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in the greatest, $ 70, &c.' Nothing constant and certain but God and Nature, ý 95. No judging of the Motives from the actions; the same actions proceeding from contrary Motives, and the fame Motives influencing contrary actions, x 100. II. Yet to form Characters, we can only take the strongest actions of a man's life, and try to make them agree : The utter ancertainty of this, from Nature itself, and

from" Policy, ý 120. Characters given according to the rank of men of the world, x 135. And some reason for it, 140. Education alters the Nature, or at least Character of many, * 149. Actions, Passions, Opinions, Manners, Humours, or Principles all subject to change. No judging by Nature, from x 158 to 178. III. It only remains to find (if we can) his RULING PASSION : That will certainly influence all the rest, and can reconcile the seeming or real inconsistency of all his actions, x 175. Instanced in the extraordinary character of Clodio, x 179. A caution against mistaking second qualities for first, which will destroy all possibility of the knowledge of mankind, y 210. Examples of the strength of the Ruling Passion, and its continuation to the last breath, x 222, &c.



Plate XII.

Vol. II. facing p.1o9.

v. Blakey inviádel.

Gutu tin Sculp. Boastfull & rough 'your first, Son

is a fquire; The next a Tradesman, meek and much etiar; Tom stiuto a Soldier, open, bold and Brave"; Will'emeaks a Sorivener, an exceedinghname:

Char: of Hen

E P I S T L E I.


E S, you despise the man to Books confin'd,

Who from his study rails at human kind; Tho' what he learns he speaks, and


advance Some gen’ral maxims, or be right by chance. The coxcomb bird, so talkative and grave, 5 That from his cage cries Cuckold, Whore, and Knave, Tho'many a passenger he rightly call, You ho!d him no Philosopher at all.

And yet the fate of all extremes is such, Men may be read, as well as Books, too much. 10 To observations which ourselves we make, We grow more partial for th’Observer's fake ;

NOTES. Ver. 5. The coxcomb Books too much, &c.] The bird, &c.] A fine turn'd poet has here covertly deallufion to what Philostratus scrib'd a famous system of a faid of Euxenus, the Tutor man of the world, the cele. of Apollonius, that he could brated Maxims of M. de la only repeat some sentences Rochefoucault, which are of Pythagoras, like those one continued satire on hucoxcomb birds, who were man Nature, and hold much taught their sū arpátla and of the ill language of the their Zeùs fnews, but knew Parrot : The reason of the not what they signified. censure, our author's system

Ver. 10. And yet— Men of human nature will exmay be read, as well as plain.

To written Wisdom, as another's lefs :
Maxims are drawn from Notions, those from Guess.
There's some Peculiar in each leaf and grain, 15
Some unmark'd fibre, or some varying vein ;
Shall only Man be taken in the gross ?
Grant but as many sorts of Mind as Moss.

That each from other differs, first confess;
Next, that he varies from himself no less : 20
Add Nature's, Custom's, Reason's, Passion's strife,
And all Opinion's colours cast on life.

Our depths who fathoms, or our shallows finds, Quick whirls, and shifting eddies, of our minds ? On human actions reason tho' you can,

25 It may be Reason, but it is not Man :

NOTES. VER. 22. And all Opi-, on Man he gives both the nion's colours cast on life.] efficient and the final cause : The poet refers here only The First in the third Ep. to the effects: In the Elay Ý 231.

E'er Wit oblique had broke that steddy light. For oblique Wit is Opinion. The other, in the second Ep. ♡ 283.

Mean-while Opinion gilds with varying rays

These painted clouds that beautify our days, &c. Ver. 26. It may be Real appearances he would infon, but it is not Man:] i.e. vestigate ; and yet that by. The Philosopher may in- pothefis be all the while very vent a rational hypothesis wide of truth and the nathat shall account for the ture of things.

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