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Reason, however able, cool at best,

85 Cares not for service, or but serves when prest, Stays 'till we call, and then not often near ; But honest Instinct comes a volunteer, Sure never to o'er-shoot, but just to hit ; While still too wide or short is human Wit; 90 Sure by quick Nature happiness to gain, Which heavier Reason labours at in vain. This too serves always, Reason never long ; One must go right, the other may go wrong. See then the acting and comparing pow'rs 95 One in their nature, which are two in ours; And Reason rife o'er Instinct as you can, In this 'tis God directs, in that 'tis Man.

Who taught the nations of the field and wood To fhun their poison, and to chuse their food? 100 Prescient, the tides or tempests to withstand, Build on the wave, or arch beneath the sand ? Who made the fpider parallels design, Sure as De-moivre, without rule or line? Who bid the stork, Columbus-like, explore 105 Heav'ns not his own, and worlds unknown before?


those who were ftruck by and the particular favourites lightning as facred persons, of Heaven. P.

Who calls the council, states the certain day,
Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way?

III. God, in the nature of each being, founds
Its proper bliss, and sets its proper bounds : JIO
But as he fram'd a Whole, the Whole to bless,
Qn mutual Wants built mutual Happiness :
So from the first, eternal ORDER ran,
And creature link'd to creature, man to man,
Whate'er of life all-quick’ning æther keeps, 115
Or breathes thro' air, or shoots beneath the deeps,
Or pours profuse on earth, one nature feeds
The vital flame, and swells the genial seeds.
Not Man alone, but all that roam the wood,
Or wing the sky, or roll along the flood,
Each loves itself, but not itself alone,
Each sex defires alike, 'till two are one.
Nor ends the pleasure with the fierce embrace;
They love themselves, a third time, in their race.
Thus beast and bird their common charge attend,

The mothers nurse it, and the fires defend; 126
The young dismiss'd to wander earth or air,
There stops the Instinct, and there ends the care;
The link diffolves, each seeks a fresh embrace,
Another love succeeds, another race.

130 A longer care Man's helpless kind demands; That longer care contracts more lasting bands :


Reflection, Reason, still the ties improve,
At once extend the int'reft, and the love;
With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn: 135
Each Virtue in each Passion takes its turn;
And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise,
That graft benevolence on charities.
Still as one brood, and as another rose,
These nat'ral love maintain'd, habitual those: 140
The last, scarce ripen'd into perfect Man,
Saw helpless him from whom their life began:
Mem'ry and fore-cast just returns engage,
That pointed back to youth, this on to age ;
While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combin’d, 145
Still spread the int'rest, and preserv'd the kind.
IV. Nor think, in NATURE'S STATE they

blindly trod;
The state of Nature was the reign of God :
Self-love and Social at her birth began,
Union the bond of all things, and of Man. 150
Pride then was not; nor Arts, that Pride to aid;
Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the shade ;

Notes. Ver. 152. Man walk'd given above. Plato had faid with beast, joint tenant of from old tradition,' that, the fade ;] The poet ftill during the Golden age, and takes his imagery from Pla- under the reign of Saturn, tonic ideas, for the reason the primitive language then

The fame his table, and the same his bed ;
No murder cloath'd him, and no murder fed.
In the fame temple, the resounding wood, 155
All vocal beings hymn'd their equal God:
The shrine with gore unftain'd, with gold undrest,
Unbrib’d, unbloody, stood the blameless priest :
Heav'n's attribute was Universal Care,
And Man's prerogative to rule, but spare. 160
Ah! how unlike the man of times to come!
Of half that live the butcher and the tomb;
Who, foe to Nature, hears the gen'ral groan,
Murders their species, and betrays his own.
But just disease to luxury succeeds,

And ev'ry death it's own avenger breeds ;
The Fury-pafsions from that blood began,
And turn’d on Man a fiercer savage, Man.

See him from Nature rising flow to Art! To copy Instinct then was Reason's

's part; 170

NOTES. in use was common to manages, Men used inarticulate and beasts. Moral philofo. sounds like beasts to express phers took this in the po- their wants and sensations ; pular sense, and so invented and that it was by flow dethose fables which give grees they came to the use {peech to the whole brute of speech. This opinion creation. The Naturalists was afterwards held by Lu understood the tradition to cretius, Diodorus Sic, and fignify, that, in the first Gregory of Nyl...

Thus then to Man the voice of Nature (pake
« Go, from the Creatures thy instructions take:
“ Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield ;
" Learn from the beasts the physic of the field;

Thy arts of building from the bee receive ; 175
« Learn of the mole to plow, the worm to weave;'
“ Learn of the little Nautilus to fail,
“ Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale.

Here too all forms of social union find, " And hence let Reason, late, inftruct Mankind:

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Ver. 173. Learn from of healing, by their own the birds, &c.] It is a com- practice. mon practice amongst Na- VER. 177. Learn of the vigators, when thrown upon little Nautilus ) Oppian. a desert coast,--and in want Halieut. lib. i. describes this of refreshments, to observe fish in the following manner: what fruits have been touch- They swim on the sur. ed by the Birds : and to “ face of the sea, on the venture on these without “ back of their thells, further hesitation.

« which exactly resemble Ver. 174. Learn from

" the hulk of a ship; they the beasts, &c.) See Pliny's “ raise two feet like mafts, Nat. Hift. 1. viii. c. 27. « and extend a membrane where several instances are “ between, which serves as given of Animals discover. a fail; the other two ing the medicinal efficacy of “ feet they employ as oars herbs, by their own use of " at the side. They are them; and pointing out to " usually feen in the Medisome operations in the art “ terranean." P.

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