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lord Howard's; after whom, came two troops of nobility and gentlemen, red colors, fringed with gold. There was never such a sight of noblemen and gentlemen that marched then, brandishing their swords all along. Soon after his Majesty was passed, all the musquetiers that lined the streets gave many vollies of shot.

“ Thus was his Majesty conducted to his royal palace at Whitehall; where after the lord mayor had took his leave, his Majesty went to the Lords, where was a speech made to his Majesty, and another in the Banqueting-house by the Speaker of the House of Commons, which is printed at large by the printers of the said house: which done, his Majesty retired himself, and supped with the two dukes in the Chast chamber. This day his Majesty dined in the Presence chamber.

“ The solemnity of this day was concluded by an infinite number of bonfires ; it being observable, that, as if all the houses had turned out their chimnies into the streets (the weather being very warm) there were almost as many fires in the streets, as houses, throughout London and Westminster; and among the rest in Westminster, a very costly one was made, where the effigies of the old Oliver Cromwell was set up upon a high post, with the arms of the Commonwealth; which having been exposed there a while to the public view, with torches lighted, that

every one might take better notice of them, were burnt together.

“ The foreign ambassadors and public ministers here did likewise highly express their joy for his Majesties happy arrival here on Tuesday last, by their bonfires and other public demonstrations ; specially the ambassadors of France and Portugal, and the plenipotentiaries of the king of Sweden ; in particular, his plenipotentiary lying at Charing-cross, besides his bonfires, giving of wine and throwing of money among the people, made very gallant emblems upon the business of

the day.”

We are informed, from several parts of the Life of William duke of Newcastle, written by his lady, that excellence in horsemanship was considered a necessary accomplishment in his time, and that the Duke carried this partiality for the exercise to such an excess, as to lavish the limited means he possessed on horses, at the time his loyalty to Charles II. would have starved him and his consort, had not the people of Antwerp been very liberal and charitable. The

“ Not only strangers, but his Majesty himself (our now gracious sovereign), was pleased to see my lord ride, and one time did ride himself, he being an excellent master of that art, and instructed by my lord, who had the honour to set him first on a horse of mannage, when he was his governor; where his Majesty's


Duchess says,

capacity was such, that being but ten years of age, he would ride leaping horses, and such as would overthrow others, and manage them with the greatest skill and dexterity, to the admiration of all that beheld him."

It may be a farther illustration of the characters of the Prince and his governor to add, that, wretched as the situation of both was, the Duke contrived to entertain his pupil at dinner, when the King observed, after paying his compliments to the Duchess, “That he perceived my lord's credit could procure better meat than his own.Sir Charles Cavendish often said, “ That though he could not truly complain of want, yet his meat never did him good, by reason, my lord his brother was always so near wanting, that he was never sure after one meal to have another;" and he thus proved his frequent assertion, “ that he would willingly sacrifice himself, and all his posterity, for the sake of his Majesty and the royal race.” Indeed the loss he sustained was immense, and amounted to £403,083, without including interest, which added, made it £733,579, besides enduring sixteen years' banishment. According to the Duchess, he raised “ above 100,000 men, and those most upon his own interest, in support of the royal cause ; his .white coats, whereof many were bred in the moorish grounds of the Northern parts,' never gave over whensoever they were engaged in ac


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tion, until they had either conquered the enemy or lost their lives." The term white coats was derived from the circumstance of the Duke's having been compelled to use that colour for their clothing instead of red, through a scarcity of the latter ; but

upon his proposing to have it dyed, the soldiers begged it might not, promising they would perform that operation with their enemies' blood.

This lady says of her lord, “ In his diet he is so sparing and temperate, that he never eats nor drinks beyond his set proportion, so as to satisfy only his natural appetite;- he makes but one meal a day, at which he drinks two good glasses of small beer, one about the beginning, the other at the end thereof, and a little glass of sack in the middle of his dinner; which glass of sack he also úses in the morning for his breakfast, with a morsel of bread ;-his supper consists of an egg, and a draught of small beer: and by this temperance hé finds himself very healthful, and may yet live many years, he being now of the


of seventy-three, which I pray God from my soul to grant him."

We have every reason to believe, that the ensuing notice describes the acts of four-fifths of those British merchants who have the misfortune to be unsuccessful in trade: I therefore give it, not as a solitary instance of uncommon honour, but as one which, from the nature of the case, 'is seldom publicly known through motives of

delicacy :

delicacy : “ Whereas Jeremiah · Snow, late of Lombard-street, goldsmith, now living in Broadstreet, did owe divers persons, anno 1652, £8,300 ; who, at his desire, did accept of £6,225 in full, and gave him discharges absolute (which was occasioned by the failing of two French merchants, who were at that time indebted to him £3,400, but never paid him a fifth part, as by the testimonials remaining with the public notary it may appear); since which time, it hath pleased God to bless his endeavours with some small estate: He, therefore, in gratitude and justice, invites them to receive the full remainder of their principal money, excepting such as by his oath he shall affirm to have paid in part or in whole. And he declares this publication is not for vain-glory (retribution in this kind being indispensable), nor to get more credit; but because his friends have judged it conveniently necessary, that his vindication might be as public as then was the scandal.” London Gazette, 1667.

Such were Jeremiah Snow's ideas of honour. Another description of honour is not to be satisfied without the loss of life, limbs, or health: the duellist of 1667 may be balanced against the trader of the same year in the scale of morality, and the advertisement of Snow against the declaration of Charles II. in the Gazette of Feb. 24, without risk to the former. “ This day, his



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