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H. Su fobn, Lord Bolingbroke.

E P I S T L E Í.

Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to the

UNIVERSE. OF Man in the abstract.-I. That we can judge only

with regard to our own system, being ignorant of the relations of Systems and things, ý 17, &c. II. That Man is not to be deemed imperfect, but a Being fuited to his place and rank in the creation, agreeable to the general Order of things, and conformable to Ends and Relations to him unknown, x 35, &c. III. That it is partly upon his ignorance of future


cvents, and partly upon the hope of a future state, that all his happiness in the present depends, 77,.&c. IV. The pride of aiming at more knowledge, and pretending to more Perfection, the cause of Man's error and misery. The impiety of putting himself in the place of God, and judging of the fitness or unfitness, perfection or imperfe&tion, justice or injustice, of bis dispensations, x 109, &c. V. The absurdity of conceiting himself the final cause of the creation, or expecting that perfection in the moral world, which is not in the natural, y 131, &c. VI. The unreafonableness of his complaints against Providence, while on the one hand he demands the Perfections of the Angels, and on the other the bodily qualifications of the Brutes ; though, to pollefs any of the sensitive faculties in a higher degree, would render him miferable, ø 173, &c. VÌI. That throughout the whole visible world, an universal order and gradation in the sensual and mental faculties is observed, which causes a subordination of creature to creature, and of all creatures to Man. The gradations of sense, instinct, thought, reflection, reason; that Reason alone countervails all the other faculties, * 207. VIII. How much farther this order and subordination of living creatures may extend, above and below us; were any part of which broken, not that part only, but the whole connected creation must be destroyed, ý 233. IX. The extravagance, madness, and pride, of such a desire, y 250. X. The consequence of all, the absolute fubmiffion due to Providence, both as to our present and future state,

281, &c. to the end.



Plate VIII.

Vol. III. facing p3

N.Blakey inv.dedel.

Ravenet sculp.

Hors humblythen:with trembling tinions soar, Wait the great teacher Death and Godado

Gray on Man,{p.I.



WAKE, my St John! leave all meaner things

To low ambition, and the pride of Kings.
Let us (fince Life can little more supply
Than juft to look about us and to die)
Expatiate free o'er all this scene of Man; 5
A mighty maze! but not without a plan ;
A Wild, where weeds and flow'rs promiscuous shoot;
Or Garden, tempting with forbidden fruit.

The Opening of this poem, Pleasure, and Happiness.
in fifteen lines, is taken up The 10th, 11th, 12th, &c.
in giving an account of the have relation to the subjects
Subject; which, agreeably of the books intended to fol-
to the title, is an Essay on low, viz. the Characters and
MAN, or a Philosophical En Capacities of Men, and the
quiryinto his Nature and End, Limits of Learning and Ig-
his Paffions and Parfuits. norance. The 13th and 14th,

The Exordium relates to to the Knowledge of Manthe whole work, of which kind, and the various Manthe Essay on Man was only ners of the age. the first book. The 6th, 7th, VER. 7, 8. A Wild,- Or and 8th lines allude to the Garden,] The Wild relates subjects of this Esay, viz. the to the human palsions, progeneral Order and Design of ductive (as he explains in the Providence; the Constituti- fecond epistle) both of good on of the human Mind ; the and evil. The Garden, to hu. origin, use, and end, of the man reason, fo often tempting Passions and Affections, both us to transgress the bounds felfish and social ; and the God has set to it, and wanwrong pursuits of Power, 1 der in fruitlefs enquiries.

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