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the wits.*

corporeal feeling, can be wholly it has always been a common reconcentrated on any subject of mark, that boys who are gluttons thought with which it is engaged; are generally stupid, and, to emwhereas, if the mind be conscious ploy a vulgar phrase, remarkably of corporeal suffering of any kind, is thickheaded.” as, for instance, if thought be ac- Fat paunches have lean pates, and dainty companied with a sensation of fulness or uneasiness of the head, it Make rich the ribs, but bankrout quite is impossible that the abstraction can be so complete, or the con

It is remarkable to see parents centration so perfect, as they indulging this detestable propenwould be in a state completely sity in their children, and supplydevoid of corporeal sensation. Å ing them with the means of gratistate of health is, therefore, that fying it to excess, in their visits at condition of the body, in which the home from school, as if boys were mind is most capable of exertion; intended to be fatted like pigs for and, consequently, that state best a Smithfield show. It would, infitted for unfolding its capacities, deed, be a high exultation to the and storing it with ideas, in boy- writer of this essay, if his remarks hood and youth. Every descrip- could induce even a tythe of his tion of food which is likely to dis- readers to impress on the rising turb this state of corporeal equi- generation a contempt for the senlibrium, if I may so speak, is cal- sual pleasure of eating ; to instil culated to prove injurious to the into youth a conviction that the developement of intellect. A only use of food is to supply the boy, therefore, who is fed luxu- waste of the body, and contribute riously, and whose appetite is to the support of its strength; and pampered, is ill calculated for to teach them that nothing is truly study; for, independent of the se- desirable which is not calculated ductive invitations which the to advance intellectual happiness. pleasures of the table hold out to That such a state of society, howallure youth from the severity and ever, should ever exist, is rather dryness of elementary studies, the to be desired than expected; for injurious effects of these indulgen- whatever other changes may have ces on health deprive him of the taken place within the last centupower of application ; and surely ry, men in this respect have rewe cannot wonder that the inex- mained stationary and the folperience of boyhood, when thus lowing sentence, written fifty exposed to temptation, should years ago, is applicable to the hazard even the blessing of health present moment :-"All assemfor the enjoyment of an hour. blies of jollity, all places of pubSuch is the result of the gratifi- lic entertainment, exhibit examcation of the palate, the most ples of strength wasting in riot, contemptible of human pleasures, and beauty withering in irreguon the developement of intellect. Jarity ; nor is it easy to enter a But it is not luxurious refinement house in which part of the family in the quality of the food only is not groaning in repentance of which is to be dreaded ; much past intemperance, and part admischief results from overindulgence in respect to quantity; and * Shakspeare, Love's Labor Lost.

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COLD WATER AND MERCURY.

mitting disease by negligence, or sively, to a warm regimen. We soliciting it by luxury."* have known physicians who denied May 18th.

to cold water any influence over the operation of calomel, because

they could not perceive how an The two first articles of this influence could be exerted. But, number are from regularly edu- in practical medicine, this mode cated and respectable practical of disposing of difficulties is not physicians, Dr. Harrison and allowable. However incapable Dr. Dunlavy. A leading object we may be, in many cases, of with the former is to show, by comprehending the manner in the citation of facts, the danger which one medical agent modifies to those who are taking calomel, the action of another, we hold the of drinking cold water; while the proposition to be universally true, latter strongly recommends both that when brought to act simultaits internal and external use under neously on the system, they do similar circumstances. If this modify each others' effects, and contrariety of opinion and practice we believe, therefore, that the were limited to these gentlemen, action of calomel may be different it would be of no great moment ;

when the patient drinks freely of but we well know that the

pro

cold water from what it is when fession at large, in this country at he refrains. But the kind and least, are divided on the same degree of this influence are to be subject. Should not the causes

ascertained. It seems to be genof this opposition be ascertained ? erally agreed, that the effects on Is it impossible to decide on the the mouth, of a given quantity of effects of a patient's drinking cold calomel, are greater in the north water, when under the influence than the south, and this has been of a mercurial preparation ? The referred to, equally, by those who salutary effects of calomel on the seek the means of facilitating the constitution are indicated by irri- salivary action of this medicine, tation of the mucous membrane and by those who wish to avert of the mouth and of the salivary this action. We must not, it is glands, producing increased se. true, confound the temperament cretion of saliva. Superadded to or diathesis of the inhabitants of these, or in place of the latter, the north, produced by the conwe occasionally have sloughing ul- tinued impression of a colder atcers of a dangerous and even fatal mosphere, with the momentary character. The questions for so- influence of large draughts of cold lution are,—first," whether the water, or its sudden application use of cold water or exposure to to the surface. Still we think it cold air, will promote the saluta- will be admitted, that in this cliry action of mercury on the mouth; mate the patient, in the use of secondly, whether the ulceration calomel, who is freely exposed of which we speak, is more likely to the impression of cold water, to supervene under such indul- both internally and externally, is gence and exposure, than when more likely to have a the patient is subjected, exclu- mouth,” than he who is not thus

exposed. Now when this exposJohpson.

ure promotes a simple ptyalism,

sore

we regard the cooperation as sal Those, on the other hand, who utary; but when the ptyalism is have seemed to us most safely complicated with sloughing ul- and beneficially to use calomel cers, the termination is often fa- and cold water, have been males tal. The use of cold water, after the age of puberty, of a santhen, by a patient who is taking guine or bilious temperament, and mercury, may do either good or afflicted with such inflammatory harm, it has done both; and, ac- maladies, as call for, or admit of cording to the experience of eve- the application of the latter rery physician, will be his estimate medy. In such cases, we hold of the practice. In these cir- the practice under consideration cumstances the desideratum is the to be sound. criterion by which we may de With these remarks, in which cide, beforehand, on the effects we have aimed at little more which, in every case, are likely than to state the subject for into result from the practice ; and quiry, we leave it to those who it is to this point that we respect- may regard it as worthy of invesfully invite the attention of our tigation.-West. Med. f Phys. J. brethren.

For ourselves, we do not pre EXPERIMENTS ON PULMONARY tend to have made any new ob

EXHALATION. servations ; but there are some By Messrs. BRESCHET and H. MILNE classes of patients in whom the EDWARDS.- Prirale Correspondence. practice seems to us to be, in The great rapidity with which general, contraindicated.

äeriform and certain volatile sub1. Children,—to whom it is of- stances, when introduced into the ten necessary to administer large veins of a living animal, are ex: and repeated doses of calomel, pelled by pulmonary exhalation, but to whom a salivation, con- is a fact fully established by daily nected as it generally is, with ul- observations and by the researchceration, sometimes proves mor

es of some French physiologists. tal, and is always dangerous. In the paper read by Dr. Milne

2. Women,—who do not bear Edwards at the Academy of Methe application of cold water so dicine of Paris, the 26th of July, well as men, but are apt to be the authors relate the expericome morbidly irritable under its ments they performed, in order use; and in this condition the ef- to ascertain whether the suction fects of calomel are almost al- which accompanies each dilataways prejudicial.

tion of the thorax is not the prin3. All persons, male or female, cipal cause of this exhalation bewho have the pituitous or lym- ing so much more rapid in the phatic temperament highly deve- lungs, than in the other parts of loped, and consequently, all those the body ; on the same principle who are subject to, or labor under as we find, by the interesting rehysterical affections.

searches of Dr. Barry, that ab4. Patients affected with in- sorption is most materially influcurable chronic diseases of eve- enced by pressure.

In one experiment, Messrs. 5. Persons of all temperaments, Breschet and Milne Edwards inages and sexes, who are ill with jected some camphor, dissolved typhous fever.

in alcohol, into the abdomen of a

ry kind.

dog, and, four minutes afterwards, 1. Those substances which do
found the breath of the animal not pass easily through animal tis-
strongly impregnated with both sues by imbibition, after having
these substances. They next re- been introduced into the circulat-
peated the same experiment, but ing medium are no longer exhaled
with this difference, they intro- by the lungs as soon as the action
duced a tube into the trachea, of the thoracic pump is destroyed;
laid open the thoracic cavity, and whereas, these same substances
kept up respiration by means of a would be soon completely expell-
bellows. The mechanism which ed by this means if the suction
makes the thoracic cavity resem- produced by the dilatation of the
ble a suction pump, was then de- thoracic cavity was allowed to
stroyed; and, though the artificial continue as usual.
respiration was kept up during an 2. That when substances which
hour, there was no smell of cam- pass through animal tissues with
phor or of alcohol in the air ex- great facility, as is the case with
pired from the lungs; at the same essence of turpentine, are mixed
time, however, a cuppingglass with the blood, they are equally
being applied to the exterior sur- exhaled in all the parts of the
face of the muscles of the abdo- body abundantly supplied with
men, the smell of camphor soon bloodvessels, provided the thora-
became perceptible in this part. cic pump be destroyed; but that
In a third experiment, essential when, as in the usual state, the
oil of turpentine was thrown into suction produced by the action of
the arteries of a dead animal, and, that organ is uninterrupted, the
on opening the thorax, the abdo- exhalation takes place only in the
men, &c. the exudation of this parts subject to the influence of
substance was found to have taken that power.
place in all these parts. By in 3. That it is, consequently, the
jecting a small quantity of essence mechanical action above alluded
of turpentine into the femoral vein to, which occasions the rapid ex-
of a dog, the thorax of which had halation by the pulmonary surface
been previously laid open as in of water, alcohol, camphor, es-
experiment No. 2, and the respi- sence of turpentine, and Leven's
ration carried on in the same man- gases introduced into the circu-
ner, the exhalation of turpentine lating medium.
took place equally in the abdomi In a subsequent paper, Messrs.
nal and pulmonary cavities. But Breschet and Milne Edwards, in-
when the same operation was tend examining the influence of
performed on a dog of which the this action on the other phenome-
thoracic pump was left entire, na of respiration.-Med. Chir.
the essence escaped with much Rev. for October 1826.
greater rapidity by the pulmonary
exhalation, and no trace of it
could be detected on the surface A distressing case

occurred of the peritoneum.

last week, in the family of Mr. From these experiments, and Michael Metcalf, Jr. of this town. from some others of the same ten- One of the children, two years dency, the authors draw the fol- old, was playing with some kidney lowing conclusions :

beans, one of which, half an inch

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SURGICAL

in length, slipped into the trachea, constitution to effect this object. or windpipe. This took place Neither are they diseases of deabout 9 o'clock. The distress of bility, for they are generally agthe child increasing it became gravated by tonics. Hence if apparent in the afternoon, that they are incurable both by stimusuffocation would soon end the lation and depletion, they must be sufferings of the little innocent. classed among disease of irritaThe parents then consented that tion. This state is defined by Sir the operation of bronchotomy, Astley Cooper to be “an altered cutting into the windpipe, should action excited in the body by an be performed. This operation, unnatural impression.” Mr. Traby Dr. Twitchell, seven hours vers speaking of irritation says it after the accident, was complete. is demontstrated “by an alteraly successful and the child is now tion in the habitual and proper in perfect health.

sensation or action of a part.” Keene, N. H. Sentinel. Though irritation is supposed to

be peculiar to the nervous sysFor the Medical Intelligencer. tem, Dr. Jackson of Philadelphia, Observations on the Zona or Shin- with M. Begin, divides it into

gles, and the Erythema of Vege- nervous, sanguine and lymphatic. iable Poisons. By James Foun- Hence the opinion I advanced in TAIN, M. D. of West Chester the New York Med. and Phys. Co. N.Y.

Journal, that irritation consisted Zona or shingles, and the poison- of a changed action in a part, or ing from the application of vege- the whole system, turns out to be tables, are both diseases of fre- well founded. Shingles and vequent occurrence in this country, getable erythemas then being loand consequently demand the at- cated in this class, their treattention of the faculty, 26 guar- ment must be that of sanguineous dians of health. By Dr. Cullen irritation in general. Let us now and most writers they are viewed recur to the treatment of this kind as erysipelatous inflammations, of irritation. This consists, curaand are merely noticed as being tively, in instituting a new action slight affections unworthy of much in the diseased part, and one, of attention. Recently, however, course, more powerful than that the lunar caustic has been pro- which constitutes the disease. As claimed as a certain remedy for aiding this view of the subject, the shingles, which strongly im- antiphlogistics or tonics may be plies that all other means of cure required as a preparatory, conwere of doubtful efficacy. comitant, or subsequent means ;

From the fact that both these for the action constituting irritadiseases are remediable by the tion may be accompanied either same means I am led to believe by an excess or deficiency of vithat there exists between them, tal influence or natural action. at least, some affinity of morbid In adopting this plan of treatprocess. They are not purely ment it will be necessary to form inflammatory diseases, for anti- some estimate of the power of phlogistics will not, of themselves, the diseased process, and of the cure them, though they frequent- agents or counterirritants to be ly enable the powers of a good used; for if the strength of the

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