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pears in any house, this house is and emphatically observed, I put under quarantine. By such would rather you would send for a means the mortality of the small- hackney coach. After he arrived pox in 1818 has been prodigiously at his house, he for the first time lessened. In Copenhagen it was in his life perceived an imperfecreduced from 5500 during twelve tion in his sight. “I found,” said years, to 158 during sixteen years. he, “that I could not see more În Prussia it was reduced from than two thirds of an object. I 40,000 annually, to less than 3000; looked with one eye, and then I and in Berlin, in 1819, only 25 looked with the other, and afterpersons died of this disease. In ward with both ; but still I perBavaria only 5 persons died of ceived the third of every object smallpox in eleven years, and in was eclipsed on the right side. the principality of Anspach it was Mr. Â. noticed this peculiar completely exterminated. In affection to a medical man, of England, on the other hand, the whose professional abilities he ennative country of this splendid and tertained a very high opinion, who invaluable discovery, where eve- observed, after attentively listening ry man acts on these subjects as to his narrative, that it was imposhe likes, crowds of the poor gosible ! Mr. A. replied, “Well, unvaccinated; they are permitted I don't know whether it be imnot only to imbibe the smallpox possible or not, but I know what I themselves, but to go abroad and tell you is true.” Some time scatter the venom on those they after this conversation, his friend meet. A few years ago it broke met with an accident, which was out in Norwich, and carried off followed by the same affection of more persons in one year than the organs of vision, except the had ever been destroyed in that eclipse of the objects was on the city by any one disease, except left side. Mr. A. observed to the plague. A similar epidemic him, “there is only one thing I raged at Edinburgh; and last year regret, which is, when I was in it destroyed within one of 1300 that state I did not squint, merely persons in the London bills of to ascertain how the things would mortality.-Phil. Museum. then appear.”
His friend told
him, that he was satisfied it arose IMPERFECT VISION, Ghosts, &c. from the optic nerves. Mr. A.
Mr. Abernethy, in a late lec- asked him if he squinted. ture on physiology, &c., noticed no,” replied the gentleman, “] an affection of the organs of vision, never thought of squinting." Since which he experienced after a frac- that time, Mr. A. has often expeture of the nasal lamella, by a rienced a recurrence of this afblow on the nose, from the head fection, without any blow ; and he of his horse. The blood flowing has, on these occasions, squirted, from the nostrils in a full stream, but the objects appeared the he got off his horse, and squeezed same. "Let those," observed the bones into their proper situa. Mr. Abernethy, “who can action, as well as he could. The count for it, as arising from a depeople, who soon flocked round cussation of the nerve, do it: my him, offered to send for a surgeon, own opinion is, that it arises from but Mr. Abernethy thanked them, the irregular action of the expan
sion of the optic nerve, termed nethy, “I have had this partial the retina. You know," said Mr. loss of vision sp often, that it has A., “there are people who see been a matter rather of amuseghosts and goblins, and so on--not ment to me than anything else. I blue devils ; I suppose they don't have stood before a glass, to look see any of these, but they think at the upper part of my head, they see men and women. You eyes, and nose, which I saw very kuow all this, I dare say. There distinctly, but I could not see that is a very curious case related of I had any mouth or jaw; and I a man, who was a wellknown chạ- have seen my shoulders very well, racter, and a man of sense, who, but all was blank between my it is said, used to see a number of nose and shoulders, Why now, people in the room with him. I say, what can you make of this, Now, he himself has described but that it is errors of action or the whole of the phenomenon, and inactivity in parts of the retina ?” all its adjuncts. He has said, As this observant gentleman has after taking a cup of coffee or had so many opportunities of amustea, or so on, they came into his ing himself during the partial acroom in great numbers ; and as he tion of his retinæ, we are surgot better, and less nervous, he prised that he has neglected to has only seen the arms or legs of notice at the time the state of the Now this is all an pupils of his eyes.
It was cerirregular action of the retina. A tainly of consequence to ascertain gentleman, sitting in his library, whether they were unusually direading or writing, on turning lated or contracted, and especialround his head, saw, sitting in a ly if one or both were irregularly chair, a woman in a red cloak. contracted. This variety of imHe said, “How came you here, perfect vision is similar to that good woman ?' The woman said which we lately noticed under nothing. • What is the meaning the head of muscæ volitantes, or of your being here, woman?' ex- black spots floating before the claimed the gentleman. No an- eyes, producing partial vision, swer being made, he, in an angry which Sauvage attributes to an tone, told her to go out of the opacity of the vessels of the viroom. The woman still taking treous humor near the retina, no notice of him, he got up, and probably from over distension. rang the bell for a servant, who The late Dr. Adams was affectsoon entered the room, when the ed with this disease only a fortgentleman desired him to turn the night or three weeks before his woman out. • What woman, Sir?' death, and a few days before his said the servant. • Why this wo- dissolution he observed the spots man, in the red cloak. '-_Why, had united, and formed a very Sir,' said the man, there is no dark one, about the size of a shilwoman, or any red cloak here.'- ling. Having died apoplectic, it • Well, then,' says he, 'go for is probable the vessels of the inmy doctor, and tell him I am very terior part of the eye were in a ill.' The man, however, satis- state of congestion. The comfied him, by assuring him that it plaint which has amused Mr. Abwas a delusion of his sight. ernethy is a very common pre
Now," continued Mr. Aber- cursor of violent nervous head
ache, and is therefore very pro- disorder of the bowels occurred, perly dependent on partial palsy many of which were remarkably of the optic nerve, or what may severe. Not one of the patients be termed partial amaurosis, not died; not one of them had occa. produced by the mechanical ef- sion to take more than five doses ; fects of overdistended bloodves- the greater number only two; and sels, either in the interior of the one only had occasion for medical eye or within the skull, or by ob- attention beyond the second day, struction of the former to the as may be seen by the books of transmission of rays of light to H. M. S. Dolphin, of which I was parts of the retina, but originating then Surgeon. On board the same in the retina or the trunk of the ship, in July, 1825, no less than optic nerve. The Peruvian bark, 264 cases of colic, dysentery, with the wild valerian root, an cholera, and diarrhea occurred, active aperient, the compound owing, in a great degree, to the asarabacca snuff, and the shower unusual and intense heat of the bath, have generally succeeded weather, which was severely felt in removing the cause of this dis- throughout the kingdom. Of ease. It is a common attendant these, not one died ; and eightyon a slight fit of intoxication, and five were so soon relieved, that sometimes, a forerunnner of a pa- they were scarcely absent from roxysm of gout and of epilepsy.-- duty, the acid having so speedily Gazette of Health.
produced its usual good effect.”
Mr. H. confesses that most of NITROUS ACID AND OPIUM IN DY- these cases were very slight ; SENTERY, CHOLERA, AND DIAR- but, he adds, “I am fully per
suaded, that out of such a number In the Edinburgh Medical and of cases, two or three at least of Surgical Journal for July last, them, under the ordinary treatThomas Hope, Esq. Surgeon at ment, would have proved either Chatham, has published some lingering or fatal. The form of “ observations on the powerful the medicine, as I have used it in effects” of the above mixture in all the cases here referred to, is bowel complaints.
as follows : preparatory remarks, Mr. H. in
R. Acid. Nitrosi, 3i. forms us that he was made ac Mist. Camphoræ, 3 viij. misce quainted by accident, more than
et adde. twentysix years ago, with the Tinct. Opii, gti. xl. efficacy of this remedy in dy sen- S. One fourth to be taken every tery. Since that period he has
three or four hours. continued to use it with unvaried " A small addition of syrup of success, in all cases, in his pri- red.poppies improves not only the vate and public practice. “In appearance of the mixture, but, 1821, many cases of cholera and in some instances, it has appeared diarrhea occurred on board the to increase its effects. Ganymede, of which I was Sur " In chronic dysentery, the geon, all of which were treated dose of two ounces three times a successfully with the acid mix- day, is quite sufficient ; the remeture. In 1824, in the month of dy is grateful to the taste, abates September, seventyone cases of thirst, soon removes the intensity
of pain, and procures, in general, the Barbary States, and which a speedy and permanent relief. looks like, but is not, however, No previous preparation is requi- the gentian. The true colombo site for taking it, nor any other is of a greenish color, of a very care whilst taking it, except the bitter taste ; presents sometimes keeping of the hands and feet a radiated structure, and becomes warm, preserving the body as blackish with iodine, on account much as possible from exposure of the starch which it contains. to extreme cold, or currents of False colombo is of a yellow air, and making use of warm bar- brown color, and a taste rather ley water, or thin gruel, and a acrid than bitter, with an odor diet of sago or tapioca."
like gentian. lodine discovers no Mr. Hope adds that he tried ni- stareh in it, and does not change tric instead of nitrous acid, but its color ; it becomes blackish found it not any way beneficial to green with sulphate of iron. Its his patients.
aquevus infusion reddens tourneOne of the editors of this jour- sol; ammonia is disengaged from nal has availed himself of Mr. it by caustic potassa, all, circumHope's recommendation concern- stances which do not obtain with ing nitrous acid and opium. He genuine colombo.-Arch. Gen. has used Mr. H.'s formula in a bad case of dysentery, which had ANTHONY CARLISLE'S NEW resisted a great variety of treat METHOD OF BLISTERING. ment. The patient assured him
Sir Anthony has lately addressthat his calls to the stool were ed a letter to Sir Gilbert Blane repeated frequently every five on blisters, rubefacients, and esininutes-in spite of opium and charotics, in which he has desugar of lead-of injections of scribed the manner of employing laudanum and starch, &c. The an instrument to effect these purcase yielded in twentyfour hours poses. Sir Anthony asserts, that to Mr. Hope's formula. It his method is not so painful as the has since been employed in two ordinary process of blistering; and cases of cholera infantum with to assure himself of this, he first most speedy and salutary effects. tried the experiment on himself. In a case of cholera in an adult, He says, “the action of a metalit operated like a charm, and in lic substance heated in boiling five or six cases of disordered water, was first tried on my own bowels, it has fully come up to arm, and though the pain for the the high character claimed for it instant was severe, the sum of by Mr. Hope.N. Amer. Med. distress was far below that which and Surg. Journal.
is occasioned by a blister of can
tharides. I have since employed COLOMBO ROOT.
this mode of blistering on many M. Guibourt gives some obser- patients, both women and men, vations of colombo root. The selecting those who had lately true root, which is that of the been blistered with cantharides cocculus palmatus, Decandolle, is plaster, and they affirmed, that scarcely seen any more in com- the momentary endurance of the merce ; it has given place to a instrument was preferable to the spurious sort which comes from other method; and when a repe
tition of blisters has been since of the physician. By Dr. Batenecessary, they have asked for man it is said, that “it is scarcethe quick process.”
ly necessary to speak of the treatThe method of blistering re- ment of a disorder, the course of commended, consists in the ap- which scarcely requires to be replication of a metallic instru- gulated, and cannot be shortened ment, as a small plate of polished by medicine.” Though we caniron, heated to a temperature of not, in this country, admit, in all 212 degrees, by immersion in cases the correctness of the lat. boiling water for five minutes, to ter part of the above sentence, the part intended to be blistered, having seen the disease yield ochaving previously covered the casionally to the local employpart with a piece of silk, moist- ment of corrosive sublimate, Citened with warm water; the in- rin ointment, and the like, we are strument requires to be firmly nevertheless disposed to regard it pressed against the part for three as among those which are the most or four seconds. The first effects difficult to cure. From this cirof the application are, a corruga- cumstance we have been induced tion and paleness of the skin; but to direct the attention of our the red blood soon returning, an readers to a short essay published inflammatory redness appears, and by M. Ernest Geoffroy, in the gradually proceeds to discharge number of the Revue Medicale serum, and to detach the cuticle; for April 1826, on the local applithe wound is then to be dressed cation of lunar caustic in this with any mild cerate. By this complaint. process, the risk of producing "The analogy,” says Mr. G., strangury is prevented; but this “ which this complaint presents inconvenience may be averted in to smallpox, suggested to Mr. the ordinary mode of blistering, Serres a mode of treatment of if the precaution be taken to which no physician had hitherto sprinkle a little camphor on the made use. It occurred to him blister. We saw some patients that the ecroctic method which in the Westminster Hospital who had been successfully employed complained very much of the pain in some cases of smallpox, might which this method of blistering be beneficially applied to zona. occasioned. It has been employ, The object of this ingenious means ed in a case of sciatica with suc- is to relieve the patients from the cess.
acute pains they experience even
a long time after the complete ON THE EFFICACY OF NITRATE'or removal of the eruption."
Mr. G. relates three interestZONA OR SHINGLES.
ing cases—the first of which was This disease, which by Bate- communicated by Mr. Serres; man, Plumb, and other English the second observed at the Val writers, is denominated, after de Grace, and the third related Suavage, herpes zoster, and by in the service of Mr. Lisfranc Alibert, dartre phlycténoide ou and under the immediate charge Zone, is exceedingly troublesome of Mr. G. In all these cases the to patients, and on this account treatment was completely and deserves to attract the attention quickly successful.
SILVER IN THE TREATMENT OF