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in the greatest, x 70, &c. Nothing constant and certain but God and Nature, ý 95. No judging of the Motives from the actions; the same actions proceeding from contrary Motives, and the fame Motives influencing contrary actions, y 1oo. II. Yet to form Characters, we can only take the strongest actions of a man's life, and try to make them agree: The utter uncertainty of this, from Nature itself, and from Policy, ý 120. Characters given according to the rank of men of the world, v 135. And some reason for it, x 140. Education alters the Nature, or at least Character of many, X 149. Actions, Passions, Opinions, Manners, Humours, or Principles all subject to change. No judging by Nature, from ý 158 to 178. III. It only remains to find (if we can) his RULING PASSION: That will certainly influence all the rest, and can reconcile the seeming or real inconsistency of all his actions, * 175. Instanced in the extraordinary charakter of Clodio, $ 179. A caution against mistaking second qualities for first, which will destroy all possibility of the knowledge of mankind, y 210. Examples of the strength of the Ruling Paffion, and its continuation to the last breath, y 222, &c.

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THE LHE VW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN COT3.

Plate XII.

Vol. 1. facing P-109

N:Blakey im. del.

G.Salin Sculp. Boasifull by rough your first; don is a

Iquirer The next a Tradesman, meek and much a fiar; Tom strutó a Soldier, open,

bold and Brave"; Will uncaku a Sorivener, an er veeedingusina

. Char: ofi Hen

E P I S T L E I.

YE

E S, you despise the man to Books confinid,

Who from his study rails at human kind; Tho' what he learns he speaks, and may advance Some gen’ral maxims, or be right by chance. The coxcomb bird, so talkative and grave, 5 That from his cage cries Cuckold, Whore, and Knave, Tho' many a passenger he rightly call, You hold him no Philosopher at all. And yet

the fate of all extremes is such, Men may be read, as well as Books, too much. 10 To observations which ourselves we make, We grow more partial for th’Observer's fake;

NOTES.
VER. 5.

The

coxcomb | Books too much, &c.] The bird, &c.] A fine turn'd poet has here covertly deallufion to what Philostratus fcrib'd a famous system of a said of Euxenus, the Tutor man of the world, the cele. of Apollonius, that he could brated Maxims of M. de la only repeat some sentences Rochefoucault, which are of Pythagoras, like those one continued satire on hu. coxcomb birds, who were man Nature, and hold much taught their sū nepátle and of the ill language of the their Zeùs & NEWS, but knew Parrot : The reason of the not what they signified. censure, our author's system

Ver. 10. And yet - Men of human nature will exmay be read, as well as I plain.

1

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To written Wisdom, as another's less :
Maxims are drawn from Notions, those from Guess.
There's some Peculiar in each leaf and grain, 15
Some unmark'd fibre, or some varying vein ;
Shall only Man be taken in the gross ?
Grant but as many sorts of Mind as Moss.

That each from other differs, first confess;
Next, that he varies from himself no less : 20
Add Nature's, Custom's, Reason's, Pallion's strife,
And all Opinion's colours cast on life.

Our depths who fathoms, or our shallows finds,
Quick whirls, and shifting eddies, of our minds ?
On human actions reason tho' you can,

25
It
may be Reason, but it is not Man :

NOTES.
VER. 22. And all Opi-, on Man he gives both the
nion's colours cast on life.] efficient and the final cause :
The poet refers here only The First in the third Ep.
to the effe&ts: In the Elay | Ý 231.

E'er Wit oblique bad broke that fteddy light.
For oblique Wit is Opinion. The other, in the second
Ep. y 283

Mean-while Opinion gilds with varying rays

These painted clouds that beautify our days, &c.
Ver. 26. It may be Real appearances he would in-
fon, but it is not Man:) i.e. veftigate ; and yet that hý.
The Philosopher may in- pothesis be all the while very
vent a rational hypothesis wide of truth and the na-
that shall account for the ture of things.

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