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Extremes in Nature equal ends produce, 205 In Man they join to some mysterious use; Tho' each by turns the other's bound invade, As, in some well-wrought Picture, light and shade, And oft so mix, the diff'rence is too nice Where ends the Virtue, or begins the Vice. 210

Fools! who from hence into the notion fall, That Vice or Virtue there is none at all. If white and black blend, soften, and unite A thousand ways, is there no black or white ? Ask your own heart, and nothing is so plain; 215 'Tis to mistake them, costs the time and pain.

Vice is a monster of fo frightful mien, As, to be hated, needs but to be seen; Yet seen too oft, familiar with her face, We first endure, then pity, then embrace. 220


After x 220. in the 1st Edition, followed these,
A Cheat! a Whore! who starts not at the name,
In all the Inns of Court or Drury-lane ?


of right (received by us as of God) within the mind, of the law of God) to the re- power to divide the light gulation of our actions from the darkness in this and then it is properly Con-chaos of the passions, science, the God (or the law

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But where th’ Extreme of Vice, was ne'er agreed:
Ask where's the North ? at York, 'tis on the Tweed;
In Scotland, at the Orcades; and there,
At Greenland, Zembla, or the Lord knows where.
No creature owns it in the first degree, 225
But thinks his neighbour farther gone

than he;
Ev’n those who dwell beneath its very zone,
Or never feel the rage, or never own;
What happier natures shrink at with affright,
The hard inhabitant contends is right. 230

Virtuous and vicious ev'ry Man must be, Few in th' extreme, but all in the degree ; The rogue and fool by fits, is fair and wise ; And ev’n the best, by fits, what they despise. 'Tis but by parts we follow good or ill ; 235 For, Vice or Virtue, Self directs it still; Each individual seeks a fev'ral goal ; But Heav'n's great view is One, and that the Whole.

VARIATIONS, After x 226. in the MS. The Col'nel swears the Agent is a dog, The Scriv'ner vows th’ Attorney is a rogue. Againft the Thief th' Attorney loud inveighs, For whose ten pound the County twenty pays. The Thief damns Judges, and the Knaves of State ; And dying, mourns small Villains hang'd by great.

That counter-works each folly and caprice ;
That disappoints th' effect of ev'ry vice; 240
That, happy frailties to all ranks apply'd;
Shame to the virgin, to the matron pride,
Fear to the statesman, rashness to the chief,
To kings presumption, and to crowds belief:
That, Virtue's ends from Vanity can raise, 245
Which seeks no int'reft, no reward but praise;
And build on wants, and on defects of mind,
The joy, the peace, the glory of Mankind.

Heav'n forming each on other to depend,
A master, or a servant, or a friend,

250 Bids each on other for assistance call, 'Till one Man's weakness grows the strength of all. Wants, frailties, passions, closer still ally The common int'rest, or endear the tie.


Ver. 253. Wants, frail-, ly disposes Men to think ties, pasions, closer still ally more seriously of the true, The

common int'reft, &c.] value of things, and conAs these lines have been mif- fequently of their provision understood, I shall give the for a future state, the confireader their plain and ob- deration, that the grounds of vious meaning. To these those joys, loves, and friendfrailties (says he) we owe all ships, are wants, frailties, the endearments of private and passions, proves the best life; yet, when we come expedient to wean us from to that age, which general.! the world; a disengage

To these we owe true friendship, love sincere, 255
Each home-felt joy that life inherits here ;
Yet, from the fame we learn, in its decline,
Those joys, those loves, those int’rests to resign ;
Taught half by Reason, half by mere decay,
To welcome death, and calmly pass away. 260
Whate'er the Passion, knowledge, fame, or pelf,
Not one will change his neighbour with himself.
The learn’d is happy nature to explore,
The fool is happy that he knows no more;
The rich is happy in the plenty giv'n,
The poor contents him with the care of Heav'n.
See the blind beggar dance, the cripple fing,
The sot a hero, lunatic a king;
The starving chemist in his golden views
Supremely blest, the poet in his muse.

270 See some strange comfort ev'ry state attend, And Pride bestow'd on all, a common friend;



ment fo friendly to that pro- nite grace and propriety, as vision we are now making it so well confirnis, by an for another. The observa- instance of great moment, tion is new, and would in the general thesis, That God any place be extremely beau- makes Ill, at every step, protiful, but has here an infi- 1 ductive of Good.

See some fit Passion, ev'ry age supply,
Hope travels thro', nor quits us when we die.

Behold the child, by Nature's kindly law, 275
Pleas'd with a rattle, tickled with a straw:
Some livelier play-thing gives his youth delight,
A little louder, but as empty quite :
Scarfs, garters, gold, amuse his riper stage ;
And beads and pray’r-books are the toys of age :
Pleas'd with this bauble still, as that before ; 281
'Till tir'd he sleeps, and Life's poor play is o'er.

Mean-while Opinion gilds with varying rays Those painted clouds that beautify our days ; Each want of happiness by Hope supply'd, 285 And each vacuity of sense by Pride :


Ver. 280. And beads cuity of sense by Pride :] and pray'r-books are the toys An eminent Casuist, Faof age :) A Satire on what ther Francis Garasse, in his is called in Popery the Opus Somme Theologique, has operatum. As this is a de- drawn a very charitable fcription of the circle of conclusion from this prinhuman life returning into ciple. Selon la Justice itself by a second childhood, (dit cet equitable Théothe poet has with great ele- logien) tout travail hongance concluded his defcri- néte doit étre recompensé de ption with the fame figure loüange ou de satisfaction. with which he set out. Quand les bons esprits font

Ver, 286, And each vas un ouvrage excellent, ils font

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