eleven-inch, five hundred and thirty pounder; and at last a Earle. twelve-inch, seven hundred pounder. But Russia, Prussia,
513, Newport, R. I., Nov. 3, at the Central Baptist Church. Austria, Italy and even Spain have provided themselves, or are providing themselves, with guns of precisely the same length Rev. B. A.. Chase presided. Devotional exercises by Rev. and calibre and capacity. This may seem at first sight rather | Mr. Leavitt and Rev. Dr. Thayer. Addresses by Rev. B. A. extraordinary, because one would naturally imagine that, as Chase, Rev. James B. Miles and Rev. Mr. Leavitt. the object of all this gunnery is to enable each nation to smash
| Boston Highlands, Nov. 17, at the Elliot Congregational the ships of its neighbors, they would conceal from each other the character and powers of their newest inventions. But the Church, Rev. B. F. Hamilton, the Pastor, presided. Adwonder ceases when we learn that these preparations for in- dresses by Rev. Mr. Hamilton, Rev. James. B. Miles and Rev. stant destruction are not only not carried on in secret, but each | B. A. Chase. power furnishes the others on demand, in the most courteous
us Salem, Mass., Dec. 8, at the first Baptist Church. A notice manner, with full particulars of its latest death-dealing contrivances--drawings, spf 'Scations, and all. America, we are of this meeting we copy from the Salem Gazette of Dec. 10. happy to say, is declar i have no gun at all worth considera- Prof. Crosby, Mr. Rantoul and Gen, Cogswell, at our request,
have kindly written out the substance of their addresses, which for attracting attention and awakening interest. I was myself we give below.
present at this conference, and give, if not its precise words, The Peace Meeting, held at the first Baptist Church, on
certainly its substance. Sunday evening, was very well attended, considering the rainy
A second objection to the principles of the Society has been, weather, and was deemed sufficiently encouraging to warrant
that they are very good, but are impracticable ; that while human an intimation, at the close, that another meeting might be held
nature remains as it is, with its selfishness and passions, war in the course of a few weeks. The general exercises, of a de
cannot be banished from the earth ; just as if this objection did votional nature, consisted of singing, the reading of Scriptural
not equally apply to all efforts against intemperance, and proselections, and prayer,– Rev. Dr. Mills performing the last
faneness, and licentiousness, and every vice and crime, and as if two. Prof. Crosby presided.
great progress had not already been made in the prevention of
war, of which we have a recent illustrious example. ADDRESS BY PROF. CROSBY.
A third difficulty in the peace cause is that there is no proper Mr. Crosby, in introducing the discussions of the evening,
time for urging its principles. It is always unseasonable. In spoke of the especial appropriateness of a meeting for the cause
time of war its advocacy is pronouuced treason, and in time of of peace in a city whose very name means peace, and in the
peace, a superfluity. The old maxim, “ In peace prepare for church of a denomination which has been one of the very fore
war,” is accepted as wisdom, while the better precept, “ In most in tne advocacy of peace principles.
peace prepare against war," is condemned as folly. " But why hold such a meeting at all?” some may ask. The
Now in spite ot all these difficulties and objections, a gentlecause of peace has been hemmed about by some very remark
man here present has recently lest a position of great acknowlable difficulties, and most singular objections. One of the most
edged usefulness to devote himself to the cause of peace, and prominent of these has been its very excellence. Its principles
we shonld like to hear what he can say to justify himself in are so confessedly true and right and beneficent, that they have
taking such a step. Let me give place to the Rev. Dr. Miles, wanted to the public mind the interest which always attends
the Secretary of ihe American Peace Society. keen discussion. The sweet, gentle voice of peace has not
ADDRESS BY REV. JAMES B. MILES. been sharp enough to make itself heard amidst the many controversies of the time. “ It is a very good cause," has been Rev. Dr. Miles, who was the first speaker introduced by the feeling if not the language of many, “but so very good that Prof. Crosby, is the Secretary of the Society, and he, in exwe do not care to speak or hear of it.” I had an illustration pressing his pleasure at the large attendance, especially of of this, said Mr. C., only yesterday. By request of an officer women, spoke of the question as one that interested women and of the American Peace Society, I called upon a gentleman to families--eight hundred having been made widows in a single ask him to speak at our meeting. “I am fully in sympathy engagement, in one of the Prussian organizations. The Treaty with your cause,” he replied “but I should think it might be at Washington was spoken of as a victory of as much renown hard work to frame an argument in support of what is su self- as one upon the battle-field; and it also shows that, while we evident.”
are apt to talk of the retrograde movements of society, the There was a time when the American Peace Society had an doctrines of the Sermon on the Mount have made progress in opportunity of securing the advantage which arises from dis- the world. He spoke of the agony produced by war, the loss pute. Upon the breaking out of our great rebellion, the ques- of life, and the immense waste of property; and of the recent tion arose in its councils, what course the Society should take treaty as having sealed a friendship betweeen the two great in respect to the great military preparations which were then Anglo Saxon nations. And he also drew one or two very going on through the loyal part of the country, for putting beautiful and striking similitudes. He also explained and comdown the rebellion. “These are all wrong,” exclaimed some mended the movement for a high court of nations to be estabardent member of the Society, “they are entirely in opposition | lished by international law, and to hold the same relations to to our principles, and we ought to lift up our united voices the family of nations that the Supreme Court does to the like a trumpet, in their condemnation."
United States. " But,” asked others, " what is the country to do in this exigency?”
ADDRESS OF REV. HUGH ELDER. "Keep the peace," was the reply. “If our erring sisters are Rev. Hugh Elder of the Crombie street church. was introdetermined to separate from us, let them go in peace ; if they laced are resolved to take Washington as the capital of their new
duced as one who might speak as representing our friends confederacy, let them have it; if they should even attempt to
across the water; and he accordingly came forth and said that
he loved both countries,-the United Kingdom and the United conquer the North, and introduce slavery here, we ought to
States,-having had his birth in the one, and a home in the make no resistance by force of arms."
other. He read, as appropriate in this connection, an extract These views provoked antagonism. “The crisis," it was
S from a speech recently delivered in Glasgow by Robert Low, urged, " is peculiar. Other principles must here come in. Re
Chancellor of the Exchequer, who spoke, not merely as a bellion and slavery must not be allowed to riot unopposed
member of Parliament, but as representing Her Majesty's gov. through our beloved land." The controversy was growing
erpment. The speech really was a very pertinent one upon the warm, and the peace cause was fast obtaining the interest
subject of the Geneva arbitration, in which the British reprewhich arises from keen debate ; when a cool-headed man arose
sentative took occasion to enforce the idea that this subject had and said, “Brethren, you may have and urge your different
| been spoken of in too legal a point of view and with too litile views on this question, but this is no place for the discussion. Whether the action of the loyal men of the country is right or
reference to its importance in establishing a basis of future
goodwill. Mr. Elder likewise read an extract from the London wrong, the American Peace Society,as such, has nothing whatever to do with the question. It was formed for the purpose of
| Spectator, of similar peaceful purport. preventing war between nations, and this is what it condemns.
ADDRESS OF R. 3. RANTOUL, ESQ. Now there is here no such war, there is simply, to characterize it strictly, a great riot, which the government is endeavoring to Mr. Rantoul said the law by which the moral universe is put down. Though the scale of operations is so extensive, yet governed is a law of progress. It is little enough that men can the principles are precisely the same as in respect to a riot in a do for better or for worse to mould events or control results. city, which the city government is attempting to put down by When they do put their shoulders to the wheel, and seem to be police force. If the Mayor of this city were acting by force colaborers with these great controlling moral forces, they have a against an armed riot in the streets, the Society would not feel right to congratulate themselves upon success. Hence it is that called upon to protest. Not a whit the more should it in this we are here to-night. Therefore it is that I am with you to say a national police operation, (for it is nothing more) to arrest a word in behalf of peace. A great step has been taken in huvast and wicked pro-slavery riot."
man advancement. Our contribution to it as individuals-as a This counsel prevailed, and the Peace Society lost, by the nation—was something. Such strength as we had has been sure and moderate ground which it took, a singular opportunity exerted in the right direction, and we have a right to rejoice.