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| Mrs. J. şi reproceeding) base Mattery to

argumentum baculinum. One evening, after certain fustigatory performances at home, Mr. and Mrs. J-- performed the Duke and Duchess in Tobin's Honeymoon; in one of the scenes of which Juliana has to say that she presumes, if she disobeys his orders, he will beat her; to which the Duke replies

« I'll talk to you; but I'll not beat you.
He that lays his hand upon a woman,
Save in the way of kindness, is a wretch,

Whom 'twere gross dattery to call a coward.. Mr. J--- had scarcely begun this commonplace claptrap, when his spouse, dismissing the recollection of her scenic character, and smarting with her wrongs, darted a look at him, accompanied by an undercurrent of exclamation thus

Mr. J. as Duke. - He that lays his band upon a woman(Mrs. J. gives an indescribable glance, and exclaims-Ugh! You brute! Mr. J. (proceeding) – Save when she richly deserves it—is a wretch,

Whom 'twere base flattery to call a coward, ANCIENT RAILROADS.—It is generally supposed that the Greeks, amid all their advances in abstract science, were comparatively backward in some of the most important practical arts of civilized life, more especially in all that relates to interior communication by means of roads, bridges , &c. There are , however, many strong evidences, both of a practical and a speculative nature, that under all these disadvantages this branch of internal economy was, according to the use and fashion of the age, carried, even at the remotest period of antiquity, to a much higher degree of perfection in Greece than has usually been supposed. Travellers have long been in the habit of remarking the frequent occurrence of wheelruts in every part of that country, often in the remotest and least frequented mountain passes, where a horse or mule can · now with difficulty find a track. The term rut must not here be understood in the sense of a hole or inequality worn by long use and neglect in a level road, but of a groové or channel purposely scooped out at distances adapted to the ordinary span of a carriage, for the purpose of steadying and directing the course of the wheels, and lightening the weight of the draught, on rocky or precipitous ground, in the same manner as the sockets of our railroads. Some of these tracts of stone railway, for such they may in fact be called, are in a good state of preservation, chiefly where excavated in stratum of solid rock. Where the nature of the soil was not equally favourable, the level was probably obtained by the addition of flags filling up the inequalities. It seems now to be generally admitted by persons who have turned their attention to the subject, that this was the principle on which the ancient Greek carriage-roads were constructed on ground of this nature. Mure's Tour in Greece. . . .

TORTOISES and men. — « What a charming excursion! How delightful it is to be thus elevated !» said a tortoise , as an eagle was flying up with it into the air ; the infatuated reptile never suspecting that it was thus raised aloft only for the purpose of having its shell more effectually broken by being dashed down again.

Thus sometimes are men treated by Fortune , when sbe wants to break the pride that encases them.

Tolluntur in altum

Ut lapsu graviore ruant. Extinguished almost as soon as distinguished, they go up like the rocket with a great noise, make a brilliant display when they have attained their elevation, and then come down like the dismantled stick.

OBSERVANCE OF THE SABBATH. — Sir Walter Scott says in his * Autobiography,» « The discipline of the Presbyterian sabbath was severely strict, and I think injudiciously so. Although Bunyan’s ‘Pilgrim,' Gesner's ‘ Death of Abel,' Rowe’s ‘Letters,' and one or two other books which , for that reason , I still bave a favour for, were admitted to relieve the gloom of one dull sermon succeeding to another, there was far too much tedium annexed to the duties of the day, and in the end it did none of us any good.

Poor Sir Walter! if it did no good even to him, what harm may it not have done to others! and what would he bave said had he lived on to the present times, when the well

meaning but mistaken Agnewites, and the advocates for the - better observance of the sabbath, would even interdict all lo

comotion on that day, and realize as far as possible, the dictum of the Caliph Omar, that in order to deserve heaven wemust make earth a hell. The latter part of the clause they will go far to effect, if their puritanism is to become the law of the land. It is difficult to say which predominates - the cruelty or the selishness of these proposed restrictions, when we recollect that they emanate from parties who have six days in the week for their amusement, and that their rigour falls exclusively upon the humbler classes, who have but one for the purposes of innocent and healthful recreation.

The Niger expedition, in wbich the captain of one of the vessels exposed his crew to pestilence and death, rather than heave his anchor on a Sunday, 'shows the ruthless excess to which this fanaticism may be pushed, under a mistaken sense of duty. And all this for a sabbath of man's ordaining, while we leave that ordained of God to the observance of the Jews !

It used to be held that he who gives to the poor lends to the Lord ; but our Cantwells seem to imagine that what they take from the poor they give to the Lord, an opinion equally unworthy of a good man, and derogatory to a benignant deity. But it is necessary, say the ascetics, to counteract the effect of certain Sunday papers and infidel writers. Counteract! why they are promoting the cause of these men, by pelting them with a bomarang, which recoils and breaks the head of the thrower. Bolh asailant and repellant may as well give up this most unholy holy War.

Peace, idiots ! peace, and both bave done,

Each kiss his empty brother;
Religion scorns a foe like one,

And dreads a friend like t'other. :

ART AND NATURE. — Instead of being antithetical terms as is generally imagined, these two words express one and the same idea, although it may assume different developements and varying phases, as it presents itself to our minds through a

divine or human medium, a fact which would appear less startling if we duly perpended the profound and comprehensive lines of Pope

All nature is but Art unknown to thee,
. All chance, direction which thou canst not see,
All discord, harmony not understood,

All partial evil, universal good. Art, in fact, is man's nature ; nature is God's art ; human nature the noblest specimen of God's art ; and the noblest masterpieces made by man are but the works of his Maker at second-hand-humanified emanations of the Divinily receiving ever-changing modifications from the different moulds through which they are transmitted. This is the view which sublimises and ballows while it identifies both Nature and Art. Nature, by converting the whole earth into a laboratory, an atelier, a study, a picture-gallery of the heavenly chymist, sculptor, author, painter ; art, by making those earthly artists the operatives, the foremen, the amanuenses, the delegates, the secondaries of the great First Cause.

True it is, and pity 'tis 'tis true, that many of these gifts are perverted from the high and holy purposes of the donor ; but there can be no use without the power of abuse; no human free will without the possibility of contravening the divine will : an inherent defect in the nature of man's art , which it is beyond the art of Nature to control, for it would be a contradiction in terms to suppose the coexistence of ability for wrong and impeccability. Happy the artist who has always considered himself the accountable steward of his intellectual or manual gifts — who has felt that his talents had their duties as well as their rights — who admitting with Dryden that.. "

'Tis the most painful proof the world's accurs'd,

That the best things abused become the worst, has made , according to his means and measure, a faithful application of tbe gifts entrusted to him.

From this line of duty in the higher ranks of art there will be found few deviations, for the enthusiasnı of genius is literally a sense of the God within us ; and the best---perhaps the only true 'evidence of this sense is the purity of the purposes to which we apply it. To give a licentious direction to a heaven-bestowed gift is the worst species of sacrilege : but this, we repeat , is of rare occurrence except among the petty fry of art. The Dii majores, the most eminently endowed, will generally be found not only the most irreproachable, but the most modest-rather penetrated with gratitude for what they have received from the Creator, than proud of what they can impart to their fellow-creatures. Thus ministering to the holy purposes of nature, the genuine artist will contemplate the blaze of his reputation but as a moral halo which should sanctify while it irradiates his path.


St. Petersburg, July 1st, 1842.


Printed at the Office of the Journal de St. Petersbourg.

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