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lizing too much with the Papists, had they affected that species of fuperftition which they are here charged with. Those who kept Saints-days, and made their pictures the companions of their Prayer-books, were persons the most likely to have dedicated their sermons, by a superstitious division of their subjects, to the HONOUR of the four Evangelifts and the twelve Apostles. A surly Puritan, with his face full set against every species of willworship, would have scented the Whore of Babylon in such a childish, High-church device!

Dr. H. attempts to vindicate Dr. O. from some other censures passed on his Sermons by the learned Dissertator :- time will determine with what success.

This Postscript is, we think, well-written. It is genteel; though, in one or two places, the reflections are farp and poignant. The Author's zeal for his deceased friend might, in the opinion of many, have excused a keener severity of expoftulation. It certainly does honour to his heart; and the Author seems to enter very cordially into what Horace delivers as his opinion of the man who feels no resentment, and offers no apology, when the merit of an absent friend is leflened by censure, or obscured by suspicion.

T

ART. VI. Remarks on the Postscript of Dr. Hallifax's Preface to the

Sermons of the Rev. Dr. Ogden. . 8vo. 6 d. Dodiley. 1780. THE Author of these fpirited Remarks approves of Dr. Hal

lifax's zeal for his deceased friend, but dislikes the tendency of his Postscript, and dreads the use that may be made of it,

Mr. Mainwaring had censured Dr. Ogden for a frequent, and, in some cases, unnecessary, and even fanciful introduction of texts of Scripture into his sermons. When those texts have no immediate reference to the argument, either as proofs or illustrations, they sadden and solemnify (as Mr. M. says) the subject, without giving it either beauty or force. Dr. Hallifax vindicates Dr. Ogden from the charge of an improper and useless introduction of Scripture passages, and seems to think, that they gave an additional weight, as well as elegance, to his discourses. His Remarker vindicates Mr. M.'s reflections on this head; and thinks, that nothing is more unsuitable to a University-audience than vague and arbitrary quotations from Scripture. For instances (fays he) of the best manner of introducing and applying Scripture on the whole, I would refer the young Student in divinity to the writings of Dr. Secker and Dr. Hurd. But as other Authors of great merit have fo often failed in this particular; and as young minds are so very fusceptible of tender impressions, whether true or false, I would warn him to be ever on

his

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his guard against the forcery of sounds.' The ingenious Remarker refers to the conduct of the old Non-conformists, and to the modern Methodists, as affording an example of the ill influence of a preposterous use of Scripture phrases, and their perversion of particular theological terms, in order to serve the purposes of folly and fanaticism with a surer effect.

Speaking of the Christian doctrine of Redemption, and the duties arising from it, the Author observes, that it is much to be ļamented, that the frequent, though necessary introduction of fuch topics, has betrayed many respectable writers into the canç and jargon of Methodism. Now, when we reflect, that such able and excellent men as Pascal and Fenelon became such zealous proselytes to the most foolish of all fanatical orders ;-that, in our own country and times, the seeds of Hutchinsonianism have been sown so plentifully, and have thriven fo largely in a fail which was assigned to the Muses to cultivate ;--- when we reflect, that several persons of the first fortune, and some too of the first distinction, are the declared patrons of the moft despicable çap that ever disgraced a civilized nation ;-is there not some cause to be alarmed at any disposition to favour the tenets, or humour the temper of such visionaries ??... Perhaps there is no great choice between false tenets and false tastes in whatever communion. But I own the enthufiasm of Popery would be more to my mind than that of Methodism. Bold falsehoods and avowed absurdities, splendidly dressed and speciously recommended, have a more majestic appearance in my eye, than propositions devoid of all sense and meaning, clothed in language too low for criticism.

This honest concession in favour of Popery, reminds us of Rueen Elizabeth's declaration respecting her religious tasteviz." That ihe would rather be a Papist than a Puritan.” Popery is certainly more specious and attractive to minds that are accustomed to affix the ideas of dignity to splendor and few. Reasoning on such delusive and Aattering principles made that merry monarch Charles II, bluntly say. That it was a matter of perfect indifference to him what divines had so learnedly advanced against Presbyterianism : he had a reason against it much more satisfactory to his mind :-it was not a religian fit for a GENTLEMAN !"

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ART. VII. Ode inscribed to John Howard, Esq; F. R. S. Author

The State of English and Foreign Prisons,” 4to. 1 s. 6 d.
Dodsley. 1780.
HE çarlieft odes now extant are, perhaps, those of Pin

dar. If we may judge of the origin of this species of compofation from what he has left us, it is no improbable con

jecture,

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je&ure, that it was originally invented in honour of the gods, and made a part of religious worship. Afterwards, by a very natural transition, it was employed in the celebration of human excellence, viz, to record the memory of heroes and conquerors. Pindar, in more instances than one, seems to allude to its appli, cation in the order which is here pointed out :

Αναξιφορμιγδες υμνοι
Τινα θεον τιν' ηρωα

Τινα δ' ανδρα κελαδησομεν και Indeed, even so late as Pindar's time, it appears not to have deviated very far from its primary intention. His Odes, though written professedly in praise of those who had conquered in the Olympic and other Games of Greece, abound with so many mythological allusions, and such animated and continued apo. strophes to the gods, as can scarcely be reconciled upon any other idea than that they were sung, some of them at least, at the altars of those deities who either were supposed more particularly to patronize and preside over the sacred Games, or who were the protectors of the particular city that had given birth to the conqueror whose victory he is recording,

But whether this opinion be generally acceded to or not, we are certain, however, that to celebrate the actions of illuftrious men has been considered, not only by Pindar, but by his succeffors, as one of the noblest employments of the Lyric Muse. In conformity with this sentiment, we presume, Mr. Hayley has selected, as the subject of the present Ode, one of the first and most meritorious characters of the age. Mr. Howard's services to mankind are of that peculiar fort, which will not only excite admiration from his cotemporaries, but must endear him to pofterity. May his benevolent and patriotic exertions be as bene, ficial to those helpless and neglected objects of his philanthropy, whom he has taken under his protection, as the disinterested motives of his very singular conduct are glorious to himself * !

Mr.

It is with peculiar pleasure that we here quote the elegant en comium passed on Mr. Howard's benevolent labours by Mr. Burke, in his excellent speech at the Guildhall, Bristol ; of which we gave some account in our Catalogue for November last. The passage is as follows:

“ I cannot name this gentleman without remarking, that his labours and writings have done much to open the eyes and hearts of mankind. He has visited all Europe, -not to survey the sumptuousa ness of palaces, or the stateliness of temples ; not to make accurate measurements of the remains of ancient grandeur; not ta form a scale of the curiosity of modern art; not to collect medals, or collate manuscripts ;--but to dive into the depths of dungeons; to plunge into the infection of hospitals ; to survey the manlions of sorrow and

pain

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Mr. Hayley's merit, as a Poet, in one species of compofition at least, is sufficiently known and admired. He will lose nothing of that reputation, which he has acquired by his former writings, by the present performance; which is, indeed, every way worthy of his inimitable pen. It is--but why should we say what it is—let the noble stanzas that follow convey the information we were meaning to give.-

Sweet is the joy when Science flings
Her light on philofophic thought;
When Genius, with keen ardor, springs
To clasp the lovely truth he fought:
Sweer is the joy, when Rapture's fire
Flows from the spirit of the lyre ;
When Liberty and Virtoe roli
Spring-tides of fancy o'er the poet's soul,
That waft his flying bark through feas above the pole.

Sweet the delight, when the galld heart
Feels Consolation's lenient hand
Bind up she wound from Fortune's dart
With Friendship’s life-supporting band!
And sweeter still, and far above
These fainter joys, when purest Love
The foul his willing captive keeps!
When he in bliss the melting spirit steeps,
Who drops delicious tears, and wonders that he weeps!

But not the brightest joy, which Arts,
In floods of mental light, beitow;
Nor what firm Friend thip's zeal imparts,
Bleit antidote of bitterest woe!
Nor those that Love's sweet hours dispense,
Can equal the ecstatic sense,
When, swelling to a fond excess,
The grateful praises of reliev'd distress,
Re-echoed thro' the heart, the soul of Bounty bless.

These transports, in no common state,
Supremely pure, sublimely strong,
Above the reach of envious fate,

B!eft Howard! these to thee belong : pain; to take the gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and contempt; to remember the forgotten, to attend to the neglected, to visit the forsaken, and to compare and collate the diftreffes of all men in all countries. His plan is original; and it is as full of genius as it is of humanity. It was a voyage of discovery; a circumnavigation of charity. Already the benefit of his labour' is felt more or less in every country. I hope he will anticipate his final reward, by seeing all its effects fully realized in his own. He will receive, not by retail, but in gross, the reward of those who visit the prisoner; and he has so forestalled and monopolized this branch of charity, that there will be, I trust, little room to merit by such acts of benevolence hereafter."

While years encreasing o'er thee roll,
Long may this fun Inine of the foul
New vigour to thy fiame convey!
Its radiance thro’ihy noon of life display,
And with serenest light adorn thy closing day!

And when the Power, who joys to fave,
Proclaims the guilt of earth forgiven;
And calls the prisoners of the grave
To all the liberty of Heaven:
In that bright day, whose wonders blind
The eye of the astonish'd mind;
When life’s glad angel shall resume
His ancient (way, announce to Death bis doom,
And from existence drive that tyrant of the tomb:

In that bleit hour, when Seraphs sing
The triumphs gain’d in human strife;
And to their new associates bring
The wreaths of everlaiting life :
May'st thou, in Glory's hallow'd blaze,
Approach the Eiernal Fount of Praise,
With those who lead the angelic van,
Those pure adherents to their Saviour's plan,

Who liv'd but to relieve the Miseries of Man ! We observe, not without pleasure, that Mr. Hayley has preferred stanzas, to the fashionable, though afected, division of the ode into strophe, antistroplie, and epode, which a pedantic veneration for the Grecian model, without any correspondent propriety, was bringing into general use. In this, as in his other writings, Mr. Hayley seems ftudiously to avoid the mere. tricious ornaments of phantastic and far-fetched epithets : his : ideas, though conceived in the finest phrenzy of imagination, are, on every occasion, exprefied with perspicuity, elegance, and the chasteft fimplicity. It may be remarked of this Writer, that he is almost the only Poet, of the present day at least, who has had the courage (for such is the libertinism of the world that it must be called fo) to avow, in his poetical capacity, a belief in Revelation. His example is a sufficient proof, notwithstanding a respectable opinion to the contrary, that the great truths of religion, though incapable of embellilhment, will admit of poétical application, and may be introduced both with force and propriety.

ART,

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