Abbildungen der Seite

Arsenic acid is white; gives cheerful, till a severe fit of out the odor of garlic when sickness damped her spirits, placed on burning coals; dis- and rendered her averse to all solves readily in water; and those lively pleasures which changes to a clear blue, when fascinate the youthful mind. it is mixed with the ammonia- The debility of her frame, and cal sulphate of copper.

Its the change of her temper aqueous solution reddens wa- were not sufficiently attended ter of turnsol and litmus ; forms to in the early stages of her a white precipitate with the convalescence.' The anxiety waters of barytes, and of lime; of her mind was visible in the a brickred, with nitrate of sil- altered features of her face; ver; and a bluish white, with and she was frequently heard acetate of copper. Orpiment to express a melancholy reis yellow; exposed to a red gret, that she had consumed heat with potash, it gives out so many hours in the frivolous, the odor of garlic; as does al- though innocent, amusements so realgar, which is distinguish- of the age. Time increased, ed by its red color. The pro- by almost imperceptible detoxide, flypowder, is of a black- grees, these symptoms of apish color; placed on burning proaching melancholy; and at coals, it gives out fumes hav- length exhibited themselves ing the odor of garlic; and by penitential lamentations of becomes green, after remain- the sins she had committed ing some hours in the ammo with respect to the most triniacal sulphate of copper.

Aling actions of her life, and in Dr. Stevenson has discovered which no shadow of offence judgment in selecting for the exercise could possibly be found. At of his talents, a work of great merit, the time I was called in, this and of general application. It fills a superstitious melancholy was chasm in the physician's library, attended with certain indicawhich no other book can do, and tions of mental derangement. will give to the public information The distemper clearly origihighly conducive to the health and nated in the indisposition of preservation of the people. The the body, and the gloomy ap, translation is accurate and faithful, prehensions which disease and and is executed in a neat and schol- pain had introduced into the arlike manner, far superior to most mind, during a period of many contributions of this sort.

months. This' once lively, From the Christian Intelligencer.

handsome, but now almost inI was called on to attend a sane female, was daily attackyoung lady, whose natural dis- ed with such violent paroxysms position had been extremely of her complaint, that she lost

[ocr errors]

all sense of her situation, and lady, whose mind remained exclaimed, in horrid distraction pure and uncorrupted amidst and deep despair, that her all the luxuries and dissipations perdition was already accom- which usually accompany illusplished, and that the fiends trious birth and elevated stawere waiting to receive her soul, tion, possessed by nature great and plnnge it into the bitterest tranquillity of disposition, and torments of hell. Her consti- lived with quietude and contution however, still fortunate- tent, far retired from the plealy retained sufficient strength sures of the world. I had to enable me, by the power been long acquainted with her of medicine, gradually to family, and entertained for change its temperament, and them the warmest esteem. to reduce the violence of the The dangerous condition of fever, which had been long her health gave me great anxpreying on her life. Her mind iety and concern; for wheneLecame more calm in propor- ver she was left one moment tion as her nerves recovered to herself, and even in compatheir former tone; and when ny, whenever she closed her her intellectual powers were eyes, a thousand horrid specin a condition to be acted on tres presented themselves to with effect, I successfully coun- her disordered mind, and seemteracted the baleful effects of ed ready to devour her from Superstition by the wholesome every corner of the apartment. infusion of real Religion, and I inquired whether these imrestored, by degrees, a lovely, aginary spectres made any im. young, and virtuous woman, to pression on the affections of her family and herself. her heart; but she answered

Another instance of a simi- in the negative, and described lar nature occurred very re- the horrors which she felt cently, in which the patient from the supposed fierceness experienced all those symp- of their eyes, and the threattoms which prognosticate the ening gesticulation of their boapproach of religious melan- dies. I endeavored to comcholy, and the completion of pose her, by assuring her that whose sorrow and desponden- they were the creatures of cy would quickly have been her own fancy, the wild chieffected, if good fortune had meras of a weakened brain ; not deprived her of the advice that her long course of ill of an ignorant and bigoted health had affected her mind; priest, to whom her friends, and that, when a proper course when I was called in, had re- of medicine, dietetic regimen, solved to apply. This young and gentle exercise, had restor

[ocr errors]

ed her strength, these dread- cine and CHICKENPOX Eruptions durful appearances would give ing their course. By J. D. Fishen,

M. D. way to the most delightful vis

It is a matter of no little astonishions. The course I pursued ment, that the diseases which have succeeded in a short time be- so long excited the attention and yond my most sanguine expec

fears of mankind, as have the small

and varioloid disease, and wbich tations, and I raised her lan- have proved so destructive to human guid powers to

health and life and happiness, should never, happiness. But if she had down to the present moment, have confided the anxieties of her been exhibited to the public by the mind to her confessor, instead means of colored engravings; and it of her physicians, the holy fa- of regret to many of the physicians ther would, in all probability, and medical professors of our counhave ascribed her gloomy ap- Alibert should have failed to intro

try, that Willan, and Bateman, and prehensions to the machina- duce specimens of the eruptions of tions of the devil, and have these diseases into their valuable and used nothing but purely spirit- splendid works. Each of these works ual antidotes to destroy them, was intended, by its respective auwhich would have increased plete system of cutaneous eruptions,

thor, to present to the eye a comthe melancholy, and possibly including every variety to which the have thrown her into the skin is subject, and yet two of the darkest abyss of madness and most important, and most interesting

of them, have not been represented. despair.—Zimmerman.

It is to supply the deficiency left in We see from cases like these how these treatises, but more especially desirable and important it is that ed States with sure and constant

to furoish the physicians of the Unit. physicians should be, not only men

means of recognizing these diseases of professional ability, but men of when they meet with them, that the reason, morality and religion. Had above work has been prepared for the dark, difficult and perplexing


The work will be composed of sentiments of some creeds been press twelve plates, quarto size, and a numed on these feeble bodies, tender, ber of pages of text explanatory of wavering and despondent minds, there them. can be little doubt that they would

The first four plates will contain

a portrait of a child who had the have been driven to insanity, or be

distinct smallpox in the natural way. come the irrecoverable victims of a On this portrait the eruptiors will cruel and horrible superstition.

be exhibited as they appeared on

the first, third, fifth, and the seventh FISHER'S ENGRAVINGS.

day of their existence.

The four succeding plates will conWells & LILLY propose to publish tain a portrait of an adult, on which by subscription, a Series of Engrav. will be represented the eruptions of ings, illustrative of the different the varioloid disease of the distinct Stages of the SMALLPOX and VARIOL• kind, just as they presented themoid Disease; to which will be added selves on the second, fourth, sixth, and an Engraving representing the Vac- the eighth day after they appeared.

The three next plates will also con- undertaking of a work, so expensive tain a portrait of an adult, on which as this must necessarily be. It is will be represented the varioloid unnecessary to say anything respecteruptions of the confluent kind, in ing the want, or the importance of the foron and state in which they the work now proposed. Almost existed on the fourth, sixth, and the every medical man in our country eighth day, on which will be repre. must feel the want of it, and every sented the Varioloid Eruptions of reflecting citizen cannot but apprethe confluent kind, in the form and ciate the importance which such a state in which they existed on the work would be to society. fourth, sixth, and the eighth day of A number of medical gentlemen, their progress.

who are familiar with the pecnliar The inferior portion of each of characters of the variolous diseases, these plates, or that which is not oc- have examined the abovementioned cupied by the portrait, will be divid- paintings, and have expressed to the ed into a number of compartments, author their approbation of them in on which will be exhibited a case of letters, some of which are attached. inoculated smallpox, and a number Here follow letters to Dr. Fisher of the varieties to which the smallpox and varioloid disease are subject.

from the following eminent physi. The paintings, from which these cians, expressing their decided opineleven plates are to be engraved, ion of the great value of these drawaod of which they are to be the ex- ings, and their best wishes for the act copies, were made in Paris, in author's success, Drs. Holyoke, Fish1825–6, at the time when the diseases which they are to represent, pre- er, Welsh, Jackson and Warren. vailed epidemically in that city. Every ship in the U. S. Navy They were executed by a French should be furnished with a copy of artist for, and under the immediate these engravings, and every town or direction and personal observation of the author of the proposed publi- county throughout the Union would cation, and were all commenced and do well to procure one likewise, for finished at the bedside of the patients the use of town officers, civil magisfrom whom they were taken. trates, and the medical profession.

On the twelfth and last plate it is proposed to introduce a painting illustrative of the first appearance, The Influence of Civic Life, Sedentary the

Habits, and Intellectual Refinement, and termination of the progress cowpock and chickenpox pustules;

on the Digestive Organs, through forming in all a family of most inter

the medium of Food. esting diseases. The engravings will

(Continued from p. 178.) be printed on the best drawing pa The tissue or membrane which per, and will be colored by the au- lines the digestive organs from the thor's own hand, or under his imme- mouth downwards, is a secreting surdiate inspection.—The text will be face, that is constantly pouring forth printed on a large, fair type, and on a fluid which is necessary for the dihandsome paper.

gestion of the food in every stage of The volume will be bound in its progress. Now, when any gland, boards,-price to subscribers, ten or secreting surface, is overexcited, dollars.

the fluid secreted becomes unnatural The paintings will be placed in in quantity and quality. It is somethe hands of the engraver, when a times increased; but always depravnumber of subscribers shall have ed. This is familiarly exemplified been obtained sufficient to justify the when the mucous membranc, lining

the nose and airtubes of the lungs, robustness or corpulency succeeds happens to be acted on by atmos. these luxurious habits, and thus the pherical transitions, as in a common evil consequences are masked for a cold. At first, the membrane is dry time. But the fact is, that the suand half inflamed; afterwards a more perabundant supply of nutrition, copious secretion than usual comes which is poured into the blood vespouring forth, and of so acrid a sel system, is deposited in the shape quality as to excoriate the nose and of fat; Nature being unable to throw lips themselves. It is so with the it off by other outlets. This depomucous membrane lining the stom- sition is only comparatively salutary ach and bowels. When inordinately and, in truth, the corpulent habit excited by the quality or quantity of and ruddy complexion are too often food and drink, the secretions are but the index of a morbid excess of irregular and morbid, and therefore health, and the preludes to most a constant source of irritation is gen- violent and dangerous diseases. erated in this important class of or

Another mode in which Nature gans. This irritation is manifested frees herself, for a time, from the by some pain or uneasy, sensation in effects of superabundant nutrition. the line of the digestive organs; ir. is by throwing, out eruptions and regularity of their functions, partic. other unsightly blotches on the skin ularly of the alvine evacuations; and by which means she often saves in an unnatural state of the tongue and ternal organs from a dangerous irri urine.

tation. This is proved by the cerBut with these organs almost ev. tainty and safety with which the ery part of the human system sym- whole of these cutaneous affection pathizes, and the discerning physi- may be speedily removed by improv cian can plainly detect their derange- ing the state of the digestive organs ment in the state of the mind, the lessening the quantity and simplify nerves, the muscles, and the skin. ing the quality of food, and by the Let it be remembered, that when judicious use of the warm bath. 0 any one part of the system is inordin the other hand, when Nature is in nately excited, some other part or terrupted in her work, and thes parts are deprived of their due share cutaneous blemishes are incautious! of vital energy, as we see every day repelled by external applications exemplified in what is termed deriva- the irritation is almost certain lo fa tion. Now when so large a portion on some internal organ, and ther of this vital energy is kept constant- cause a painful sensation or inflac ly concentrated round the digestive matory action, according as the ne apparatus, it is easy to see that the vous or vascular structure of the pa aoimal and intellectual systems must be predisposed to disease. Thus, severally feel the loss. The shate one constitution, on the repulsion tered state of the nerves, the irrita. an eruption from the skin, the irr bility of the temper, and the want tation is transferred to the lungs, ar of tone in the muscles, which hourly there excites pulmonary consuni present themselves in luxurious and tion. In another, it is transferred civic society, afford the most con- the mucous membrane of the ston vincing evidence of the truth of ach, and heartburn, or pain in th these positions.

storpach, or indigestion, or eve This is one view of the affair; chronic inflammation of this org but there are various others. It of- may ensue. In the third, the liv ten happens, that such is the strength becomes the seat of the translat of the constitution, and the efforts of irritation, and the various phenon Nature to counteract the morbid na of bilious or hepatic derangeme effects of repletion, that a degree of are developed. The intestines, t

« ZurückWeiter »