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Let this great truth be present night and day; 5 But moft be present, if we preach or pray.
Look round our World; behold the chain of Love Combining all below and all above. See plastic Nature working to this end, The fingle atoms each to other tend, Attract, attracted to, the next in place Form’d and impelld its neighbour to embrace. See Matter next, with various life endu'd, Press to one centre still, the gen'ral Good. See dying vegetables life fustain,
15 See life dissolving vegetate again : All forms that perifh other forms supply, (By turns we catch the vital breath, and die)
have an affluence of health, ter so cohere as to fit it for which not being used, but the uses intended by its abused, and ruined by Luxu-Creator, a proper configury, the poet properly calls ration of its insensible parts a superfluiry.
is as necessary as that quaVer. 4: _impudence of lity so equally and univerwealth,] Because wealth fally conferred upon it, pretends to be wisdom, wit, called Attraction. To exlearning, honefty, and, in press the firft part of this short, all the virtues in their thought, our Author fay's, turns.
form.d; and to express the Ver. 12. Formid and im- latter, impellod, pell'd, &c.] To make Mat
Like bubbles on the sea of Matter born,
Has God, thou fool! work'd solely for thy good,
V ÉR. 22. One all-ex Ver. 23. Greateft with tending, all preserving Soul] the least 1] As acting more Which, in the language of trongly and immediately Sir Isaac Newton, is, Deus in beasts, whose instinct is omnipræfens eft, non per vir- plainly an external reason ; tutem folam, sed etiam per which made an old schoolsubftantiam : nam virtus fine man fay, with great eleJubftantia fubfiftere non po- gance, Deus eff anima brstej. Newt. Princ fchol. gen. torum : sub fin.
In this 'tis God direcisam
The bounding steed you pompously bestride, 35
Know, Nature's children all divide her care ;
After x 46. in the former Editions,
What care to tend, to lodge, to cram, to treat him!
Ver. 45.-See all things faid, The Lord hath made for my uje! ! On the con all things for Himse LF. trary, the wife man hath | Prov. xvi. 4.
Ep. III. ESSAY ON MAN.
53 Grant that the pow'rful still the weak controul ; Be Man the Wit and Tyrant of the whole: 50 Nature that Tyrant checks ; He only knows, And helps another creature's wants and woes. Say, will the falcon, stooping from above, Smit with her varying plumage, spare the dove? Admires the jay the insect's gilded wings? 55 Or hears the hawk when Philomela fings? Man cares for all : to birds he gives his woods, To beasts his pastures, and to fish his floods ; For some his Int'rest prompts him to provide, For more his pleasure, yet for more his pride: 60 All feed on one vain Patron, and enjoy Th' extensive blessing of his luxury. That very life his learned hunger craves, He faves from famine, from the savage saves ; Nay, feasts the animal he dooms his feast, And, 'till he ends the being, makes it bleft;
Ver. 50. Be Man the sensible of pain or pleasure : Wit and Tyrant of the and so encouraged Men in whole :) Alluding to the the exercise of that Tyranny witty system of that Philo- over their fellow-creatures, sopher, which made Ani- consequent on such a prinmals mere Machines, in- ciple.
Which sees no more the stroke, or feels the pain,
To each unthinking being, Heav'n a friend,
II. Whether with Reason, or with Instinct blest, Know, all enjoy that pow'r which suits them best; To bliss alike by that direction tend,
81 And find the means proportion'd to their end. Say, where full Instinct is th' unerring guide, What Pope or Council can they need beside
While Man, with opening views of various waya