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Works by R. C. TRENCH, D. D., Dean of Westminster.

IN UNIFORM STYLE WITH THIS VOLUME.

I.
ON THE STUDY OF WORDS.

1 vol, 12mo. Price 75 cents,

II. ON THE LESSONS IN PROVERBS.

1 vol, 12mo. Price 50 cents,

III. SYNONYMS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.

1 vol. 12ino. Price 75 cents.

IV.
ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE,
PAST AND PRESENT.

1 vol. 12mo. Price 75 cents,

V.
PO E MS.

1 vol. 12mo. Price one dollar,

VI. CALDERON, HIS LIFE AND GENIUS,

WITH SPECIMENS OF HIS PLAYS.

1 vol. 12mo. Price 75 cents.

VII. SERMONS ON THE DIVINITY OF CHRIST.

1 vol. 12mo. Pricc 50 cents.

VIII. ON THE AUTHORIZED VERSION OF THE

NEW TESTAMENT,

IN CONNECTION WITH RECENT PROPOSALS FOR ITS REVISION

1 vol. 12.no, Pric : 75 cents,

PUBLISHED BY J. S. REDFIELD, NEW YORK.

ON THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE

PAST AND PRESENT

BY

RICHARD CHENEVIX TRENCH, D. D.

DEAN OF WESTMINSTER

AUTHOR OF “SYNONYMS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT"-"THE STUDY OF WORDS".

"PROVERBS"-- SERMONS"-"POEMS"_"CALDERON," ETC.

NEW EDITION, REVISED

AND

ENLARGED.

RED FIELD

34 BEEK MAN STREET, NEW YORK Fourth Edition)

1858

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mes. Ceo S. Morris 11-12-34

PRE FACE.

A SERIES of four lectures which I delivered last spring to the pupils of King's College School, London, supplied the foundation to this present volume. These lectures, which I was obliged to prepare in haste, on a brief invitation, and under the pressure of other engagements, being subsequently enlarged and recast, were delivered in the autumn somewhat more nearly in their present shape to the pupils of the Training School, Winchester; although of course with those alterations, omissions, and additions, which the difference in my hearers suggested as necessary or desirable. I have found it convenient to keep the lectures, as regards the persons presumed to be addressed, in that earlier form which I had sketched out at the first; and, inasmuch as it helps much to keep lectures vivid and real that one should have some well-defined audience, if not actually before one, yet before the mind's eye, to suppose myself throughout addressing my first hearers. I have supposed myself, that is, addressing a body of young Englishmen, all with a fair amount of classical knowledge (in my explanations I have sometimes had others with less than theirs in my eye), not wholly unacquainted with modern languages; but not yet with any special designation as to their future work; having only as yet marked out to them the duty in general of living lives worthy of those who have England for their native country, and English for their native tongue. To lead such through a more intimate knowledge of this into a greater love of that, has been a principal aim which I have set before myself throughout.

In a few places I have been obliged again to go over ground which I had before gone over in a little book, “On the Study of Words ;" but I believe that I have never merely repeated myself, nor given to the readers of my former work and now of this any right to complain that I am compelling them to travel a second time by the same paths. At least it has been my endeavor, whenever I have found myself at points where the two books come necessarily into contact, that what was treated with any fullness before, should be here touched on more lightly; and only what there was slightly handled, should here be entered on at large.

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