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ing this period had happened more potatoes. Or, to go more into or less directly from this source, the detail, three quarters of a pound report would be much nearer the of bread, and live ounces of meat,

are equal to three pounds of potatruth.

toes : one pound of potatoes is

equal to four pounds of cabbage, On the comparative nutritive and three of turnips; but one Properties of different kinds of pound of rice, broad beans, or Food.A very interesting Report French beans, is equal to three on this subject was formerly pre- pounds of potatoes.Edinburgh sented to the French minister of New Philosophical Journal. the interior, by MM. Percy and Vauquelin, two members of the

JOHN HUNTER. Institute, the accuracy of which

Hunter was a philosopher in more may be depended on. It may, at senses than one; be had philosophy this period of public distress, be enough to bear prosperity, as well valuable in those families where as adversity, and with a rough estethe best inode of supporting na- rior was a very kind man. ture should be adopted at the could command his services more least expense.

than the rich. He would see an ioThe result of their experi- dustrious tradesman before a dokt ments is as follows :-In bread, when the house was full of grandees every hundred pounds' weight are would say, “ you live by it'; most ei

you have no time to spare," found to contain eighty pounds of these can'wait, they have nothing to nutritious matter. Butcher's do when they go home." No man meat, averaging the various sorts, cared less for the profits of the procontains only thirty five pounds in fession, or more for the honor of it

. one hundred. Broad beans, eigh- He cared not for money himself, and tynine. Pease, ninetythree. Len- wished the Doctor, bis brother Wiltils, a kind of half pea, but little liam, to estimate it by the same known in England, ninetyfour scale, when he sent a poor man with pounds in one hundred. Greens this laconic note :

“ Dear Brother,

-The bearei and turnips, which are the most aqueous of all the vegetables used the nature of the case.

wants your advice. I do not koor

He bas to for domestic purposes, furnish only eight pounds of solid nutritious money, and you have plenty, some

are well met.

Yours, substance in one hundred. Car

J. HUNTER rots fourteen pounds. And, what He was applied to once to pero is remarkable, as being in opposi- form a serious operation on a tradestion to the hitherto acknowledged man's wife; the fee agreed on was theory, one hundred pounds of po- twenty guineas. He heard no more tatoes only yield" twenty five of the case for two months; at the pounds of substance, valuable in end of which time he was called nutrition.

on to perform it. In the course One pound of good bread is of his attendance, he found out that equal to two pounds and a half, or difficulty under which the patient's three pounds of the best potatoes, husband had labored to raise the and seventy five pounds of bread, money; and that they were worthy and thirty pounds of meat, are people, who had been unfortunate, equal to three hundred pounds of and were by no means able to sup

port the expense of such an affliction, sents some extraordinary novel sea“ I sent back to the husband nine- tures. It has all the appearance of teen guineas, and kept the twen- being an impalpable powder.. lodine tieth,” said he, “ that they might not communicates to it a dull and very be hurt with an idea of too great an indistinct blue color. After having obligation. It somewhat more than been plunged in boiling water, it paid me for the expense I had been does not form a jelly in cooling, but at in the business." -Atheneum. precipitates itself instantly, without

losing its yellowish hue. Boiling it The Typha.--The fecula of the in alcohol, or keeping it for some subterraneous roots of this plant has time in cold water, weakly sharpena lately undergone an examination by ed with a mineral acid, deprives it several French chemists, and pre- of its ligneous color.

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The melancholy days are come, the saddest of the year,
Of wailing winds and naked woods, and meadows brown and sere.
Heap'd in the hollows of the grove, the wither'd leaves lie dead,
They rustle to the eddying gust and to the rabbit's Tread.
The robin and the wren are flown, and from the shrubs the jay,
And from the wood top calls the crow, through all the gloomy day.
Where are the flowers, the fair young flowers, that lately sprung and stood,
In brighter light and softer airs, a beauteous sisterhood.
Alas! they are all in their graves,—the gentle race of flowers
Are lying in their lowly beds, with the fair and good of ours :
The rain is falling where they lie,-but the cold November rain
Calls oot from out the gloomy earth the lovely one again.

The wildflower and the violet, they perished long ago,
And the brier rose and the orchis died, amid the Summer's glow;
But on the hill, the golden sod, and the aster in the wood,
And the yellow sunflower by the brook in autumn beauty stood,
Till fell the frost from the clear cold heaven, as falls ibe plague on men,
And the brightness of their smile was gone from upland, glade and glen.

And now when comes the calm mild day,.-as still such days will come,
To call the squirrel and the bee from out their winter home,
When the sound of dropping nuts is heard, though all the trees are still,
And twinkle in the smoky light the waters of the rill,
The south wind searches for the flowers whose fragrance late he bore,
And sighs to find them in the woods and by the stream no more.

And then I think of one who in her youthful beauty died,
The fair meek blossom that grew up and faded by my side,
In the cold moist earth we laid her, when the forest cast the leaf,
And we wept that one so lovely should have a lot so brief;
Yet not unmeet it was, that one, like that young friend of ours,
So gentle and so beautiful, should perish with the flowers,

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Washington St. corner of Franklin St. and other articles that are usually kept

CONTENTS.-The Robber Spatolino in Druggists' stores,

Original Story of Hamlet-Highland SaA few pounds of the genuine Liv- perstitiou--- French Gaming Mouse som erwort, Hepatica triloba, for consumptive Evidences of Christianity, arising from complaints, for sale as above, laftot.

the Harmony of its Doctrines—The Prom

gress of Painting in France-Autographs MEDICINES AND SURGICAL

-The Mutiny-The Days Caur de

Lion. In Two Parts. - Part 1.-FriendINSTRUMENTS.

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RETAIL APOTHECARY SHOP. prescriptions will be put up with attention, punctuality, and accuracy.

ICHARD A NEWELL, Druggist, Oct, 23.

his friends and customers, that he cone SELLERS & ROSE, fines himself wholly to the retail business


and has on hand a complete assortment of CUTLERS AND SURGICAL INSTRUMENT

genuine Medicines, which will be sold as MAKERS,

low as can be purchased in the city, 344, Washington St., opposite Avery St. R. A. N. keeps constantly for sale

, Dr. A

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D433, India


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, pared in the best manner of the Shakers. &c., at very low prices. Gentlemen wishAmong these are Rose Flowers, Poppy do. ing to purchase are respectfully invited to Sweet Marjoram, Balm, a small quantity call.

Aug. 21,

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Published weekly, by John Cotton, 184, Washington St. corner of Franklin St. - The price of this paper will vary with the time of payment. If paid on subscribing, or within 3 months after, the price will be 3 dollars per annum ; if paid after 3 months but within the year, it will be $3,50 ; but if not paid within the year, it will be 4 dole lars. No paper to be discontinued till arrearages are paid. All communications relating to the present or future concerns of this paper, to be addressed, always postpaid, to John G. Coffin.-Advertisements, 1 dollar a square.





VOL, 5.


NO. 34.



USE OF THE DEAD TO THE LIVING. perable obstacle to the cultiva

We last week republished the first tion of anatomy amongst this peopart of Mr. Mackenzie's very inter- ple. By the Égyptians every one

who cut open a dead body was esting and useful paper, in order to regarded with inexpressible horshow the value and indispensable im The Grecian philosophers portance of Anatomy as the basis of so far overcame the prejudice as all surgical and medical knowledge. occasionally to engage in the purWe now make some further extracts suit, and the first dissection on refrom the same essay, which will ex

cord was one made by Democri

tus of Abdera, the friend of Hiphibit some of the obstacles to the

pocrates, in order to discover the study of anatomy, and some of the course of the bile. The Romans effects of these obstacles, and shall contributed nothing to the proclose the subject with a few remarks. gress of the art ; they were con

These observations are suffi- tent with propitiating the Deities cient to show the importance of who presided over health and disanatomy in certain surgical dis- ease. They erected on the Pa

The state of medical latine Mount a temple to the godopinion from the earliest ages to dess Febris, whom they worshipthe present time, furnishes a most ped from a dread of her power. instructive proof of its necessity They also sacrificed to the godto the detection and cure of dis. dess Ossipaga, who, it seems, ease in general.

presided over the growth of the In ancient times the voice of bones, and to another styled Carreason could not be heard. Su- na, who took care of the viscera, perstition, and customs founded and to whom they offered beanon superstition, excited an influ- broth and bacon, because these ence which was neither to be re were the most nutritious articles sisted nor evaded.

Dissection of diet. was then regarded with horror. In the 14th century, Mundinus, In the warm countries of the East professor at Bologna, astonished the pursuit must have been highly the world by the public dissection offensive and even dangerous, and of two human bodies. In the 15th it was absolutely incompatible century, Leopardi da Vinca conwith the notions and ceremonies tributed essentially to the proguniversally prevalent in those ress of the art, by the introduction days. The Jewish tenet of pol- of anatomical plates which were lution must have formed an insu- adınirably executed. In the 16th

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century, the Emperor, Charles that of exhumation : aversion to the 5th, ordered a consultation to this employment may be pardonbe held by the divines of Sala- ed : dislike to the persons who manca, to determine whether it engage in it is natural, but to re was lawful, in point of con- gard them with detestation, to science, to dissect a dead body in exult in their punishment, to deorder to learn its structure. In termine for themselves its nature the 17th century, Cortesius, pro- and measure, and to endeavor to fessor of anatomy at Bologna, and assume the power of inflicting it afterwards professor of medicine with their own hands, is absurd. at Messina, had long begun a Magistrates have too often fostertreatise on practical anatomy ed the prejudices of the people which he had an earnest desire to and afforded them the means of finish, but so great was the diffi- executing their vengeance on the culty of prosecuting the study objects of their arersion. The even in Italy, that in 24 years he press has uniformly allied itsell could only twice procure an op- with the ignorance and violence portunity of dissecting a human of the vulgar, and has done ererr. body, and even then with difficul- thing in its power to inflame the ty and in a hurry; whereas, he passions which it was its duty to had expected to have done so, he endeavor to soothe. It is betosays, once every year, according rious that the winter before last to the custom of the famous aca- there was scarcely a week is demies of Italy. In Muscovy, which the papers did not contar till very lately, both anatomy and the most exaggerated and disgust the use of skeletons were posi- ing statements : the appetite tively forbidden; the first as in- which could be gratified with human, the latter as subservient such representations was suffito witchcraft. Even the illustri- ciently degraded : but still more ous Luther was so biassed by the base was the servility which prejudices of his age, that he as- could pander to it. Half a cercribed the majority of diseases to tury ago there was in Scotland no the arts of the devil, and found difficulty in obtaining the subjects great fault with physicians when which were necessary to supp! they attempted to account for the schools of anatomy. The them by natural causes. England consequence was, that medicin acquired the bad fame of being and surgery suddenly assumai the country of witches, and op- new life,- started from the stuposed almost insuperable obsta- por in which they had been spellcles to the cultivation of anatomy. bound,--and made an immediate Even at present the prejudices of and rapid, and brilliant progress. this people are violent and deeply The new seminaries constantly rooted. The measure of this vio- sent into the world men of the lence may be estimated by the most splendid abilities, at ouce degree of abhorrence with which demonstrating the excellence of they regard those persons who the schools in which they were are employed to procure the sub- educated, and rendering them iljects necessary for dissection. In lustrious. Pupils tocked to them this country there is no other from all quarters of the globe, method of obtaining subjects but and they essentially contributed

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