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going on Bleeding then, to probably of little moment. It any amount, will but hasten is no doubt desirable to see the fatal event. In these cases, expectoration taking place it is usual to give stimulants, freely; but this is rather to be as ammonia, the seneka, and looked on as a sign, than as a wine : as if, because bloodlet- cause, of returning health. Nor ting was no longer admisssible, is it much in our power to proan opposite treatment were mote this event, unless by the required. It is difficult, how- use of nauseating medicines ; ever, to reconcile this with and these, in all probability, either reason or experience. accomplish the object, rather The reason commonly assigned by checking the inflammation, for employing stimulants on than by any direct expectorant such occasions, namely, “ to power. support the strength,” is quite A mild and chronic kind of fallacious ; for no medicine has pulmonary inflammation is a any such

power. All that sti- far more common occurrence, mulants can do, is to excite than the acute form I have vascular action : but this effect just described to you, and, on is of short duration, and not the whole, is much more fatal favorable, one would suppose, in its result. It takes place to the real disease, the inflam- mostly at the approach of winmation. When the unfavora- ter, commonly in the form of ble symptoms I have just de- catarrh, and spreads gradually scribed, have made their ap to the lungs themselves, and pearance, little, probably, can often their investing membe done by art for their relief. brane ; giving rise to a compliThe insufficiency of our means, cation of symptoms, easy to be under such circumstances, conceived. If neglected, as should make us doubly atten- among the poorer classes gentive to the disease in the be- erally is the case, it continues ginning, when it is mostly with- till perhaps the return of spring in our power.

and is renewed the succeeding I hardly need observe, that, winter, becoming worse on besides bloodletting, counter ir- each return, and gradually layritation of different kinds is to ing a foundation for various inbe used; or to remind you, curable states of disease in that mercury, as on other occa- these organs. The mucous sions, and after a proper use membrane becomes permaof bloodletting, is calculated nently thickened, and otherto assist materially in the cure. wise diseased in its structure, As to what are commonly and acquires a habit of secrettermed expectorants, these are ing mucus largely, and of a

to the organs destined for its comple. the extremes. Those who, frody tion; wbence, in delicate persons, confounding the effects of gentle, the operation is frequently attended with those of exhausting exercise, with a diminution in the power of maintain the necessity of rest for the the senses, and a slight sbiver is even perfect performance of the digestive experienced; the skin becomes con- process, appeal to the experiment of tracted, and the insensible perspira- Sir Busick Harwood, the mere relation is diminished. As the process, tion of which will be sufficient :o nehowever, proceeds, a reaction takes gative the inference which they place; and, atter it is completed, the would deduce from its result. The perspiration becomes free, and often Downing Professor took twn pointabundant. When the chyle enters ers, equally hungry, and equally well the blood, the body becomes epli- fed; the one he suffered to lie quiet vened, and the stomach and small after his meal, the other he kept for intestines having been liberated from above two hours in constant exercise. their burden, oppose no obstacle to On returning home, be bad them the free induigence of that desire for both killed. To the stomach of the activity, wbich nature has thus in- dog that bad remained quiet and stinctively excited for our benefit. asleep, all the food was found chymThen it is that animals are roused ified; but in the stomach of the othfrom that repose into which they er dog, the process of digestion had had subsided during the earlier stages scarcely commenced. Exercise, let of digestion, and betake themselves it be remembered, must be measured to action ; ihen it is that civilized in relation to the strengih and habits man feels an aptness for exertion, of the individual: we have Jaily exthough he mistakes the nature and perience to prove that the husbandobject of the impulse, and, as Dr man may return to his daily labor, Prout justly observes, is inclined to and the schoolboy to his gambols, regard it as nothing more than a immediately after a frugal meal, healthy sensation by which he is without inconvenierce or injury; but summoned to that occupation to the same degree of exercise to a which inclination or duły may prompt person of sedentary habits, or of him. Thus, instead of being bodily weak stamina, would probably arrest .active, the studious man receives it and subvert the whole process of dias a summons to mentul exertion; the gestion. The influence of habit, in iodolent man, perhaps, merely to sit rendering exercise salutary or injuup and enjoy himself; the libertine to rious, is shown in a variety of incommence his libatious; and the vo- stances : a person who would suffer tary of fashion to attend the crowded from the slightest exertion after din. circles of gaiety and dissipation: in ner, will undertake a fatiguing labor short, this feeling of renovated ener, after breakfast, however solid, and gy is used, or abused, in a thousand copious this meal may have been. ways by different individuals, without If we assent to the proposition of the their ever dreaming that bodily exer- Cambridge Professor, we must in cise, and this alone, is implied by it. consistency acknowledge, that exerThe result of which is, that imper. cise before a meal, is at least as injufect assimilation, and all its traio of rious as he would lead us to suppose consequences, take place.

it is after a repast: for if the valetuSome difference of opinion has ex. diparian takes bis dinner in a state of isted with regard to the utility or fatigue, he will assuredly experience mischief of exercise immediately af- some impediment in its digestion ; ter eating ; but in this question, as in but are we to argue tbat, on this acmost others of a like nature, the count, exercise is neither to precede truth will be found to lie between nor follow a meal? We may as well,








without further discussion, subscribe made with the young leaves and to the opinion of Hieronymus Car- seeds of the acanthus, boiled in wa. danus, who, insisting on the advan- ter, to which leaven is added, and tages of perfect rest, observes, that after fermentation and filtering, it is trees live longer than animals because kept in a cool place.-Bul. Un, they never stir from their places. Paris on Diet.

If we form a pile with a few pieces From Silliman's Journal.

of silver and iron plates, placed alA RUSSIAN SUBSTITUTE FOR INTOXICATING

ternately, and immerse the pile in LIQUORS.

water, the fluid will soon acquire a The common drinks in Russia are yellowish tint, and in 24 hours the the Rwass, and the Meth or Kisslicki. oxide of iron will appear in abunTo prepare the Kwass, they take a dance. If the ferruginated water be quantity of rye, and having soaked withdrawn, and the vessel be filled about a tenth part of it, they spread

every day with fresh water, we shall it thinly on boards or plates, and ex. bave a kind of artificial mineral pose it to moderate beat, till it spring. * -Payen. Bul. Un. 1824. sprouts, taking care to sprinkle it now and then with warm water.

ENGLISH When sufficiently germinated, they mix it with the rest of the rye, pre He is first trained at one of the viously ground, and add to the mass great public schools, established in a quantity of warm or tepid water. close. alliance with the church, and The vessel is then put into an oven, under the management of clerical immediately after the bread is drawn, teachers; he is then handed over to or exposed to a similar temperature, a priest to prepare bim for college. and by degrees more water is added when ripe for college, he is received to the paste, stirring it on every ad. by many priests and quasipriests and dition. After a time of repose, and totored there, if not in much science, wben the liquid bas become a little at least in much reverence for the clean, it is put into a keg or barrel, mother church, and in as great borror in wbich it ferments during several of the pope as his ancestors were days. It is then put into the cellar, taught to entertain for the reformaand in a few days is drinkable. This tion in the same halls, under the beverage is better when, instead of same arts. When he leaves the saputting it into casks, it is fermented cred haunts, he is attended on the in large jogs, and when clarified, put grand tour by some chosen priest, into bottles. It then acquires a via, ous taste, becomes lively and agree * At page 105, vol. VIII of this Journal, able, and is of a yellowish color. is the following notice by Professor Hare?

"If a few pieces of silver coin be alterThe sediment is good for cattle.

nated with pieces of sheet iron, on placing The Kisslichi is thus prepared. the pile in water, it soon acquires a cha. R. 2 lb. of rye malt, and the same lybeate taste and a yellow hue, and in 24 quantity of barley malt; make a hours, flocks of oxide and of iron appear. paste of them with warm water, and Hence, by replenishing with water a vesset it ferment till it bas acquired a

sel, in which such a pile is placed, after

each draught, we may have a competent strong taste.

Dilute it with 10 lb. substitute for a chalybeate spring. Clean of tepid water, and add a few lemon copper plates, alternating with iron, would peels. When fermenting, add 20 lb. answer; or a clean copper wire entwined of water, and after the fermentation in an iron rod; but as the copper, when

oxidated, yields an oxide, it is safer to is complete, bottle it.

employ silver.” As Dr Hare's observation The Barisch, which is drank prin- was published early in 1824, we are bound cipally in Poland and Lithuania, is to consider it as original with bim. --Ed.


Weak med,

fellow of a college, and expectant of direction of the best guides, before
a living, either from that college, or he can be safely trusted to enter
from bis pupil : and finally be returns alone on the duties of bis profession.
to take his place as a legislator by
hereditary right in one house, or by Much direct and collateral informa-
hereditary nomination in the other, tion must be acquired before he: can
filled with unspeakable respect for fail to do mischief. What think you,
every existing institution of his own theo, my readers, of those selfstyled
country, and contempt


fore eiga usage ; convinced that no Papist practitioners, who are bot six or can be saved, that do dissenter can twelve months from the plough, the be a gentleman, that no person of plane, or the last ? Try them, if the Church of England can do wrong, you will, but recollect it is; and must that nobody but a parson of the said church can teach bis children, and

be, at your own perih If the intele that no place is fit and safe for them lectual, the welleducated, the faithto be taught at but Oxford or Cam-ful, and the industrious pbysicial), bridge, which has made him what after twenty or thirty years devu. be is.-- Boston Atheneum.

tion to his calling, occasionally findis

himself unable to effect what be arBOSTON, TUESDAY, NOV. 21, 1826. dently desires and attempts, unable

to preserve, or materially to relieve In the first place he should possess bis patient-what shall we think of a good understanding.

bim 'who trusts his life in the hands with plausible manners, and superfii of the young, balf, and less than cial attainments, may make very balf formed pretender, wbo is too good quacks, and often become suf- little informed to perceive his owg ficiently current and popular to ac- weakness, and too selfcomplacent to quire business and money,--but they feel any doubts or difficulties? can never become able physicians. Select a man of principle. In how There is not a siogle mental faculty many instances have the innocence which this profession does not need, and peace of individuals been mar and tax to the utmost. He must be red and destroyed by unprincipled educated. Strong endowments, with physicians. Think of the confidence courage, energy and perseverance, with which they are received into will, in some cases, witbuut assist families and society, from the pature ance, and even in spite of obstacles, of their office and relations. How surmount every difficully, and rise to natural it is to feel grateful, and eminence, In medicine this should safe, and unsuspicious, toward bin not be expected, or desired, for it who has stood by us in bours of dancan never take place without much ger and suffering, and who by kinds and long experience, and this expe. Dess, and skill, and assiduity, and tenrience must have cost many lives derness, bas conducted us to safety before the experimenter can become and repose. Can it be imagined even a harmless practitioner. that such a friend can betray our

The young physician must labor confidence in a day of prosperity and long and diligently, and under the security? For be who has a heart

to deceive, has often not only the task to both parties, and so liable to disprăsition, but is also. endowed be offensive to one at least, that the with every talent and attraction work is ordinarily but very partially to secure a confidence which he and imperfectly accomplished, and 'means to turn to his own unhallowed the fault is commonly to be divided purpose.

between the patient and his attendEvery physician carries about with anf, sometimes existing chiefly on him a moral or an immoral atmos one side, sometimes on the other. pljere and influence, as some recent Both parties should aim to do better. events sufficiently imply, if the fact The physician should accustom himIsad not been demonstrated a thou- self kindly but faithfully to do what and times before.

the welfare of his patient demands, He should be a man not given to and the latter shonld learn to apHattery. He who permits himself prove, if not to commend, what is so to use direct and gross flattery is done for his restoration and continued weak, or base, or corruptly selfish ; "wellbeing. he wants refinement, and taste and

He should be a man of temperate purity. - The esteem and approba- habits. . The physician is like “ the tion of the wise and good, when pro. officer of the day" in a military enperly expressed, is the bighest earth. campment; always liable to be basly reward for good conduct, and one tily called on when any difficulty or of the strongest incentives to it; and accident occurs, and likely to need he who values this most highly, will the full exercise of all his faculties be most averse to rulgar and coarse and resources, natural and acquired. commendation.

There must be no compromise in He should be upright and inde- this matter; however painful it may pendeot. He should be paid for his be to give up a friend and former beservices, and well paid, for oo labor. nefactor-it must be done ; it is one er is more worthy of his hire, than mode of checking intemperance, that a good physician. But he should be black cloud which hangs over our governed by higher motives in en. Otherwise bright and happy. land. It tering on his profession and pursuing is better that one guilty should sufit, than that of making a fortune. fer, than that fifty innocent should be

There is comparatively but a exposed to ruin. small portion of the sick, who have sufficient humility, magnanimity, and

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION. love of truth, to be willing to bear

The eleventh number of this valus plain dealing from the physician; and we are gratified to find in its

able periodical is just from the press, for most of our complaints arise from pages so much to interest and in. our indolence, excesses, mistakes, struct. This work is a valuable weaknesses, faults or deficiencies, of auxiliary, in the cause of learning in some kind or other.

To lay open fatigable proprietors will find abun

New England, and we hope its indethese causes of disease and to correct .dant encouragement to prosecute them, is generally so unpleasant a their labors uodiminished. 'k should

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