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In Men, we various Ruling Passions find; In Women, 'two almost divide the kind; Those, only fix'd, they first or last obey, The Love of Pleasure, and the Love of Sway. 210

That, Nature gives ; and where the lesson taught Is but to please, can Pleasure feem a fault? Experience, this ; by Man's oppression curst, They seek the second not to lose the first.

Men, fome to Bus’ness, fome to Pleasure take; But ev'ry Woman is at heart a Rake: 216 Men, fome to Quiet, fome to public Strife; But ev'ry Lady would be Queen for life.

VARIATIONS.
Ver. 207. in the first Edition,

In fev'ral Men we fev'ral passions find;
In Women, two almost divide the Kind.

NOTES VER. 207. The former cation, and in some degree part having shewn, that the by Necesity. P. particular Characters of Ver. 213. Experience Women are more various this, &c.] The ironical apothan those of Men, it is logy continued : That the nevertheless observed, that Second is, as it were, forced the general Characteristic of upon them by the tyranny the sex, as to the ruling and oppression of man, in Passion, is more uniform. P. order to secure the first.

Ver. 211. This is occa- Ver. 216. But ev'ry Wofioned partly by their Na- man is at heart 'a Rake :] ture, and partly their Edu- | " Some men (says the Poet)

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Yet mark the fate of a whole Sex of Queens !
Pow'r all their end, but Beauty all the means: 220
In Youth they conquer, with so wild a rage,
As leaves them scarce a subject in their Age:
For foreign glory, foreign joy, they roam ;
No thought of peace or happiness at home.
But Wisdom's triumph is well-tim'd Retreat, 225
As hard a science to the Fair as Great!
Beauties like Tyrants, old and friendless grown,
Yet hate repose, and dread to be alone,
Worn out in public, weary ev'ry eye,
Nor leave one sigh behind them when they die. 230

Pleasures the sex, as children Birds, pursue,
Still out of reach, yet never out of view;
Sure, if they catch, to spoil the Toy at most,
To covet flying, and regret when lost :
At last, to follies Youth could scarce defend, 235
It grows their Age's prudence to pretend ;

NOTES.

“ take to business, fome to Rake's ill qualities than are
“ pleasure, but every wo- implied in this definition,
“ man would willingly make of one who makes pleafure
pleasure her business :" his business.
which being the peculiar VER. 219. What are the
characteristic of a Rake, we Aims and the Fate of this
must needs think that he in- Sex ?-1. As to Power. P.
cludes (in his use of the

- II. As to word here) no more of the Pleasure. P.

Ver. 231.

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Asham’d to own they gave delight before,
Reduc'd to feign it, when they give no more:
As Hags hold Sabbaths, less for joy than spight,
So these their merry, miserable Night; 240
Still round and round the Ghosts of Beauty glide,
And haunt the places where their Honour dy’d.

See how the World its Veterans rewards !
A Youth of Frolicks, an old Age of Cards;
Fair to no purpose, artful to no end,

245 Young without Lovers, old without a Friend ; A Fop their Passion, but their Prize a Sot, Alive, ridiculous, and dead, forgot!

Ah! Friend ! to dazzle let the Vain design ; 249 To raise the Thought, and touch the Heart be thine! That Charm shall grow, while what fatigues the

Ring, Flaunts and goes down, an unregarded thing : So when the Sun's broad beam has tir'd the fight, All mild ascends the Moon's more sober light, Serene in Virgin Modesty she shines,

255 And unobserv’d the glaring Orb declines.

Oh! bleft with Temper, whose, unclouded ray Can make to-morrow chearful as to-day ;

Notes.

Ver. 249. Advice for their true Interest. P.

She, who can love a Sister's charms, or hear
Sighs for a Daughter with unwounded ear; 260
She, who ne'er answers till a Husband cools,
Or, if she rules him, never shows she rules;
Charms by accepting, by submitting fways,
Yet has her humour most, when she obeys ;
Let Fops or Fortune fly which way they will ; 265
Disdains all loss of Tickets, or Codille ;
Spleen, Vapours, or Small-pox, above them all,
And Mistress of herself, tho’ China fall.

And yet, believe me, good as well as ill,
Woman's at best a Contradiction ftill.

270
Heav'n, when it strives to polish all it can
Its last best work, but forms a softer Man;
Picks from each sex, to make the Fav'rite bleft,
Your love of Pleasure, our defire of Reft:
Blends, in exception to all gen'ral rules, 275
Your Taste of Follies, with our Scorn of Fools :

NOTES.

Ver. 269. The Picture | Siser, to prevent her being of an estimable Woman, mistaken for

any

of his acwith the best kind of con-' quaintance. And having trarieties, created out of the thus made his Woman, he poet's imagination; who did, as the ancient poets therefore feigned those cir- were wont, when they had cumstances of a Husband, a made their Muse, invoke, Daughter, and love for a l and address his poem to, her.

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Reserve with Frankness, Art with Truth ally'd,
Courage with Softness, Modesty with Pride ;
Fix'd Principles, with Fancy ever new;
Shakes all together, and produces You. 280

Be this a Woman's Fame: with this unblest,
Toasts live a scorn, and Queens may die a jest.
This Phoebus promis’d (I forget the year)
When those blue eyes first open'd on the sphere;
Ascendant Phæbus watch'd that hour with care,
Averted half your Parents' fimple Pray'r; 286

NOTES.

Ver. 285. &c. Ascendant der the sublime classical maPhæbus watch'd that hour chinery of Phæbus in the with care, Averted half ascendant, watching the nayour Parents' simple Pray'r ; tal hour of his favourite, And gave you Beauty, but and averting the ill effects of deny'd the Pelf.] The poet her parents mistaken fondconcludes his Epistle with a ness : For Phæbus, as the fine Moral, that deserves the god of Wit, confers Genius; serious attention of the pub and, as one of the astronolic: It is this, that all the mical influences, defeats the extravagances of these vi. adventitious byas of educacious Characters here de- / tion. scribed, are much inflamed In conclusion, the great by a wrong Education, hint- Moral from both these Epied at in ♡ 203 ; and that Atles together is, that the even the best are rather se. two rarest things in all Nacured by a good natural than ture are a DISINTERESTED by the prudence and provi- Man, and a REASONABLE vidence of parents ; which WOMAN, observation is conveyed un

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