The Disenchantment of the Orient: Expertise in Arab Affairs and the Israeli State
Stanford University Press, 2006 - 320 Seiten
What role do the experts on Arab affairs play in Israeli society? How do they mediate between Israelis and their neighbors? And what role has expert knowledge and discourse played in bringing Arab and Jew together and in separating them?
In this historical study, Gil Eyal argues that before the formation of Israel, Jewish experts participated in constructing the Orient as both a metaphor for the rejuvenation of the Jewish nation, and an enchanted space populated by hybrid figures that mixed Jewish and Arab elements. But following the creation of the state, these experts took up a new role: creating boundaries (both external and internal) between Jews and Arabs, purifying the hybrids that inevitably exist on the margins of boundaries. The enchanted space of the Orient was destroyed, and its place was taken by expert discourses that reinforce the cultural separation between Jews and Arabs.
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academic orientalists Adviser on Arab Arab affairs Arab countries Arab village Arabist expertise Arabists assessments Ben-Gurion branch of military Brit Shalom Central Zionist Archive chapter claim commanders conﬂict created cultural Dayan Center deﬁned deﬁnition development towns discourse ethnic experts fellahin ﬁeld of orientalist ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst Foreign Ofﬁce forms of expertise governors Haaretz Haganah hamula Harkabi hasbara Hebrew University Histadrut identiﬁed IDF Archive imitation inﬁltration inﬂuence intelligence expertise intelligence ofﬁcers internal boundary Islamic Israel Israeli Arabs Jerusalem Jewish Agency Jews and Arabs jurisdiction knowledge labor leaders leadership Mapai Middle East Middle Eastern military government military intelligence mista’ravim mizrahanut mizrahi Jews modern moshav Moshe network of intelligence no-man’s-land notables ofﬁcial orientalist expertise Palestine Palmon political position prestate puriﬁcation reﬂected refugees research branch research ofﬁcers role Sephardi Sephardi Jews settlement Shamir Shiloah Institute signiﬁcance social society speciﬁc struggle Tel-Aviv University typically Yehoshafat Harkabi Zionist