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THE

ADVERTISEMENTS.

ATHENEUM :

OR, SPIRIT OF THE ENGLISH MAGAZINES,
RETAIL DRUG STORE.

FOR SEPTEMBER 1, 1827,

UST published by John Cotton, 184 in form his Washington St. corner of Franklin St.

CONTENTS --The Rod and the Stream ; now established himself as a retail druga A Discourse of Angling— The Exile of Flogist, at No. 188, Washington Street, op- lence-My Mother's Grave---Elephant posite the Marlboro' Hotel, where Physi- Hunting The New Ministry--The Grave cians and Families may depend on the of a Poetess. By Mrs. Hemans-The most strict and personal attention to their "Manimalinga-Voda"--Song of Emigraorders.--No Medicines will be put up un- tion. By Mrs. Hemans—The Guerilla Broless of the first quality.

thers-John Kimber, the Bibliomaniac N. B, Medicines delirered at any hour

Farmer-Varieties-Curious Discoveryof the night.

Petrifaction--The Late Lord Chancellor

-Mrs. Jordan's “Old Habits”).-Original THE following medical works are for Anecdote of Dr. Baillie--Anecdote.. sale at this Office,

CURE FOR INTEMPERANCE. THE BOSTON MEDICAL INTELLIGENCEd, devoted to the Cause of Physical Repr& HOWARD have succeeded Education, and to the Means of Prevent of Intemperance. It has had the advaning and of Curing Diseases, Vol. 4th, tage of repeated and successful experibound or unbound,

ments, by physicians of the first respectaA Treatise on Verminous Diseases, bility in this city, and is confidently preceded by the Natural History of Intes- brought before the public, as a remeds in tinal Worms, and their origin in the Hu

no respect inferior to any which hare man Body. By V. L. BRERA, Professor been offered for the purpose. A gentliof Clinical Medicine in the University of man who has employed much of Dros Pavia, &c.

Chambers', and has witnessed the operaBICHAT on the Membranes.

tion of this, in several instances, has esDiscourses on Warm and Cold Bathing. pressed his preference for their prepara

A Dissertation on Medical Education, tion. They have been politely favored and on the Medical Profession.

with the following certificate from Dr. J. Remarks on the Dangers and Duties of B. Flint of this city. Sepulture.

Messrs. REED & HOWARD, The LANCET, a weekly London pub

Gentlemen,-) have witnessed the lication.

operation and effect of your medicine for

the cure of Intemperance in several cases, SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS,

and am very willing, at your request, to DRUGS, &c.

state, that it has generally produced a de AVID & JOHN HENSHAW & Co., cided aversion to ardent spirit, in those

33, India Street, near the head of who had previously been excessively fond Central Wharf, have for sale, a very large uniforinly been improved by its operation,

of it; that the health of the patients has assortment of Surgeons Instruments

, and that, in my opinion, it is a safe, saluDrugs, Paints, Dyestuffs, Window Glass, &c., at very low prices. Gentlemen wish tary, and commendable medicine, for the ing to purchase are respectfully invited to purpose for which it is designed,

Your friend,

JOSHUA B. FLINT call.

6mo,

Boston, July 11, 1827.

For sale by REED & HOWARD, 44,
MEDICAL LECTURES.

Hanover street, at the head of Elm street,
THE LECTURES at Hanover, N. H.
on T

Boston. Price dols. 2,50 cts.
Sixth day of September, and continue thecaries and Physician here named, and know

We are personally acquainted with the Apo fourteen weeks.

them all to be men of talents and integrity, Dartmouth College, Aug. 8, 1827.

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Aug. 21.

Edit. Med. Intel

Published weekly, by John Cotton, at 184, Washington St. corner of Franklin St. The price of this paper will vary with the time of payment. If paid on subscribing, or within 3 months after, the price will be 3 dollars per annum ; if paid after 3 months but within the year, it will be $ 3,50 ; but if not paid within the year, it will be 4 dollars. No paper to be discontinued till arrearages are paid.--All communications relating to the present or future concerns of this paper, to be addressed, always poslu paid, to John G. Coffin.-Advertisements, 1 dollar a square.

MEDICAL INTELLIGENCER.

JOHN G. COFFIN, EDITOR.

DEVOTED TO THE CAUSE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, AND TO THE MEANS OF PRE

VENTING AND OF CURING DISEASES.

VOL, 5.

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1827.

NO. 17.

THE APOTHECARY,

knowledge of ,botany, mineralogy AMONG the various causes which and chemistry as to be a judge of are constantly acting against the the properties of the numberless public health, one is the propensity substances and preparations used in and babit of many people, of consult- the treatment of diseases; and if he ing and obeying persons who are not is sufficiently versed in practical qualified to give medical advice. chemistry and pharmacy duly to preThey avoid the regular practitioner pare, preserve and issue all the aras an object of suspicion, and run with ticles of the Materia Medica,-he is eagerness and confidence to the pre- a welleducated apothecary, and if he tender and impostor. Some of these faithfully and accurately exercises depredators on health, property and his profession, and confines himself life, appear as the venders and ad- to it, he is a valuable, useful, and of ministrators of patent medicines, course, an honorable member of soinfallible, though secret remedies, ciety. That there are amongst us and infallible because secret. Oth- many such exceptions to the tenor of ers set themselves forth as the curers what follows, and which is said of the jaundice, the piles, corns, can- against the majority of the dabblers, cers, &c., according to their several and dealers, and venders of drugs endowments and abilities, each being and medicines in this country, we sole judge of bis owo qualifications, are happy to believe and to know. whether natural or acquired. The We all know that there are occaApothecary too is not unfrequently sionally regular and reputable phyconsulted in this way, and inspired sicians who prepare and sell mediby the prospect of gain, often feels cines, and this in many places they sufficient confidence to act in a new are compelled to do because there is capacity thus cheaply bestowed on no apothecary near them worthy of him.

trust.

But these gentlemen do not In order to understand how far the come within the scope of our reAmerican apothecary is prepared to marks. The best informed and the exercise the office of physician, we best disposed apothecary will be the must enter a little into his education, least of his class inclined to step out objects and pursuits.

of his own province and intrude himIf an apothecary, after suitable self into that of the medical practiprevious instruction, acquires such a tioner. He will be most ready to

perceive the limits within which his 6 There is an agent in society, duties terminate, and least prone to standing as a medium of commupass beyond these, where he may nication between the physician deservedly lose his own reputation and his patient, whose occupation

is too important to be any longer and usefulness by injuring another.

trusted to unskilful hands; I mean The English apothecary is a dif- the apothecary,—whose duty it is ferent character; he is often a well- to prepare, issue, and occasionalbred physician and practises medi- ly to administer medicines agreecine accordingly. It is a little sin. ably to the physician's prescripgular too that in England the apo fications of an individual who

tions. What should be the qualithecary, like the surgeon, is called

wishes to become an apothecary? Mr., while here he is most absurdly He should in the first place, posand preposterously styled doctor. sess a knowledge of the English Now if the title “ doctor” means and Latin languages; then of the anything correctly in medical lan materia medica and pharmacy, guage, it implies either that he to including chemistry, and a compewhom it is given is a practitioner of tent acquaintance with botany, medicine, or has taken a medical de- mineralogy and zoology. The

disastrous consequences of pergree. Who is chargeable with all

mitting unqualified persons to the blunders committed and the daily compound and sell "medicines, mischief done by our apothecary must be too obvious to need any doctors? The fault must be divided further notice. between those who place the stum No one among us who has been blingblock in the way, and those who disposed to assume the office of are thus made to fall; in what pro strained, by any law of the state,

an apothecary, has yet been reportion we leave the parties con- from exercising its functions. cerned, or the casuists, to deter

But this is not all, the catamine.

logue of evils is not yet fully unIn the meantime it may be said folded.

woman of under The mere druggist has been standing, who has a just regard to

allowed to intrench on the pro

vince of the physician. the order and wellbeing of society,

The spectacle is at once ludito put personal prudence out of the crous and deplorable to witness question, would offer a bribe to an what is daily practised in many of apothecary to commit a serious fault, our apothecaries' shops. A man and to put his own safety at hazard. comes in, and addressing himself May the folly and suffering of the to one of the establishment, says, past, admonish us for the future. “ Doctor, I'm sick, or iny child has We close these facts and brief hints a certain complaint, and I wish you intended for those most likely to

to give me something to cure it.”

The opifer per orbem, * willing need them, loy the following extract from a medical discourse read at a * Inventum medicina meum est; opiferque meeting of the Mass. Med. Society, Dicor, et herbarum subjecta potentia no1822.

Ovid. Met.

that no

man

or

per orbem

June,

bis.

to act in conformity to the pro- of particles of air. In hematemer fession and title thus gratuitously sis, the blood is generally coaguconferred, and too prompt in his lated, and grumous or dark colorzeal to serve his customer, to ad- ed. The attendant symptoms are mit of any scruples or delay in a also different in the two cases. choice of means, immediately In hemoptysis, the blood is brought puts up the desired remedy , and up by coughing, and there are here the matter between the buy- generally other signs of disease in er and seller commonly ends; but the chest ; such as pain and diffinot always so satisfactorily be- culty of breathing ; but in hematween the patient and the reme- temesis, there is commonly pain dy. But of consequences we are and other signs of disorder in the not often informed, for if the child stomach and neighboring parts. is injured or deprived of life, the Theory of Hemoptysis. — There parent, on reflection, is likely to are many varieties of this affecfind the fault to be quite as much tion, depending chieily on the part his own, as his doctor's, and in- from which the blood flows.' It stead of honestly admonishing his may take place from the mucous neighbor to avoid the error into membrane, as in cases of catarrh, which he had fallen, keeps his from the rupture of a small vesown secret, and thus permits the sel during the violence of coughmischief to go on."

ing; or possibly in the way of se

cretion from the membrane. In Lectures on the Theory and Prac- this case, the quantity of blood

tice of Physic. By Dr. Clut- lost will be small. Or it may TERBUCK, of London.

take place from the lungs themOf Hemoptysis, or Spitting of selves, when the quantity of blood Blood.- Hemoptysis, or hemor- lost will be larger, though in very rhage from the lungs, is deserving different degrees; and it may ocof your attention, more on ac- cur under different circumstances. eount of the alarm which it occa- Thus, it may take place from sions, than from the real danger mere fulness of habit ; or from of the disease ; for, in itself, it violent exercise, which acts by seldom proves fatal. The danger increasing, inordinately, the cirarises rather from the disorgan- culation through the lungs ; or, it ized state of the lungs, on which, may be vicarious with some other in most cases, the hemorrhage habitual discharge that has been depends, than on the mere loss of accidentally suppressed, as in deblood, which is seldom so great ficient menstruation. In these as to endanger life. This hemor- cases, it is difficult to say whence rhage is liable to be confounded the blood proceeds; whether from with hematemesis, or vomiting of the bronchial, or the pulmonary blood, where the blood comes artery. Judging from the very from the stomach ; but the dis- florid appearance of the blood, it tinction is, in general, sufficiently would seem to come from the exeasy

treme branches of the latter, or, In hemoptysis, the blood dis- possibly, the pulmonary veins ; charged is generally fluid, and of the blood appearing as if it had a florid hue; it is often frothy, recently undergone its destined likewise, from the intermixture changes. Hemorrhage from the

lungs also is frequently a mere the object of practice, the mere symptom or effect of ulceration hemorrhage being in general, a in these organs ; and hence, fre. matter of no importance. quently takes place from time to The ordinary treatment of hetime, in pulmonary consumption. moptysis is not sufficiently discriHemoptysis, lastly, may arise from minate. It is usual to bleed in the bursting of an aneurism into all cases, and that very largely ; the bronchia ; this is likely to be repeating the evacuation as long followed by instant suffocation, as the hemorrhage continues ; and will be preceded by the usu- while, at the same time, the paal signs of aneurism, in the chest. tient is kept shivering with cold,

The prognosis in hemoptysis, is and almost everything but cold very different, according to the water is denied himn. This praccircumstances inducing it, as I tice is seldom proper ; at least, have just pointed out. If it takes when carried to the extent that is place without any actual disease commonly done, and in many cases of the lungs themselves, as when the reverse treatment is required. it occurs from mere plethora, or When the habit is robust, and from violent exercise, or is vica- febrile action exists : where the rious with some other discharge, pulse is hard, as well as strong, it is attended with but little dan- and the tongue furred; there is ger; but, in the greater number no question of the propriety of of cases, it is preceded and ac- blood letting to a moderate extent.

. companied by a diseased state of In different circumstances, this the lungs, which is the real source remedy is not required, but is raof danger, and not the mere he- ther injurious, by inducing that morrhage. This, on the contrary, laxity of the solids, which is fagenerally gives relief, by dimin- vorable to a continuance of the ishing the tendency to inflamma- hemorrhage. In cases where the tion. If there has been cough patient is weak, the pulse soft, previously, or pain in the chest, however full, and the solids altoor difficulty of breathing, with gether flaccid to the feel, instead emaciation, the worst results may of blood letting, astringents, or tobe expected, however trifling the nics, as they are called, and even loss of blood.

active stimulants, are indicated. The treatment of hemoptysis is I have frequently employed, in varied by the circumstances al. such cases, the ammonia, spices, ready mentioned, and from which and even the oil of turpentine, with it proceeds. It is varied also by the best possible effect. the habit, and other circumstances The application of cold, in the of the patient. Thus, if it is extreme degree that is usually merely the consequence of ple- practised, is injurious, by conthora, the treatment is simple stricting the external vessels, and and obvious ; consisting chietly in throwing the blood back on the abstinence, and in extreme cases, heart and lungs. The extreme bloodletting. If it arises from the abstinence practised on these ocsuppression of habitual discharges, casions, has always appeared to these, if possible, should be re- me both unnecessary and injuristored. When it is a symptom ous ; by lessening, as bloodletting merely of diseased lungs, this is does, the contractility of the ex

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