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Sir Balaam now, he lives like other folks, He takes his chirping pint, and cracks his jokes : “ Live like yourself," was soon my Lady's word ; And lo! two puddings smoak’d upon the board. 360

Alleep and naked as an Indian lay, An honest factor stole a Gem away: He pledg’d it to the knight; the knight had wit, So kept the Di'mond, and the rogue was bit. Some scruple rose, but thus he eas’d his thought, “ I'll now give fix-pence where I gave a groat; 366

NOTES.

Parliament of England been they would try to do more yet able wholly to suppress than live ; instead of imthese barbarities. P. parting the least pittance of

VER. 360. And lo! &c.] it to those whom fortune The poet had observ'd a- had reduced to do less than bove, that when the luxu- live : The VANITY of riously-felfish had got more which chimerical project he than they knew how to use, I well exposed in these lines ;

What Riches give us let us then enquire.
Mçat, Fire, and Cloatbs. What more? Meat, Cleaths,

and Fire. But here, in one who had of Luxury, he shews, with not yet learnt the art of admirable humour, the ri. disguising the Poverty of dicule of that project: Wealth by the Refinements

And le! two Puddings fmoak'd upon the board.

M

- Where once I went to church, I'll now go twice “And am so clear too of all other vice."

The Tempter saw his time; the work he ply'd; Stocks and Subscriptions pour on ev'ry fide, 370 'Till all the Dæmon makes his full descent In one abundant show'r of Cent per Cent, Sinks deep within him, and pofTefles whole, Then dubs Director, and secures his soul.

Behold Sir Balaam, now a man of spirit, 375 Ascribes his gettings to his parts and merit; What late he call’d a Blessing, now was Wit, And God's good Providence; a lucky Hit. Things change their titles, as our manners turn: His Compting-house employ'd the Sunday-morn; Seldom at Church ('twas such a busy life) 381 But duly sent his family and wife. There (so the Dev'l ordaind) one Christmas-tide My good old Lady catch'd a cold, and dy'd.

A Nymph of Quality admires our Knight; 385 He marries, bows at Court, and grows polite : Leaves the dull Cits, and joins (to please the fair) The well-bred cuckolds in St James's air: First, for his Son a gay Commiffion buys, Who drinks, whores, fights, and in a duel dies : 390 His daughter flaunts a Viscount's tawdry wife ; She bears a Coronet and PX for life.

In Britain's Senate he a seat obtains,
And one more Pensioner St Stephen gains.
My Lady falls to play ; so bad her chance, 395
He must repair it; takes a bribe from France;
The House impeach him; Coningsby harangues
The Court forsake him, and Sir Balaam hangs :
Wife, son, and daughter, Satan! are thy own,
His wealth, yet dearer, forfeit to the Crown: 400
The Devil and the King divide the prize,
And fad Sir Balaam curses God and dies.

IMITATIONS.

VER. 394. And one more Pensioner St Stephen gains.)

-atque unum civem donare Sibylla. Juv.

NOTES.

Ver. 401. The Devil, and by no means on the and the King divide the laws of forfeitures them-. prize,] This is to be un felves : Whose necessity, ederstood in a very fober and quity, and even lenity, have decent sense ; as a satire been perfectly well vindionly on such minifters of cated, in that very learned state, which history informs and elegant discourse, inti. us have been found, who tuled, Some Confiderations aided the devil in his temp on the Law of Forfeitures tations, in order to foment, for High-Treason. Third if not to make, plots, for Edition, Lond. 1748. the sake of confiscations ;

MORAL ESSAYS.

E P I S T L E IV.

L

Τ Ο

Richard Boyle, Earl of Burlington.

ARGUMEN T.

Of the Use of RICHES.

The Vanity of Expence in People of Wealth and Quality.

The abuse of the word Taste, y 13. That the firi principle and foundation, in this as in every thing 'elje, is Good Sense, $ 40. The chief proof of it is to follow Nature, even in works of mere Luxury and Elegance. Instanced in Architecture and Gardening, where all must be adapted to the Genius and Use of the Place, and the Beauties not forced into it, but resulting from it, * 50. How men are disappointed in their most expensive undertakings,

for want of this true Foundation, without which nothing can please long, if at all, and the best Examples and Rules will but be perverted into something burdensome or ridiculous, x 65, &c. to 92. A defcription of the false Taste of Magnificence; the first grand Error of which is to imagine that Greatness confifts in the size and Dimension, instead of the Proportion and Harmony of the whole, ♡ 97. and the second, either in joining together Parts incoherent, or too minutely resembling, or in thè Repetition of the same too frequently, y 105, &c. A word or two of false Taste in Books, in Music, in Painting, even in Preaching and Prayer, and lastly in Entertainments, x 133, &c. Yet PROVIDENCE is justified in giving Wealth to be squandered in this manner, since it is dispersed to the Poor and Laborious part of mankind, x 169 [recurring to what is laid down in the first book, Ep. ii. and in the Epistle preceding this, $ 159, &c.) What are the proper Objects of Magnificence, and a proper field for the Expence of Great Men, ø 177, &c. and finally, the Great and Public Works which become a Prince, * 191, to the end.

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