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ulterior changes, appetite will not but those who believe with me, that returo, for the nervous energy is e, a pew supply of gastric Aoid is før. gaged in their completion, and can. pished on the contact of every fresh pot therefore accumulate in the sto- portion of food, must seek for some mach: on the contrary, in certain other explanation. Will not the diseases, as ia tgbes mesenterica, pote views which I have offered in the withstanding the presence of alimen- preceding paragrapb afford a solution tary malter in the stomach, the ap- of the problem? pamely, that during petite is pever pacified, in conse, the suspepsion of the meal the food quence, probably, of the dininished bad entered on its ulterior changes, expeoditure of vital power which and that the evergies of the stomach attends the act of chylification in had therefore deciined. such cases, wbere oply a small quan The subsidence of appetite, or the tity of chyle is absorbed by the lac. feeling of satiety is oot produced by teals, and poured into the circulation. the quantity but the quality of the Voracity, or caminę appetite, may food, --the very reyerse of whạt sometimes depend on a morbid state would happen were the mere volume of the pylorus, woich suffers the food of the aliment alone necessary to to pass out of the stomach before it pacify the cravings of the stomach. is properly chymified : such cases This is remarkably displayed in the are attended with extreme emacia. babits of ruminatiog apimals; for in tion. From these views we may de. wet and gloomy seasons, when the duce the following important corol- grase contains a diminished portion lary,—that the several processes by of putritive matter, these animals are which aliment is converted into blood never satisfied they are constantly cannot be simultaneously performed, in the act of grazing ;. whereas, in without such an increased expenditure bot and dry weather, they consume of vital energy as weak persons cannot, the greater portion of their time in without inconvenience, sustain :: thus that of ruminating, or chewing the chylification would appear to require cud. I apprehend that this is aot to the quiescence of the stomach, be explained, as M. Majendie beand sanguification to be still more lieves, to the sensibility of the mu. incompatible with the act of chymifi- cous membrane of the stomach, but çation. If, therefore, the stomach is to be solely referred to the fact, be set to work during the latter stages that the vital energy is only expendof digestion, the processes will ia ed in decomposing such substaoces weak persons be much disturbed, if as are capable of furnishing chyle. not entirely suspended. Certain cir- Volume or bulk, however, is a ne. cumstances cause hunger to return cessary condition of wholesome food : at nearer intervals, by accelerating the capacity of our digestive organs tbe nutritive process; while others, sufficiently proves that pature pever by producing an opposite tendency, intended them for the reception of lengthen such intervals.
bighly concentrated food. I some It is a wellknown fact, that if a years ago directed considerable ate person be interrupted in his meal for tention, in conjunction with some a quarter of an hour, he finds, on wellknown agriculturalists, to the resuming it, that his appetite is gone, nutritive value of different crops, as though he way bave not eaten half the food of cattle, and I constructed the quantity which he required. Dr a logometric scale for the solution of Wilson Philip explaios this circum- various problems connected with the stance by supposing, that the gastric subject; but I soon found that mere fluid which had accumulated bas bad bulk produced a very important iotime to combine with, and be neu. Auence, and that, to render one spetralized by, the food he had taken; cies of nutrimeat equivalept in value
to another, it was necessary to take curred to himself; and Blumenbach, into consideration the quantity of in. also, quotes several examples of the ert matter which furnished excre same idiosyncrasy. medt.
The sensations of hunger and Thirst. This instinctive feeling thirst appear to be incompatible with anoounces to the individual the ne- each other: when the stomach recessity of introducing a certain quan- quires food, there is no inclination 10 tity of liquid into the system, in or- drink ; and when thirst rages, the der to repair the waste which the very idea of solid aliment disgusts body has sustained in the exercise of us. So, again, those circumstances its fupctions ; or to impart a due de- which tend to destroy appetite may gree, of solubility to the aliments even excite thirst, such as the pas. which have been taken. We accor- sions of the miod &c. dingly find that excessive perspira When the healthy system is in a tion increases the demand, and dry condition to require food, besides the food is followed by the same effect. local seosation of hunger, there are With the history of morbid thirst we certain general phenomena which have at present nothing to do. The deserve notice;-a universal lassitude sensation of thirst appears to reside of the body is experienced; there is in the throat and fauces, as that of also a sensation of pressure or drawhunger does in the stomach ; and yet ing down, in the epigastric region ; the intensity of this feeling does not the diameter of the intestines bebear any relation to the dryness of comes diminished, and their peristalthese parts; for in some cases where tic motion being at the same time the tongue, to its very root, is cov. increased, portions of contained air ered with a thick and dry crusi, are successively displaced, which there is little thirst; while, on the give rise to gurgling sounds. There other hand, it is frequently intolera- is, besides, an alteration in the situable at the very time the mouth is tion of some of the abdominal viscesurcharged with a preternatural ra; they are less capable of sustainquantity of saliva : like hunger, I ap- ing pressure, and they receive a less prehend it must be referred to a par- quantity of blood. M. Majeodie also ticular condition of the perves. The supposes, that when the stomach is desire for drink after long speaking emply, all the reservoirs contained is analogous to thirst, but must not in the abdomen are more easily disbe confounded with it. The influ- tended by the matters which remain ence of salted food in exciting this sometime in them; and he believes sensation is not well understood. that this is the principal reason why
Thirst is certainly under the con- bile then accomulates in the galltrol of babit: those who indulge in bladder. As soon as a certain quanthe vicious habit of frequent pota. tity of food enters the stomach, the tions are rendered thirsty, by its pri- general feeling of lassitude gives vation. There are some persons place to that of renewed force, and who have never experienced tbe iliis usually occurs more rapidly after sensation, and who only drink from the ingestion of liquid, than of solid a sort of sympatby, but who could aliment; which is sufficient to prore live a long time without thinking of that the phenomenon results from a it, or without suffering from the local action on the nerves of the want of it. I have a lady, of fifty stomach, since in neither case is it years of age, at this time under my possible to suppose that any nutritive care, who has declared that she is principle can have been so rapidly perfectly unacquainted with the na- transferred to the systelo. ture of the sensation. Sauvage re So soon as digestion commences, lates' two similar instances that oc- the blood Hows with increased force
be in every public and private li Erysipelas, St. Anthony's fire. brary, and in the hands of every in Erythema, a morbid redness of the structer of youth.
skio. We copy this notice from the
Hemoptysis, a bleeding from the
lungs. Traveller, as we could not better ex
Ingesta, everything taken into the press the high estimation in which stomach. we have always held the Journal of Lacteals, absorbing vessels which Education. It is precisely the work carry the chyle into the bloodvessels. we all need to sustain and accelerate the internal surface of the thorax, or
Pleura, a membrane which lines the great work of improvement, chest, and covers the lungs. public aod private, individual and Prognosis, foretelling the event of datioual.
a disease from particular symptoms,
Pylorus, the lower opening of the EXPOSE, EXPOSITION.
stomach, through which the food Some editors of newspapers use passes into the intestines.
Serum, the thin, watery part of the former of these words for the
the blood. latter, which is a mistake not less
abes Mesenteria, a wasting of the gross or mischievous, than to subeti. body from want ot pourishmeot. tute the word transpose for transposition, or depose for deposition. They ADVERTISEMENTS. mean, it is true, the French word exposé, but as the accent is not used, JUST published in Boston, and for sale the blupder is virtually as abové FRIEŃD TO HEALTH, being a selecstated. But why should any one
tion of valuable Truths relating to the use a foreign word which so few Preservation of Health, from the works of
Thacher, Thompson, Salzmann, &c. comparatively know how to write, vol. 12mo. pp. 107. print, pronounce, or interpret, when
AMERICAN MEDICAL BIOGRAPHY. we have an equivalent in our own language, which is perfect, and all Tandcont prospectus and subscription we need; and which everybody can
will be arranged and presented to the pub
lic so soon as materials can be collected. read, write, print and understand? Those gentlemen who will be kind enough Let those who are capable of com
to furnish materials for the work are res
pectfully requested to forward their committing this outrage against every at- munications to the publisher of this paper, tribute of a good style, answer the
or to Dr Thacher, Plymouth, the intended question.
author, as soon as may be convenient.
MODERN PRACTICE OF PHYSIC. DICTIONARY. Acetic acid, vinegar freed from J)
UST published by Cottons & Bar. water and various impurities by dis
NARD, 184, Washington-St., a new and
greatly improved edition of the MODERN tillation.
PRACTICE OF PHYSIC, by Jas. THACHAnasarca, a species of dropsy, in ER, M.D. A.A.S. Author of the American which a serous fluid is effused be- New Dispensatory, and Observations on tween the skin and the flesh.
Hydrophobia. To this work is prefixed
proAntiphlogistic, cooling, reducing an interesting history
of the rise and inflammation.
gress of Medical Science in the United
States, detailing in the order of their resBronchia, the branches of the pective organization, an account of the windpipe.
Medical Schools, with the names of the
T College, call commence on Tuesday, composite besamples
Professors and number of students in Regents of the University have alled the each, together with the expenses and vacant Professorships in this Institutioni, terms of admission and graduation in the and that the College will be opened on sereral schools. . In treating of the dis- the first Monday of November next, by an eases in this work, the author has con- Address from the President. The respecsulted those European authorities which tive courses of Lectures in the following are considered of the highest standing at order, viz. the present day; as Good, Parr, Thomas, JOAN AUGUSTINE SMITH, M. D. on An, Armstrong, &c. But, as relates to the atomy and Physiology. epidemic and other diseases peculiar to ALEXANDER H. STEVENS, M. D. on our own country, precedence has been the Principles and Practice of Surgery. given to American authors, as the most JAMES F. DANA, M. D. on Chemistry. correct and sure guides to American JOSEPH M. Smith, M. D. on the Theopractitioners. The author expresses a ry and Practice of Physic and Cliniconfident hope that this work will be cal Medicine. found to comprise a mass of practical EDWARD DELAPIELD, M. D. on Obstet. knowledge that will meet the approbation rics and the Diseases of Women and of the profession, and prove particularly Children. useful to the young practitioner.
JOAN B. Beck, M. D. on Materia MedBoston, Nov. 1826.
jca and Botany.
The Trustees are assured that the seve MEDICAL SCHOOL OF MAINE.
eral courses of instruction will be full and HE Medical Lectures at Bowdoin complete, and that the means of illustrathe 20th day of February, 1827.
The students who have already attend. Theory and Practice of Physic by Dan. ed Lectures in this Institution, are notified IEL OLIVER, M. D. Professor of the same
that the changes which have taken department at Hanover, N, H.
place in the College will not deprive Analomy and Surgery by J. D. WELLS, them of any privileges or facilities heretoM. D.
fore enjoyed. Midwifery by J. M'KEAN, M. D.
In conformity with the ordinances of Chemistry and Materia Medica by P. the Honorable the Regents of the Uni, CLEAVELAND, M. D.
versity, and the Laws of the State of The Anatomical Cabinet is very valua- New-York, every Student is required to ble and extensive.
attend two full courses of all the Lectures The Library is one of the best Medical delivered in the College, before he can be Libraries in New England ; and is every admitted as a candidate for the Doctor year enriched by new works, both foreiga ate ; uvlees said Student shall have at. and domestie.
tended Lectures in this College prior to Every person becoming a member of the Session of 1822-3, or shall have this Institution, is required to present sato attended one entire course of Lectures isfactory evidence, that he possesses a delivered in some incorporated Medical good moral character.
School or University. Citizens of Maine in indigent circum
The candidate must also have studied stances may have surgical operations per three years with some respectable practiformed, free of expense, is brought into tioner of Medicine, and have arrived at the vicinity of the College during the the age of 21 years. Course. As a reduction in the price of
lo announcing the new organization of boarding is an object of importance to ma the College and
its first session in Novemny, arrangements have been made, which, ber next, the Board of Trustees believe it is hoped, may effect this object to a that the high expectations of the Profesconsiderable extent.
sion and the Public will be fully realized, Brunswick, September 26, 1826. and sustained by the distinguished repu
tation and talents of the several Gentle UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF men who have been appointed to fill the NEW-YORK,
respective professorships. COLLEGE OF PAYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. By order of the Board of Trustees, THE Trustees have the satisfaction to
WATTS, Jr, D., Pres.
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THE BEST PART OF THE MEDICAL ART, IS THE ART OF AVOIDING PAIN.
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1826.
Advice to Young Mothers on somewhat different from those in
the Physical Education of which they were written. Children. By a Grandmo
In her preface the author says, ther. London. 1823.
The object of this work is,
chiefly, to instruct young moThe perusal of this book leaves á
thers how to prevent, rather strong persuasion on the reader's
than to cure, the diseases of mind, that every intelligent mother who perseveringly makes the ate children; for when maladies tempt, may succeed in readering her assume a dangerous form, and self exceedingly useful to her children require medical treatment, the in the physical, as well as in the study of years
is necessary to intellectual and moral departments of apply it with advantage. their education.
When, at some future time, This lady, who seems fully enti
the progress of science shali tled to the honorable name of a
have simplified the art of healGrandmother, has with great judging, to the general advantage ment drawn the line withio which of mankind, the preventive she has qualified herself to act with part of medicine will
, probasafety and advantage without the bly, be considered as the most pbysician, and beyond which he is important; and, in conseseasonably called in. When this is quence, the number of maladone, after telling him every thing, dies be diminished. she places herself by his side, atten Long experience, and much tive only to understand and execute observation, have induced the his wishes. So far as we can judge author of this work to believe, of the wants and taste of mothers that a great number of the and general readers, we shall occa- diseases which afflict the husionally enrich these pages with man race are effects of imprusuitable portions of instruction from dence and neglect in the early this treasury of experience and part of life; and that by congood sense.
stant and judicious attention Some parts of the work will need to the physical education, dura few explanatory remarks, to adapt ing the first fifteen years, mathem to a climate and state of society ny of these diseases might be