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Here fix'd the dreadful, there the bleft abodes; 255
Fear made her Devils, and weak Hope her Gods;
Gods partial, changeful, passionate, unjust,
Whose attributes were Rage, Revenge, or Luft;
Such as the souls of cowards might conceive,
And, form'd like tyrants, tyrants would belieye. 260
Zeal then, not charity, became the guide ;
And hell was built on spite, and heav'n on pride.
Then sacred seem'd th'etherial vault no more ;
Altars grew marble then, and reek'd with gore :
Then first the Flamen tasted living food; 265
Next his grim idol smear'd with human blood;
With Heav'n's own thunders fhook the world below,
And play'd the God an engine on his foe.

So drives Self-love, thro' just and thro' unjust,
To one Man's pow'r, ambition, lucre, luft: 270
The same Self-love, in all, becomes the cause
Of what restrains him, Government and Laws.
For, what one likes if others like as well,
What serves one will, when many wills rebel ?

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Ver. 262.—and heav'n | to go to heaven without on pride.) This might be being received there on the very well said of those times, footing of a God. when no one was content


How shall he keep, what, sleeping or awake, 275
A weaker may surprise, a stronger take ?
His safety must his liberty restrain :
All join to guard what each desires to gain.
Forc'd into virtue thus by Self-defence,
Ev'n Kings learn'd justice and benevolence : 280
Self-love forsook the path it first pursu'd,
And found the private in the public good.

'Twas then, the studious head or gen'rous mind, Follow'r of God or friend of human-kind, Poet or Patriot, rose but to restore

285 The Faith and Moral, Nature gave before ; Re-lum'd her ancient light, not kindled new; If not God's image, yet his shadow drew : Taught Pow'r’s due use to People and to Kings, Taught nor to flack, nor strain its tender strings, The less, or greater, fet fo justly true, 291 That touching one must strike the other too ; 'Till jarring int'rests, of themselves create Th'according music of a well-mix'd State.

Notes. Ver. 283. 'Twas then, he had principally in view, &c.] The poet seemeth were Socrates and Aristotle ; here to mean the po- who, of all the pagan world, lite and flourishing age of spoke best of God, and Greece ; and those bene-wrote beft of Government. factors to Mankind, which

Such is the World's great harmony, that springs From Order, Union, full Consent of things : 296 Where small and great; where weak and mighty,

made To serve, not suffer, strengthen, not invade; More pow'rful each as needful to the rest, And, in proportion as it blesses, blest ; 300 Draw to one point, and to one centre bring Beaft, Man, or Angel, Servant, Lord, or King.

For Forms of Government let fools contest; Whate'er is best administer'd is beft: For Modes of Faith let graceless zealots fight; 305 His can't be wrong whose life is in the right:

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Ver. 303. For forms of fort of Government, when Government, &c.] The au- the form of it is preserved, thor of these lines was far and the administration corfrom meaning that no one rupt, is most dangerous. P. form of government is, in Ver. 305. For Modes of itself, better than another ; Faith let graceless zealots (as, that mixed or limited fight;] These latter Ages Monarchy, for example, is have seen so many fcanda. not preferable to absolute) lous contentions for modes of but that no form of Go. Faith, to the violation of vernment, however excel. Christian Charity, and dislent or preferable, in itself, honour of sacred Scripture, can be sufficient to make a that it is not at all ftrange people happy, unless it be they should become the ob. administered with integrity. ject of so benevolent and On the co ry, the best wise an Author's resentment,

In Faith and Hope the world will disagree,
But all Mankind's concern is Charity:


But that which he here heads, they had but chanced seemed to have more par- to reflect on the sense of ticularly in his eye was the one Greek word,ΑΠΕΙΡΙΑ, long and mischievous squab. that it fignifies both inflble between W-d and Nity and IGNORANCE, this JACKSON, on a point con. fingle equivocation might fessedly above Reason, and have saved them ten thouamongst those adorable my- fand, which they expended fteries which it is the ho- in carrying on the contronour of our Religion to find versy. However those Mifts unfathomable. In this, by that magnified the Scene, the weight of answers and enlarged the Character of replies, redoubled upon one the Combatants : and no another without mercy, they body expecting common sense made so profound a pro- on a subject where we have gress, that the One proved, no ideas, the defects of dul. nothing hindered, in Na- ness disappeared, and its ture, but that the Son might advantages (for, advantages have been the Father ; and it has) were all provided the Other, that nothing for. hindered, in Grace, but The worst is, such kind that the Son may be a mere of Writers seldom know Creature.'. In a word, they | when to have done. For made all things disputable writing themselves up into but their own dullness; and the fame delusion with their this they left unquestioned; Readers, they are apt to and it was the only thing venture out into the more they did leave, of which open paths of Literature, their readers could be cer- where their reputation, tain. But if, instead of made out of that Raff, throwing so many Greek which Lucian calls Exótos Fathers at one another's réxgoos, presently falls from

All must be false that thwart this One great End;
And all of God, that bless Mankind or mend. 310


them, and their nakedness chimeras. Yet they would appears. And thus it fared needs venture out. What with our two Worthies, they got by it was only to The World, which must be once well laughed at, have always something to and then forgotten. But one amuse it, was now in good odd circumitance deserves time grown weary of its to be remembered ; tho' play-things, and catched at they wrote not, you may a new object that promised be sure, in concert, yet them more agreeable enter each attacked his Adversary tainment. T'indal, a kind at the same time, fastened of Bastard Socrates, had upon him in the same place, brought our speculations and mumbled him juft in from Heaven to Earth : the same manner. But the and, under the pretence of ill success of this escape foon advancing the Antiquity of brought them to themselves. Chrisțianity, laboured' to The One made a fruitless undermine its original. This effort to revive the old was a controversy that re. game, in a discourse on quired another manage. The importance of the Dacment.

Clear sense, severe trine of the Trinity, and reasoning, a thorough know- the other has been ever ledge of prophane and fa- fince, till very lately, ramcred Antiquity, and an in. bling in space. timate acquaintance with This short history, as inhuman Nature, were the significant as the subjects of qualities to determine upon it are, may not be altogethis Question. A very un

ther unuseful to posterity. promising adventure for Divines may learn by these these metaphysical nurslings, examples to avoid the misbred up under the shade of I chiefs done to Religion and

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