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avoided, For this reason she or an attentive nurse; and is anxious to diffuse, amongst which, were it combined with her own sex, a species of know- a moderate degree of scientific ledge which may enable mo- knowledge, would often

prove thers to educate their children the surest guide to the medical with better prospects of health attendant. But it too frequentand happiness; and, perhaps, ly happens that

, through the to occasion them to take a ignorance of those about them, greater interest in the welfare the complaints of children are of their offspring, by proving at first disregarded; palliative how much it depends on their remedies are neglected, and attention.

the professional man is not The disadvantages under sought for till it is too late. In which a medical man labors, truth, no appearance of indisin his attendance on infant pa- position in a child should ever tients, are many, and may be be thought trifling; and though ascribed to various causes; but the greater number may

not the greatest is the difficulty of require the assistance of mediobtaining accurate information cine, yet, in those that do, it from the sick, who are incapa- should be resorted to without ble of describing their sensa- delay. It is to little purpose tions, and when the principal that a physician is consulted lights are to be received from when the vital powers have some person totally ignorant been exhausted by the continof the science of medicine. uance of disease ; and still less This often renders the task when only a part of his advice of prescribing for the diseases is followed. Such is often the of children a matter of great consequence of that sort of igdifficulty; and the indiscretion norance, which it is the object of their attendants, frequently, of this work to diminish. counteracts the good effects of

When the best physicians the most judicious advice.

are surrounded with difficulties Even where a physician, by in their treatment of the malbeing the father of a numerous adies to which infants are suboffspring, may appear to have ject, it is not surprising that had the best means of studying many children are lost through those maladies incident to the the want of a little more knowearly years of man, it is impos- ledge in the women who are sible he should ever have such constantly about them, Vaexperience of the momentary rious indispositions are brought changes to which the infant on or increased by neglect; frame is liable, as may be ac- and the timely application of quired by an observing mother simple remedies would often

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BOSTON MEDICAL INTELLIGENCER.

259

check the progress of maladies who infest the earth, to the which become dangerous great detriment of the sick ; through inattention.

for few persons know how to It sometimes happens that distinguish between them and a long series of years spent in those men who, dedicating the service of children, may their time and talents to the have given to an old nurse à researches of science, are enadegree of experience, which, bled to relieve the infirmities if accompanied with discretion of human nature. To choose and modesty, would be of infi- a physician well, one should nite value ; but, unfortunately, be half a physician one's self: it is usually attended with the but as this is not the case with inconvenience of her fancying many, the best plan which the herself capable of prescribing mother of a family can adopt medicines with the nature and is, to select a man whose eduthe force of which she is un- cation has been suitable to his acquainted, and which, if im- profession; whose habits of properly administered, may

life are such, as 'prove that he occasion the most pernicious continues to acquire both praceffects. The courage of igno- tical and theoretical knowrance is always great; the mis- ledge; who is neither a bigot takes resulting from it often in old opinions, nor an enthufatal; and it frequently hap- siast in new; and, for many pens, both in regard to chil- reasons, not the fashionable dren and adults, that, in cases doctor of the day. A little where the learned and judi- attention in making the necesçious physician considers it sary inquiries, will suffice to prudent to delay his exertions, ascertain the requisites here a vulgar apothecary, or an old specified ; to which should be nurse, will throw in medicine added, what is usually found on medicine ; and, by disturbing in medical men of real merit, the salutary efforts of nature, those qualities which may augment the disease, perhaps serve to render him an agreeto the destruction of the pa- able companion : for the famitient.

ly physician should always be The excessive ignorance of the family friend. the generality of mankind re Though the design of this specting everything that re- work has been merely to treat lates to medicine, is productive of physical education, a subject of many bad consequences; which has been much less disone of which, and not the least, cussed than morals, yet, the is the power it bestows on a strict connexion between mind tribe of ignorant pretenders, and body has rendered it im

possible to enter fully into the without this precaution, and former without touching on attended with immediate adthe latter: and it is to be hop- vantage. M. Cheze employed ed that what has been said of camphor internally, the julep, the moral part of education and externally in the form of will not be considered as alto- vapor, with friction; but M. gether useless.

Dupasquier confined his pracThe observations and advice tice to fumigation. “ The best contained in this work are method of employing fumigachiefly the result of the au- tion,” he says, " is by exposing thor's own experience; and the patient to the action of the when they are founded on the camphor vapor in a proper fuinformation of others, this in- migating case or apparatus ; formation has been examined and as it is not always practiwith the strictest attention. cable to convey a patient, laThe book is the production of boring under chronic rheumamany years' study and expe- tism, to a vapor bath, he rerience; and the author cannot commends a portable fumigathelp flattering herself that it ing case, similar to the sudawill be of some use to those tory of M. La Beaume.” for whom it is designed,—the When the patient's circumanxious mother, the attentive stances will not enable him to governess, and the careful nurse. have a proper apparatus,“ the

camphor vapor may be easily

used by seating him in a chair The Editors of the Medi- placed over a small furnace, cal Review of Paris have the furnace being covered by given some cases of rheuma- a metallic plate. The patient tism to illustrate the benefit to is then enveloped in a large be derived from camphor fu- blanket, which is to be tied migation, which occurred in close round the neck, and althe practice of M. Dupasquier. lowed to hang to the ground. He adopted this practice in A small spoonful of camphor consequence of having observ- may then be thrown on the ed the success of Ň. Cheze, metallic plate every five minwho employed it from some utes; it soon becomes yolatilsupposed analogy between ized, so that the parts of the rheumatism and lockjaw. In body with which it comes in acute cases M. Dupasquier contact will, in a short time, observes, fumigation was pre. be covered with perspiration. ceded by bleeding ; but in the This operation may be contincases related by him, the fu- ued an hour, or three quarters migations

employed of an hour, according to its re

RHEUMATISM.

were

laxing effects, or as the high in the shoulder, and very untemperature may be agreea- willing to repeat the fumigable. The patient is then to be tion, was directed to wear a wrapped up in the blanket, and little bag of camphor in the put to bed, where the perspi- armpit, and in consequence, as ration will continue an hour or M. Dupasquier supposes,

of two; during which time a con- the speedy absorption of the siderable portion of camphor camphor, the patient felt a will be absorbed.” Half an numbness in his arm about ounce of camphor M. Dupas- half an hour afterwards, afquier found sufficient for one ter which the pain rapidly fumigation; " but,” says he, ceased. The same application “ much more may be used was frequently employed with without inconvenience, and I the same results. The remehave known a patient employ dy is much more pleasant than four ounces by mistake with sulphur fumigation; and, from out any bad consequences.” the peculiar properties of cam

M. Dupasquier has employ- phor in allaying nervous exciteed the above method with ment, and in promoting the sesignal, though not with invaria- cretion of the skin, we have ble success; and he has gener- no doubt is a more efficacious ally found, that the more acute remedy. We recommend M. the disease was, the more Dupasquier's mode of treating readily it yielded to the reme- rheumatism, both acute and dy. He generally encourages chronic, local or general, to the perspiration during the process attention of those practitioners by giving some slightly sudori-' who have the means of using it. fic drink.

The fumigations London Gazette of Health. were repeated according to circumstances; if the patient be strong or severely affected, In our Medical Guide, p. he recommends it to be used 119, edit. 14th, we have nothree or four times a day. It ticed a case of a woman who appears that in all cases it is lost her life in consequence of necessary to persevere in it for the puncture of an artery of at least a week after the pains the arm by a popular bleeder, have disappeared, Sometimes ignorant of anatomy. The papartial fumigations only, which tient was admitted into the are much more easily borne Hereford Infirmary, but the by the patient, may be re- mortification having extended quired.

to the chest, the case was In one case, the patient be- hopeless. The following case ing afflicted with violent pain of puncture of the radial arte

THE OPERATION OF BLEEDING.

nec ,

ry, by a druggist unacquainted to apply a ligature above and with'anatomy, in which it was below the puncture. Simple

to take up the arte- dressings were used, and the ry in order to save the arm of arm being much swollen, fothe unfortunate patient, lately mentation and a poultice were occurred at the Westminster employed. On the following Infirmary.

day the swelling had greatly A man aboat forty years of subsided, and the patient was age, applied to a druggist to apparently going on well. Mr be bled. The druggist, who White apologized to the puis the popular bleeder of the pils of the hospital for having neighborhood, in performing operated in their absence. the operation, introduced the The appearances of the papoint of the lancet into the ar- tient, and the state of the arm tery lying under the vein. The satisfied them that a speedy blood continuing to be thrown and decisive practice was neout after the bandage was re- cessary to save the limb. The moved, the sapient gentleman, arm was so much swollen and with the sang froid peculiar discolored that Mr Alcock to this class of operators, ap- was induced to take a drawing plied compresses with much of the parts, as a good specipressure, and the bleeding be- men of distension of the celluing thus stopped, the operator lar membrane by blood from told him "he might go, and the force of an artery. This that all would do well." The case, whilst it shows the nebleeding recurred two or three cessity of granting a new chartimes a day, till he was admit- ter to the College of Surgeons, ted a patient of the Westmin- that will give this body the ster Infirmary, which was power to prevent ignorant preabout five days after the.

tenders from practising surge

operation. A considerable tumor ry, or of performing even the had then formed at the bend simplest surgical operation, of the fore arm, attended with must forcibly point out to the pulsation. In the course of ignorant the great risk they the evening the bleeding re- run in applying to men of no turned to such an extent, that surgical education, and unacthe house surgeon found it ne- quainted with anatomy, to be cessary to send for the surgeon bled. If Mr White had not of the week, who, on examin- acted with promptitude, the ing the tumor, considered the patient would have lost his case of so serious a nature, arm, if not his life. The Colthat he lost no time in cutting lege of Surgeons having no down to the wounded artery power to compel such ignorant

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